1 Kings 9:27

27 And Hiram sent his men—sailors who knew the sea—to serve in the fleet with Solomon’s men.

1 Kings 9:27 in Other Translations

27 And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.
27 And Hiram sent with the fleet his servants, seamen who were familiar with the sea, together with the servants of Solomon.
27 Hiram sent experienced crews of sailors to sail the ships with Solomon’s men.
27 Hiram sent seaworthy sailors to assist Solomon's men with the fleet.
27 With the fleet, Hiram sent his servants, experienced seamen, along with Solomon's servants.

1 Kings 9:27 Meaning and Commentary

1 Kings 9:27

And Hiram sent in his navy his servants
And, according to ( 2 Chronicles 8:18 ) , ships also but how he could send them from Tyre, which lay in the Mediterranean sea, to the above ports in the Red sea, without going a great way round, is not easy to conceive. Perhaps, as Gussetins conjectures F3, Hiram had a port in the Red sea for building and sending out ships, for the sake of his eastern navigation, and from thence he sent them to Solomon's ports in the same sea; but if what R. Japhet F4 observes is true, that the Red sea is mixed with the sea of Joppa by means of the river Rhinocurura, as is remarked by a learned man F5 and who approves of the observation, and thinks it does not deserve the censure Dr. Lightfoot F6 passes on it. If this, I say, can be supported, the difficulty is removed: so Abarbinel asserts F7, that a branch of the Nile flows into the Red sea: and another, passing through Alexandria, runs into the Mediterranean sea. This is the first navy of ships we read of; in the construction of which, as well as in the art of navigation, the Tyrians no doubt were greatly assisting to Solomon's servants, and which appears by what follows; and they are said F8 to be the first that made use of ships; and the invention of ships of burden, or merchant ships, such as these were, is by Pliny F9 ascribed to Hippus the Tyrian: and the Tyrians were famous for merchandise, which they could not carry on with foreign nations without shipping; see ( Isaiah 23:8 ) , the servants Hiram sent in Solomon's navy were

shipmen that had knowledge of the sea;
of sea coasts and ports, of the manner of guiding and managing ships at sea, and of the whole art of navigation, so far as then known, for which the Tyrians were famous; see ( Ezekiel 27:3-9 ) ,

with the servants of Solomon;
to instruct and assist them in naval affairs, they not having been used thereunto.


F3 Ebr. Comment p. 628.
F4 In Aben Ezra in Jon. ii. 5.
F5 Texelii Phoenix, l. 3. c. 6. p. 243, 244.
F6 Miscellanies, c. 18. vol. 1. p. 1002, 1003.
F7 Apud Manasseh, Spes Israelis, sect. 2. p. 20.
F8 "Prima ratem ventis credere docta Tyros", Catullus.
F9 Nat. Hist. l. 7. c. 56.

1 Kings 9:27 In-Context

25 Three times a year Solomon sacrificed burnt offerings and fellowship offerings on the altar he had built for the LORD, burning incense before the LORD along with them, and so fulfilled the temple obligations.
26 King Solomon also built ships at Ezion Geber, which is near Elath in Edom, on the shore of the Red Sea.
27 And Hiram sent his men—sailors who knew the sea—to serve in the fleet with Solomon’s men.
28 They sailed to Ophir and brought back 420 talents of gold, which they delivered to King Solomon.

Cross References 1

  • 1. 1 Kings 10:11; Ezekiel 27:8
Scripture quoted by permission.  Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®.  NIV®.  Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica.  All rights reserved worldwide.