The Passover Lamb

1 Now the LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt,

References for Exodus 12:1

    • a 12:1 - Lit "Egypt, saying"
      2 "1This month shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first month of the year to you.

      References for Exodus 12:2

      3 "Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, 'On the tenth of this month they are each one to take a lamb for themselves, according to their fathers' households, a lamb for each household.

      References for Exodus 12:3

          4 'Now if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the number of persons in them; according to what each man should eat, you are to divide the lamb.

          References for Exodus 12:4

            • e 12:4 - Or "kid"
            • f 12:4 - Or "amount"
            • g 12:4 - Lit "each man's eating"
            • h 12:4 - Lit "compute for"
              5 'Your lamb shall be 2an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.

              References for Exodus 12:5

              6 'You shall keep * it until the 3fourteenth * day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it 4at twilight.

              References for Exodus 12:6

                • j 12:6 - Lit "It shall be to you for a guarding"
                • k 12:6 - Lit "between the two evenings"
                  7 '5Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they eat it.

                  References for Exodus 12:7

                  8 'They shall eat the flesh 6that same night, 7roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with 8unleavened bread 9and bitter herbs.

                  References for Exodus 12:8

                  9 'Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather * 10roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with 11its entrails.

                  References for Exodus 12:9

                  10 '12And you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall burn with fire.

                  References for Exodus 12:10

                  11 'Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste -it is 13the LORD'S Passover.

                  References for Exodus 12:11

                  12 'For 14I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and 15against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments -16I am the LORD.

                  References for Exodus 12:12

                  13 '17The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where * you live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.

                  References for Exodus 12:13

                    • n 12:13 - Lit "are"
                    • o 12:13 - Lit "for destruction"

                      Feast of Unleavened Bread

                      14 'Now 18this day will be 19a memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it as a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it as 20a permanent ordinance.

                      References for Exodus 12:14

                      15 '21Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, but on the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses; for whoever eats anything leavened from the first day until the seventh day, 22that person shall be cut off from Israel.

                      References for Exodus 12:15

                      16 '23On the first day you shall have a holy assembly, and another holy assembly on the seventh day; no work at all shall be done on them, except what must be eaten by every person, that alone may be prepared by you.

                      References for Exodus 12:16

                        • s 12:16 - Lit "pertaining to"
                        • t 12:16 - Lit "done"
                          17 'You shall also observe 24the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this 25very day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt; therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as 26a permanent ordinance.

                          References for Exodus 12:17

                          18 '27In the first month, on the fourteenth * day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first * day of the month at evening.

                          References for Exodus 12:18

                          19 '28Seven days there shall be no leaven found in your houses; for whoever eats what is leavened, that 29person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is an alien or a native of the land.

                          References for Exodus 12:19

                          20 'You shall not eat anything leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.' "
                          21 Then 30Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Go and 31take for yourselves lambs according to your families, and slay 32the Passover lamb.

                          References for Exodus 12:21

                              22 "33You shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood which is in the basin, and apply some of the blood that is in the basin to the lintel and the two doorposts; and none * of you shall go outside the door of his house until morning.

                              References for Exodus 12:22

                                • y 12:22 - Lit "cause to touch"

                                  A Memorial of Redemption

                                  23 "For 34the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and will 35not allow the 36destroyer to come in to your houses to smite you.
                                  24 "And 37you shall observe this event as an ordinance for you and your children forever *.

                                  References for Exodus 12:24

                                  25 "When you enter the land which the LORD will give you, as He has promised, you shall observe this rite.

                                  References for Exodus 12:25

                                      26 "38And when your children say to you, 'What does this rite mean to you?'

                                      References for Exodus 12:26

                                      27 you shall say, 'It is a Passover sacrifice to 39the LORD who passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, but spared our homes.' " 40And the people bowed low and worshiped.

                                      References for Exodus 12:27

                                        • } 12:27 - Lit "because He"
                                        • ~ 12:27 - Lit "delivered"
                                          28 Then the sons of Israel went and did so; just as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
                                          29 Now it came about at 41midnight * that 42the LORD struck all 43the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of 44cattle.
                                          30 Pharaoh arose in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was 45a great cry in Egypt, for there was no home where * there was not someone dead.

                                          References for Exodus 12:30

                                          31 Then 46he called for Moses and Aaron at night and said, "Rise up, 47get out from among my people, both you and the sons of Israel; and go, worship the LORD, as you have said.

                                          References for Exodus 12:31

                                          32 "Take 48both your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and go, and bless me also."

                                          References for Exodus 12:32

                                          Exodus of Israel

                                          33 49The Egyptians urged * the people, to send them out of the land in haste, for they said, "We will all be dead."

                                          References for Exodus 12:33

                                          34 So the people took 50their dough before it was leavened, with their kneading bowls bound up in the clothes on their shoulders.

                                          References for Exodus 12:34

                                          35 51Now the sons of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, for they had requested from the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing;

                                          References for Exodus 12:35

                                          36 and the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have their request. Thus they 52plundered the Egyptians.

                                          References for Exodus 12:36

                                          38 A 56mixed multitude also went up with them, along with flocks and herds, a 57very large number of livestock.

                                          References for Exodus 12:38

                                          39 They baked the dough which they had brought out of Egypt into cakes of unleavened bread. For it had not become leavened, since they were 58driven out of Egypt and could not delay, nor * had they prepared any provisions for themselves.

                                          References for Exodus 12:39

                                          40 Now the time that the sons of Israel lived in Egypt was 59four hundred and thirty years.

                                          References for Exodus 12:40

                                            • ‚ 12:40 - Or "of the sons of Israel who dwelt"
                                              41 And at the end of four hundred and thirty years, to 60the very day, 61all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

                                              References for Exodus 12:41

                                                • ƒ 12:41 - Lit "that it happened on this very day"

                                                  Ordinance of the Passover

                                                  42 62It is a night to be observed for the LORD for having brought them out from the land of Egypt; this night is for the LORD, to be observed by all the sons of Israel throughout their generations.

                                                  References for Exodus 12:42

                                                    • „ 12:42 - Or "of vigil"
                                                    • … 12:42 - Or "of vigil"
                                                    • † 12:42 - Lit "to the sons"
                                                      43 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of 63the Passover: no * 64foreigner * is to eat of it;

                                                      References for Exodus 12:43

                                                        • ‡ 12:43 - Lit "son of a stranger"
                                                          44 but every man's 65slave purchased with money, after you have circumcised him, then he may eat of it.

                                                          References for Exodus 12:44

                                                          45 "66A sojourner or a hired servant shall not eat of it.

                                                          References for Exodus 12:45

                                                          46 "It is to be eaten in a single house; you are not to bring forth any of the flesh outside of the house, 67nor are you to break any bone of it.

                                                          References for Exodus 12:46

                                                          47 "68All the congregation of Israel are to celebrate this.

                                                          References for Exodus 12:47

                                                          48 "But 69if a stranger sojourns with you, and celebrates the Passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near to celebrate it; and he shall be like a native of the land. But no * uncircumcised person may eat of it.

                                                          References for Exodus 12:48

                                                              49 "70The same law shall apply to the native as to the stranger who sojourns among you."

                                                              References for Exodus 12:49

                                                                  50 Then all the sons of Israel did so; they did just as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron.
                                                                  51 And on that same day 71the LORD brought the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt 72by their hosts.

                                                                  References for Exodus 12:51

                                                                    •  12:51 - Lit "according to"