This was the allotment for the tribe of Manasseh1 as Joseph's firstborn,2 that is, for Makir,3 Manasseh's firstborn. Makir was the ancestor of the Gileadites, who had received Gilead4 and Bashan5 because the Makirites were great soldiers.
References for Joshua 17:1
So this allotment was for the rest of the people of Manasseh6--the clans of Abiezer,7 Helek, Asriel,8 Shechem, Hepher9 and Shemida.10 These are the other male descendants of Manasseh son of Joseph by their clans.
References for Joshua 17:2
Now Zelophehad son of Hepher,11 the son of Gilead, the son of Makir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons but only daughters,12 whose names were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah and Tirzah.
References for Joshua 17:3
They went to Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the leaders and said, "The LORD commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our brothers." So Joshua gave them an inheritance along with the brothers of their father, according to the LORD's command.13
References for Joshua 17:4
Manasseh's share consisted of ten tracts of land besides Gilead and Bashan east of the Jordan,14
References for Joshua 17:5
because the daughters of the tribe of Manasseh received an inheritance among the sons. The land of Gilead belonged to the rest of the descendants of Manasseh.
The territory of Manasseh extended from Asher15 to Micmethath16 east of Shechem.17 The boundary ran southward from there to include the people living at En Tappuah.
References for Joshua 17:7
(Manasseh had the land of Tappuah, but Tappuah18 itself, on the boundary of Manasseh, belonged to the Ephraimites.)
References for Joshua 17:8
Then the boundary continued south to the Kanah Ravine.19 There were towns belonging to Ephraim lying among the towns of Manasseh, but the boundary of Manasseh was the northern side of the ravine and ended at the sea.
References for Joshua 17:9
On the south the land belonged to Ephraim, on the north to Manasseh. The territory of Manasseh reached the sea and bordered Asher20 on the north and Issachar21 on the east.22
References for Joshua 17:10
Within Issachar23 and Asher, Manasseh also had Beth Shan,24 Ibleam25 and the people of Dor,26 Endor,27 Taanach28 and Megiddo,29 together with their surrounding settlements (the third in the list is Naphoth ).30
References for Joshua 17:11
Yet the Manassites were not able31 to occupy these towns, for the Canaanites were determined to live in that region.
References for Joshua 17:12
However, when the Israelites grew stronger, they subjected the Canaanites to forced labor but did not drive them out completely.32
References for Joshua 17:13
The people of Joseph said to Joshua, "Why have you given us only one allotment and one portion for an inheritance? We are a numerous people and the LORD has blessed us abundantly."33
References for Joshua 17:14
"If you are so numerous," Joshua answered, "and if the hill country of Ephraim is too small for you, go up into the forest34 and clear land for yourselves there in the land of the Perizzites35 and Rephaites.36"
References for Joshua 17:15
The people of Joseph replied, "The hill country is not enough for us, and all the Canaanites who live in the plain have iron chariots,37 both those in Beth Shan38 and its settlements and those in the Valley of Jezreel."39
References for Joshua 17:16
But Joshua said to the house of Joseph--to Ephraim and Manasseh--"You are numerous and very powerful. You will have not only one allotment40
References for Joshua 17:17
but the forested hill country41 as well. Clear it, and its farthest limits will be yours; though the Canaanites have iron chariots42 and though they are strong, you can drive them out."
References for Joshua 17:18