Then Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. Dressing him in an elegant robe,1 they sent him back to Pilate.
References for Luke 23:11
That day Herod and Pilate became friends2--before this they had been enemies.
References for Luke 23:12
Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the people,
and said to them, "You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against him.
References for Luke 23:14
Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us; as you can see, he has done nothing to deserve death.
Therefore, I will punish him3 and then release him. "
References for Luke 23:16
With one voice they cried out, "Away with this man! Release Barabbas to us!"4
References for Luke 23:18
(Barabbas had been thrown into prison for an insurrection in the city, and for murder.
Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate appealed to them again.
But they kept shouting, "Crucify him! Crucify him!
For the third time he spoke to them: "Why? What crime has this man committed? I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty. Therefore I will have him punished and then release him."5
References for Luke 23:22