Job’s Discourse on Wisdom

1 "Indeed, there is a mine for silver and a place {for gold to be refined}.

References for Job 28:1

    • a 28:1 - Literally "for the gold they refine"
      2 Iron is taken from dust, and he pours out copper [from] ore.
      3 He puts an end to darkness, and he searches out the farthest limits [for the] ore [in] gloom and deep shadow.
      4 He breaks open a mine shaft {away from where people dwell}; [those] who are forgotten {by travelers}, they dangle, they sway [far away] from human beings.

      References for Job 28:4

        • b 28:4 - Literally "from with dwelling"
        • c 28:4 - Literally "by feet"
          5 [As for the] earth, from it comes food, but underneath it, it is turned up as [by] fire.

          References for Job 28:5

            • d 28:5 - Or "bread"
            • e 28:5 - Hebrew "and"
              6 Its stones [are the] place of sapphire, and [the] earthen dirt {has} gold.

              References for Job 28:6

                • f 28:6 - Literally "for it"
                  7 "[It is] a path a bird of prey does not know and [the] black kite's eye has not seen.
                  8 {Proud wild animals} have not trodden it; [the] lion in its prime has not prowled over it.

                  References for Job 28:8

                    • g 28:8 - Literally "The sons of pride"
                      9 He puts his hand on the hard rock; he overturns mountains by [the] roots.
                      10 He cuts out tunnels in the rocks, and his eye sees every treasure.
                      11 He dams up rivers from [their] sources, and he brings secret things to [the] light.
                      12 "But from where will wisdom be found? And {where in the world} [is the] place of understanding?

                      References for Job 28:12

                        • h 28:12 - Hebrew "And"
                        • i 28:12 - Literally "where this"
                          13 A human being does not know its proper value, and it is not found in [the] land of the living.
                          14 The deep says, 'It [is] not in me,' and [the] sea says, 'It is not with me.'
                          15 "Refined gold cannot be gotten in its place, and silver cannot be weighed out [as] its price.
                          16 It cannot be bought for the gold of Ophir, for precious onyx or sapphire.

                          References for Job 28:16

                              17 Gold and glass cannot be compared with it, and its substitution [cannot be] an ornament of refined gold.
                              18 Black corals and crystal will not be mentioned, and wisdom's price [is] more than red corals.
                              19 The topaz of Cush cannot be compared with it; it cannot be bought for pure gold.
                              20 Indeed, from where does wisdom come? And {where in the world} [is the] place of understanding?

                              References for Job 28:20

                                • k 28:20 - Hebrew "And"
                                • l 28:20 - Literally "where this"
                                  21 It is hidden from [the] eyes of all living, and it is concealed from [the] birds of the heaven.
                                  22 Abaddon and Death say, 'We heard its rumor with our ears.'
                                  23 "God understands its way, and he knows its place,
                                  24 for he himself looks to [the] end of the earth; he sees under all the heaven.

                                  References for Job 28:24

                                    • m 28:24 - Emphatic personal pronoun
                                      25 {When he gave} weight to the wind and he apportioned [the] waters by measure,

                                      References for Job 28:25

                                        • n 28:25 - Literally "To give"
                                          26 {when he made} a rule for the rain and a way for [the] thunder's lightning bolt,

                                          References for Job 28:26

                                            • o 28:26 - Literally "at his making"
                                              27 then he saw it and talked about it; he established it, and moreover, he explored it.
                                              28 And to the human beings he said, 'Look, the fear of the Lord [is] wisdom, and to depart from evil [is] understanding.'"