Romans 9:6-29 TNIV

God's Sovereign Choice

6 It is not as though God's word1 had failed. For not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.2

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7 Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham's children. On the contrary, "It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned."a3

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8 In other words, it is not the natural children who are God's children,4 but it is the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham's offspring.5

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9 For this was how the promise was stated: "At the appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son."b6

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    • c 9:9 - Gen. 18:10,14
      10 Not only that, but Rebekah's children were conceived at the same time by our father Isaac.7

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      11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad8--in order that God's purpose9 in election might stand:

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          12 not by works but by him who calls--she was told, "The older will serve the younger."c10

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          13 Just as it is written: "Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated."d11

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          14 What then shall we say?12 Is God unjust? Not at all!13

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          15 For he says to Moses, "I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion."e14

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            • f 9:15 - Exodus 33:19
              16 It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God's mercy.15

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              17 For Scripture says to Pharaoh: "I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth."f16

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              18 Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.17

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              19 One of you will say to me:18 "Then why does God still blame us?19 For who is able to resist his will?"20

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              20 But who are you, a mere human being, to talk back to God?21 "Shall what is formed say to the one who formed it,22 'Why did you make me like this?' "g23

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                • h 9:20 - Isaiah 29:16; 45:9
                  21 Does not the potter have the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for noble purposes and some for disposal of refuse?24

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                  22 What if God, although choosing to show his wrath and make his power known, bore with great patience25 the objects of his wrath--prepared for destruction?26

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                  23 What if he did this to make the riches of his glory27 known to the objects of his mercy, whom he prepared in advance for glory28--

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                  24 even us, whom he also called,29 not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles?30

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                  25 As he says in Hosea: "I will call them 'my people' who are not my people; and I will call her 'my loved one' who is not my loved one,"h31

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                  26 and, "In the very place where it was said to them, 'You are not my people,' they will be called 'children of the living God.' "i32

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                  27 Isaiah cries out concerning Israel: "Though the number of the Israelites be like the sand by the sea,33 only the remnant will be saved.34

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                  28 For the Lord will carry out his sentence on earth with speed and finality."j35

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                    • k 9:28 - Isaiah 10:22,23 (see Septuagint)
                      29 It is just as Isaiah said previously: "Unless the Lord Almighty36 had left us descendants, we would have become like Sodom, we would have been like Gomorrah."k37

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