2 Kings 24

Jehoiakim King of Judah

1 During Jehoiakim’s reign, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon invaded the land, and Jehoiakim became his vassal for three years. But then he turned against Nebuchadnezzar and rebelled.
2 The LORD sent Babylonian,[a] Aramean, Moabite and Ammonite raiders against him to destroy Judah, in accordance with the word of the LORD proclaimed by his servants the prophets.
3 Surely these things happened to Judah according to the LORD’s command, in order to remove them from his presence because of the sins of Manasseh and all he had done,
4 including the shedding of innocent blood. For he had filled Jerusalem with innocent blood, and the LORD was not willing to forgive.
5 As for the other events of Jehoiakim’s reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?
6 Jehoiakim rested with his ancestors. And Jehoiachin his son succeeded him as king.
7 The king of Egypt did not march out from his own country again, because the king of Babylon had taken all his territory, from the Wadi of Egypt to the Euphrates River.

Jehoiachin King of Judah

8 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother’s name was Nehushta daughter of Elnathan; she was from Jerusalem.
9 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, just as his father had done.
10 At that time the officers of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon advanced on Jerusalem and laid siege to it,
11 and Nebuchadnezzar himself came up to the city while his officers were besieging it.
12 Jehoiachin king of Judah, his mother, his attendants, his nobles and his officials all surrendered to him. In the eighth year of the reign of the king of Babylon, he took Jehoiachin prisoner.
13 As the LORD had declared, Nebuchadnezzar removed the treasures from the temple of the LORD and from the royal palace, and cut up the gold articles that Solomon king of Israel had made for the temple of the LORD.
14 He carried all Jerusalem into exile: all the officers and fighting men, and all the skilled workers and artisans—a total of ten thousand. Only the poorest people of the land were left.
15 Nebuchadnezzar took Jehoiachin captive to Babylon. He also took from Jerusalem to Babylon the king’s mother, his wives, his officials and the prominent people of the land.
16 The king of Babylon also deported to Babylon the entire force of seven thousand fighting men, strong and fit for war, and a thousand skilled workers and artisans.
17 He made Mattaniah, Jehoiachin’s uncle, king in his place and changed his name to Zedekiah.

Zedekiah King of Judah

18 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother’s name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.
19 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, just as Jehoiakim had done.
20 It was because of the LORD’s anger that all this happened to Jerusalem and Judah, and in the end he thrust them from his presence. Now Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

2 Kings 24 Commentary

Chapter 24

Jehoiakim subdued by Nebuchadnezzar. (1-7) Jehoiachim captive in Babylon. (8-20)

Verses 1-7 If Jehoiakim had served the Lord, he had not been servant to Nebuchadnezzar. If he had been content with his servitude, and true to his word, his condition had been no worse; but, rebelling against Babylon, he plunged himself into more trouble. See what need nations have to lament the sins of their fathers, lest they smart for them. Threatenings will be fulfilled as certainly as promises, if the sinner's repentance prevent not.

Verses 8-20 Jehoiachin reigned but three months, yet long enough to show that he justly smarted for his fathers' sins, for he trod in their steps. His uncle was intrusted with the government. This Zedekiah was the last of the kings of Judah. Though the judgments of God upon the three kings before him might have warned him, he did that which was evil, like them. When those intrusted with the counsels of a nation act unwisely, and against their true interest, we ought to notice the displeasure of God in it. It is for the sins of a people that God hides from them the things that belong to the public peace. And in fulfilling the secret purposes of his justice, the Lord needs only leave men to the blindness of their own minds, or to the lusts of their own hearts. The gradual approach of Divine judgments affords sinners space for repentance, and believers leisure to prepare for meeting the calamity, while it shows the obstinacy of those who will not forsake their sins.

Cross References 40

  • 1. ver 10; 2 Kings 25:11; Ezra 5:12; Jeremiah 4:7; Jeremiah 25:1,9; Jeremiah 39:1; Jeremiah 40:1; Jeremiah 50:17; Jeremiah 52:15; Ezekiel 32:2; Daniel 1:1; Daniel 7:4
  • 2. Jeremiah 35:11
  • 3. S 2 Kings 18:7
  • 4. Jeremiah 5:15; Habakkuk 1:6
  • 5. Jeremiah 35:11
  • 6. S 2 Kings 5:2
  • 7. Isaiah 28:18-19; Jeremiah 25:9
  • 8. Jeremiah 12:7-9; Jeremiah 25:1; Jeremiah 26:1; Jeremiah 36:1; Ezekiel 23:23; Daniel 1:2
  • 9. S 2 Kings 18:25
  • 10. 2 Kings 13:23
  • 11. S 1 Kings 14:9; S 2 Kings 21:12; 2 Kings 23:26; Jeremiah 15:4
  • 12. S 2 Kings 21:16; Jeremiah 22:3
  • 13. S Exodus 23:21; Lamentations 3:42
  • 14. Jeremiah 22:18-19
  • 15. Jeremiah 22:19; Jeremiah 36:30
  • 16. 1 Chronicles 3:16; Jeremiah 22:24,28; Ezekiel 19:1
  • 17. S Genesis 15:18; S 2 Kings 18:21; S Jeremiah 46:25
  • 18. Jeremiah 1:14; Jeremiah 25:9; Jeremiah 46:24">Jeremiah 46:24; Jeremiah 37:5-7; Jeremiah 46:2
  • 19. 1 Chronicles 3:16; Jeremiah 22:24; Jeremiah 37:1
  • 20. ver 15; Jeremiah 13:18; Jeremiah 22:26; Jeremiah 29:2
  • 21. 1 Kings 15:26
  • 22. S ver 1; Daniel 1:1
  • 23. 2 Kings 25:27; Jeremiah 13:18; Jeremiah 22:24-30; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 25:1; Jeremiah 29:2; Jeremiah 52:28
  • 24. 2 Kings 20:17
  • 25. 2 Kings 25:15; Isaiah 39:6; Isaiah 42:22
  • 26. 2 Kings 25:14; Ezra 1:7; Isaiah 39:6; Jeremiah 15:13; Jeremiah 17:3; Jeremiah 20:5; Jeremiah 27:16; Jeremiah 28:3; Ezekiel 7:21; Daniel 1:2; Daniel 5:2,23; Zephaniah 1:13
  • 27. S 1 Kings 7:51
  • 28. S Deuteronomy 28:36; S 2 Chronicles 36:20; S Matthew 1:11; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 52:28
  • 29. Isaiah 3:1-3
  • 30. Deuteronomy 15:11; 2 Kings 25:12; Job 5:16; Psalms 9:18; Jeremiah 40:7; Jeremiah 52:16
  • 31. S 2 Kings 20:18; Ezekiel 19:9
  • 32. S ver 8; S 1 Kings 2:19; Jeremiah 22:24-28
  • 33. Esther 2:6; Isaiah 39:7; Lamentations 2:9; Ezekiel 1:2; Ezekiel 17:12-14; Daniel 1:3
  • 34. Ezra 2:1; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 52:28
  • 35. 1 Chronicles 3:15; 2 Chronicles 36:11; Jeremiah 1:3; Jeremiah 37:1; Jeremiah 52:1; Ezekiel 17:13
  • 36. 1 Chronicles 3:16; Jeremiah 39:1; Jeremiah 52:1
  • 37. 2 Kings 23:31
  • 38. 1 Kings 15:26; Jeremiah 37:2
  • 39. Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 29:27
  • 40. S Exodus 33:15; S 2 Kings 13:23

Footnotes 1

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS 24

This chapter relates the rebellion of Jehoiakim against the king of Babylon, which prepared the way for the ruin of the kingdom of Judah, according to the decree of God, and also the death of Jehoiakim, and the conquest the king of Babylon made of part of the land of the king of Egypt, 2Ki 24:1-7 and the short and wicked reign of Jehoiachin his son, when he and the royal family, with great numbers of the inhabitants of the land, were carried captive to Babylon, 2Ki 24:8-16, and his uncle was made king in his room, 2Ki 24:17-20.

2 Kings 24 Commentaries