2 Kings 24:8-20

Jehoiachin King of Judah

8 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother’s name was Nehushta daughter of Elnathan; she was from Jerusalem.
9 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, just as his father had done.
10 At that time the officers of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon advanced on Jerusalem and laid siege to it,
11 and Nebuchadnezzar himself came up to the city while his officers were besieging it.
12 Jehoiachin king of Judah, his mother, his attendants, his nobles and his officials all surrendered to him. In the eighth year of the reign of the king of Babylon, he took Jehoiachin prisoner.
13 As the LORD had declared, Nebuchadnezzar removed the treasures from the temple of the LORD and from the royal palace, and cut up the gold articles that Solomon king of Israel had made for the temple of the LORD.
14 He carried all Jerusalem into exile: all the officers and fighting men, and all the skilled workers and artisans—a total of ten thousand. Only the poorest people of the land were left.
15 Nebuchadnezzar took Jehoiachin captive to Babylon. He also took from Jerusalem to Babylon the king’s mother, his wives, his officials and the prominent people of the land.
16 The king of Babylon also deported to Babylon the entire force of seven thousand fighting men, strong and fit for war, and a thousand skilled workers and artisans.
17 He made Mattaniah, Jehoiachin’s uncle, king in his place and changed his name to Zedekiah.

Zedekiah King of Judah

18 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother’s name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.
19 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, just as Jehoiakim had done.
20 It was because of the LORD’s anger that all this happened to Jerusalem and Judah, and in the end he thrust them from his presence. Now Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

2 Kings 24:8-20 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS 24

This chapter relates the rebellion of Jehoiakim against the king of Babylon, which prepared the way for the ruin of the kingdom of Judah, according to the decree of God, and also the death of Jehoiakim, and the conquest the king of Babylon made of part of the land of the king of Egypt, 2Ki 24:1-7 and the short and wicked reign of Jehoiachin his son, when he and the royal family, with great numbers of the inhabitants of the land, were carried captive to Babylon, 2Ki 24:8-16, and his uncle was made king in his room, 2Ki 24:17-20.

2 Kings 24:8-20 In-Context

6 Jehoiakim rested with his ancestors. And Jehoiachin his son succeeded him as king.
7 The king of Egypt did not march out from his own country again, because the king of Babylon had taken all his territory, from the Wadi of Egypt to the Euphrates River.
8 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother’s name was Nehushta daughter of Elnathan; she was from Jerusalem.
9 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, just as his father had done.
10 At that time the officers of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon advanced on Jerusalem and laid siege to it,
11 and Nebuchadnezzar himself came up to the city while his officers were besieging it.
12 Jehoiachin king of Judah, his mother, his attendants, his nobles and his officials all surrendered to him. In the eighth year of the reign of the king of Babylon, he took Jehoiachin prisoner.
13 As the LORD had declared, Nebuchadnezzar removed the treasures from the temple of the LORD and from the royal palace, and cut up the gold articles that Solomon king of Israel had made for the temple of the LORD.
14 He carried all Jerusalem into exile: all the officers and fighting men, and all the skilled workers and artisans—a total of ten thousand. Only the poorest people of the land were left.
15 Nebuchadnezzar took Jehoiachin captive to Babylon. He also took from Jerusalem to Babylon the king’s mother, his wives, his officials and the prominent people of the land.
16 The king of Babylon also deported to Babylon the entire force of seven thousand fighting men, strong and fit for war, and a thousand skilled workers and artisans.
17 He made Mattaniah, Jehoiachin’s uncle, king in his place and changed his name to Zedekiah.
18 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother’s name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.
19 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, just as Jehoiakim had done.
20 It was because of the LORD’s anger that all this happened to Jerusalem and Judah, and in the end he thrust them from his presence. Now Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

Cross References 22

  • 1. 1 Chronicles 3:16; Jeremiah 22:24; Jeremiah 37:1
  • 2. ver 15; Jeremiah 13:18; Jeremiah 22:26; Jeremiah 29:2
  • 3. 1 Kings 15:26
  • 4. S ver 1; Daniel 1:1
  • 5. 2 Kings 25:27; Jeremiah 13:18; Jeremiah 22:24-30; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 25:1; Jeremiah 29:2; Jeremiah 52:28
  • 6. 2 Kings 20:17
  • 7. 2 Kings 25:15; Isaiah 39:6; Isaiah 42:22
  • 8. 2 Kings 25:14; Ezra 1:7; Isaiah 39:6; Jeremiah 15:13; Jeremiah 17:3; Jeremiah 20:5; Jeremiah 27:16; Jeremiah 28:3; Ezekiel 7:21; Daniel 1:2; Daniel 5:2,23; Zephaniah 1:13
  • 9. S 1 Kings 7:51
  • 10. S Deuteronomy 28:36; S 2 Chronicles 36:20; S Matthew 1:11; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 52:28
  • 11. Isaiah 3:1-3
  • 12. Deuteronomy 15:11; 2 Kings 25:12; Job 5:16; Psalms 9:18; Jeremiah 40:7; Jeremiah 52:16
  • 13. S 2 Kings 20:18; Ezekiel 19:9
  • 14. S ver 8; S 1 Kings 2:19; Jeremiah 22:24-28
  • 15. Esther 2:6; Isaiah 39:7; Lamentations 2:9; Ezekiel 1:2; Ezekiel 17:12-14; Daniel 1:3
  • 16. Ezra 2:1; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 52:28
  • 17. 1 Chronicles 3:15; 2 Chronicles 36:11; Jeremiah 1:3; Jeremiah 37:1; Jeremiah 52:1; Ezekiel 17:13
  • 18. 1 Chronicles 3:16; Jeremiah 39:1; Jeremiah 52:1
  • 19. 2 Kings 23:31
  • 20. 1 Kings 15:26; Jeremiah 37:2
  • 21. Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 29:27
  • 22. S Exodus 33:15; S 2 Kings 13:23