1 Kings 7:18-29

18 He made pomegranates in two rows[a] encircling each network to decorate the capitals on top of the pillars.[b] He did the same for each capital.
19 The capitals on top of the pillars in the portico were in the shape of lilies, four cubits[c] high.
20 On the capitals of both pillars, above the bowl-shaped part next to the network, were the two hundred pomegranates in rows all around.
21 He erected the pillars at the portico of the temple. The pillar to the south he named Jakin[d] and the one to the north Boaz.[e]
22 The capitals on top were in the shape of lilies. And so the work on the pillars was completed.
23 He made the Sea of cast metal, circular in shape, measuring ten cubits from rim to rim and five cubits high. It took a line of thirty cubits[f] to measure around it.
24 Below the rim, gourds encircled it—ten to a cubit. The gourds were cast in two rows in one piece with the Sea.
25 The Sea stood on twelve bulls, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south and three facing east. The Sea rested on top of them, and their hindquarters were toward the center.
26 It was a handbreadth[g] in thickness, and its rim was like the rim of a cup, like a lily blossom. It held two thousand baths.[h]
27 He also made ten movable stands of bronze; each was four cubits long, four wide and three high.[i]
28 This is how the stands were made: They had side panels attached to uprights.
29 On the panels between the uprights were lions, bulls and cherubim—and on the uprights as well. Above and below the lions and bulls were wreaths of hammered work.

1 Kings 7:18-29 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO 1 KINGS 7

This chapter gives an account of some buildings of Solomon for himself, 1Ki 7:1-12; and of other things for the use of the temple; of two pillars of brass, 1Ki 7:13-22; of the molten sea, 1Ki 7:23-26; and of ten bases, and ten layers on them, 1Ki 7:27-39; with other utensils and ornaments, 1Ki 7:40-51.

1 Kings 7:18-29 In-Context

16 He also made two capitals of cast bronze to set on the tops of the pillars; each capital was five cubits high.
17 A network of interwoven chains adorned the capitals on top of the pillars, seven for each capital.
18 He made pomegranates in two rows encircling each network to decorate the capitals on top of the pillars. He did the same for each capital.
19 The capitals on top of the pillars in the portico were in the shape of lilies, four cubits high.
20 On the capitals of both pillars, above the bowl-shaped part next to the network, were the two hundred pomegranates in rows all around.
21 He erected the pillars at the portico of the temple. The pillar to the south he named Jakin and the one to the north Boaz.
22 The capitals on top were in the shape of lilies. And so the work on the pillars was completed.
23 He made the Sea of cast metal, circular in shape, measuring ten cubits from rim to rim and five cubits high. It took a line of thirty cubits to measure around it.
24 Below the rim, gourds encircled it—ten to a cubit. The gourds were cast in two rows in one piece with the Sea.
25 The Sea stood on twelve bulls, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south and three facing east. The Sea rested on top of them, and their hindquarters were toward the center.
26 It was a handbreadth in thickness, and its rim was like the rim of a cup, like a lily blossom. It held two thousand baths.
27 He also made ten movable stands of bronze; each was four cubits long, four wide and three high.
28 This is how the stands were made: They had side panels attached to uprights.
29 On the panels between the uprights were lions, bulls and cherubim—and on the uprights as well. Above and below the lions and bulls were wreaths of hammered work.
30 Each stand had four bronze wheels with bronze axles, and each had a basin resting on four supports, cast with wreaths on each side.
31 On the inside of the stand there was an opening that had a circular frame one cubit deep. This opening was round, and with its basework it measured a cubit and a half. Around its opening there was engraving. The panels of the stands were square, not round.

Cross References 7

  • 1. ver 18; 2 Chronicles 3:16; 2 Chronicles 4:13; Jeremiah 52:23
  • 2. 1 Kings 6:3; 2 Chronicles 3:17
  • 3. 2 Kings 25:17
  • 4. ver 47; 2 Kings 25:13; 1 Chronicles 18:8; 2 Chronicles 4:18; Jeremiah 52:17; Revelation 4:6
  • 5. Jeremiah 31:39; Zechariah 2:1
  • 6. 2 Chronicles 4:4-5; Jeremiah 52:20
  • 7. ver 38; 2 Kings 16:17; 2 Chronicles 4:14

Footnotes 9

  • [a]. Two Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts "made the pillars, and there were two rows"
  • [b]. Many Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts "pomegranates"
  • [c]. That is, about 6 feet or about 1.8 meters; also in verse 38
  • [d]. "Jakin" probably means "he establishes."
  • [e]. "Boaz" probably means "in him is strength."
  • [f]. That is, about 45 feet or about 14 meters
  • [g]. That is, about 3 inches or about 7.5 centimeters
  • [h]. That is, about 12,000 gallons or about 44,000 liters; the Septuagint does not have this sentence.
  • [i]. That is, about 6 feet long and wide and about 4 1/2 feet high or about 1.8 meters long and wide and 1.4 meters high