1 Samuel 10

1 Then Samuel took a flask of olive oil and poured it on Saul’s head and kissed him, saying, “Has not the LORD anointed you ruler over his inheritance?[a]
2 When you leave me today, you will meet two men near Rachel’s tomb, at Zelzah on the border of Benjamin. They will say to you, ‘The donkeys you set out to look for have been found. And now your father has stopped thinking about them and is worried about you. He is asking, “What shall I do about my son?” ’
3 “Then you will go on from there until you reach the great tree of Tabor. Three men going up to worship God at Bethel will meet you there. One will be carrying three young goats, another three loaves of bread, and another a skin of wine.
4 They will greet you and offer you two loaves of bread, which you will accept from them.
5 “After that you will go to Gibeah of God, where there is a Philistine outpost. As you approach the town, you will meet a procession of prophets coming down from the high place with lyres, timbrels, pipes and harps being played before them, and they will be prophesying.
6 The Spirit of the LORD will come powerfully upon you, and you will prophesy with them; and you will be changed into a different person.
7 Once these signs are fulfilled, do whatever your hand finds to do, for God is with you.
8 “Go down ahead of me to Gilgal. I will surely come down to you to sacrifice burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, but you must wait seven days until I come to you and tell you what you are to do.”

Saul Made King

9 As Saul turned to leave Samuel, God changed Saul’s heart, and all these signs were fulfilled that day.
10 When he and his servant arrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him; the Spirit of God came powerfully upon him, and he joined in their prophesying.
11 When all those who had formerly known him saw him prophesying with the prophets, they asked each other, “What is this that has happened to the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?”
12 A man who lived there answered, “And who is their father?” So it became a saying: “Is Saul also among the prophets?”
13 After Saul stopped prophesying, he went to the high place.
14 Now Saul’s uncle asked him and his servant, “Where have you been?” “Looking for the donkeys,” he said. “But when we saw they were not to be found, we went to Samuel.”
15 Saul’s uncle said, “Tell me what Samuel said to you.”
16 Saul replied, “He assured us that the donkeys had been found.” But he did not tell his uncle what Samuel had said about the kingship.
17 Samuel summoned the people of Israel to the LORD at Mizpah
18 and said to them, “This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘I brought Israel up out of Egypt, and I delivered you from the power of Egypt and all the kingdoms that oppressed you.’
19 But you have now rejected your God, who saves you out of all your disasters and calamities. And you have said, ‘No, appoint a king over us.’ So now present yourselves before the LORD by your tribes and clans.”
20 When Samuel had all Israel come forward by tribes, the tribe of Benjamin was taken by lot.
21 Then he brought forward the tribe of Benjamin, clan by clan, and Matri’s clan was taken. Finally Saul son of Kish was taken. But when they looked for him, he was not to be found.
22 So they inquired further of the LORD, “Has the man come here yet?” And the LORD said, “Yes, he has hidden himself among the supplies.”
23 They ran and brought him out, and as he stood among the people he was a head taller than any of the others.
24 Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see the man the LORD has chosen? There is no one like him among all the people.” Then the people shouted, “Long live the king!”
25 Samuel explained to the people the rights and duties of kingship. He wrote them down on a scroll and deposited it before the LORD. Then Samuel dismissed the people to go to their own homes.
26 Saul also went to his home in Gibeah, accompanied by valiant men whose hearts God had touched.
27 But some scoundrels said, “How can this fellow save us?” They despised him and brought him no gifts. But Saul kept silent.

1 Samuel 10 Commentary

Chapter 10

Samuel anoints Saul. (1-8) Saul prophesies. (9-16) Saul chosen king. (17-27)

Verses 1-8 The sacred anointing, then used, pointed at the great Messiah, or Anointed One, the King of the church, and High Priest of our profession, who was anointed with the oil of the Spirit, not by measure, but without measure, and above all the priests and princes of the Jewish church. For Saul's further satisfaction, Samuel gives him some signs which should come to pass the same day. The first place he directs him to, was the sepulchre of one of his ancestors; there he must be reminded of his own mortality, and now that he had a crown before him, must think of his grave, in which all his honour would be laid in the dust. From the time of Samuel there appears to have been schools, or places where pious young men were brought up in the knowledge of Divine things. Saul should find himself strongly moved to join with them, and should be turned into another man from what he had been. The Spirit of God changes men, wonderfully transforms them. Saul, by praising God in the communion of saints, became another man, but it may be questioned if he became a new man.

Verses 9-16 The signs Samuel had given Saul, came to pass punctually; he found that God had given him another heart, another disposition of mind. Yet let not an outward show of devotion, and a sudden change for the present, be too much relied on; Saul among the prophets was Saul still. His being anointed was kept private. He leaves it to God to carry on his own work by Samuel, and sits still, to see how the matter will fall.

Verses 17-27 Samuel tells the people, Ye have this day rejected your God. So little fond was Saul now of that power, which soon after, when he possessed it, he could not think of parting with, that he hid himself. It is good to be conscious of our unworthiness and insufficiency for the services to which we are called; but men should not go into the contrary extreme, by refusing the employments to which the Lord and the church call them. The greater part of the people treated the matter with indifference. Saul modestly went home to his own house, but was attended by a band of men whose hearts God disposed to support his authority. If the heart bend at any time the right way, it is because He has touched it. One touch is enough when it is Divine. Others despised him. Thus differently are men affected to our exalted Redeemer. There is a remnant who submit to him, and follow him wherever he goes; they are those whose hearts God has touched, whom he has made willing. But there are others who despise him, who ask, How shall this man save us? They are offended in him, and they will be punished.

Cross References 55

  • 1. 1 Samuel 16:1; 1 Samuel 16:13; 2Ki 9:1,3,6
  • 2. S Exodus 29:7; S 1 Samuel 9:16; S 1 Kings 1:39; Psalms 2:12
  • 3. S Exodus 34:9; Deuteronomy 32:9; 2 Samuel 20:19; Psalms 78:62,71
  • 4. Genesis 35:20
  • 5. 1 Samuel 9:4
  • 6. 1 Samuel 9:5
  • 7. S Genesis 28:22; Genesis 35:7-8
  • 8. ver 27; 1 Samuel 16:20; Proverbs 18:16
  • 9. ver 26; 1 Samuel 11:4; 1 Samuel 15:34
  • 10. 1 Samuel 13:3
  • 11. S Numbers 11:29; 1 Kings 20:35; 2 Kings 2:3,15; 2 Kings 4:1; 2 Kings 6:1; 2 Kings 9:1; Amos 7:14
  • 12. S Leviticus 26:30; 1 Samuel 9:12
  • 13. S Genesis 31:27; Jeremiah 31:4
  • 14. 1 Kings 1:40; Isaiah 30:29
  • 15. 1 Samuel 16:16; 1 Samuel 18:10; 1 Samuel 19:9; 2 Kings 3:15; Psalms 92:3
  • 16. ver 10; 1 Samuel 19:20; 1 Chronicles 25:1; 1 Corinthians 14:1
  • 17. ver 10; S Numbers 11:25; 1 Samuel 19:23-24
  • 18. ver 9
  • 19. 2 Samuel 7:3; 1 Kings 8:17; 1 Chronicles 22:7; 1 Chronicles 28:2; 2 Chronicles 6:7; Ecclesiastes 9:10
  • 20. Judges 9:33
  • 21. S Joshua 1:5; Judges 6:12; Luke 1:28; Hebrews 13:5
  • 22. Joshua 4:20; S Joshua 10:43; 1 Samuel 7:16; 1 Samuel 11:14-15
  • 23. 1 Samuel 13:8
  • 24. ver 6
  • 25. S Deuteronomy 13:2
  • 26. ver 7
  • 27. S Numbers 11:25; 1 Samuel 11:6
  • 28. S ver 5-6; 1 Samuel 19:20
  • 29. Matthew 13:54; John 7:15
  • 30. ver 12; 1 Samuel 19:24; 2 Kings 9:11; Jeremiah 29:26; Hosea 9:7
  • 31. S ver 11
  • 32. 1 Samuel 19:23
  • 33. 1 Samuel 14:50
  • 34. S 1 Samuel 9:3
  • 35. S 1 Samuel 9:3; 1 Samuel 9:20
  • 36. Judges 20:1; S 1 Samuel 7:5
  • 37. S Exodus 1:14; S Numbers 10:9; Judges 6:8-9
  • 38. S Numbers 11:20; S Deuteronomy 33:5
  • 39. Psalms 7:10; Psalms 18:48; Psalms 68:20; Psalms 145:19
  • 40. S 1 Samuel 8:5-7; 1 Samuel 12:12
  • 41. S Deuteronomy 17:14
  • 42. Joshua 7:14; Joshua 24:1
  • 43. Esther 3:7; Proverbs 16:33
  • 44. S Genesis 25:22; S Judges 18:5; 1Sa 23:2,4,9-11
  • 45. 1 Samuel 9:2
  • 46. Deuteronomy 17:15; 2 Samuel 21:6
  • 47. 1 Samuel 9:2
  • 48. 1Ki 1:25,34,39; 2 Kings 11:12
  • 49. S 1 Samuel 8:9
  • 50. S Deuteronomy 17:14-20; S 1 Samuel 8:11-18; 2 Kings 11:12
  • 51. 1 Samuel 11:14
  • 52. S ver 5; S Judges 19:14; 1 Samuel 11:4
  • 53. S Judges 20:44
  • 54. S Deuteronomy 13:13; S 1 Samuel 20:7
  • 55. S ver 4; 1 Kings 10:25; 2 Chronicles 17:5; 2 Chronicles 32:23; Psalms 68:29

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate "over his people Israel? You will reign over the " Lord"’s people and save them from the power of their enemies round about. And this will be a sign to you that the " Lord"has anointed you ruler over his inheritance:"

Chapter Summary


In this chapter we read of Saul's being anointed king by Samuel, 1Sa 10:1, and of certain signs given as confirming the same, which should come to pass, and did, before Saul got to his father's house, 1Sa 10:2-13, of his arrival at his father's house, and of what passed between him and his uncle there, 1Sa 10:14-16, of Samuel's calling all Israel together at Mizpeh, and of the election of Saul by lot to be king, and of his being declared such, 1Sa 10:17-25, and of his return to his city, being respected by some, and despised by others, 1Sa 10:26,27.

1 Samuel 10 Commentaries

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