So they put slave masters1 over them to oppress them with forced labor,2 and they built Pithom and Rameses3 as store cities4 for Pharaoh.
References for Exodus 1:11
But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread; so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites
and worked them ruthlessly.5
References for Exodus 1:13
They made their lives bitter with hard labor6 in brick7 and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their hard labor the Egyptians used them ruthlessly.8
References for Exodus 1:14
The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives,9 whose names were Shiphrah and Puah,
References for Exodus 1:15
"When you help the Hebrew women in childbirth and observe them on the delivery stool, if it is a boy, kill him; but if it is a girl, let her live."10
References for Exodus 1:16
The midwives, however, feared11 God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them to do;12 they let the boys live.
References for Exodus 1:17
Then the king of Egypt summoned the midwives and asked them, "Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?"
The midwives answered Pharaoh, "Hebrew women are not like Egyptian women; they are vigorous and give birth before the midwives arrive."13
References for Exodus 1:19
So God was kind to the midwives14 and the people increased and became even more numerous.
References for Exodus 1:20
And because the midwives feared15 God, he gave them families16 of their own.
References for Exodus 1:21