2 Chronicles 17

Jehoshaphat King of Judah

1 Jehoshaphat his son succeeded him as king and strengthened himself against Israel.
2 He stationed troops in all the fortified cities of Judah and put garrisons in Judah and in the towns of Ephraim that his father Asa had captured.
3 The LORD was with Jehoshaphat because he followed the ways of his father David before him. He did not consult the Baals
4 but sought the God of his father and followed his commands rather than the practices of Israel.
5 The LORD established the kingdom under his control; and all Judah brought gifts to Jehoshaphat, so that he had great wealth and honor.
6 His heart was devoted to the ways of the LORD; furthermore, he removed the high places and the Asherah poles from Judah.
7 In the third year of his reign he sent his officials Ben-Hail, Obadiah, Zechariah, Nethanel and Micaiah to teach in the towns of Judah.
8 With them were certain Levites—Shemaiah, Nethaniah, Zebadiah, Asahel, Shemiramoth, Jehonathan, Adonijah, Tobijah and Tob-Adonijah—and the priests Elishama and Jehoram.
9 They taught throughout Judah, taking with them the Book of the Law of the LORD; they went around to all the towns of Judah and taught the people.
10 The fear of the LORD fell on all the kingdoms of the lands surrounding Judah, so that they did not go to war against Jehoshaphat.
11 Some Philistines brought Jehoshaphat gifts and silver as tribute, and the Arabs brought him flocks: seven thousand seven hundred rams and seven thousand seven hundred goats.
12 Jehoshaphat became more and more powerful; he built forts and store cities in Judah
13 and had large supplies in the towns of Judah. He also kept experienced fighting men in Jerusalem.
14 Their enrollment by families was as follows: From Judah, commanders of units of 1,000: Adnah the commander, with 300,000 fighting men;
15 next, Jehohanan the commander, with 280,000;
16 next, Amasiah son of Zikri, who volunteered himself for the service of the LORD, with 200,000.
17 From Benjamin: Eliada, a valiant soldier, with 200,000 men armed with bows and shields;
18 next, Jehozabad, with 180,000 men armed for battle.
19 These were the men who served the king, besides those he stationed in the fortified cities throughout Judah.

2 Chronicles 17 Commentary

Chapter 17

Jehoshaphat promotes religion in Judah, His prosperity.

- Jehoshaphat found his people generally very ignorant, and therefore endeavoured to have them well taught. The public teaching of the word of God forms, in all ages, the great method of promoting the power of godliness. Thereby the understanding is informed, the conscience is awakened and directed. We have a particular account of Jehoshaphat's prosperity. But it was not his formidable army that restrained the neighbouring nations from attempting any thing against Israel, but the fear of God which fell upon them, when Jehoshaphat reformed his country, and set up a preaching ministry in it. The ordinances of God are more the strength and safety of a kingdom, than soldiers and weapons of war. The Bible requires use to notice the hand of God in every event, yet this is little regarded. But let all employ the talents they have: be faithful, even in that which is little. Set up the worship of God in your houses. The charge of a family is important. Why should you not instruct them as Jehoshaphat did his subjects, in the book of the law of the Lord. But be consistent. Do not recommend one thing, and practise another. Begin with yourselves. Seek to the Lord God of Israel, then call upon children and servants to follow your example.

Cross References 22

  • 1. S 1 Kings 2:12
  • 2. S 2 Chronicles 11:10
  • 3. 2 Chronicles 15:8
  • 4. S 1 Kings 22:43
  • 5. 1 Kings 12:28; 2 Chronicles 22:9
  • 6. S 1 Samuel 10:27
  • 7. 2 Chronicles 18:1
  • 8. S 1 Kings 8:61; 2 Chronicles 15:17
  • 9. S 1 Kings 15:14; 2 Chronicles 19:3; 2 Chronicles 20:33
  • 10. S Exodus 34:13
  • 11. 2 Chronicles 21:12
  • 12. S Leviticus 10:11; Deuteronomy 6:4-9; 2 Chronicles 15:3; 2 Chronicles 19:4-11; 2 Chronicles 35:3; Nehemiah 8:7; Malachi 2:7
  • 13. 2 Chronicles 19:8; Nehemiah 8:7-8; Hosea 4:6
  • 14. S Deuteronomy 6:4-9; Deuteronomy 28:61
  • 15. S Genesis 35:5; S Deuteronomy 2:25; 2 Chronicles 14:14
  • 16. S 2 Chronicles 9:14; 2 Chronicles 26:8
  • 17. 2 Chronicles 21:16
  • 18. S 2 Samuel 24:2
  • 19. S Judges 5:9; 1 Chronicles 29:9
  • 20. S Numbers 1:36
  • 21. S 2 Chronicles 11:10
  • 22. 2 Chronicles 25:5

Chapter Summary


This chapter relates the accession of Jehoshaphat to the throne, his settlement on it, his piety, and reformation in religion, 2Ch 17:1-6, his care to instruct the people in the law of God, 2Ch 17:7-9, the respect shown him by neighbouring nations, 2Ch 17:10,11, the fortified places of his kingdom, his numerous forces and mighty men at the head of them, 2Ch 17:12-19.

2 Chronicles 17 Commentaries