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1 Samuel 18:3

3 And Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself.

Read 1 Samuel 18:3 Using Other Translations

Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
Then Jonathan made a covenant with David, because he loved him as his own soul.
And Jonathan made a solemn pact with David, because he loved him as he loved himself.

What does 1 Samuel 18:3 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
1 Samuel 18:3

Then Jonathan and David made a covenant
A covenant of friendship; entered into a solemn agreement to keep up and maintain a cordial respect to each other, and to support each other's interest both in life and after death, whoever was the survivor; and in consequence of this David had a friend at court, when Saul fell out with him, and who pleaded his cause, and discovered his father's plots, and was the means of preserving David's life:

because he loved him as his own soul;
so that this covenant was not founded in mere words, but in sincere and cordial affection, and was lasting and inviolable.

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