Leviticus 19 NIV

Various Laws

1 The LORD said to Moses,

References for Leviticus 19:1

      2 "Speak to the entire assembly of Israel1 and say to them: 'Be holy because I, the LORD your God,2 am holy.3

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      3 " 'Each of you must respect his mother and father,4 and you must observe my Sabbaths.5 I am the LORD your God.6

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      4 " 'Do not turn to idols or make gods of cast metal for yourselves.7 I am the LORD your God.8

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      5 " 'When you sacrifice a fellowship offeringa to the LORD, sacrifice it in such a way that it will be accepted on your behalf.

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        • a 19:5 - Traditionally "peace offering"
          6 It shall be eaten on the day you sacrifice it or on the next day; anything left over until the third day must be burned up.9

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          7 If any of it is eaten on the third day, it is impure and will not be accepted.10

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          8 Whoever eats it will be held responsible11 because he has desecrated what is holy12 to the LORD; that person must be cut off from his people.13

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          9 " 'When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges14 of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest.15

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          10 Do not go over your vineyard a second time16 or pick up the grapes that have fallen.17 Leave them for the poor and the alien.18 I am the LORD your God.

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          11 " 'Do not steal.19 " 'Do not lie.20 " 'Do not deceive one another.21

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          12 " 'Do not swear falsely22 by my name23 and so profane24 the name of your God. I am the LORD.

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          13 " 'Do not defraud your neighbor25 or rob26 him.27 " 'Do not hold back the wages of a hired man28 overnight.29

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          14 " 'Do not curse the deaf or put a stumbling block in front of the blind,30 but fear your God.31 I am the LORD.

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          15 " 'Do not pervert justice;32 do not show partiality33 to the poor or favoritism to the great,34 but judge your neighbor fairly.35

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          16 " 'Do not go about spreading slander36 among your people. " 'Do not do anything that endangers your neighbor's life.37 I am the LORD.

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          17 " 'Do not hate your brother in your heart.38 Rebuke your neighbor frankly39 so you will not share in his guilt.

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          18 " 'Do not seek revenge40 or bear a grudge41 against one of your people,42 but love your neighbor43 as yourself.44 I am the LORD.

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          19 " 'Keep my decrees.45 " 'Do not mate different kinds of animals. " 'Do not plant your field with two kinds of seed.46 " 'Do not wear clothing woven of two kinds of material.47

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          20 " 'If a man sleeps with a woman who is a slave girl promised to another man48 but who has not been ransomed or given her freedom, there must be due punishment. Yet they are not to be put to death, because she had not been freed.

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          21 The man, however, must bring a ram to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting for a guilt offering to the LORD.49

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          22 With the ram of the guilt offering the priest is to make atonement for him before the LORD for the sin he has committed, and his sin will be forgiven.50

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          23 " 'When you enter the land and plant any kind of fruit tree, regard its fruit as forbidden.b For three years you are to consider it forbiddenc; it must not be eaten.

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            • b 19:23 - Hebrew "uncircumcised"
            • c 19:23 - Hebrew "uncircumcised"
              24 In the fourth year all its fruit will be holy,51 an offering of praise to the LORD.

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              25 But in the fifth year you may eat its fruit. In this way your harvest will be increased. I am the LORD your God.
              26 " 'Do not eat any meat with the blood still in it.52 " 'Do not practice divination53 or sorcery.54

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              27 " 'Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard.55

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              28 " 'Do not cut56 your bodies for the dead or put tattoo marks on yourselves. I am the LORD.

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              29 " 'Do not degrade your daughter by making her a prostitute,57 or the land will turn to prostitution and be filled with wickedness.58

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              30 " 'Observe my Sabbaths59 and have reverence for my sanctuary. I am the LORD.60

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              31 " 'Do not turn to mediums61 or seek out spiritists,62 for you will be defiled by them. I am the LORD your God.

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              32 " 'Rise in the presence of the aged, show respect63 for the elderly64 and revere your God.65 I am the LORD.66

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              33 " 'When an alien lives with you in your land, do not mistreat him.
              34 The alien living with you must be treated as one of your native-born.67 Love him as yourself,68 for you were aliens69 in Egypt.70 I am the LORD your God.

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              35 " 'Do not use dishonest standards when measuring length, weight or quantity.71

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              36 Use honest scales72 and honest weights, an honest ephahd73 and an honest hin.e74 I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt.75

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                • d 19:36 - An ephah was a dry measure.
                • e 19:36 - A hin was a liquid measure.
                  37 " 'Keep all my decrees76 and all my laws77 and follow them. I am the LORD.' "

                  References for Leviticus 19:37