Romans 9:10-20 NIV

10 Not only that, but Rebekah's children had one and the same father, our father Isaac.1

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11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad2--in order that God's purpose3 in election might stand:

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      12 not by works but by him who calls--she was told, "The older will serve the younger."a4

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      13 Just as it is written: "Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated."b5

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      14 What then shall we say?6 Is God unjust? Not at all!7

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      15 For he says to Moses, "I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion."c8

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        • f 9:15 - Exodus 33:19
          16 It does not, therefore, depend on man's desire or effort, but on God's mercy.9

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          17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh: "I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth."d10

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          18 Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.11

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          19 One of you will say to me:12 "Then why does God still blame us?13 For who resists his will?"14

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          20 But who are you, O man, to talk back to God?15 "Shall what is formed say to him who formed it,16 'Why did you make me like this?' "e17

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            • h 9:20 - Isaiah 29:16; 45:9