1 Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother, to Philemon, our dear friend and fellow worker,

References for Philemon 1:1

      2 and to Apphia our sister, and to Archippus our fellow soldier, and to the church in your house.
      3 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

      Thanksgiving and Prayer for Philemon

      4 I thank my God, always making mention of you in my prayers,

      References for Philemon 1:4

          5 [because I]a hear about your love and faith which you have toward the Lord Jesus and for all the saints.

          References for Philemon 1:5

            • a 1:5 - *Here "[because]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("hear about") which is understood as causal
              6 [I pray] that the fellowship of your faith may become effective in the knowledge [of] every good [thing] that [is] in us for Christ.
              7 For I have great joy and encouragement from your love, because the hearts of the saints have been refreshed through you, brother.

              Paul’s Appeal for Onesimus

              8 Therefore, [although I]b have great confidence in Christ to order you [to do what] is proper,

              References for Philemon 1:8

                • b 1:8 - *Here "[although]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("have") which is understood as concessive
                  9 instead I appeal to [you] because of love, [since I]c am such a one as Paul, now an old man and also a prisoner of Christ Jesus.

                  References for Philemon 1:9

                    • c 1:9 - *Here "[since]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("am") which is understood as causal
                      10 I am appealing to you concerning my child whom I became the father of during my imprisonment, Onesimus.
                      11 Once he [was] useless to you, but now [he is] useful to youd and to me,

                      References for Philemon 1:11

                        • d 1:11 - Some manuscripts have "both to you"
                          12 whom I have sent back to you himself, that is, my heart,
                          13 whom I wanted to keep with me, in order that he might serve me on behalf of you during my imprisonment for the gospel.
                          14 But apart from your consent, I wanted to do nothing, in order that your good [deed] might be not as according to necessity, but according to [your own] free will.
                          15 For perhaps because of this, he was separated [from you] for a time, in order that you might have him back forever,
                          16 no longer as a slave, but more than a slave, a beloved brother, especially to me, but how much more to you, both in the flesh and in the Lord.

                          Paul’s Request to Philemon

                          17 If therefore you consider me a partner, receive him as [you would] me.

                          References for Philemon 1:17

                              18 But if in anything he has caused you loss or owes [you anything], {charge this to my account}e.

                              References for Philemon 1:18

                                • e 1:18 - Literally "this to me charge to [my] account"
                                  19 I, Paul, write [this] with my [own] hand: I will pay it back, lest I mention to you that {you owe me even your very self besides}f.

                                  References for Philemon 1:19

                                    • f 1:19 - Literally "even yourself to me you owe besides"
                                      20 Yes, brother, I ought to have some benefit of you in the Lord; refresh my heart in Christ.
                                      21 Confident of your obedience, I am writing to you [because I]g know that you will do even beyond what I say.

                                      References for Philemon 1:21

                                        • g 1:21 - *Here "[because]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("know") which is understood as causal
                                          22 At the same time also, prepare a guest room for me, for I hope that through your prayers I will be restored to you.

                                          Final Greetings and Benediction

                                          23 Epaphras, my fellow prisoner in Christ Jesus, greets you,

                                          References for Philemon 1:23

                                              24 [and so do] Mark, Aristarchus, Demas, [and] Luke, my fellow workers.
                                              25 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ [be] with your spirit.