Lucas 1

1 Visto que muitos têm empreendido fazer uma narração coordenada dos fatos que entre nós se realizaram,
2 segundo no-los transmitiram os que desde o princípio foram testemunhas oculares e ministros da palavra,
3 também a mim, depois de haver investido tudo cuidadosamente desde o começo, pareceu-me bem, ó excelentíssimo Teófilo, escrever-te uma narração em ordem.
4 para que conheças plenamente a verdade das coisas em que foste instruído.
5 Houve nos dias do Rei Herodes, rei da Judéia, um sacerdote chamado Zacarias, da turma de Abias; e sua mulher era descendente de Arão, e chamava-se Isabel.
6 Ambos eram justos diante de Deus, andando irrepreensíveis em todos os mandamentos e preceitos do Senhor.
7 Mas não tinham filhos, porque Isabel era estéril, e ambos avançados em idade.
8 Ora, estando ele a exercer as funções sacerdotais perante Deus, na ordem da sua turma,
9 segundo o costume do sacerdócio, coube-lhe por sorte entrar no santuário do Senhor, para oferecer o incenso;
10 e toda a multidão do povo orava da parte de fora, � hora do incenso.
11 Apareceu-lhe, então, um anjo do Senhor, em pé � direita do altar do incenso.
12 E Zacarias, vendo-o, ficou turbado, e o temor o assaltou.
13 Mas o anjo lhe disse: Não temais, Zacarias; porque a tua oração foi ouvida, e Isabel, tua mulher, te dará � luz um filho, e lhe porás o nome de João;
14 e terás alegria e regozijo, e muitos se alegrarão com o seu nascimento;
15 porque ele será grande diante do Senhor; não beberá vinho, nem bebida forte; e será cheio do Espírito Santo já desde o ventre de sua mãe;
16 converterá muitos dos filhos de Israel ao Senhor seu Deus;
17 irá adiante dele no espírito e poder de Elias, para converter os corações dos pais aos filhos, e os rebeldes � prudência dos justos, a fim de preparar para o Senhor um povo apercebido.
18 Disse então Zacarias ao anjo: Como terei certeza disso? pois eu sou velho, e minha mulher também está avançada em idade.
19 Ao que lhe respondeu o anjo: Eu sou Gabriel, que assisto diante de Deus, e fui enviado para te falar e te dar estas boas novas;
20 e eis que ficarás mudo, e não poderás falar até o dia em que estas coisas aconteçam; porquanto não creste nas minhas palavras, que a seu tempo hão de cumprir-se.
21 O povo estava esperando Zacarias, e se admirava da sua demora no santuário.
22 Quando saiu, porém, não lhes podia falar, e perceberam que tivera uma visão no santuário. E falava-lhes por acenos, mas permanecia mudo.
23 E, terminados os dias do seu ministério, voltou para casa.
24 Depois desses dias Isabel, sua mulher, concebeu, e por cinco meses se ocultou, dizendo:
25 Assim me fez o Senhor nos dias em que atentou para mim, a fim de acabar com o meu opróbrio diante dos homens.
26 Ora, no sexto mês, foi o anjo Gabriel enviado por Deus a uma cidade da Galiléia, chamada Nazaré,
27 a uma virgem desposada com um varão cujo nome era José, da casa de Davi; e o nome da virgem era Maria.
28 E, entrando o anjo onde ela estava disse: Salve, agraciada; o Senhor é contigo.
29 Ela, porém, ao ouvir estas palavras, turbou-se muito e pôs-se a pensar que saudação seria essa.
30 Disse-lhe então o anjo: Não temas, Maria; pois achaste graça diante de Deus.
31 Eis que conceberás e darás � luz um filho, ao qual porás o nome de Jesus.
32 Este será grande e será chamado filho do Altíssimo; o Senhor Deus lhe dará o trono de Davi seu pai;
33 e reinará eternamente sobre a casa de Jacó, e o seu reino não terá fim.
34 Então Maria perguntou ao anjo: Como se fará isso, uma vez que não conheço varão?
35 Respondeu-lhe o anjo: Virá sobre ti o Espírito Santo, e o poder do Altíssimo te cobrirá com a sua sombra; por isso o que há de nascer será chamado santo, Filho de Deus.
36 Eis que também Isabel, tua parenta concebeu um filho em sua velhice; e é este o sexto mês para aquela que era chamada estéril;
37 porque para Deus nada será impossível.
38 Disse então Maria. Eis aqui a serva do Senhor; cumpra-se em mim segundo a tua palavra. E o anjo ausentou-se dela.
39 Naqueles dias levantou-se Maria, foi apressadamente � região montanhosa, a uma cidade de Judá,
40 entrou em casa de Zacarias e saudou a Isabel.
41 Ao ouvir Isabel a saudação de Maria, saltou a criancinha no seu ventre, e Isabel ficou cheia do Espírito Santo,
42 e exclamou em alta voz: Bendita és tu entre as mulheres, e bendito é o fruto do teu ventre!
43 E donde me provém isto, que venha visitar-me a mãe do meu Senhor?
44 Pois logo que me soou aos ouvidos a voz da tua saudação, a criancinha saltou de alegria dentro de mim.
45 Bem-aventurada aquela que creu que se hão de cumprir as coisas que da parte do Senhor lhe foram ditas.
46 Disse então Maria: A minha alma engrandece ao Senhor,
47 e o meu espírito exulta em Deus meu Salvador;
48 porque atentou na condição humilde de sua serva. Desde agora, pois, todas as gerações me chamarão bem-aventurada,
49 porque o Poderoso me fez grandes coisas; e santo é o seu nome.
50 E a sua misericórdia vai de geração em geração sobre os que o temem.
51 Com o seu braço manifestou poder; dissipou os que eram soberbos nos pensamentos de seus corações;
52 depôs dos tronos os poderosos, e elevou os humildes.
53 Aos famintos encheu de bens, e vazios despediu os ricos.
54 Auxiliou a Isabel, seu servo, lembrando-se de misericórdia
55 (como falou a nossos pais) para com Abraão e a sua descendência para sempre.
56 E Maria ficou com ela cerca de três meses; e depois voltou para sua casa.
57 Ora, completou-se para Isabel o tempo de dar � luz, e teve um filho.
58 Ouviram seus vizinhos e parentes que o Senhor lhe multiplicara a sua misericórdia, e se alegravam com ela.
59 Sucedeu, pois, no oitavo dia, que vieram circuncidar o menino; e queriam dar-lhe o nome de seu pai, Zacarias.
60 Respondeu, porém, sua mãe: De modo nenhum, mas será chamado João.
61 Ao que lhe disseram: Ninguém há na tua parentela que se chame por este nome.
62 E perguntaram por acenos ao pai como queria que se chamasse.
63 E pedindo ele uma tabuinha, escreveu: Seu nome é João. E todos se admiraram.
64 Imediatamente a boca se lhe abriu, e a língua se lhe soltou; louvando a Deus.
65 Então veio temor sobre todos os seus vizinhos; e em toda a região montanhosa da Judéia foram divulgadas todas estas coisas.
66 E todos os que delas souberam as guardavam no coração, dizendo: Que virá a ser, então, este menino? Pois a mão do Senhor estava com ele.
67 Zacarias, seu pai, ficou cheio do Espírito Santo e profetizou, dizendo:
68 Bendito, seja o Senhor Deus de Israel, porque visitou e remiu o seu povo,
69 e para nós fez surgir uma salvação poderosa na casa de Davi, seu servo;
70 assim como desde os tempos antigos tem anunciado pela boca dos seus santos profetas;
71 para nos livrar dos nossos inimigos e da mão de todos os que nos odeiam;
72 para usar de misericórdia com nossos pais, e lembrar-se do seu santo pacto
73 e do juramento que fez a Abrão, nosso pai,
74 de conceder-nos que, libertados da mão de nossos inimigos, o servíssemos sem temor,
75 em santidade e justiça perante ele, todos os dias da nossa vida.
76 E tu, menino, serás chamado profeta do Altíssimo, porque irás ante a face do Senhor, a preparar os seus caminhos;
77 para dar ao seu povo conhecimento da salvação, na remissão dos seus pecados,
78 graças � entrenhável misericórdia do nosso Deus, pela qual nos há de visitar a aurora lá do alto,
79 para alumiar aos que jazem nas trevas e na sombra da morte, a fim de dirigir os nossos pés no caminho da paz.
80 Ora, o menino crescia, e se robustecia em espírito; e habitava nos desertos até o dia da sua manifestação a Israel.

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Lucas 1 Commentary

Chapter 1

This evangelist is generally supposed to have been a physician, and a companion of the apostle Paul. The style of his writings, and his acquaintance with the Jewish rites and usages, sufficiently show that he was a Jew, while his knowledge of the Greek language and his name, speak his Gentile origin. He is first mentioned ( acts 16:10 acts 16:11 ) , as with Paul at Troas, whence he attended him to Jerusalem, and was with him in his voyage, and in his imprisonment at Rome. This Gospel appears to be designed to supersede many defective and unauthentic narratives in circulation, and to give a genuine and inspired account of the life, miracles, and doctrines of our Lord, learned from those who heard and witnessed his discourses and miracles.

The Preface. (1-4) Zacharias and Elisabeth. (5-25) Christ's birth announced. (26-38) Interview of Mary and Elisabeth. (39-56) The birth of John the Baptist. (57-66) The song of Zacharias. (67-80)

1-4. Luke will not write of things about which Christians may safely differ from one another, and hesitate within themselves; but the things which are, and ought to be surely believed. The doctrine of Christ is what the wisest and best of men have ventured their souls upon with confidence and satisfaction. And the great events whereon our hopes depend, have been recorded by those who were from the beginning eye-witnesses and ministers of the word, and who were perfected in their understanding of them through Divine inspiration.

Verses 5-25 The father and mother of John the Baptist were sinners as all are, and were justified and saved in the same way as others; but they were eminent for piety and integrity. They had no children, and it could not be expected that Elisabeth should have any in her old age. While Zacharias was burning incense in the temple, the whole multitude of the people were praying without. All the prayers we offer up to God, are acceptable and successful only by Christ's intercession in the temple of God above. We cannot expect an interest therein if we do not pray, and pray with our spirits, and are not earnest in prayer. Nor can we expect that the best of our prayers should gain acceptance, and bring an answer of peace, but through the mediation of Christ, who ever lives, making intercession. The prayers Zacharias often made, received an answer of peace. Prayers of faith are filed in heaven, and are not forgotten. Prayers made when we were young and entering into the world, may be answered when we are old and going out of the world. Mercies are doubly sweet that are given in answer to prayer. Zacharias shall have a son in his old age, who shall be instrumental in the conversion of many souls to God, and preparing them to receive the gospel of Christ. He shall go before Him with courage, zeal, holiness, and a mind dead to earthly interests and pleasures. The disobedient and rebellious would be brought back to the wisdom of their righteous forefathers, or rather, brought to attend to the wisdom of that Just One who was coming among them. Zacharias heard all that the angel said; but his unbelief spake. In striking him dumb, God dealt justly with him, because he had objected against God's word. We may admire the patience of God towards us. God dealt kindly with him, for thus he prevented his speaking any more distrustful, unbelieving words. Thus also God confirmed his faith. If by the rebukes we are under for our sin, we are brought to give the more credit to the word of God, we have no reason to complain. Even real believers are apt to dishonour God by unbelief; and their mouths are stopped in silence and confusion, when otherwise they would have been praising God with joy and gratitude. In God's gracious dealings with us we ought to observe his gracious regards to us. He has looked on us with compassion and favour, and therefore has thus dealt with us.

Verses 26-38 We have here an account of the mother of our Lord; though we are not to pray to her, yet we ought to praise God for her. Christ must be born miraculously. The angel's address means only, Hail, thou that art the especially chosen and favoured of the Most High, to attain the honour Jewish mothers have so long desired. This wondrous salutation and appearance troubled Mary. The angel then assured her that she had found favour with God, and would become the mother of a son whose name she should call Jesus, the Son of the Highest, one in a nature and perfection with the Lord God. JESUS! the name that refreshes the fainting spirits of humbled sinners; sweet to speak and sweet to hear, Jesus, a Saviour! We know not his riches and our own poverty, therefore we run not to him; we perceive not that we are lost and perishing, therefore a Saviour is a word of little relish. Were we convinced of the huge mass of guilt that lies upon us, and the wrath that hangs over us for it, ready to fall upon us, it would be our continual thought, Is the Saviour mine? And that we might find him so, we should trample on all that hinders our way to him. Mary's reply to the angel was the language of faith and humble admiration, and she asked no sign for the confirming her faith. Without controversy, great was the mystery of ( 1 Timothy. 3:16 ) nature must be produced so, as it was fit that should be which was to be taken into union with the Divine nature. And we must, as Mary here, guide our desires by the word of God. In all conflicts, let us remember that with God nothing is impossible; and as we read and hear his promises, let us turn them into prayers, Behold the willing servant of the Lord; let it be unto me according to thy word.

Verses 39-56 It is very good for those who have the work of grace begun in their souls, to communicate one to another. On Mary's arrival, Elisabeth was conscious of the approach of her who was to be the mother of the great Redeemer. At the same time she was filled with the Holy Ghost, and under his influence declared that Mary and her expected child were most blessed and happy, as peculiarly honoured of and dear to the Most High God. Mary, animated by Elisabeth's address, and being also under the influence of the Holy Ghost, broke out into joy, admiration, and gratitude. She knew herself to be a sinner who needed a Saviour, and that she could no otherwise rejoice in God than as interested in his salvation through the promised Messiah. Those who see their need of Christ, and are desirous of righteousness and life in him, he fills with good things, with the best things; and they are abundantly satisfied with the blessings he gives. He will satisfy the desires of the poor in spirit who long for spiritual blessings, while the self-sufficient shall be sent empty away.

Verses 57-66 In these verses we have an account of the birth of John the Baptist, and the great joy among all the relations of the family. He shall be called Johanan, or "Gracious," because he shall bring in the gospel of Christ, wherein God's grace shines most bright. Zacharias recovered his speech. Unbelief closed his mouth, and believing opened it again: he believers, therefore he speaks. When God opens our lips, our mouths must show forth his praise; and better be without speech, than not use it in praising God. It is said, The hand of the Lord was working with John. God has ways of working on children in their infancy, which we cannot account for. We should observe the dealings of God, and wait the event.

Verses 67-80 Zacharias uttered a prophecy concerning the kingdom and salvation of the Messiah. The gospel brings light with it; in it the day dawns. In John the Baptist it began to break, and increased apace to the perfect day. The gospel is discovering; it shows that about which we were utterly in the dark; it is to give light to those that sit in darkness, the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. It is reviving; it brings light to those that sit in the shadow of death, as condemned prisoners in the dungeon. It is directing; it is to guide our feet in the way of peace, into that way which will bring us to peace at last, ( Romans 3:17 ) . John gave proofs of strong faith, vigorous and holy affections, and of being above the fear and love of the world. Thus he ripened for usefulness; but he lived a retired life, till he came forward openly as the forerunner of the Messiah. Let us follow peace with all men, as well as seek peace with God and our own consciences. And if it be the will of God that we live unknown to the world, still let us diligently seek to grow strong in the grace of Jesus Christ.

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO LUKE

The writer of this Gospel, Luke, has been, by some, thought, as Origen {a} relates, to be the same with Lucius, mentioned in Ro 16:21, but he seems rather to be, and without doubt is, Luke the beloved physician, who was a companion of the Apostle Paul in great part of his travels in the Gentile world: he came with him to Jerusalem, and from thence accompanied him to Rome, and continued with him when in prison, and was with him to the last; see Ac 16:10,11 \Col 4:14 2Ti 4:11 Phm 1:24\. Jerom {b}, and others, say, he was a physician of Antioch in Syria; where it may be the Apostle Paul met with him, and might be the happy instrument of his conversion; so that he seems to be, by nation, a Syrian, as Jerom {c} calls him. Grotius thinks his name is Roman, and that it is the contraction of Lucilius. It is not an Hebrew name, but might be in common use in Syria; for though the Jews reckon owqwl, "Lukus", among foreign names, yet say {d} a it was a very illustrious one, and well known to them, as it may well be thought to be if Syriac, the language being spoke by them: and many Jews lived in Syria, and particularly in Antioch. Some say that this Gospel was written by the advice, and assistance, and under the direction of the Apostle Paul, as the Gospel according to Mark was by that of Peter; though the following preface does not seem so well to accord with this. Eusebius says {e} that it was the sense of the ancients, that whenever the Apostle Paul makes mention of his Gospel, he intends this according to Luke. The time of the writing of it is not certain; some say it was written in the fifteenth year after the ascension of our Lord; others in the twenty second; and others in the twenty seventh. It is commonly thought to have been written after the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, according to the order in which it stands; but this is rejected by some learned men, who rather think that Luke wrote first of all: and indeed, there are some things in his preface which look as if there had not, as yet, been any authentic account published, at least which was come to the knowledge of this evangelist. The place where he wrote it is also uncertain. Jerom says {f}, he wrote it in the parts of Achaia, perhaps at Corinth: according to the titles prefixed to the Syriac and Persic versions, he wrote it in Alexandria: the former of these runs thus;

``the Gospel of Luke, the Evangelist, which he spake and published in Greek in Alexandria the great.''

And the latter thus;

``the Gospel of Luke, which he wrote in the Greek tongue in Alexandria of Egypt.''

However, it is agreed on all hands, that it is genuine, and of divine inspiration. Eusebius {g} relates, that it was affirmed by some, that this Gospel, together with those of Matthew and Mark, were brought to the Apostle John, who approved of them, and bore witness to the truth in them.

{a} In Rom. xvi. 21. {b} Catalog. Script. Eccles. sect. 17. fol. 91. Euseb. Eccl. Hist. l. 3. c. 4. {c} Praefat in Luc. {d} T. Bab. Gittin, fol. 11. 2. & Gloss. in ib. {e} Ubi supra. (Hist. Eccl. l. 3. c. 39.) {f} Praefat in Luc. {g} Eccl. Hist. l. 3. c. 24.

Lucas 1 Commentaries