The Futility of Life

1 There is an 1evil which I have seen under the sun and it is prevalent among men -
2 a man to whom God has 2given riches and wealth and honor so that his soul 3lacks nothing of all that he desires; yet God has not empowered him to eat from them, for a foreigner enjoys them. This is vanity and a severe affliction.
3 If a man fathers a hundred children and lives many years, however many they be, but his soul is not satisfied with good things and he does not even have a proper 4burial, then I say, "Better 5the miscarriage than he,
4 for it comes in futility and goes into obscurity; and its name is covered in obscurity.
5 "It never sees the sun and it never knows anything; it is better off than he.
6 "Even if the other man lives a thousand years twice and does not enjoy good things -6do not all go to one place?"
7 7All a man's labor is for his mouth and yet the appetite is not satisfied.
8 For 8what advantage does the wise man have over the fool? What advantage does the poor man have, knowing how to walk before the living?
9 What the eyes 9see is better than what the soul desires. This too is 10futility and a striving after wind.
10 Whatever * 11exists has already been named *, and it is known what man is; for he 12cannot * dispute with him who is stronger than he is.
11 For there are many words which increase futility. What then is the advantage to a man?
12 For who knows what is good for a man during his lifetime, during the few years of his futile life? He will spend them like a shadow. For who can tell a man 13what will be after him under the sun?