God’s Full and Final Revelation in the Son

1 [Although]a God spoke long ago in many partsb and in many ways to the fathers by the prophets,

References for Hebrews 1:1

    • a 1:1 - *Here "[although]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("spoke") which is understood as concessive
    • b 1:1 - Or "portions"
      2 in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son, whom he appointed heir of all [things], through whom also he made the world,c

      References for Hebrews 1:2

        • c 1:2 - Or "the universe"; literally "the ages"
          3 who is the radiance of his glory and the representation of his essence, sustaining all [things] by the word of power.d [When he]e had made purification for sins through him, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,

          References for Hebrews 1:3

            • d 1:3 - Some manuscripts have "by the word of his power. [When he] had made purification for sins, he sat down"
            • e 1:3 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("had made") which is understood as temporal
              4 having become by so much better than the angels, by as much as he has inherited a more excellent name than theirs.

              The Son Superior to the Angels

              5 For to which of the angels did he ever say, "You are my son, today I have begotten you," and again, "I will be {his father}, and he will be {my son}"?

              References for Hebrews 1:5

                  6 And again, when he brings the firstborn into the world, he says, "And let all [the] angels of God worship him."
                  7 And concerning the angels he says, "The one who makes his angels winds, and his servants a flame of fire,"
                  8 but concerning the Son, "Your throne, O God, [is] {forever and ever}, and the scepter of righteous [is the] scepter of your kingdom.
                  9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; because of this God, your God, has anointed you with the olive oil of joy more than your companions.f

                  References for Hebrews 1:9

                    • f 1:9 - A quotation from Ps 45:6-7
                      10 And, "You, Lord, laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the works of your hands;
                      11 they will perish, but you continue, and they will all become old like a garment,
                      12 and like a robe you will roll them up, and like a garment they will be changed; but you are the same, and your years will not run out."g

                      References for Hebrews 1:12

                        • g 1:12 - A quotation from Ps 102:25-27
                          13 But to which of the angels has he ever said, "Sit down at my right hand, until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet."
                          14 Are they not all spirits engaged in special service, sent on assignment for the sake of those who are going to inherit salvation?