2 Samuel 5

David Becomes King Over Israel

1 All the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, “We are your own flesh and blood.
2 In the past, while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns. And the LORD said to you, ‘You will shepherd my people Israel, and you will become their ruler.’ ”
3 When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the king made a covenant with them at Hebron before the LORD, and they anointed David king over Israel.
4 David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.
5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.

David Conquers Jerusalem

6 The king and his men marched to Jerusalem to attack the Jebusites, who lived there. The Jebusites said to David, “You will not get in here; even the blind and the lame can ward you off.” They thought, “David cannot get in here.”
7 Nevertheless, David captured the fortress of Zion—which is the City of David.
8 On that day David had said, “Anyone who conquers the Jebusites will have to use the water shaft to reach those ‘lame and blind’ who are David’s enemies.[a] ” That is why they say, “The ‘blind and lame’ will not enter the palace.”
9 David then took up residence in the fortress and called it the City of David. He built up the area around it, from the terraces[b] inward.
10 And he became more and more powerful, because the LORD God Almighty was with him.
11 Now Hiram king of Tyre sent envoys to David, along with cedar logs and carpenters and stonemasons, and they built a palace for David.
12 Then David knew that the LORD had established him as king over Israel and had exalted his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel.
13 After he left Hebron, David took more concubines and wives in Jerusalem, and more sons and daughters were born to him.
14 These are the names of the children born to him there: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon,
15 Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia,
16 Elishama, Eliada and Eliphelet.

David Defeats the Philistines

17 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went down to the stronghold.
18 Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim;
19 so David inquired of the LORD, “Shall I go and attack the Philistines? Will you deliver them into my hands?” The LORD answered him, “Go, for I will surely deliver the Philistines into your hands.”
20 So David went to Baal Perazim, and there he defeated them. He said, “As waters break out, the LORD has broken out against my enemies before me.” So that place was called Baal Perazim.[c]
21 The Philistines abandoned their idols there, and David and his men carried them off.
22 Once more the Philistines came up and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim;
23 so David inquired of the LORD, and he answered, “Do not go straight up, but circle around behind them and attack them in front of the poplar trees.
24 As soon as you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the poplar trees, move quickly, because that will mean the LORD has gone out in front of you to strike the Philistine army.”
25 So David did as the LORD commanded him, and he struck down the Philistines all the way from Gibeon[d] to Gezer.

2 Samuel 5 Commentary

Chapter 5

David king over all Israel. (1-5) He takes the strong-hold of Zion. (6-10) David's kingdom established. (11-16) He defeats the Philistines. (17-25)

Verses 1-5 David was anointed king a third time. His advances were gradual, that his faith might be tried, and that he might gain experience. Thus his kingdom typified that of the Messiah, which was to come to its height by degrees. Thus Jesus became our Brother, took upon him our nature, dwelt in it that he might become our Prince and Saviour: thus the humbled sinner takes encouragement from the endearing relation, applies for his salvation, submits to his authority, and craves his protection.

Verses 6-10 The enemies of God's people are often very confident of their own strength, and most secure when their day to fall draws nigh. But the pride and insolence of the Jebusites animated David, and the Lord God of hosts was with him. Thus in the day of God's power, Satan's strong-hold, the human heart, is changed into a habitation of God through the Spirit, and into a throne on which the Son of David rules, and brings every thought into obedience to himself. May He thus come, and claim, and cleanse, each of our hearts; and, destroying every idol, may he reign there for ever!

Verses 11-16 David's house was not the worse, nor the less fit to be dedicated to God, for being built by the sons of the stranger. It is prophesied of the gospel church, The sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee, ( Isaiah 60:10 ) . David's government was rooted and built up. David was established king; so is the Son of David, and all who, through him, are made to our God kings and priests. Never had the nation of Israel appeared so great as it began now to be. Many have the favour and love of God, yet do not perceive it, and so want the comfort of it; but to be exalted to that, and to perceive it, is happiness. David owned it was for his people's sake God had done great things for him; that he might be a blessing to them, and that they might be happy under him.

Verses 17-25 The Philistines considered not that David had the presence of God with him, which Saul had forfeited and lost. The kingdom of the Messiah, as soon as it was set up in the world, was thus attacked by the powers of darkness. The heathen raged, and the kings of the earth set themselves to oppose it; but all in vain, ( Psalm 2:1 ) . The destruction will turn, as this did, upon Satan's own kingdom. David owns dependence on God for victory; and refers himself to the good pleasure of God, Wilt thou do it? The assurance God has given us of victory over our spiritual enemies, should encourage us in our spiritual conflicts. David waited till God moved; he stirred then, but not till then. He was trained up in dependence on God and his providence. God performed his promise, and David failed not to improve his advantages. When the kingdom of the Messiah was to be set up, the apostles, who were to beat down the devil's kingdom, must not attempt any thing till they received the promise of the Spirit; who came with a sound from heaven, as of a rushing, mighty wind, ( Acts 2:2 ) .

Cross References 38

  • 1. 2 Samuel 19:43
  • 2. S Genesis 29:14; Genesis 35:26; 1 Chronicles 11:1
  • 3. 1Sa 18:5,13,16
  • 4. S 1 Samuel 11:6
  • 5. S Genesis 48:15; S 1 Samuel 16:1; 2 Samuel 7:7; Matthew 2:6; John 21:16
  • 6. S 1 Samuel 12:12; S 1 Samuel 13:14; S 2 Samuel 6:21; 1 Samuel 25:30
  • 7. 2 Samuel 3:21
  • 8. S Deuteronomy 17:15; 2 Samuel 2:4
  • 9. S Genesis 37:2; Luke 3:23
  • 10. 1 Kings 2:11; 1 Chronicles 3:4
  • 11. 1 Chronicles 26:31; 1 Chronicles 29:27
  • 12. 2 Samuel 2:11; 1 Kings 2:11; 1 Chronicles 3:4
  • 13. S Judges 1:8
  • 14. S Joshua 15:8
  • 15. Psalms 76:2
  • 16. Jeremiah 21:13
  • 17. 2 Samuel 6:12,16; 1 Kings 2:10; 1 Kings 8:1; Isaiah 29:1; Jeremiah 25:29
  • 18. 2 Kings 20:20; 2 Chronicles 32:30
  • 19. Matthew 21:14
  • 20. ver 7; 1 Kings 9:15,24
  • 21. 2 Samuel 3:1
  • 22. Psalms 24:10
  • 23. 2 Samuel 7:9
  • 24. 1 Kings 5:1,18; 2 Chronicles 2:3; 1 Chronicles 14:1
  • 25. S Numbers 24:7
  • 26. S Deuteronomy 17:17; 1 Chronicles 3:9
  • 27. 1 Chronicles 3:5
  • 28. Luke 3:31
  • 29. 2 Samuel 23:14; 1 Chronicles 11:16
  • 30. S Joshua 15:8; S Joshua 17:15; Joshua 18:16
  • 31. S Judges 18:5; S 1 Samuel 23:2; 2 Samuel 2:1
  • 32. S Genesis 38:29; Isaiah 28:21
  • 33. Deuteronomy 7:5; 1 Chronicles 14:12; Isaiah 46:2
  • 34. S Exodus 14:24; 2 Kings 7:6
  • 35. Judges 4:14
  • 36. 2 Samuel 8:12; 2 Samuel 21:15
  • 37. Isaiah 28:21
  • 38. S Joshua 10:33; 1 Chronicles 14:16

Footnotes 4

  • [a]. Or "are hated by David"
  • [b]. Or "the Millo"
  • [c]. "Baal Perazim" means "the lord who breaks out."
  • [d]. Septuagint (see also 1 Chron. 14:16); Hebrew "Geba"

Chapter Summary


In this chapter we have an account of all the tribes of Israel coming to Hebron, and anointing David king over them, 2Sa 5:1-5; of his expedition against the Jebusites in Jerusalem, and taking from them the strong hold of Zion, 2Sa 5:6-10; of his building an house for himself, and of his building up his family, by taking more wives and concubines, and having more children, whose names are given, 2Sa 5:11-16; and of an invasion of the land by the Philistines, and David's victory over them, 2Sa 5:17-25.

2 Samuel 5 Commentaries

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