1 Kings 22:1-40 NAS

Ahab's Third Campaign against Aram

1 Three ayears passed without war between Aram and Israel.

References for 1 Kings 22:1

    • ǘ 22:1 - Lit "they sat for three years"
      2 1In the third year 2Jehoshaphat the king of Judah came down to the king of Israel.

      References for 1 Kings 22:2

      3 Now the king of Israel said to his servants, "Do you know that 3Ramoth-gilead belongs to us, and we bare still doing nothing to take it out of the hand of the king of Aram?"

      References for 1 Kings 22:3

        • Ǚ 22:3 - Lit "are silent so as not"
          4 And he said to Jehoshaphat, "Will you go with me to battle at Ramoth-gilead?" And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, "4I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses."

          References for 1 Kings 22:4

          5 Moreover, Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, "Please inquire cfirst for the word of the LORD."

          References for 1 Kings 22:5

            • ǚ 22:5 - Lit "as the day"
              6 Then 5the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, about four hundred men, and said to them, "Shall I go against Ramoth-gilead to battle or shall I refrain?" And they said, "Go up, for the Lord will give it into the hand of the king."

              References for 1 Kings 22:6

              7 But 6Jehoshaphat said, "Is there not yet a prophet of the LORD here that we may inquire of him?"

              References for 1 Kings 22:7

              8 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of the LORD, but I hate him, because he does not prophesy good concerning me, but evil. He is Micaiah son of Imlah." But Jehoshaphat said, "Let not the king say so."
              9 Then the king of Israel called an officer and said, "dBring quickly Micaiah son of Imlah."

              References for 1 Kings 22:9

                • Ǜ 22:9 - Lit "Hasten Micaiah"
                  10 Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah were sitting each on his throne, arrayed in their robes, at the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and 7all the prophets were prophesying before them.

                  References for 1 Kings 22:10

                  11 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made 8horns of iron for himself and said, "Thus says the LORD, '9With these you will gore the Arameans until they are consumed.' "

                  References for 1 Kings 22:11

                  12 All the prophets were prophesying thus, saying, "Go up to Ramoth-gilead and prosper, for the LORD will give it into the hand of the king."

                  Micaiah Predicts Defeat

                  13 Then the messenger who went to summon Micaiah spoke to him saying, "Behold now, the words of the prophets are uniformly * favorable to the king. Please let your word be like the word of one of them, and speak favorably."

                  References for 1 Kings 22:13

                      14 But Micaiah said, "10As the LORD lives, what * 11the LORD says to me, that I shall speak."

                      References for 1 Kings 22:14

                      15 When he came to the king, the king said to him, "Micaiah, shall we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall we refrain?" And he eanswered him, "12Go up and succeed, and the LORD will give it into the hand of the king."

                      References for 1 Kings 22:15

                        • ǜ 22:15 - Lit "said to"
                          16 Then the king said to him, "How * many * times must I adjure you to speak to me nothing but the truth in the name of the LORD?"
                          17 So he said, "I saw all Israel Scattered on the mountains, 13Like sheep which have no shepherd. And the LORD said, 'These have no master. Let each of them return to his house in peace.' "

                          References for 1 Kings 22:17

                          18 Then the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "14Did I not tell you that he would not prophesy good concerning me, but evil?"

                          References for 1 Kings 22:18

                          19 fMicaiah said, "Therefore, hear the word of the LORD. 15I saw the LORD sitting on His throne, and 16all the host of heaven standing by Him on His right and on His left.

                          References for 1 Kings 22:19

                          20 "The LORD said, 'Who will entice Ahab to go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead?' And one said this while another said that.
                          21 "Then a spirit came forward and stood before the LORD and said, 'I will entice him.'
                          22 "The LORD said to him, 'How?' And he said, 'I will go out and 17be a deceiving spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.' Then He said, 'You are to entice him and also prevail. Go and do so.'

                          References for 1 Kings 22:22

                          23 "Now therefore, behold, 18the LORD has put a deceiving spirit in the mouth of all these your prophets; and the LORD has proclaimed disaster against you."

                          References for 1 Kings 22:23

                          24 Then 19Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, "20How * did the Spirit of the LORD pass from me to speak to you?"

                          References for 1 Kings 22:24

                          25 Micaiah said, "Behold, you shall see on that day when you 21enter an inner room to hide yourself."

                          References for 1 Kings 22:25

                          26 Then the king of Israel said, "Take Micaiah and return him to Amon the governor of the city and to Joash the king's son;
                          27 and say, 'Thus says the king, "22Put this man in prison * and feed him gsparingly with bread and water until I return safely.""'

                          References for 1 Kings 22:27

                            • Ǟ 22:27 - Lit "with bread of affliction and water of affliction"
                              28 Micaiah said, "23If you indeed return safely the LORD has not spoken by me." And he said, "24Listen, all you people."

                              References for 1 Kings 22:28

                              Defeat and Death of Ahab

                              29 So 25the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah went up against Ramoth-gilead.

                              References for 1 Kings 22:29

                              30 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "26I will disguise myself and go into the battle, but you put on your robes." So the king of Israel disguised himself and went into the battle.

                              References for 1 Kings 22:30

                              31 Now 27the king of Aram had commanded the thirty-two * captains of his chariots, saying, "Do not fight with small or great, but with the king of Israel alone."

                              References for 1 Kings 22:31

                              32 So when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, they said, "Surely it is the king of Israel," and they turned aside to fight against him, and Jehoshaphat cried out.
                              33 When the captains of the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel, they turned back from pursuing him.
                              34 Now a certain man drew his bow at random and struck the king of Israel hin a joint of the armor. So he said to the driver of his chariot, "Turn iaround and take me out of the jfight; 28for I am severely wounded."

                              References for 1 Kings 22:34

                                • ǟ 22:34 - Lit "between the scale-armor and the breastplate"
                                • Ǡ 22:34 - Lit "your hand"
                                • ǡ 22:34 - Lit "camp"
                                  35 The battle kraged that day, and the king was propped up in his chariot in front of the Arameans, and died at evening, and the blood from the wound ran into the bottom of the chariot.

                                  References for 1 Kings 22:35

                                    • Ǣ 22:35 - Lit "went up"
                                      36 29Then a cry passed throughout the army close to sunset *, saying, "Every man to his city and every man to his lcountry."

                                      References for 1 Kings 22:36

                                      37 So the king died and was brought to Samaria, and they buried the king in Samaria.
                                      38 They washed the chariot by the pool of Samaria, and the dogs licked up his blood (now the harlots bathed themselves there), 30according to the word of the LORD which He spoke.

                                      References for 1 Kings 22:38

                                      39 Now the rest of the acts of Ahab and all that he did and 31the ivory house which he built and all the cities which he built, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles * of the Kings of Israel?

                                      References for 1 Kings 22:39

                                      40 So Ahab slept with his fathers, and Ahaziah his son became king in his place.