1 Samuel 17:1-19 NAS

Goliath's Challenge

1 Now 1the Philistines gathered their armies for battle; and they were gathered at Socoh which belongs to Judah, and they camped between 2Socoh and 3Azekah, in 4Ephes-dammim.

References for 1 Samuel 17:1

2 Saul and the men of Israel were gathered and camped in 5the valley of Elah, and drew up in battle array to encounter the Philistines.

References for 1 Samuel 17:2

3 The Philistines stood on the mountain on one side while Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, with the valley between them.
4 Then a champion * came out from the armies of the Philistines named 6Goliath, from 7Gath, whose height was six acubits and a span.

References for 1 Samuel 17:4

    • ă 17:4 - I.e. One cubit equals approx 18 in.
      5 He had a bronze helmet on his head, and he was clothed with scale-armor bwhich weighed five thousand shekels of bronze.

      References for 1 Samuel 17:5

        • Ą 17:5 - Lit "and the weight of the armor" was
          6 He also had bronze cgreaves on his legs and a 8bronze javelin slung between his shoulders.

          References for 1 Samuel 17:6

            • ą 17:6 - Or "shin guards"
              7 9The shaft of his spear was like a weaver's beam, and the head of his spear weighed six hundred shekels of iron; 10his shield-carrier * also walked before him.

              References for 1 Samuel 17:7

              8 He stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel and said to them, "Why do you come out to draw up in battle array? Am I not the Philistine and you 11servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves and let him come down to me.

              References for 1 Samuel 17:8

              9 "12If he is able to fight with me and dkill me, then we will become your servants; but if I prevail against him and ekill him, then you shall become our servants and serve us."

              References for 1 Samuel 17:9

                • Ć 17:9 - Lit "smite"
                • ć 17:9 - Lit "smite"
                  10 Again the Philistine said, "13I defy the ranks of Israel this day; give me a man that we may fight together."

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:10

                  11 When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.
                  12 Now David was 14the son of fthe 15Ephrathite of Bethlehem in Judah, whose name was Jesse, and 16he had eight sons. And gJesse was old in the days of Saul, advanced in years among men.

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:12

                  13 The three older sons of Jesse had hgone after Saul to the battle. And 17the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and the second to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

                  References for 1 Samuel 17:13

                    • Ċ 17:13 - Lit "gone; they went"
                      14 18David was the youngest. Now the three oldest followed * Saul,

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:14

                      15 19but David went * back and forth from Saul 20to tend his father's flock at Bethlehem.

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:15

                      16 The Philistine came iforward morning and evening for forty days and took his stand.

                      References for 1 Samuel 17:16

                          17 Then Jesse said to David his son, "21Take now for your brothers an ephah of this roasted grain and these ten loaves and run to the camp to your brothers.

                          References for 1 Samuel 17:17

                          18 "22Bring also these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of their thousand, 23and look into the welfare of your brothers, and bring back jnews of them.

                          References for 1 Samuel 17:18

                            • Č 17:18 - Lit "their pledge"
                              19 "For Saul and they and all the men of Israel are in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines."