Mark 7:1-25 NIV

Clean and Unclean

7:1-23pp -- Mt 15:1-20

1 The Pharisees and some of the teachers of the law who had come from Jerusalem gathered around Jesus and

References for Mark 7:1

      2 saw some of his disciples eating food with hands that were "unclean,"1 that is, unwashed.

      References for Mark 7:2

      3 (The Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they give their hands a ceremonial washing, holding to the tradition of the elders.2

      References for Mark 7:3

          4 When they come from the marketplace they do not eat unless they wash. And they observe many other traditions, such as the washing of cups, pitchers and kettles.a )3

          References for Mark 7:4

            • a 7:4 - Some early manuscripts "pitchers, kettles and dining couches"
              5 So the Pharisees and teachers of the law asked Jesus, "Why don't your disciples live according to the tradition of the elders4 instead of eating their food with 'unclean' hands?"

              References for Mark 7:5

              6 He replied, "Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites; as it is written: " 'These people honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me.
              7 They worship me in vain; their teachings are but rules taught by men.'b5

              References for Mark 7:7

                • b 7:7 - ,7 Isaiah 29:13
                  8 You have let go of the commands of God and are holding on to the traditions of men."6

                  References for Mark 7:8

                    • 6 7:8 - S ver 3
                      9 And he said to them: "You have a fine way of setting aside the commands of God in order to observec your own traditions!7

                      References for Mark 7:9

                        • 7 7:9 - S ver 3
                        • c 7:9 - Some manuscripts "set up"
                          10 For Moses said, 'Honor your father and your mother,'d8 and, 'Anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.'e9

                          References for Mark 7:10

                            • d 7:10 - Exodus 20:12; Deut. 5:16
                            • e 7:10 - Exodus 21:17; Lev. 20:9
                              11 But you say10 that if a man says to his father or mother: 'Whatever help you might otherwise have received from me is Corban' (that is, a gift devoted to God),

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                              12 then you no longer let him do anything for his father or mother.
                              13 Thus you nullify the word of God11 by your tradition12 that you have handed down. And you do many things like that."

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                                  14 Again Jesus called the crowd to him and said, "Listen to me, everyone, and understand this.
                                  15 Nothing outside a man can make him 'unclean' by going into him. Rather, it is what comes out of a man that makes him 'unclean.'f "

                                  References for Mark 7:15

                                    • f 7:15 - Some early manuscripts "'unclean.' 16 If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear."
                                      17 After he had left the crowd and entered the house, his disciples asked him13 about this parable.

                                      References for Mark 7:17

                                      18 "Are you so dull?" he asked. "Don't you see that nothing that enters a man from the outside can make him 'unclean'?
                                      19 For it doesn't go into his heart but into his stomach, and then out of his body." (In saying this, Jesus declared all foods14 "clean.")15

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                                      20 He went on: "What comes out of a man is what makes him 'unclean.'
                                      21 For from within, out of men's hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder, adultery,
                                      22 greed,16 malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly.

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                                      23 All these evils come from inside and make a man 'unclean.' "

                                      The Faith of a Syrophoenician Woman

                                      7:24-30pp -- Mt 15:21-28

                                      24 Jesus left that place and went to the vicinity of Tyre.g17 He entered a house and did not want anyone to know it; yet he could not keep his presence secret.

                                      References for Mark 7:24

                                        • g 7:24 - Many early manuscripts "Tyre and Sidon"
                                          25 In fact, as soon as she heard about him, a woman whose little daughter was possessed by an evilh spirit18 came and fell at his feet.

                                          References for Mark 7:25

                                            • h 7:25 - Greek "unclean"