10 Not only that, but Rebekah’s children were conceived at the same time by our father Isaac.

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11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad—in order that God’s purpose in election might stand:

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12 not by works but by him who calls—she was told, “The older will serve the younger.”a

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13 Just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”b

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14 What then shall we say? Is God unjust? Not at all!

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15 For he says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”c

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16 It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God’s mercy.

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17 For Scripture says to Pharaoh: “I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.”d

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18 Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.
19 One of you will say to me: “Then why does God still blame us? For who is able to resist his will?”
20 But who are you, a human being, to talk back to God? “Shall what is formed say to the one who formed it, ‘Why did you make me like this?’ ”e

References for Romans 9:20