Jesus' Authority Questioned

1 1On one of the days while 2He was teaching the people in the temple and 3preaching the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes with the elders 4confronted Him,

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2 and they spoke, saying to Him, "Tell us by what authority You are doing these things, or who is the one who gave You this authority?"
3 Jesus answered and said to them, "I will also ask you a question, and you tell Me:

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    • a 20:3 - Lit "word"
      4 "Was the baptism of John from heaven or from men?"
      5 They reasoned among themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' He will say, 'Why * did you not believe him?'
      6 "But if we say, 'From men,' all the people will stone us to death, for they are convinced that John was a 5prophet."

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      7 So they answered that they did not know where it came from.
      8 And Jesus said to them, "Nor will I tell you by what authority I do these things."

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        • b 20:8 - Lit "do I tell"

          Parable of the Vine-growers

          9 6And He began to tell the people this parable: "A man planted a vineyard and rented it out to vine-growers, and went on a journey for a long time.

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            • c 20:9 - Or "tenant farmers," also vv 10, 14, 16
              10 "At the harvest time he sent a slave to the vine-growers, so that they would give him some of the produce of the vineyard; but the vine-growers beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
              11 "And he proceeded to send another slave; and they beat him also and treated him shamefully and sent him away empty-handed.
              12 "And he proceeded to send a third; and this one also they wounded and cast out.
              13 "The owner of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will 7respect him.'

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              14 "But when the vine-growers saw him, they reasoned with one another, saying, 'This is the heir; let us kill him so that the inheritance will be ours.'
              15 "So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What, then, will the owner of the vineyard do to them?

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                  17 But Jesus looked at them and said, "What then is this that is written: '10THE STONE WHICH THE BUILDERS REJECTED, THIS BECAME 11THE CHIEF CORNER stone'?

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                  18 "12Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever * it falls, it will scatter him like dust."

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                  Tribute to Caesar

                  19 The scribes and the chief priests 13tried to lay hands on Him that very hour, and they feared the people; for they understood that He spoke this parable against them.

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                  20 14So they watched Him, and sent spies who pretended to be righteous, in order 15that they might catch Him in some statement, so that they could deliver Him to the rule and the authority of 16the governor.

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                    • g 20:20 - Lit "falsely represented themselves"
                    • h 20:20 - Lit "take hold of His word"
                      21 They questioned Him, saying, "Teacher, we know that You speak and teach correctly, and You are not partial * to any, but teach the way of God in truth.

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                        • i 20:21 - Lit "do not receive a face"
                          22 "Is it lawful for us 17to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?"

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                          23 But He detected their trickery and said to them,
                          24 "Show Me a denarius. Whose likeness and inscription does it have?" They said, "Caesar's."

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                            • k 20:24 - The denarius was a day's wages
                            • l 20:24 - Lit "image"
                              25 And He said to them, "Then 18render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's."

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                              26 And they were unable * to 19catch Him in a saying in the presence of the people; and being amazed at His answer, they became silent.

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                                • m 20:26 - Lit "catch His statement"

                                  Is There a Resurrection?

                                  27 20Now there came to Him some of the 21Sadducees (who say that there is no resurrection ),

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                                  28 and they questioned Him, saying, "Teacher, Moses wrote for us that 22IF A MAN'S BROTHER DIES, having a wife, AND HE IS CHILDLESS, HIS BROTHER SHOULD MARRY THE WIFE AND RAISE UP CHILDREN TO HIS BROTHER.

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                                  29 "Now there were seven brothers; and the first took a wife and died childless;
                                  30 and the second
                                  31 and the third married her; and in the same way all seven died, leaving no children.

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                                    • o 20:31 - Lit "took"
                                    • p 20:31 - Lit "the seven also"
                                    • q 20:31 - Lit "left no children, and died"
                                      33 "In the resurrection therefore, which one's wife will she be? For all seven had married her."

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                                        • r 20:33 - Lit "the"
                                        • s 20:33 - Lit "had her as wife"
                                          34 Jesus said to them, "The sons of 23this age marry and are given in marriage,

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                                          35 but those who are considered worthy to attain to 24that age and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage;

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                                          36 for they cannot * even die anymore, because they are like angels, and are 25sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.

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                                          37 "But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, in 26the passage about the burning bush, where he calls the Lord 27THE GOD OF ABRAHAM, AND THE GOD OF ISAAC, AND THE GOD OF JACOB.

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                                          38 "28Now He is not the God of the dead but of the living; for 29all live to Him."

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                                          39 Some of the scribes answered and said, "Teacher, You have spoken well."
                                          40 For 30they did not have courage to question Him any longer about anything.

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                                          41 31Then He said to them, "How is it that they say the Christ is 32David's son?

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                                          42 "For David himself says in the book of Psalms, '33THE LORD SAID TO MY LORD, "SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND,

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                                          43 34UNTIL I MAKE YOUR ENEMIES A FOOTSTOOL FOR YOUR FEET."'

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                                          44 "Therefore David calls Him 'Lord,' and how is He his son?"
                                          45 35And while all the people were listening, He said to the disciples,

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                                          46 "Beware of the scribes, 36who like to walk around in long robes, and love respectful greetings in the market places, and chief seats in the synagogues and places of honor at banquets,

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