2 Samuel 5:17-25

David Defeats the Philistines

17 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went down to the stronghold.
18 Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim;
19 so David inquired of the LORD, “Shall I go and attack the Philistines? Will you deliver them into my hands?” The LORD answered him, “Go, for I will surely deliver the Philistines into your hands.”
20 So David went to Baal Perazim, and there he defeated them. He said, “As waters break out, the LORD has broken out against my enemies before me.” So that place was called Baal Perazim.[a]
21 The Philistines abandoned their idols there, and David and his men carried them off.
22 Once more the Philistines came up and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim;
23 so David inquired of the LORD, and he answered, “Do not go straight up, but circle around behind them and attack them in front of the poplar trees.
24 As soon as you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the poplar trees, move quickly, because that will mean the LORD has gone out in front of you to strike the Philistine army.”
25 So David did as the LORD commanded him, and he struck down the Philistines all the way from Gibeon[b] to Gezer.

2 Samuel 5:17-25 Meaning and Commentary


In this chapter we have an account of all the tribes of Israel coming to Hebron, and anointing David king over them, 2Sa 5:1-5; of his expedition against the Jebusites in Jerusalem, and taking from them the strong hold of Zion, 2Sa 5:6-10; of his building an house for himself, and of his building up his family, by taking more wives and concubines, and having more children, whose names are given, 2Sa 5:11-16; and of an invasion of the land by the Philistines, and David's victory over them, 2Sa 5:17-25.

Cross References 10

  • 1. 2 Samuel 23:14; 1 Chronicles 11:16
  • 2. S Joshua 15:8; S Joshua 17:15; Joshua 18:16
  • 3. S Judges 18:5; S 1 Samuel 23:2; 2 Samuel 2:1
  • 4. S Genesis 38:29; Isaiah 28:21
  • 5. Deuteronomy 7:5; 1 Chronicles 14:12; Isaiah 46:2
  • 6. S Exodus 14:24; 2 Kings 7:6
  • 7. Judges 4:14
  • 8. 2 Samuel 8:12; 2 Samuel 21:15
  • 9. Isaiah 28:21
  • 10. S Joshua 10:33; 1 Chronicles 14:16

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. "Baal Perazim" means "the lord who breaks out."
  • [b]. Septuagint (see also 1 Chron. 14:16); Hebrew "Geba"
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