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Compare Translations for Ezra 5:7

Ezra 5:7 ASV
they sent a letter unto him, wherein was written thus: Unto Darius the king, all peace.
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Ezra 5:7 BBE
They sent him a letter saying, To Darius the king, all peace:
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Ezra 5:7 CEB
In the message they sent him, the following was written: To King Darius, all peace!
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Ezra 5:7 CJB
they sent him a letter in which it was written: "To Daryavesh the king, "Complete shalom!"
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Ezra 5:7 RHE
The letter which they sent him, was written thus: To Darius the king all peace.
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Ezra 5:7 ESV
They sent him a report, in which was written as follows: "To Darius the king, all peace.
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Ezra 5:7 GW
They sent him the following report: To King Darius, We wish you peace and prosperity in everything you do.
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Ezra 5:7 GNT
"To Emperor Darius, may you rule in peace.
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Ezra 5:7 HNV
they sent a letter to him, in which was written thus: To Daryavesh the king, all shalom.
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Ezra 5:7 CSB
They sent him a report, written as follows: To King Darius: All greetings.
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Ezra 5:7 KJV
They sent a letter unto him, wherein was written thus; Unto Darius the king, all peace.
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Ezra 5:7 LEB
They sent to him the report {in which was written as follows}: "To Darius the king, all peace.
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Ezra 5:7 NAS
They sent a report to him in which it was written thus: "To Darius the king, all peace.
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Ezra 5:7 NCV
This is what was said in the report they sent to him: To King Darius. Greetings. May you have peace.
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Ezra 5:7 NIRV
The report they sent to the king said, We are sending this letter to you, King Darius. We give you our most friendly greetings.
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Ezra 5:7 NIV
The report they sent him read as follows: To King Darius: Cordial greetings.
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Ezra 5:7 NKJV
(They sent a letter to him, in which was written thus) To Darius the king: All peace.
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Ezra 5:7 NRS
they sent him a report, in which was written as follows: "To Darius the king, all peace!
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Ezra 5:7 RSV
they sent him a report, in which was written as follows: "To Darius the king, all peace.
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Ezra 5:7 DBY
They sent a report to him in which was written thus: To Darius the king, all peace!
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Ezra 5:7 MSG
This is what they wrote to him: To Darius the king. Peace and blessing!
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Ezra 5:7 WBT
They sent a letter to him, in which was written thus; To Darius the king, all peace.
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Ezra 5:7 TMB
they sent a letter unto him, wherein was written thus: "Unto Darius the king, all peace.
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Ezra 5:7 TNIV
The report they sent him read as follows: To King Darius: Cordial greetings.
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Ezra 5:7 WEB
they sent a letter to him, in which was written thus: To Darius the king, all peace.
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Ezra 5:7 WYC
The word which they sent to him was written thus; All peace be to king Darius.
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Ezra 5:7 YLT
A letter they have sent unto him, and thus is it written in it:
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Ezra 5 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 5

The leaders forward the building of the temple. (1,2) letter against the Jews. (3-17)

Verses 1-2 The building of the temple was stopped about fifteen years. Then they had two good ministers, who urged them to go on with the work. It is a sign that God has mercy in store for a people, when he raises up prophets to be helpers in the way and work of God, as guides, overseers, and rulers. In Haggai, we see what great things God does by his word, which he magnifies above all his name, and by his Spirit working with it.

Verses 3-17 While employed in God's work, we are under his special protection; his eye is upon us for good. This should keep us to our duty, and encourage us therein, when difficulties are ever so discouraging. The elders of the Jews gave the Samaritans an account of their proceedings. Let us learn hence, with meekness and fear, to give a reason of the hope that is in us; let us rightly understand, and then readily declare, what we do in God's service, and why we do it. And while in this world, we always shall have to confess, that our sins have provoked the wrath of God. All our sufferings spring from thence, and all our comforts from his unmerited mercy. However the work may seem to be hindered, yet the Lord Jesus Christ is carrying it on, his people are growing unto a holy temple in the Lord, for a habitation of God through the Spirit.

Ezra 5 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible




1. Then the prophets . . . prophesied . . . in the name of the God of Israel--From the recorded writings of Haggai and Zechariah, it appears that the difficulties experienced and the many obstacles thrown in the way had first cooled the zeal of the Jews in the building of the temple, and then led to an abandonment of the work, under a pretended belief that the time for rebuilding it had not yet come ( Haggai 1:2-11 ). For fifteen years the work was completely suspended. These two prophets upbraided them with severe reproaches for their sloth, negligence, and worldly selfishness ( Haggai 1:4 ), threatened them with severe judgments if they continued backward, and promised that they would be blessed with great national prosperity if they resumed and prosecuted the work with alacrity and vigor.
Zechariah the son of Iddo--that is, grandson ( Zechariah 1:1 ).

2. Then rose up Zerubbabel . . . and Jeshua . . . began to build the house of God--The strong appeals and animating exhortations of these prophets gave a new impulse to the building of the temple. It was in the second year of the reign of Darius Hystaspes that the work, after a long interruption, was resumed.

3, 4. At the same time came to them Tatnai, governor on this side the river--The Persian empire west of the Euphrates included at this time Syria, Arabia, Egypt, Phoenicia, and other provinces subject to Darius. The empire was divided into twenty provinces, called satrapies. Syria formed one satrapy, inclusive of Palestine, Phoenicia, and Cyprus, and furnished an annual revenue of three hundred fifty talents. It was presided over by a satrap or viceroy, who at this time resided at Damascus. Though superior to the native governors of the Jews appointed by the Persian king, he never interfered with their internal government except when there was a threatened disturbance of order and tranquillity. Tatnai, the governor (whether this was a personal name or an official title is unknown), had probably been incited by the complaints and turbulent outrages of the Samaritans against the Jews; but he suspended his judgment, and he prudently resolved to repair to Jerusalem, that he might ascertain the real state of matters by personal inspection and enquiry, in company with another dignified officer and his provincial council.

5-17. But the eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews, &c.--The unusual presence, the imposing suite, the authoritative enquiries of the satrap appeared formidable, and might have produced a paralyzing influence or led to disastrous consequences, if he had been a partial and corrupt judge or actuated by unfriendly feelings towards the Jewish cause. The historian, therefore, with characteristic piety, throws in this parenthetical verse to intimate that God averted the threatening cloud and procured favor for the elders or leaders of the Jews, that they were not interrupted in their proceedings till communications with the court should be made and received. Not a word was uttered to dispirit the Jews or afford cause of triumph to their opponents. Matters were to go on till contrary orders arrived from Babylon. After surveying the work in progress, he inquired: first, by what authority this national temple was undertaken; and, secondly, the names of the principal promoters and directors of the undertaking. To these two heads of enquiry the Jews returned ready and distinct replies. Then having learned that it originated in a decree of Cyrus, who had not only released the Jewish exiles from captivity and permitted them to return to their own land for the express purpose of rebuilding the house of God, but, by an act of royal grace, had restored to them the sacred vessels which Nebuchadnezzar had carried off as trophies from the former temple, Tatnai transmitted all this information in an official report to his imperial master, accompanying it with a recommendatory suggestion that search should be made among the national archives at Babylon for the original decree of Cyrus, that the truth of the Jews' statement might be verified. The whole conduct of Tatnai, as well as the general tone of his despatch, is marked by a sound discretion and prudent moderation, free from any party bias, and evincing a desire only to do his duty. In all respects he appears in favorable contrast with his predecessor, Rehum ( Ezra 4:9 ).

8. the house of the great God, which is builded with great stones--literally, "stones of rolling"; that is, stones of such extraordinary size that they could not be carried--they had to be rolled or dragged along the ground.

13. Cyrus the king . . . made a decree--The Jews were perfectly warranted according to the principles of the Persian government to proceed with the building in virtue of Cyrus' edict. For everywhere a public decree is considered as remaining in force until it is revoked but the "laws of the Medes and Persians changed not" [ Daniel 6:8 Daniel 6:12 Daniel 6:15 ].

16. Then came . . . Shesh-bazzar . . . since that time even until now hath it been in building--This was not a part of the Jews' answer--they could not have said this, knowing the building had long ceased. But Tatnai used these expressions in his report, either looking on the stoppage as a temporary interruption, or supposing that the Jews were always working a little, as they had means and opportunities.