Oracle of Judgment on Damascus

1 An oracle of Damascus: "Look! Damascus [will] cease being a city and will become a heap of ruins.

References for Isaiah 17:1

      2 The cities of Aroer will be deserted; they will be for the flocks, and they will lie down and {no one will frighten} [them].

      References for Isaiah 17:2

        • a 17:2 - These words in Hebrew (and "flocks" in the next line) all begin with the same letter, Ayin
        • b 17:2 - Literally "there is not one who frightens"
          3 And [the] fortified city will disappear from Ephraim, and [the] kingdom from Damascus; and the remnant of Aram will be like the glory of the children of Israel," {declares} Yahweh of hosts.
          4 "And this shall happen: On that day, the glory of Jacob will be brought low, and the fat of his flesh will become lean.
          5 And it shall be as {when a reaper gathers} standing grain and he reaps grain [with] his arm, and it shall be like one who gathers ears of grain in the valley of Rephaim.

          References for Isaiah 17:5

            • c 17:5 - Literally "a gathering of a reaper of"
              6 And gleanings will be left over in it, as {when an olive tree is beaten}, two [or] three ripe olive berries in [the] top of a branch, four [or] five on its fruitful branches," {declares} Yahweh, the God of Israel.

              References for Isaiah 17:6

                • d 17:6 - Literally "beating of an olive tree"
                  7 On that day, mankind will look to its maker, and its eyes will look to the holy one of Israel;
                  8 it will not look to the altars, the work of its hands, and it will not see what its fingers made and the poles of Asherah worship and the incense altars.
                  9 On that day, {its fortified cities} will be like the {abandonment of the wooded place and the summit}, which they deserted because of the children of Israel; and there will be desolation.

                  References for Isaiah 17:9

                    • e 17:9 - Literally "the cities of his fortress"
                    • f 17:9 - Perhaps this difficult phrase originally read "abandonment of the wooded heights of the Amorites"
                      10 For you have forgotten the God of your salvation, and you have not remembered the rock of your refuge; therefore you plant plants of pleasantness, and you {plant} a vine of a foreigner.

                      References for Isaiah 17:10

                        • g 17:10 - Literally "plant it"
                          11 On your planting day you make [them] grow, and in the morning [of] your sowing you bring [them] into bloom, [yet] the harvest will flee in a day [of] sickness and incurable pain.

                          References for Isaiah 17:11

                            • h 17:11 - Reading the same consonants as a verb, nad, rather than the noun ned, which would mean "a heap [of][the] harvest"

                              The Roar of the Peoples

                              12 Ah! [The] noise of many peoples, they make a noise like [the] noise of [the] seas! And [the] roar of nations, they roar like [the] roar of mighty waters!

                              References for Isaiah 17:12

                                  13 [The] nations roar like [the] roar of many waters, but he will rebuke him, and he will flee far away. And they are chased like chaff of [the] mountains before [the] wind and like tumbleweed before [the] storm.
                                  14 At [the] time of evening, and look, terror! Before morning he is no more. This [is] the fate of those who plunder us and [the] lot of those who plunder us.