1 Chronicles 14:8-17

David Defeats the Philistines

8 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over all Israel, they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went out to meet them.
9 Now the Philistines had come and raided the Valley of Rephaim;
10 so David inquired of God: “Shall I go and attack the Philistines? Will you deliver them into my hands?” The LORD answered him, “Go, I will deliver them into your hands.”
11 So David and his men went up to Baal Perazim, and there he defeated them. He said, “As waters break out, God has broken out against my enemies by my hand.” So that place was called Baal Perazim.[a]
12 The Philistines had abandoned their gods there, and David gave orders to burn them in the fire.
13 Once more the Philistines raided the valley;
14 so David inquired of God again, and God answered him, “Do not go directly after them, but circle around them and attack them in front of the poplar trees.
15 As soon as you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the poplar trees, move out to battle, because that will mean God has gone out in front of you to strike the Philistine army.”
16 So David did as God commanded him, and they struck down the Philistine army, all the way from Gibeon to Gezer.
17 So David’s fame spread throughout every land, and the LORD made all the nations fear him.

1 Chronicles 14:8 in Other Translations

KJV
8 And when the Philistines heard that David was anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up to seek David. And David heard of it, and went out against them.
ESV
8 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for David. But David heard of it and went out against them.
NLT
8 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over all Israel, they mobilized all their forces to capture him. But David was told they were coming, so he marched out to meet them.
MSG
8 The minute the Philistines heard that David had been made king over a united Israel, they went out in force to capture David. When David got the report, he marched out to confront them.
CSB
8 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over all Israel, they all went in search of David; when David heard of this, he went out to face them.

1 Chronicles 14:8-17 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO 1 CHRONICLES 14

This chapter gives an account of the message of Hiram king of Tyre to David, and of David's taking him more wives, with the names of his children by them; and of two battles he fought with the Philistines, in which he had the victory over them; the same are recorded in 2Sa 5:11-25 see the notes there; \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:11"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:12"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:13"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:14"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:15"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:16"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:17"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:18"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:19"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:20"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:21"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:22"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:23"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:24"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 5:25"\\, and the chapter is concluded with observing, that the fame of David, on account of his victories, was spread in all countries, and they were struck with a panic from the Lord, and were in dread of him. 18734-950101-1601-1Ch14.2

1 Chronicles 14:8-17 In-Context

6 Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia,
7 Elishama, Beeliada and Eliphelet.
8 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over all Israel, they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went out to meet them.
9 Now the Philistines had come and raided the Valley of Rephaim;
10 so David inquired of God: “Shall I go and attack the Philistines? Will you deliver them into my hands?” The LORD answered him, “Go, I will deliver them into your hands.”
11 So David and his men went up to Baal Perazim, and there he defeated them. He said, “As waters break out, God has broken out against my enemies by my hand.” So that place was called Baal Perazim.
12 The Philistines had abandoned their gods there, and David gave orders to burn them in the fire.
13 Once more the Philistines raided the valley;
14 so David inquired of God again, and God answered him, “Do not go directly after them, but circle around them and attack them in front of the poplar trees.
15 As soon as you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the poplar trees, move out to battle, because that will mean God has gone out in front of you to strike the Philistine army.”
16 So David did as God commanded him, and they struck down the Philistine army, all the way from Gibeon to Gezer.
17 So David’s fame spread throughout every land, and the LORD made all the nations fear him.

Cross References 10

  • 1. 1 Chronicles 11:1
  • 2. ver 13; S Joshua 15:8; S 1 Chronicles 11:15
  • 3. Psalms 94:16; Isaiah 28:21
  • 4. S Exodus 32:20
  • 5. S Joshua 7:15
  • 6. S ver 9
  • 7. S Joshua 9:3
  • 8. Joshua 10:33
  • 9. S Joshua 6:27; 2 Chronicles 26:8
  • 10. Exodus 15:14-16; S Deuteronomy 2:25; Psalms 2:1-12

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. "Baal Perazim" means "the lord who breaks out."
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