Job 10

Complaint to God

1 I loathe my life; I will let loose my complaint; I will speak out of my own bitterness.
2 I will say to God, Don't declare me guilty; tell me what you are accusing me of doing.
3 Does it seem good to you that you oppress me, that you reject the work of your hands and cause the purpose of sinners to shine?
4 Do you have physical eyes; do you see like a human?
5 Are your days like those of a human, your years like years of a human,
6 that you search for my wrongdoing and seek my sin?
7 You know that I'm not guilty, yet no one delivers me from your power.


8 Your hands fashioned and made me; yet you want to destroy me utterly.
9 Remember that you made me from clay, and you will return me to dust.
10 Didn't you pour me out like milk, curdle me like cheese?
11 You clothed me with skin and flesh, wove me from bones and sinews.
12 Life and kindness you gave me, and you oversaw and preserved my breath.

No hiding place

13 These things you hid in your heart; I know this is the case with you.
14 If I sin and you observe me, you won't consider me innocent of wrongdoing.
15 If I were guilty, doom to me; I'm innocent, but can't lift my head, full of shame and facing my misery.
16 I could boast like a lion, and you would hunt me; you would do awesome things to me again.
17 You continue to send your witnesses against me and increase your anger toward me, a swift army against me.

Death wish

18 Why did you let me emerge from the womb? I wish I had died without any eye seeing me.
19 Then I would be just as if I hadn't existed, taken from the belly to the grave.
20 Aren't my few days coming to an end? Look away from me so I can brighten up a little
21 before I go and don't return to a land of deepest darkness,
22 a land whose light is like gloom, utter darkness and confusion, such that light shines like gloom.

Job 10 Commentary

Chapter 10

Job complains of his hardships. (1-7) He pleads with God as his Maker. (8-13) He complains of God's severity. (14-22)

Verses 1-7 Job, being weary of his life, resolves to complain, but he will not charge God with unrighteousness. Here is a prayer that he might be delivered from the sting of his afflictions, which is sin. When God afflicts us, he contends with us; when he contends with us, there is always a reason; and it is desirable to know the reason, that we may repent of and forsake the sin for which God has a controversy with us. But when, like Job, we speak in the bitterness of our souls, we increase guilt and vexation. Let us harbour no hard thoughts of God; we shall hereafter see there was no cause for them. Job is sure that God does not discover things, nor judge of them, as men do; therefore he thinks it strange that God continues him under affliction, as if he must take time to inquire into his sin.

Verses 8-13 Job seems to argue with God, as if he only formed and preserved him for misery. God made us, not we ourselves. How sad that those bodies should be instruments of unrighteousness, which are capable of being temples of the Holy Ghost! But the soul is the life, the soul is the man, and this is the gift of God. If we plead with ourselves as an inducement to duty, God made me and maintains me, we may plead as an argument for mercy, Thou hast made me, do thou new-make me; I am thine, save me.

Verses 14-22 Job did not deny that as a sinner he deserved his sufferings; but he thought that justice was executed upon him with peculiar rigour. His gloom, unbelief, and hard thoughts of God, were as much to be ascribed to Satan's inward temptations, and his anguish of soul, under the sense of God's displeasure, as to his outward trials, and remaining depravity. Our Creator, become in Christ our Redeemer also, will not destroy the work of his hands in any humble believer; but will renew him unto holiness, that he may enjoy eternal life. If anguish on earth renders the grave a desirable refuge, what will be their condition who are condemned to the blackness of darkness for ever? Let every sinner seek deliverance from that dreadful state, and every believer be thankful to Jesus, who delivereth from the wrath to come.

Footnotes 2

Chapter Summary


Job here declares the greatness of his afflictions, which made him weary of his life, and could not help complaining; entreats the Lord not to condemn him but show him the reason of his thus dealing with him, Job 10:1,2; and expostulates with him about it, and suggests as if it was severe, and not easily reconciled to his perfections, when he knew he was not a wicked man, Job 10:3-7; he puts him in mind of his formation and preservation of him, and after all destroyed him, Job 10:8-12; and represents his case as very distressed; whether he was wicked or righteous it mattered not, his afflictions were increasing upon him, Job 10:13-17; and all this he observes, in order to justify his eager desire after death, which he renews, Job 10:18,19; and entreats, since his days he had to live were but few, that God would give him some respite before he went into another state, which he describes, Job 10:20-22.

Job 10 Commentaries

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