Mark 7 TNIV

That Which Defiles

7:1-23pp -- Mt 15:1-20

1 The Pharisees and some of the teachers of the law who had come from Jerusalem gathered around Jesus

References for Mark 7:1

      2 and saw some of his disciples eating food with hands that were defiled,1 that is, unwashed.

      References for Mark 7:2

      3 (The Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they give their hands a ceremonial washing, holding to the tradition of the elders.2

      References for Mark 7:3

          4 When they come from the marketplace they do not eat unless they wash. And they observe many other traditions, such as the washing of cups, pitchers and kettles.a )3

          References for Mark 7:4

            • a 7:4 - Some early manuscripts "pitchers, kettles and dining couches"
              5 So the Pharisees and teachers of the law asked Jesus, "Why don't your disciples live according to the tradition of the elders4 instead of eating their food with defiled hands?"

              References for Mark 7:5

              6 He replied, "Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites; as it is written: " 'These people honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me.
              7 They worship me in vain; their teachings are merely human rules.'b5

              References for Mark 7:7

                • b 7:7 - ,7 Isaiah 29:13
                  8 You have let go of the commands of God and are holding on to human traditions."6

                  References for Mark 7:8

                    • 6 7:8 - S ver 3
                      9 And he continued, "You have a fine way of setting aside the commands of God in order to observec your own traditions!7

                      References for Mark 7:9

                        • 7 7:9 - S ver 3
                        • c 7:9 - Some manuscripts "set up"
                          10 For Moses said, 'Honor your father and mother,'d8 and, 'Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death.'e9

                          References for Mark 7:10

                            • d 7:10 - Exodus 20:12; Deut. 5:16
                            • e 7:10 - Exodus 21:17; Lev. 20:9
                              11 But you say10 that if anyone declares that what might have been used to help their father or mother is Corban (that is, devoted to God)--

                              References for Mark 7:11

                              12 then you no longer let them do anything for their father or mother.
                              13 Thus you nullify the word of God11 by your tradition12 that you have handed down. And you do many things like that."

                              References for Mark 7:13

                                  14 Again Jesus called the crowd to him and said, "Listen to me, everyone, and understand this.
                                  15 Nothing outside you can defile you by going into you. Rather, it is what comes out of you that defiles you."
                                  17 After he had left the crowd and entered the house, his disciples asked him13 about this parable.

                                  References for Mark 7:17

                                  18 "Are you so dull?" he asked. "Don't you see that nothing that enters you from the outside can defile you?
                                  19 For it doesn't go into your heart but into your stomach, and then out of your body." (In saying this, Jesus declared all foods14 clean.)15

                                  References for Mark 7:19

                                  20 He went on: "What comes out of you is what defiles you.
                                  21 For from within, out of your hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder,
                                  22 adultery, greed,16 malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly.

                                  References for Mark 7:22

                                  23 All these evils come from inside and defile you."

                                  Jesus Honors a Syrophoenician Woman's Faith

                                  7:24-30pp -- Mt 15:21-28

                                  24 Jesus left that place and went to the vicinity of Tyre.f17 He entered a house and did not want anyone to know it; yet he could not keep his presence secret.

                                  References for Mark 7:24

                                    • f 7:24 - Many early manuscripts "Tyre and Sidon"
                                      25 In fact, as soon as she heard about him, a woman whose little daughter was possessed by an evilg spirit18 came and fell at his feet.

                                      References for Mark 7:25

                                        • g 7:25 - Greek "unclean"
                                          26 The woman was a Greek, born in Syrian Phoenicia. She begged Jesus to drive the demon out of her daughter.
                                          27 "First let the children eat all they want," he told her, "for it is not right to take the children's bread and toss it to the dogs."
                                          28 "Lord," she replied, "even the dogs under the table eat the children's crumbs."
                                          29 Then he told her, "For such a reply, you may go; the demon has left your daughter."
                                          30 She went home and found her child lying on the bed, and the demon gone.

                                          Jesus Heals a Deaf and Mute Man

                                          7:31-37pp -- Mt 15:29-31

                                          31 Then Jesus left the vicinity of Tyre19 and went through Sidon, down to the Sea of Galilee20 and into the region of the Decapolis.h21

                                          References for Mark 7:31

                                            • h 7:31 - That is, the Ten Cities
                                              32 There some people brought to him a man who was deaf and could hardly talk,22 and they begged Jesus to place his hand on23 him.

                                              References for Mark 7:32

                                              33 After he took him aside, away from the crowd, Jesus put his fingers into the man's ears. Then he spit24 and touched the man's tongue.

                                              References for Mark 7:33

                                              34 He looked up to heaven25 and with a deep sigh26 said to him, ""Ephphatha!"" (which means "Be opened!").

                                              References for Mark 7:34

                                              35 At this, the man's ears were opened, his tongue was loosened and he began to speak plainly.27

                                              References for Mark 7:35

                                              36 Jesus commanded them not to tell anyone.28 But the more he did so, the more they kept talking about it.

                                              References for Mark 7:36

                                              37 People were overwhelmed with amazement. "He has done everything well," they said. "He even makes the deaf hear and the mute speak."