Genesis 25:4

4 Midian's sons were Ephah, Epher, Enoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All of these were Keturah's sons.

Genesis 25:4 Meaning and Commentary

Genesis 25:4

And the sons of Midian
The fourth son of Abraham by Keturah; he had five sons next mentioned, who were heads of so many tribes or families in Midian: hence we read of five kings of Midian; ( Numbers 31:8 ) ; their names follow,

Ephah, and Epher, and Hanoch, and Abidah, and Eldaah:
the two first of these, whom Cleodemus F20 calls Aphra and Apher, and makes them to be sons of Abraham by Keturah, when they were his grandsons, he says, from them the city Aphra, and all Africa, had their names, and that these accompanied Hercules into Lybia, he having married a daughter of Aphra. Ephah is mentioned along with Midian in ( Isaiah 60:6 ) ; but of the rest no notice is taken in Scripture. Ptolemy F21 makes mention both of a mountain, and of a village, near Madiana in Arabia Felix, called Hippos, which perhaps had their name from this man. Some trace of Epher is thought to be in Taphuron which Philostorgius says F23 was the metropolis of the Homerites, before mentioned; and Arrianus, as Bishop Patrick observes, expressly says, the metropolis of the Homerites, is called Aphar: to which may be added, that Ptolemy F24 speaks of a people called Tappharites, near the Homerites. Hanoch, the next son, is thought to have some footsteps of his name in Cane, a mart, which Ptolemy F25 places in the country of the Adramites in Arabia Felix, and also in the country of Canauna in Arabia, mentioned by, Pliny F26: near Cananua is placed, by the same writer, the island Devadae, called by Philostorgius F1 (dibouv) , "Divus", in which it is supposed there is some trace of the name of Abidah, by an inversion of the two last syllables; and perhaps also in Abissa, which Ptolemy F2 places in the country of the Sachalites in Arabia Felix. As for Eldaah, Bishop Patrick thinks there are no remains of this name, unless in the city of Elana, from whence there was a gulf called Elanites, and a people that lived there Elanitae; but one would think there are some traces of it in the cities Alata, Lattha, and Leaththa, all, according to Ptolemy {c}, in Arabia Felix: all these [were] the children of Keturah;
her children and grandchildren.


F20 Apud Euseb. ut supra. (Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 20. p. 432.)
F21 Ut supra. (Geograph. l. 6. c. 7.)
F23 Eccl. Hist. l. 3. sect. 4. 478.
F24 Ut supra. (F21)
F25 lb.
F26 Nat. Hist. l. 6. c. 28.
F1 Ut supra, (F23) sect. 3.
F2 Ut supra. (F21)
F3 lb.

Genesis 25:4 In-Context

2 The children she bore him were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah.
3 Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. Dedan's sons were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim.
4 Midian's sons were Ephah, Epher, Enoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All of these were Keturah's sons.
5 Abraham gave everything he owned to Isaac.
6 To the sons of Abraham's secondary wives, Abraham gave gifts and, while he was still living, sent them away from his son Isaac to land in the east.
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