1 Samuel 18:12-16

12 Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with David but had departed from Saul.
13 So he sent David away from him and gave him command over a thousand men, and David led the troops in their campaigns.
14 In everything he did he had great success, because the LORD was with him.
15 When Saul saw how successful he was, he was afraid of him.
16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he led them in their campaigns.

1 Samuel 18:12 in Other Translations

KJV
12 And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and was departed from Saul.
ESV
12 Saul was afraid of David because the LORD was with him but had departed from Saul.
NLT
12 Saul was then afraid of David, for the LORD was with David and had turned away from Saul.
MSG
12 Now Saul feared David. It was clear that God was with David and had left Saul.
CSB
12 Saul was afraid of David, because the Lord was with David but had left from Saul.

1 Samuel 18:12-16 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO FIRST SAMUEL 18

This chapter gives an account of the respect shown to David by Saul and Jonathan, by the servants of Saul, and all the people, and of what was said in his praise in the songs of the women, 1Sa 18:1-7; which latter gave Saul a great offence, and upon which he envied him, and eyed him, and indeed sought his life, and removed him from him; and yet still he continued the darling of the people, behaving wisely among them, which greatly embarrassed Saul, that be knew not what to do, 1Sa 18:8-16; he proposed his eldest daughter to him in marriage, which he had a claim to by killing the Philistine, and then he cheated him by giving her to another, 1Sa 18:17-19; and then he offered his youngest daughter to him, on condition that he would bring him an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, execution of which he thought his life would be exposed to danger, which yet he performed, 1Sa 18:20-27; and having the affection of his wife, and the good esteem of the servants of Saul, Saul was more afraid of him, and became his enemy, 1Sa 18:28-30.

1 Samuel 18:12-16 In-Context

10 The next day an evil spirit from God came forcefully on Saul. He was prophesying in his house, while David was playing the lyre, as he usually did. Saul had a spear in his hand
11 and he hurled it, saying to himself, “I’ll pin David to the wall.” But David eluded him twice.
12 Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with David but had departed from Saul.
13 So he sent David away from him and gave him command over a thousand men, and David led the troops in their campaigns.
14 In everything he did he had great success, because the LORD was with him.
15 When Saul saw how successful he was, he was afraid of him.
16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he led them in their campaigns.
17 Saul said to David, “Here is my older daughter Merab. I will give her to you in marriage; only serve me bravely and fight the battles of the LORD.” For Saul said to himself, “I will not raise a hand against him. Let the Philistines do that!”
18 But David said to Saul, “Who am I, and what is my family or my clan in Israel, that I should become the king’s son-in-law?”

Cross References 9

  • 1. ver 29; ver 15,29
  • 2. 1 Samuel 16:13
  • 3. Joshua 1:5; 1 Samuel 17:37; 1 Samuel 20:13; 1 Chronicles 22:11; 1 Samuel 28:15
  • 4. S Judges 16:20
  • 5. ver 16; Numbers 27:17
  • 6. 2 Samuel 5:2
  • 7. S Genesis 39:3
  • 8. S Genesis 39:2; S Numbers 14:43; 2 Samuel 7:9; Genesis 39:2,23; Joshua 6:27; 1 Samuel 16:18
  • 9. 2 Samuel 5:2; ver 5
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