The Pharisees and some of the teachers of the law who had come from Jerusalem gathered around Jesus
and saw some of his disciples eating food with hands that were defiled,1 that is, unwashed.
(The Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they give their hands a ceremonial washing, holding to the tradition of the elders.2
When they come from the marketplace they do not eat unless they wash. And they observe many other traditions, such as the washing of cups, pitchers and kettles. )3
So the Pharisees and teachers of the law asked Jesus, "Why don't your disciples live according to the tradition of the elders4 instead of eating their food with defiled hands?"
He replied, "Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites; as it is written: " 'These people honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me.
They worship me in vain; their teachings are merely human rules.'5
You have let go of the commands of God and are holding on to human traditions."6
And he continued, "You have a fine way of setting aside the commands of God in order to observe your own traditions!7
For Moses said, 'Honor your father and mother,'8 and, 'Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death.'9
But you say10 that if anyone declares that what might have been used to help their father or mother is Corban (that is, devoted to God)--
then you no longer let them do anything for their father or mother.
Thus you nullify the word of God11 by your tradition12 that you have handed down. And you do many things like that."
Again Jesus called the crowd to him and said, "Listen to me, everyone, and understand this.
Nothing outside you can defile you by going into you. Rather, it is what comes out of you that defiles you."
After he had left the crowd and entered the house, his disciples asked him13 about this parable.
"Are you so dull?" he asked. "Don't you see that nothing that enters you from the outside can defile you?
For it doesn't go into your heart but into your stomach, and then out of your body." (In saying this, Jesus declared all foods14 clean.)15
He went on: "What comes out of you is what defiles you.
For from within, out of your hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder,
adultery, greed,16 malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly.
All these evils come from inside and defile you."
Jesus left that place and went to the vicinity of Tyre.17 He entered a house and did not want anyone to know it; yet he could not keep his presence secret.
In fact, as soon as she heard about him, a woman whose little daughter was possessed by an evil spirit18 came and fell at his feet.
The woman was a Greek, born in Syrian Phoenicia. She begged Jesus to drive the demon out of her daughter.
"First let the children eat all they want," he told her, "for it is not right to take the children's bread and toss it to the dogs."
"Lord," she replied, "even the dogs under the table eat the children's crumbs."
Then he told her, "For such a reply, you may go; the demon has left your daughter."
She went home and found her child lying on the bed, and the demon gone.
Then Jesus left the vicinity of Tyre19 and went through Sidon, down to the Sea of Galilee20 and into the region of the Decapolis.21
There some people brought to him a man who was deaf and could hardly talk,22 and they begged Jesus to place his hand on23 him.
After he took him aside, away from the crowd, Jesus put his fingers into the man's ears. Then he spit24 and touched the man's tongue.
He looked up to heaven25 and with a deep sigh26 said to him, ""Ephphatha!"" (which means "Be opened!").
At this, the man's ears were opened, his tongue was loosened and he began to speak plainly.27
Jesus commanded them not to tell anyone.28 But the more he did so, the more they kept talking about it.
People were overwhelmed with amazement. "He has done everything well," they said. "He even makes the deaf hear and the mute speak."