Jethro, Moses' Father-in-law

1 Now 1Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, how the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt.

References for Exodus 18:1

2 Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took Moses' wife 2Zipporah, after he had sent her away,

References for Exodus 18:2

3 and her 3two sons, of whom one was named Gershom, for Moses said, "I have been 4a sojourner in a foreign land."

References for Exodus 18:3

    • a 18:3 - Lit "the name of the one was"
    • b 18:3 - Heb "ger"
      4 The other was named 5Eliezer, for he said, "6The God of my father was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh."

      References for Exodus 18:4

        • c 18:4 - Lit "The name of the other was"
        • d 18:4 - Heb "El-ezer;" i.e. my God is help
          5 Then Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Moses in the wilderness where * he was camped, at 7the mount of God.

          References for Exodus 18:5

          6 He sent word to Moses, "I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her."

          References for Exodus 18:6

            • f 18:6 - Lit "said"
              7 Then Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and 8he bowed down and 9kissed him; and they 10asked each other of their welfare and went into the tent.
              8 Moses told his father-in-law all that the LORD had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians 11for Israel's sake *, all the 12hardship that had befallen them on the journey, and how 13the LORD had delivered them.

              References for Exodus 18:8

              9 Jethro rejoiced over all 14the goodness which the LORD had done to Israel, in delivering them from the hand of the Egyptians.

              References for Exodus 18:9

                • g 18:9 - Lit "in that He had delivered"
                • h 18:9 - Lit "him"
                  10 So Jethro said, "15Blessed be the LORD who delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of Pharaoh, and who delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.
                  11 "Now I know that 16the LORD is greater than all the gods; indeed, 17it was proven when they dealt proudly against the people."

                  References for Exodus 18:11

                    • i 18:11 - Lit "indeed, in the thing in which they"
                    • j 18:11 - Lit "them"
                      12 18Then Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat a meal with Moses' father-in-law before God.

                      References for Exodus 18:12

                      13 It came about the next day that Moses sat to judge the people, and the people stood about Moses from the morning until the evening.
                      14 Now when Moses' father-in-law saw all that he was doing for the people, he said, "What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit as judge and all the people stand about you from morning until evening?"
                      15 Moses said to his father-in-law, "Because the people come to me 19to inquire of God.

                      References for Exodus 18:15

                      16 "When they have a 20dispute, it comes to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor and make known the statutes of God and His laws."

                      References for Exodus 18:16

                      Jethro Counsels Moses

                      17 Moses' father-in-law said to him, "The thing that you are doing is not good.

                      References for Exodus 18:17

                          18 "21You will surely wear out, both yourself and these people who are with you, for the task is too heavy for you; 22you cannot * do it alone.

                          References for Exodus 18:18

                          19 "Now listen to me: I will give you counsel, and God be with you. You be the people's representative before God, and you 23bring the disputes to God,

                          References for Exodus 18:19

                            • o 18:19 - Lit "my voice"
                            • p 18:19 - Lit "You be for the people in front of God"
                            • q 18:19 - Lit "matters"
                              20 24then teach them the statutes and the laws, and make known to them 25the way in which they are to walk and the work they are to do.
                              21 "Furthermore, you shall select out of all the people 26able men 27who fear God, men of truth, those who 28hate dishonest gain; and you shall place these over them as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties and of tens.

                              References for Exodus 18:21

                                • r 18:21 - Lit "see"
                                • s 18:21 - Lit "leaders of"
                                • t 18:21 - Lit "leaders of"
                                • u 18:21 - Lit "leaders of"
                                  22 "Let them judge the people at all times; and let it be 29that every major dispute they will bring to you, but every minor dispute they themselves will judge. So it will be easier for you, and 30they will bear the burden with you.

                                  References for Exodus 18:22

                                      23 "If you do this thing and God so commands you, then you will be able to endure, and all these people also will go to their place in peace."

                                      References for Exodus 18:23

                                          24 So Moses listened to his father-in-law and did all that he had said.

                                          References for Exodus 18:24

                                            • { 18:24 - Lit "to the voice of"
                                              25 Moses chose 31able men out of all Israel and made them heads over the people, leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties and of tens.

                                              References for Exodus 18:25

                                                • | 18:25 - Lit "leaders of"
                                                • } 18:25 - Lit "leaders of"
                                                • ~ 18:25 - Lit "leaders of"
                                                  26 They judged the people at all times; 32the difficult dispute they would bring to Moses, but every minor dispute they themselves would judge.

                                                  References for Exodus 18:26

                                                      27 Then Moses 33bade his father-in-law farewell, and he went his way into his own land.

                                                      References for Exodus 18:27

                                                        •  18:27 - Lit "sent off his father-in-law"