2 Samuel 3:1-19

1 The war between the house of Saul and the house of David lasted a long time. David grew stronger and stronger, while the house of Saul grew weaker and weaker.
2 Sons were born to David in Hebron: His firstborn was Amnon the son of Ahinoam of Jezreel;
3 his second, Kileab the son of Abigail the widow of Nabal of Carmel; the third, Absalom the son of Maakah daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;
4 the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital;
5 and the sixth, Ithream the son of David’s wife Eglah. These were born to David in Hebron.

Abner Goes Over to David

6 During the war between the house of Saul and the house of David, Abner had been strengthening his own position in the house of Saul.
7 Now Saul had had a concubine named Rizpah daughter of Aiah. And Ish-Bosheth said to Abner, “Why did you sleep with my father’s concubine?”
8 Abner was very angry because of what Ish-Bosheth said. So he answered, “Am I a dog’s head—on Judah’s side? This very day I am loyal to the house of your father Saul and to his family and friends. I haven’t handed you over to David. Yet now you accuse me of an offense involving this woman!
9 May God deal with Abner, be it ever so severely, if I do not do for David what the LORD promised him on oath
10 and transfer the kingdom from the house of Saul and establish David’s throne over Israel and Judah from Dan to Beersheba.”
11 Ish-Bosheth did not dare to say another word to Abner, because he was afraid of him.
12 Then Abner sent messengers on his behalf to say to David, “Whose land is it? Make an agreement with me, and I will help you bring all Israel over to you.”
13 “Good,” said David. “I will make an agreement with you. But I demand one thing of you: Do not come into my presence unless you bring Michal daughter of Saul when you come to see me.”
14 Then David sent messengers to Ish-Bosheth son of Saul, demanding, “Give me my wife Michal, whom I betrothed to myself for the price of a hundred Philistine foreskins.”
15 So Ish-Bosheth gave orders and had her taken away from her husband Paltiel son of Laish.
16 Her husband, however, went with her, weeping behind her all the way to Bahurim. Then Abner said to him, “Go back home!” So he went back.
17 Abner conferred with the elders of Israel and said, “For some time you have wanted to make David your king.
18 Now do it! For the LORD promised David, ‘By my servant David I will rescue my people Israel from the hand of the Philistines and from the hand of all their enemies.’ ”
19 Abner also spoke to the Benjamites in person. Then he went to Hebron to tell David everything that Israel and the whole tribe of Benjamin wanted to do.

2 Samuel 3:1-19 Meaning and Commentary


This chapter begins with the continuation of the war between the house of Saul and the house of David, 2Sa 3:1; and gives an account of the wives of David, and his sons by them, 2Sa 3:2-5; of a quarrel between Ishbosheth and Abner, 2Sa 3:6-11; and of Abner's proposal to make a league with David; but David would not see his face unless Michal his wife was returned to him, who was accordingly, 2Sa 3:12-16; and of the interest Abner made with the elders of Israel in favour of David, which he reported to him, and promised to make more, 2Sa 3:17-21; but Joab returning from a pursuit, and with great spoil, just as Abner departed, and hearing of it, chided David for letting him go, and privately sent for him back, and treacherously murdered him, 2Sa 3:22-27; from which murder David cleared himself and his kingdom, and for it made dreadful imprecations on Joab and his family, 2Sa 3:28-30; and buried Abner with great lamentation, expressing much concern for his death, and the high opinion he had of him, 2Sa 3:31-39.

Cross References 24

  • 1. 1 Kings 14:30
  • 2. 2 Samuel 5:10
  • 3. 2 Samuel 2:17; 2 Samuel 22:44; Esther 9:4
  • 4. 2 Samuel 13:1
  • 5. S 1 Samuel 25:43; 1 Chronicles 3:1-3
  • 6. S 1 Samuel 25:42
  • 7. 2 Samuel 13:1,28
  • 8. 1 Samuel 27:8; 2 Samuel 13:37; 2 Samuel 14:32; 2 Samuel 15:8
  • 9. 1 Kings 1:5,11; 1 Kings 2:13,22
  • 10. S 1 Samuel 14:50
  • 11. S Genesis 22:24; 2 Samuel 16:21-22; S 1 Kings 1:3
  • 12. 2 Samuel 21:8-11
  • 13. S 1 Samuel 17:43; 1 Samuel 24:14; 2 Samuel 9:8; 2 Samuel 16:9; 2 Kings 8:13
  • 14. S 1 Samuel 15:28; 1 Kings 19:2
  • 15. S Judges 20:1; 1 Samuel 25:28-31; 2 Samuel 24:2; 1 Samuel 3:20
  • 16. S Genesis 43:5; 1 Samuel 18:20
  • 17. S 1 Samuel 18:27
  • 18. Deuteronomy 24:1-4
  • 19. 1 Samuel 25:44
  • 20. 2 Samuel 16:5; 2 Samuel 19:16; 2 Samuel 17:18
  • 21. S Judges 11:11
  • 22. S 1 Samuel 9:16
  • 23. 1 Samuel 15:28; 2 Samuel 8:6
  • 24. 1 Samuel 10:20-21; 1Ch 12:2,16,29
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