Index of Subjects


Abelard's use of the term 'theology,'.. 1

his relation to Scholasticism, 23

his view of the atonement, 400

Abel's gifts, God testifies of, 479

Abiding in Christ, its nature and obligation, 44"

Ability, gracious, 315, 342

is it the ground of a sinner's responsibility? 315

list of authors, for and against, 345

Ability, natural, of New School theologians, 342

as designating the sinner's possession of the constituent faculties of human nature, objected to, 343

the phrase is misleading, 343

it does not consist in a power of contrary choice in single volitions, but

in a bias of affections and will, 343

it is not a matter of experience, 344

preaching of it is attended with evil

results, 344

Ability, to fulfil law not required to

constitute non-fulfilment sin, 289

not the measure of obligation, 313

Ability, Pelagian 842

Abiogeriesis denied by Huxley, 191

"Above reason " not " against reason," 16

Abraham, date of call of, 107

Absolute, expresses a positive idea, — 6 the, is it a negation of the thinkable? 6 explanation of term as applied to the

attributes, 120

related to finite dynamically or rationally, 128

Absolute and Infinite, complemental of our consciousness of relative and

finite 32

Absolute Being, intuition of, 29

Absolute Reason, intuition of, basis of

all logical thought, 33

necessary to all other knowledge, 83

Abydos, triad of, 170

Abyss, pit of the, final state of wicked

in, 587

AcceptUatio, according to Grotlus, 403

Accommodation, in Scriptural arguments, 109

Accretion, theory of, cannot account for internal characteristics of Christian documents, 81

Achan, his sin visited upon his children, 338

Acorns, crop of, Illustration from, 10

Acquittal of the ungodly who believe

in Christ, what? 474

of sinner, its ground 474

of transgressors, impossible in earthly

tribunals 474

of believer, a judicial proceeding, 475

Action, divine, not in dintaw*, 207

human, not simply expression of previously dominant affections 178

uniformity of, rests on character, 280

Actions, evil, in them God gives natural

powers, men evil direction, 207

Activity, human, largely automatic and

continuous, 283

Acts, outward, condemned by men as

symptomatic of disposition, 285

Acts 6:1-4, is it institution of Christian

ministry? 512

Actual sin more guilty than original

sin, 310

Adam, members of the race bad no personal existence in him, 249

his righteousness not immutable, 264

possessed power of contrary choice, 284

not created undecided, 264

in him love an inborn impulse which

he could affirm or deny, 264

his exercise of holy will, was it meritorious? 265

the recipient of special grace in his unfallen state, according to Homan

1st theologians, 265

the recipient of no supernatural gift not belonging originally to his nature, according to Scripture, 265

his physical perfection admitted of

progress, 267

bis unfallen nature, notions of Fathers and Scholastics regarding, 268

a philosopher, according to South,... 288 inexperienced,accordingto Scripture, 268 his Insight into nature analogous to that of susceptible childhood, 268

Adiun, his naming animals implied in-
sight into their nature, 268

lilt native insight capable of develop-
ment* of science and culture 268

hie enjoyment of divine presence and
teaching, 268

his surroundings and society, 268

his virtue, provision for trying. 269

his innocence only to be perfected
through temptation, 289

his temptation did not necessitate a
fall, 269

his temptation if resisted would have
strengthened virtue, 269

his opportunity of securing physical
immortality, 269

his body mortal, 289

his sin, its imputation to his posterity, 308

bis sin, how can this be Justly charged
to his posterity? 308

his descendants, according to Pela-
gius, not weaker but stronger than
he, 811

probation In, most accordant with our
ideas of Justice, 321

his natural headship, theory of, 328

his natural headship, explained in de-
tail, 329

the universal man, how, 329

his natural headship in harmony with
doctrine of heredity 329

his personality once contained the
whole of human nature 335

his sin, in what sense we repent of it, 335

his first sin, why men are responsible
only for, 338

the preaching of organic unity of race
with, does not neutralize appeal to
conscience, . 838

Augustinian theory of connection
with, does not exclude separate pro-
bation of Individuals, 838

our connection with, how it should be
preached, 338

Scriptural view of organic connection
with, enhances the impression of
man's absolute ruin 338

that his sin should affect the nature
of his descendants, not contrary to
divine justice, 339

our connection with, in the first sin,
not an act of divine sovereignty but
of justice, 33»

probation of common nature in, more
consistent with justice than, indi-
vidual probation, 339

fall in, perhaps needful to a common
salvation, 339

connection with, cannot be unjust,
since an analogous connection with
Christ secures salvation 339

inbeing in, not unjust if lnbeing in
Christ is just, 339

Adam and Christ, parallel between, one

of analogy, not of identity 340

men as connected with, compared to
leaves on a tree, each of which may
wither by itself, but all of which

wither by disease of root, 340

consequences of his sin to his poster-
ity 340

as a result of his transgression, all his
posterity born into the same state

Into which he fell, 340

his sin, its threefold consequence to

himself and bis posterity, 3411, 412

race fell in, not as a person foreign to

us 348

the " natural," "earthly," might, had
he continued in innocence, have at-
tained the "spiritual" and "heav-
enly " without dying, 354

was Christ in? 413

the last, its implication, 366

the second, a source of spiritual life,. 367
created by Holy Ghost, Dorner on, 370

Ad ttperturam Ubri, 17

Adaptation = the special order of or-
ganic nature, 43

Adoption 475

Adoration of the host, 545

Adulter}', storj' of woman taken in,
though not Johannine. yet aposto-
lic 841

Adventiste, Second 569

Advocacy of Christ and of the Holy

Spirit, 164

JZyuale temptratnentum of unfallen

state, 267

.Eschylus, his reference to substitu-
tion, 394

on death, 557

^Esthetics, conditioned by a capacity

and love for the beautiful, 3

"Affection, expulsive power of a new," 446
Affections, occasions but not causes of

volitions, 178

man's, according to Calvin, runaway

horses, 450

holy, proper spring of holy action,

authors on, 458

Affliction, Greek proverb on, 220

After-influence after death, and after-
activity, 424

Agamemnon blames, not himself, but

Jupiter, 292

Agussiz, Louis, on man the purpose of

animal creation, 195

on the number of human races, 241

his theory of different centres of crea-
tion, 242

a believer in brute immortality, 555

Agency, free, defined, 1T6

not Inconsistent with certainty 176

Agnosticism, is it the highest achieve-
ment of science? 3
Agricola, the Antinomian 487

Ahasuerus, sleeplessness of, 218

Ahura Mazda, 188

Aim of theology as a science, 1

A'Kempis, Thomas, 17

Albertus Magnus, on the first man, 268

Alexander,theuniflerof theGreek East, 360
Alexander, Archibald, on ground of

moral obligation, , 143

on dispositions as voluntary. 288

Alexander, J. W., on union with Christ, 438

his view of saving faith,... 468

Alexandrian philosophy, an Ineffectual

attempt to combine Judaism and

pantheism, 861

AJford, on " My Lord and my God," ... 148
on "angels of the seven churches,".. 226
his method of interpreting the book

of Revelation 570

Allegorical method of theology, 27

Alhrmig, Luther's opinion of 370

Allusions In New Testament to all the

books of Old Testament save six,.. 80
Alphonso of Castile and the Ptolemaic

system, 48

"Altar-forms," Bushnell on, 402

Alternative presented to New School

theorists, 322

Altruism, 142

Ambition, what? 293

Ambrose on giving credit to God, 14

America, Indian races of, from Eastern

Asia, 238

American theology, 26

Amnion, a rationalistic theologian, 24

Amos Lawrence, as an illustration, 419

Amount of testimony necessary to

prove a miracle 64

Amsdorf, the Antinomian, 487

on good works being hurtful to sal-
vation 487

Amyraldus of Saumur, 24

Anactiloulha of Paul, 101

Analogies of Christ's relation to race,

their weakness, 414

Analytic theology, 23

Analytical method of theology, 27

Ancestry of race, a common, in Central

Asia, supported by history 239

Ancestor, common, of man and apes,

yet to be found 237

Ancestors, immediate, imputation of

their sins, views on, 336

their sins not propagated 328

Anchitherium, the three-toed horse,... 237

Anderson on regeneration, #456

Andre, Major, 213

Andrews, E. Benj., on "church" as

prim of "churches," 496

Angelo, Michael, required to make an

ice-statue, 556

"Angel of the church " probably pas-
tor 226, 510

Angel of the Lord, passages relating to.

quoted and classified, 153

in Old Testament, the pro-incarnate

Logos, 153

in N. T. does not permit, in O. T. re-
quires, worship, 153

list of authorities on, 153

Angelology of Scripture not derived
from Babylonian or Persian sources, 224

"Angels' food," its meaning, 222

Angels, general statement respecting,. 221

good and evil, 221

scholastic subtleties regarding, 221

Dante on their creation and fall, 221

possibility of their existence inferable

from analogy, 221

doctrine of, modifies our conceptions

of the universe, 221

list of authors on general subject of, 221
Scriptural statements and intimations

regarding, 221

their nature and attributes, 221

are created beings, 221

are Incorporeal beings, 222

have no bodily organism, 222

without distinction of sex, 222

incapable of growth, age, or death... 222

are personal agents, 222

are possessed of superhuman yet fi-
nite power, 222

are distinct from and older than

man, 222

Fathers' opinion upon their creation. 222
not a personification of good and evil

principles, 222

Christ's testimony to their existence, 223
Paul's testimony to their existence, . 223

their number and organization, 223

are a great multitude, 223

are a company as distinguished from

a race 223

possess no common nature, 223

fell Individually, 223

are of various ranks and endowments, 223

have an organization, 224

their moral character, 225

were all created holy, 225

had a probation 225

some preserved their integrity, 225

some fell 225

the good are confirmed in good, 225

the evil are confirmed in evil, 225

revelation of God in Christ an object

of iuterest to, 225

Angels, good, employments of, 225

they worship God, 225

they rejoice in God's works, 225

they execute God's will In nature,— 226

they guide the affairs of nations, 226

they watch over interests of particu-
lar churches, 226

of the seven churches, meaning of the
designation, 228

Angels, they assist and protect individ-
ual believers, 226

guardian 228

they punish God's enemies 228

are ministers of Qod's special provi-
dence for moral ends, 228

appearances of, murk God's entrance
on new epochs of unfolding his

plans, 227

invisible, perhaps to prevent Idolatry, 237
their power exercised in accordance
with laws of spiritual and natural

world 227

may, perhaps, attract men to holiness, 227
their invisible presence not constant, 227
their appearances dependent on the

will of God, 227

objections to doctrine of 230

tree from laws of mutterund space,.. 231
alleged to be opposed to scientific
view of world as a system of defi-
nite forces and laws, 230

alleged to be to the doc-
trine of infinite space peopled with

worlds, 230

practical uses of the doctrine in gen-
eral, 232

given an enlarged idea of the divine

resources, 232

strengthens our faith in God's provi-
dence, 233

teaches us humility, 233

helps us in our struggles against sin,. 233
enlarges our conceptions of the dig-
nity of our being, 233

instances of appearances of, 233

Angels, evil, employments of, 227

they oppose God, 227

hinder man's welfare, 228

execute, in spite of themselves, God's

plans, 229

power of, over men, not Independent

of the human will, 230

power of, limited by permissive will

of God, 230

objections to doctrine of, 231

their full self-contradictory? 231

they probably had a period of proba-
tion, 223

no sulvution for, perhaps on account
of absence of common nature which

Christ could take 223

uses of the doctrine, 233

illustrates the nature of sin, 233

inspires a salutury feur 233

shuts us up to Christ, 233

teaches us salvation is wholly of grace, 233

Anger, a duty of man, 139

Animal characteristics in man, 224

Annihilation, of wicked, does not satis-
fy our moral sense, 557

does not permit of degrees of punish-
ment 557

Annihilation, at death, disproved by

terms which seemingly teach, em-
ployed in connections where they

cannot bear this meaning 559

disproved by words used to describe

the place of departed spirits 560

terms and phrases adduced to prove,
metaphorical and merely language

of appearance, 580

advocates of, 582

at death, inconsistent with degrees in

future punishment, 588

as the result of the gradual weaken-
ing and extinction of sinful powers,

doctrine of, 589

objections to this theory 589

Bu9hnell's view of, 589

Dorner's view of, 589

theory that it follows positive punish-
ment after death 589

Justin Martyr's theory of, 589

Edward White's theory of, 589

Annihilation of infants, Emmons on,.. 320

Annlhilationism, old, 588

authors who maintain the old view of, 588
Annihilationist view of the nvtvpa as
lost in the fall and restored in

Christ, 247

Anselm of Canterbury, 23, 407

his form of the anthropological ar-
gument, 48

examined, 49

objections to 49

leads only to an ideal conclusion, 49

his idea concerning lost angels, 223

a dichotoinist, 247

on human nature in Adam, 323

on the sin of Adam as a person and as

a man, 336

on Christ's growth in wisdom, 365

on Christ's state of humiliation, 382

his "Cur Deus Homo" characterized, 408

his theory of atonement, 407

advocates of, 408

objections to, 408

its origin in exaggerated notions of

regal dignity 409

It limits atonement to the elect, 409

on Justification, 471

"Answer [interrogation] of a good con-
science," phrase examined, 455

Answers decreed to prayer, 179

Ant, according to Lubbock, next to man

in Intelligence, 236

Anthropology, 234

in theology, what? 45

Anthropological method of theology,.. 27

Anthropological argument, 45

an application to man of the cosmo-
logical and teleological arguments, 45

its defects, 47

Its value, 47

Anthropological argument, most im-
portant among arguments for exist-
ence of God, 47

a development of our intuitive idea

of God 47

Anthropomorphic representations of

God, 124

Anthropomorphism, 83,120

"Anthropomorphism, inverse," 286

Anthropomorphism repressed by con-
nected declarations, 120

Anthropomorphites, 267

Antichrist, its meaning, 670

the personal, his power restrained

during millennium, 570

"Anticipative consequence," 363

"Anticipative consequences," 199

Antigone, her expiation, 419

Antinomianlsm, 487

Antiquity of race, relation of Bible to, 106
Anti-trinltariunism leads to pantheism, 168
Apocalypse, no exegete has yet found

key to, 574

Apocrypha, 60

excluded by Mellto, 74

teaches that aims make atonement for

sin, 481

Apocryphal New Testament, 60

Apollinaris, 862

Apolltnarian view of a trichotomy in

the person of Christ 247

Apollinarians, their views on the person

of Christ, 862

their mistake a fondness for the Pla-
tonic trichotomy,.. 363

the Logos with them an eternal, arch-
etypal man, 362

destroy the symmetry of Christ, 362

Apollinarianism denies that Christ be-
came man, 862

was a reaction against Arian theory
of two finite souls in one Christ,. . 362

Justin Martyr inclined to, 382

Apollos probable author of Hebrews,.. 75

Apologies of Justin Martyr, 73

Apostasy, man's state of, 273

Apostasy of outwardly reformed, in-
stances of, 493

apparent, of regenerate, cases of tem-
porary sin, 493

of saint, apostasy forever,.. 493

A pmtcrinrt argument cannot demon-
strate the existence of the Infinite, 36
A posteriori, Descartes' form of the

ontological argument, 48

Apostle, qualifications of an, 507

Apostles claim to speak by the prom-
ised Spirit and put their writings on
a level with Old Testament Scrip-
tures, 96

received from Jesus promises like
those made to Old Testament
prophets, 96

Apostles, reasons for believing that they

were baptized, 547

Apostolic Fathers witness to genuine-
ness of New Testament, 74

Apotckimaticum, genu*, 870

Appetites, how subdued in regeneration. 446
Appleton on Providence as founded on

divine benevolence, 211

Application of Redemption, 426

its three stages, 426

in its preparation, 426

in its actual beginning, 436

in its continuation, 483

Appropriation as an element of identi-
ty 580

Approximation of Calvlnistle and Ar-

mintan views of will, 177

A priori argument for divine exist-
ence, 48

A priori argument for God's existence
conducts to an abstract proposition,

not to a real being, 36

A priori judgments are not simply

"regulative," 6

A priori reasons for expecting a reve-
lation from God, 58, 59

Aprons of fig-leaves, man's, before

God's coats of skin, 481

Aptness and ableness distinguished by

Hooker, «8

Aquinas, Thomas, 23

on the essence of sin, 293

his explanation of imputation of sin

to third and fourth generation, 336

on Christ's preaching to the dead, ... 386
his query, was Christ slain by himself

or by another? 407

on union of believer with Christ, 409

Arbitrium, 288

Archangel, only one in Scripture 223

Argument tvl homtnem in Scripture, .. 109
Argument does not furnish us all we

know of God, 36

Argument for resurrection, Christ's

suppressed premise in, 109

Argument of Descartes distinguished

from that of Anselm, 48

Arguments for God's existence, merely
efforts of the mind to give a formal

account of a prior conviction, 39

purpose served by, 80

not a bridge, but guys to support the

suspension-bridge of Intuition, 50

Argyll, Duke of, on savagery and civi-
lization as both results of evolution, 270
Arianism, statement of, and list of au-
thorities on, 159

Arian theory opposed to Scripture,— 159

misinterprets Scripture, 361, 362

a reaction from Sabellianism, 362

Arlans, their view regarding the Logos, 361
mistook a temporary for an original
and permanent inequality, 381

Arians held a generation In time and

subordination of the Son 862

Aristotle quoted, 21

his relation to Scholasticism, 23

his view of morality, 88

on science of the unique impossible,. 118

on life, 121

on one God under many names 125

a crcatianist, 250

on sin, 301

his definition of friends 442

on man's dependence on God, 450

on death, 657

Ariusand bis views, 159,301, 362

Armada, Spanish 218

Arminian and Calvinistic views of will,

close approximation of 177

Arminianism, its conception of free-
dom, 177

theory of imputation, 314

Wesley's modifications of, - 314

objections to 815

extra-Scriptural 315

contradicts Scripture, 316

Dorner on 316, 442

order of salvation, 316

rests on false philosophical principles, 317
renders uncertain universality of sin, 317
renders uncertain man'sresponsibility

for depravity, 317

makes man a mere tangent to divine

circle, 442

Arminians and Calvinlsts pray and sing

alike, 181

Arminians, some, deny absolute divine

foreknowledge 134

Armtnius 25, 314

his view of Adamic unity of race, 314

expounders of his system, 314

Arnold, Matthew, on religion, 12

on the God of the Hebrew Scriptures, 122

Arnold, Dr. Thomas, of Hugby, 68

quoted on the mythical theory, 79

his teachings contrasted withMatthew

Arnold's, his son, 100

his opinion on the book of Revelation, 112

on a sense of moral evil, 287

on expecting to succeed, 490

Arnold, Albert N., on the steps of de-
parture from Scriptural precedent, 548

on errors of Pedobaptists, 549

on objections to strict communion,.. 652

Arnot, on death's new name, 854

Arrangement of theological facts not

optional, 2

Arrangement of topics in a theological

system 27

Art prophetic of the future, 576

Art, rude, often debasement of a higher, 271
Art, rudest, may coexist with the high-
est, 271

Aryan and Semitic languages, relations
between, list of authorities on 240

Ascension of Christ, 386

relation of humanity to Logos in, 386

Asceticism absurd, 290

Aseity, the divine, what? 123

does not belong only to Father, 166

Asia, cradle of European nations, 239

Aspirations imply a sphere for their

gratification 556

Assembly, Old School General, its ac-
tion in relation to observance of the

Lord's Supper, 548

Atwtiwia, an element in faith, 465

Association, natural tendency to, C. H.

M. on 499

Assumption in Paul's reasoning in Rom.
5 :12-19, explicated in Augustinian

theory of depravity, 331

Assurance of faith, 466

its ground, 468

doctrine of, to be guarded from mys-
ticism, 469

Assurance of salvation, founded on con-
sciousness of union with Christ, 447

our duty, 447

Assyrian accounts of creation, Sabbath

in, 201

"Asymptote of God," man the 291

Athanasiun creed, 159

AthanusiuB' comparison of Trinity 167

view of Christ's death as due to God, 408
Atmosphere, according to some, abode

of angelic spirits, 231

Atom, materialistic view of 54

Atomism i9 egotistic, 339

Atomistic view of human nature, 313

Atoms, as "manufactured articles,"... 184

Atonement as ab intra 141

a divine self-oblation, 141

according to "pattern on high," 141

Atonement, doctrine of, 890

Scriptural representations of, 390

described in Scripture by moral anal-
ogies, 390

a provision originating in God's love, 390-

an example of disinterested love, 391

described in Scripture by commercial

analogies, 391

a ransom, 391

described in Scripture by legal anal-
ogies, 391

an act of obedience to law, 391

a penalty borne, 391

an exhibition of God's righteousness. 33Z
described in Scripture by sacrificial

analogies, 392

a work of priestly mediation, 392

a sin-offering, 392

a propitiation, 392 *

a substitution, 393

not offering of a feast to Deity 393

not a symbol of renewed fellowship,. 394
not an offering of life and being of
worshiper 394
Atonement, theories of, 397

Example theory of 397

objeetions to, 398

Soclnian theory of 397

objections to, 398

founded on false philosophical prin-
ciples, 398

its origin and tendency, 398

contradictory to fundamental Scrip-
tural teachings,-. 398

furnishes no explanation of the suf-
ferings and death of Christ, 399

imperfect in influence, 399

Bushnellian or Moral-influencetheory

of, 400

embraces a valuable element of truth, 401

objections to, 401

primarily an offering to God, 401

necessary to satisfy God's justice, 401

priestly and judicial, 403

limits its influence, 402

Grotian, or Governmental theory of, 403

contains an element of truth, 403

objections to, 403

allied to Example and Moral-influence

theories, 403

leads to idea that nothing is good in

itself, 404

leads to doctrine of indulgences and

supererogation, 404

not a mere scenic representation, — 404
Irvingian theory or theory of grad-
ually extirpated depravity, 405

embraces an important truth, 406

objections to, 406

Anselmic, or Commercial theory of,.. 407
superseded the patristic or military

theory of, 408

theories of its relation to Satan, 408

objections to Anselmic theory of, 408

"criminal theory "of, 409

does not duly emphasize union of be-
liever with Christ, 409

limited by Anselm and Augustine to

the elect,. 409

Komanist in tendency, 409

Ethical theory of, 409

furnishes solution of two problems,.. 409
tells us what was the object of Christ's

death 409

tells us what it accomplished, 409

tells us what were the means used in

its accomplishment, 409

tells us how Christ could justly die,409

/an ethical principle In divine nature
demands It, 410

an ethical need of man's nature de-
mands it, 410

security of interests of divine gov-
ernment a subordinate result of,..- 410
provision for human needs a subor-
dinate result of 410

primarily a necessity to God, 411

Atonoment, divine self-substitution in, 411
how God can Justly demand satisfac-
tion In, 413

how Christ can justly make satisfac-
tion in, 413

as related to humanity in Christ, 412

truth in llushuell's theory of, 414

Campbell's theory of, the truth in 414

its retroactive influence on Christ's

humanity, 416

Ethical theory of, philosophically cor-
rect 416

combines all valuable elements in

other theories, 417

holds the necessity of atonement aris-
ing from immanent holiness of God, 417
most satisfactory explanation of how
demands of holiness are met by work

of Christ, 417

explainssacriflcialritesand language, 417
gives proper placo to death of Christ, 417
best explanation of sufferings of

Christ, 417

satisfies ethical demand of human nat-
ure, 417

highest exhibition of God's love, 418

objections to, 418

doctrine of, not immoral, 420

faith in. its Influence, 420

Christ's, not complete since it requires

faith; this objection answered, 420

only ground of acceptance with God, 421
main outlines of, given in Scripture,.. 421
our Ignorance of Its method, Uutler

and Stearns on, 421

Illustrated by amnesty 421

compared to bread, 421

saves though accepter knows not how, 421

Atonement, extent of, 421

unlimited, 421

in what sense for all, 421

application of, limited 421

passages which assert Christ's death is

for all 421

passages which assert a special effica-
cy in case of the elect, 421

secures for all men delay in execution

of sentence against sin, 423

secures continuance of the common

blessings of life, 423

has made objective provision for the

salvation of all 422

has procured for all men Incentives
to repentance and the agency of

church and Spirit, 423

compared to sun and rain, 422

work of, distinguished from applica-
tion of, 422

sufferings of Christ in, no more if all

were saved, 422

justice in, permits but does not re-
quire sinner's discharge, 422

limited, Owen on, 422
Atonement, limited, advocates of. 422

universal, advocates of, 422

Attribute, its synonyms, 115

Attributes, divine, see God

Attributes of mind being blither than
those of matter, the substance of
the one higher than that of the

other, 52

Attributes, definition of divine, 115

have an objective existence 118

how related to essence 116

inhere in divine essence, 118

belouff to divine essence as such, 117

manifest divine essence, 117

rational method of determining the,. 118
Biblical method of determining the,. 118

classification of the 118, 119

absolute or immanent, 119,120-130

involved In spirituality, 120

involved In Infinity 122

Involve/! In perfection, 125

relative or transitive, 119,130-140

having relation to time and space, ... 130

having relation to creation, 132

having relation to moral beings, 137

their rank and relation, 140

moral, relation to natural, 140

holiness, fundamental, 140

divine, to give up, Is to give up divine

substance, 380

Immanent involve the relative, 381

Auerbaeh, tendency of his writings, ... 484

Augustine, on rest in God, 46

on definition of Trinity 187

his analogue of Trinity, 167

a trnducian, 252

reasons why he wavered iu his tradu-

cianism, 253

on the sinfulness of a mere capacity

for good or evil 285

his teaching as to Adam's unfallen

state, 266

on Adam's Intellect, 268

the dying, and the 32nd Psalm 287

on will being the man himself, 288

on the essence of sin, 293

on virtues of the heathen, 294

on human nature, 311

on our relation to Adam, 328

his double view of Adam, 329

recognized free personal decision, 329

on Imputation of sins of immediate

ancestors, 838

on the seed sown without husks pro-
ducing husks 337

on Ezekiel 18, 337

view that the corrupt tree of man's
nature may produce the wild fruit

of morality, 338

on Christ's preaching to the dead, — 386

on why God does not teach all 1 431

on divine choice to faith, . 431

limits atonement to the elect, 499

Augustine, on post mortem punishment

for believers, 585

Augustinlan theory of original sin, 328

of depravity 328

Aurignae Cave, its evidence doubtful,. 272

Austin's definition of law, 273

his defective view of law of nature, . 274

on Hooker's description of law, 274

on Ulpian's explanation of law of na-
ture, 274

Australian languages resemble those of

Eastern and Southern Asia 240

Automatic activity, 283

"Automatic excellence or badness,"

Baymond on, 321

Avarice, what? 293

Avatars, Hindu 89

Christ's incarnation unlike, 379

Average moral life a failure, 279

Ayat of the Koran, what? 103

Baader, von, quoted 14

Baalim 152

Babylon, the mystical, significance of

its destruction, 571

Bacon, Lord, on the dangers of " a little

philosophy," 39

on prophecy, 68

on Adam's sin 128

on "the sparkle of the purity of man's

first estate," 261

rcgula cnim legem itidieat, non statuiU 275
on conquering nature by obedience,. 278
on dealings of God with spirits as not

included in nature, 281

on revenge, 353

BHhr's theory of atonement, 394

Baird, Samuel J., 28

on the fall, 303

on Edwards, , 819

on law as addressing nature, 320

on punishment implying desert, 321

on the Federal theory, 325

on imputation of sin of immediate

ancestors, 336

Baldwin, C. J., on "Adam, where art

thou?" 307

on potency of divine love in atone-
ment, 405

Balaam Inspired, yet unholy, 100

Bancroft, Bishop, the first to claim di-
vine right of Episcopacy, 500

Baptism, and Lord's Supper, monu-
ments of historical facts 77

in formula of, Christ's name associa-
ted with that of God on footing of

equality, 148

its influence according to the Church

of Bome, 267

of Jesus, its import, 415, 528

Christian, definition of 520

an ordinance of Christ, 520

instituted by Christ, 520

of universal and perpetual obligation, 521

Baptism, of John, not likely to have
been borrowed by Jew from Christ-
ian, - 521

of John, an adaptation of an old Jew-
ish rite, 621

of John, recognized by Christ as from
heaven, 521

of John, Christ's submission to, 521

of John, essentially Christian bap-
tism, 521

of John and baptism of apostles, only
difference between, 521

proselyte, authors who deny its ex-
istence amonii Jews before time of
John, 621

proselyte, authors who assert its ex-
istence among Jews before time of
John, 521

its practice continued by Christ,
through his disciples, 521

its analogy to Lord's Supper evidence
of its continuaneeto Christ'ssecond
coming, 522

no evidence of its limitation or re-
peal, 622

Baptism, its mode, immersion, 522

N. T. circumstances which attended
prove it immersion, 524

of Holy Spirit, its meaning, 524

figurative allusions to, prove it to
have been immersion, 524

doctrine and practice of, in Greek
church, 525

mode of, according to Westminister
Assembly, _ 525

by aspersion, occasionally practised
early in post-apostolic period 525

clinic, in time of Xovatian, 525

mode of, according to Prayer-book of
Edward VI, 525

mode of, according to Salisbury use,. 525

affusion in, according to English
church only for weak, 525

sprinkling in, never sanctioned by
English church, 525

of early Church, immersion, 525

list of authors on, 526

Its law fundamental and therefore un-
alterable save by the Lawgiver, 528

for church to modify its law implies
unwisdom in the lawgiver, 526

as immersion, the only adequate sym-
bol of Gospel truths, 526

any change in Its mode vacates ordi-
nance of its symbolic meaning, 626

its observance by immersion, objec-
tions replied to, 527

if Impracticable, no duty, 527

seldom dangerous, 527

if dangerous, no duty, 527

by immersion, not indecent, 527

as a symbol of death, may be exj>ected
to involve some inconvenience, — 527

Baptism, unscriptural methods of its
administration, divine blessing on,

not divine sanction, 627

Baptism, its symbolism, 527

a symbol of the death and resurrec-
tion of Christ, 527

a symbol of the purpose of Christ's

death and resurrection, 527

a symbol of the believer's death to sin
and resurrection to spiritual life, .. 527

a symbol of union with Christ, 528

a symbol of the union of all believers

in Christ, 528

a symbol of the death and resurrec-
tion of the body, 528

its central truth the death and resur-
rection of Christ, 628

Christ's, at the hands of John, its sym-
bolism, 528

a symbol of sufferings and death, be-
cause a complete submersion, 528

of rej>entance, Christ's submission to,

how explained, 415, 416, 528

Christ's, In what sense a fulfilment of

righteousnesss, 529

Christ's, preflgurative of what? 529

Christian, to what it refers back, 529

what is implied in its symbolism, 529

its meaning has become obscured by

a false mode of administration, 529

President Woolsey's views on, 529

symbolizes the method of Christian

purification, 529

and Lord's Supper, their related sym-
bolic reference to the Christian's

union with Christ, 629

nothing but immersion will satisfy

design of the ordinance, 530

destroyed, if its symbolic reference

be excluded, 530

a witness to the facts and doctrines

of Christianity, 530

a historical monument, 530

a pictorial expression of doctrine, 530

to change its form, a blow at Christi-
anity and Christ, 530

Ebrard's view of, 530

Oishausen's view of, 530

j Baptism, subjects of 530

j command and example of Christ and
his apostles as to subjects of bap-
tism, 580

its subjects determined from nature

of church, 531

its subjects determined from its sym-
bolism, 631

Dean Stanley on, 531

inferences from the fact that only re-
generate persons are its subjects, 531
if regenerate persons its subjects, can-
not be a means of regeneration, 531

the sign, but not the condition, of
forgiveness of sins, 631

Baptism, subjects of, how passages
which seem to tench baptismal re-
generation are to be explained,..... 531

relation of symbol and thing symbol-
ized in. Kendriek on, 632

view of Campbellites, 532

for remission of sins, list of authors
on, 532

High Church view of, authors on, ... 632

John the Baptist's view of, from Jo-
gephus, 532

primarily the act of the person bap-
tized, 532

no luck of qualification in adminis-
trator invalidates, 532

credible evidence of regeneration to
be required of candidate by church, 533

"the door into the church," the
phrase criticized, 533

first in point of time of all outward
duties, 533

should follow regeneration with the
least possible delay,.j 533

a candidate for, should not be en-
couraged to wait for others' com-
pany, 583

not to be repeated, 533

in what it differs from Lord's Sup-
per, 534

administered by a Campbellite, when
valid 534

its accessories matters of individual
judgment, 634

its formula, 534

arguments to show that its law is not
that of circumcision 537

water in, believed in third and fourth
centuries to be changed into blood
of Christ, 644

administered by heretics, Council of
Trent on, 546

of less importance than love, this

statement replied to, 552

Baptism, infant, 534

without warrant, 534

no express command for, 534

no clear example of, 535

passages supposed to imply it really
contain no reference to it, 535

contradicted by prerequisites of or-
dinance, 585

contradicted by Scriptural symbolism
of ordinance 535

contradicted by Scriptural constitu-
tion of church, 535

contradicted by prerequisites for par-
ticipation in Lord's Supper, 535

in Greek church tins led to infant
communion 535

to what its rise is due, 536

Xeander's view as to its origin, 688

"Teaching of Apostles" knows
nothing of, 536

Baptism. Infant, reasoning by which
supported unsound and dangerous, 530
supported by reasoning which as-
sumes power of church to abro-
gate or modify Christ's commands,. 536
supported by a vicious reasoning

from the Abrahamlc covenant, ... 536
supported by a vicious assumption
of an organic union between child

and parent, 536

lack of agreement among its sup-
porters, an argument against, 537

Its decline,... 537

Its evil effects, 537

forestalls the voluntary act of the

child baptized, 537

injurious as inducing confidence in

an outward rite, 538

infant, injurious as obscuring import-
ant Christian truths, 588

in England followed as a matter of

course by confirmation 538

its Influence in Germany, 538

as an obstacle to evangelical preach-
ing, 538

destroys spirituality of the church, 538
Injurious as putting in place of
Christ's command a command-
ment of men, 538

Baptismal Regeneration, 454, 531

Alexander Campbell, his views of,... 532

High Church views of.. 532

Robertson, F. W., his views of, 582

Baptist and Romanist positions, no halt-
ing place between, 538

Baptist apostolical succession unneces-
sary, 532

Baptist denomination, its progress in
England and America contrasted,.. 552

Baptist theology, 25

Baptisteries, natural and artificial, 534

Baptists, English, 661

the views of a portion on communion, 548

Baptists, Free Will 551

their views on communion, 548

admit the unbaptlzed to communion

but not to membership 552

convention of, thelraction as to mem-
bership of Pedobaptists, 552

Baptists, High Church, their anxieties

and efforts, 532

Baptists, their unity maintained with-
out episcopal or presbyterial organ-
ization, 60»

Baptize, the command to, a command

to immerse, 622

used with it>, 524

used with €« 524

never used in passive voice with M wa-
ter," 524

Baptized members of Pedobaptist
churches, why excluded from com-
munion? 552

Barn in Gen. 1: 27, id, may mean medi-
ate creation, or creation by law, 192

Barbarism, recovered from only

through outward influences, 270

probably a broken-down civilization, 271

Bardesanes of Edessa, 189

Baring-Gould, theory of atonement,.. 383
Barnabas, in what sense an apostle, — 807
Bartlett, exposition of 1 Pet. 3:18-20, .. 886
on figurative force of certain Scrip-
ture terms relating to future state

of the wicked. 560

Basilides, quotes from John's Gospel,.. 75

a representative of dualism, 187

his view of the person of Christ, 361

his followers become Docetie, 361

Bastinn held spontaneous generation,.. 191

Baur's theory of origin of Gospels, 77

his statement of his theory 78

his dates of the gospels, -. 78

his theory examined, 78

his method would render history im-
possible, 78

he exaggerates apparent differences

in gospels, 78

his theory morally anomalous, 78

his theory fails to account for early

acceptance of gospels, 79

his admissions fatal to his theory, — 79

Baxter, Richard - 25

on man growing as a tree, 485

Beal on Buddhism and Nirvana, 87

Beast, blasphemy of, 571

Beautitudes respect dispositions, 285

"Became God " to make Christ suffer,

why? 411

Bee, working, its origin from queen-
bee and drone inexplicable, 286

an example of unconscious finality,.. 44
Beeeher, Edward, on pree'xistence of

human soul, 248

his view of baptism as purification,.. 529
Beeeher, H.W., on miracles as midwives

of great moral truths, 65

bis definition of holiness, 128

his inaccurate view of Chrlsfs hu-
manity, 370

on " flesh " in John 1:14, 371

on punishment ceasing so soon as it

ceases to do good, 594

Beeeher, Lyman, his views of regene-
ration, 452

how he met perfectionism, 490

Begun existence must have a cause,... 40
Beings, the highest, need most tending, 485

Bel and the Dragon, 60

Believe, how to, no man can teach an-
other, 483

Believers, in them the " old man " grad-
ually dies 484

their souls at death enter into pres-
ence of Christ, 563

spirits of departed, are with God, 563

Believers, at death enter Paradise, 563

state after death preferable to present, 563

departed, alive and conscious, 563

their souls after death at rest and

blessed, 564

Bellamy, Joseph, 26

how related to New School theology, 318

his exorcise of pastoral authority, 511

Bellarmine, 25

on the difference between "imago"

wA" rtmllttwlo," 266

his idea of original righteousness, 266

Benediction founded on intercession,.. 423
Benedictions, apostolic, in them name
of Christ associated with that of

Father on footing of equality. 148

why " God " instead of " Father " in,. 148
Benevolence and love distinguished, .. 293

Bengel, his faith In the Bible, 105

on withholding wine from laity in

Lord's Supper, 540

his "continuous" interpretation of

Revelation, 570

Bentham on nature of virtue, 142

Berber language, Semitic in vocabulary

and Aryan in grammar, 240

Berkleyanism.Edwardsinclined to26,200,318
Berkeley, on the universe, God's con-
versation with His creatures, 217

Berkeley's idealism, 53, 55

Bernard on impossibility of burning out

"image of God " even in hell, 262

Bersier on " our neighbor," 380

Beryl of Arabia, his view of Trinity,..- 158

Bewumtsein = a " be-knowing," 35

Beza, Theodore, 24

his supralapsarlanism, 426

Bible, set aside by Roman Church, 18

the work of one mind 84

the mind that made it made the soul, 85
its silence on many questions about

which human writings deal, 85

its infinite depth of meaning points

to a divine origin, 86

"the word made flesh," 103

humanity of, a proof of its divinity,.. 103
errors in secular teachings do not ex-
ist In it, 105

its aim, 105

difficulties in, analogy between them
and the disorder and mystery in na-
ture, 105

insoluble difficulties in connection

therewith to be expected 105

difficulties in, many removed or less-
ened by time, 105

difficult to separate between its his-
toric and scientific, and its religious,

credibility, 105

explanation of seeming scientific er-
rors in, 105

permanent difficulties in, have a moral
intention, 105

Bibl \ apparent historical errors In,
often due to errors Id transcrip-
tion, 107

Its various readings, their number,

value, and probable origin, 107

or due to use of round numbers, — 107
or due to meagreness of narrative, .. 107
they are dissipated by increasing his-
torical and architolngfcol research, 108

alleged errors in morality, 108

sources of such allegations, 108, 109

alleged errors of reasoning in 100

alleged errors in quoting or interpret-
ing the O. T 110

alleged errors In prophecy, Ill

certain books of, said to be unworthy

of place in, Ill

ground of this statement, Ill, 112

portions of its books alleged to be
written by others than the persons

to whom ascribed, 112

introduction of a document Into its
historical books does not vouch for
statements contained in documents, 113
introduction into it of sceptical or

fictitious narratives, 113

defence of such Introductions, 113

contains illustrations, from human
experience, of struggles and needs

of the soul, 118

contains dramatic statements in which
are words of Satan and wicked men, 113

its variety a stimulus to inquiry, 113

contains disclaimers of inspiration,.. 113
misinterpretations on which this as-
sertion rests, 113

not primarily a book of poetry, 157

does it recognize other revelations

among the heathen? 359

speaks little of things not of immedi-
ate practical advantage, 387

Bible Commentary on the symbolism

of the tree of life, 802

Biedermann, 25

Binary stars, certain prophetic state-
ments compared to, 572

Birds, their creation on fifth day, 195

their ancestry, 195

they are sea-productions, 195

Birks. on creation from eternity,- 190

on the design of provision of human

body, 248

on the tree of knowledge of good

and evil, 805

on irnputatk) mUapliwica, 325

on original sin not doing awny with
significance of our personal trans-
gression, 348

Birth, no knowledge possessed at, 30

into kingdom, according to God's

will, 429

Christ in his, how related to maternal
body, 381

Bishop, ordaining, Episcopal qualifica-
tions of 508-

'Bishop,'' presbyter,' and 'pastor' des-
ignate same office and order 509

testimony of Jerome, 509

Dexter's argument on SO*

'Bishop,' the word indicates duties of

the pastor, SOB1

Black, on what constitutes a sufficient

antiquity, 508

Blake, William, his saying to Crabbe

Robinson, 382

Blanco White, Mozley on, 294, 591

Bledsoe's denial of created virtue or

vice, 265

Blessedness, what? 127

and glory contrasted, 127

Blind man, one or two, 108-

Blunt on emanation, 189

Boardman's comparison of Trinity,— 187
Bodies, new, of saints, confined to

place 58ft

Body, called by Scholastics "image of

God riyniflcativt," 267

first, if annihilated and a second cre-
ated, these bodies though informed

by same spirit not the same 578

the particles of one human, may Ikv
eome incorporated with the bodies

of mnny others, 578

human, why given? 248

immortality of, described by Egyp-
tians, 561

not essential to activity and conscious-
ness 564

of man, honorable, 247

same, though changed annually, 579

a "flowing organism," 579

a normal part of man's being, at once

Scriptural and philosophical, 589

Christ's glorified, Ebrard's specula-
tions on 580

spiritual, as evolved by will, 580

Boehme, Jacob, on the infinity of God, 123
on intestinal canal a result of the fall, 268
Boethius. definition of personality, 122, 377

"Bond-servant of sin," what? 258

Book may be called by name of chief

author, 112

Book of Mormon, 69

of Enoch, its date, 89

of Judges, its silence on Mosaic ritual

explained 81

Books of O. T. quoted by Jesus 96

of N. T. acknowledged in second cen-
tury, 72

Books written by "laws of spelling and

grammar?" 43

Borgia, Civsar, 292

Bossuet, 25

bis description of heathendom, 292

Boston, Thomas, 26

Bourdaloue, anecdote of, 484

Bowne on "geographers or the divine

nature," 8

on "ethical trust in the infinite," 34

on "the experience-philosophy," 85

on reason as never asking a cause for

mere being, 40

on the possibility of an odor and a
flavor constituting the yellow color

of an orange, 54

on personality, 68

his phenomenalism = objective ideal-
ism, •SS

his theory differs from Berkeley's, 68

his conception of space, 65

on finite things as modes of infinite,. 132

on heredity, 251

on freedom, 259

on the ground of an event, 437

Brace on the effect of Christianity on

society, 93

Brahma, that of which all things are a

manifestation, 87

Brahmanism, pantheistic, 55

its date, 87

its nature, 87

Bread in Lord's Supper expressive of

unity, 542

Bread of life, transforms me, not I it,. 542

Breckinridge, B. J., 26

Brethren, Plymouth, their doctrines,.. 499

Bretschneider, 24

on "image of God," 267

Bride-catching not primeval, 270

"Brimstone and fire," Shedd on, 698

Brougham's examination of Clarke's

argument, 48

Brown, Dr. J., on mystery of permission

of moral evil, 181

Browning, Bobert, on right, 129

on " God the perfect poet," 197

a trlchotomist, 247

on nil that "mark God's verdict in

determinable words," 280

his expression "healing in God's shad-
ow," in what sense true, 354

Bruce on "redemption by sample," 406

Bruch and Austin on rewards, 189

Brute, the, has no personality, 121

is not self-conscious, 235

cannot objectify self, 235

has no concepts, 235

has no language, 235

forms no judgments, . 236

has no reasoning, 235

association of ideas typical process of

brute mind, 235

has no general ideas or intuitions, 235

has no conscience, 235

has no religious nature, 235

has no self-determination, 235

lives wholly in present, 235

wholly submerged in nature, 235

cannot choose between motives, 235

Brute, the, obeys motives, 235

Brutes, from immateriality of their

minds, their immortality argued,... 666
Brycnnios' date for "Teaching of the

Twelve Apostles," 536

Buckle's theory of history, 218

Buddeus, 24

his definition of holiness criticised,

128, 129

Buddha, his date, 87

meaning of the name, 87

a reformer, 87

compared with Christ 87

Buddhism, its nature, 87

triad of, 170

essentially pessimistic, 200

Buddhist proverb on law,. _ 281

Btlchner, a materialist, 52

"Buncombe," 10

Bunker Hill, no battle there at all 107

Bunsen on Asiatic origin of North

American Indians, 239

Bunyan, John, 25

on words but " holding the truth,".. 160
his story of Christian's release from

his burden, 405

his church, its history 548

Burgesse on Imputation of sin of imme-
diate ancestors, 336

on the transmlssiblllty of original sin
and non-transmissiblllty of personal

excellence, 337

Burial of food and weapons with the
dead proves faith in spiritual being

and future state, 272

Burke, Edmund, on human laws as only

declaratory, 275

Burke on the number of human races,. 241

Burnet, Gilbert, 26

Burnt-offering, its character, 896

Burton, Prof. E. D., on the Vedas and

creation, 185

Burton N. 8., on law and divine inter-
vention, referred to, 282

on union with ChriBt, symbolized in

baptism, 528

Bushnell on nature and the supernat-
ural, 14

on character of Christ, 90

on rlghteousucss and benevolence,... 116

his definition of holiness, 12»

verges toward Sabellianism, 158

on the Logos, 162

on sacrifice, replied to, 397

on atonement, 400

his modification of his views, 400

on Mat. 8 :17,. 402

his change of front in later writings, 402
his view of character of child in char-
acter of parent as seed in capsule,.. 536

on "sensibleexperiences," 537

his enumeration of grounds on which
infant baptism is supported, 537

Bushncll denies hereditary guilt yet

mufntains hereditary holiness, 687

suggests a form of annlbilationism,.. 589

on "one trial better than many," 591

Butler, Bishop, 18

quoted, on reason, 16

his doctrine of conscience helpful to

theology, 18

on probable evidence, 89

discoverer of supremacy of con-
science, 46

on possibility of a priori conjectures
as to how a divine revelation may

be given,,. 80

on the mystery of Christ's satisfac-
tion, 421

believed in brute immortality, 555

Buttmann on ivri, 891

Byron on "'Tis something better not to

be." 200

on the impossibility of exorcizing
from "the unbounded spirit the

quick sense of its own sins," 587

Byzantine and Italian painters, their

dominant ideas in portraying Christ, 366
Cabanls' remark that brain secretes

thought as liver bile, 52

Ctesar, the unifier of the Latin West, 880
his words on crossing the Rubicon, .. 586
"Caged-eagle theory" of man's exist-
ence, 290

Calaphas inspired, yet unholy 100

Cain, his marriage, 239

his fear, 289

Calderwood, his illustration of the office

of reason by the "blazed" path 16

his view of Clarke's and Gillespie's ar-
gument, 48

on ground of moral obligation, 143

his Inaccurate definition of con-
science, 255

on facts only pointing to termination

of physical existence, 358

Callxtus, and his analytic method in

systematic theology, 23, 24, 27

Calling logically subsequent to Redemp-
tion,: 428

its nature, 434

effectual, A. A. Hodge on, 437

Call, made to Individuals, 429

the general or external, 434

its sincerity, 435

the special, or efficacious, 435, 436

Call to ministry, candidate should be

assured of, 513

of candidate for ordination, church

should be assured of, 513

Calovius, 24

his definition of God, 29

Calvinism, great religious movements

have originated in, 181

advocacy of civil liberty connected
with, 181

Calvinistlc and Arminian views of the

will, approximation of, 177

Calvin, John, 23, 24

on Satan as a theologian, 20

on the " indelible sense of divinity,". 30

on preservation, 207

on impiety of not being satisfied with
being made after similitude of God, 261

on the essence of sin, 293

on imputation of the first sin, 323

an Augustinlan and realist, 329

On men guilty through their own

fault, 346

on regeneration coming through par-
ticipation In Christ, 488

on union with Christ, 447

on 1 Tim. 5:17, 509

on withholding wine in Lord's Supper

from laity, 540

how he differed from Luther on .

Lord's Supper, 548

how he differed from Zwinglc, 546

his motto, 569

on seeds of hell in the hearts of the

wicked, 587

on the justice of punishing everlast-
ing sin everlastingly, 598

Cambridge Platform, Inadequate, 516

Campbell, his distinction between origin

of moral and physical laws, 275

on two regions of divine self-mani-
festation, 282

on atonement, 400

his view of atonement examined, 402

his theory of atonement, the truth in, 414
Canaan, his children visited on account

of his sins, 838

Cannibalism not primeval according to

Lubbock, 270

Canon, what? 72

doctrine of, 72

of Marcion, 73

Canus, Melchior, 25

Capacity for good or evil, a simple, a sin, 265
Careless, the, are to be awakened by

presentation of claims of God's law, 483
Carlstadt's opinion as to administration

of Lord's Supper, 541

Carlyle on "an absentee God," 204

variations In his teaching, 291

Froude's opinion of, 291

disgusted with his heroes before biog-
raphies finished, 297

on Coleridge, 486

Carman, A. S., on divine knowledge
caused from eternity by something

In time 174

on Edwards' view of continuous cre-
ation, 20S

"Carnal mind," its meaning, — 290

Caro's sarcasm, 56

Carthage, third Council of, recognizes
Hebrews, 75
Carthage, Synod of, condemns Pelagius, 310
Casket (symbol) must be heeded, If gem
(truth symbolized) would not be lost, 530

Caste, what? 87

Christianity, the foe of, 601 |

Casualism, 212

Casuistry, often unseriptural In Its dis-
tinctions, 347

Catacombs, the, 02

character of the excavations, 93

Encyclopedia Britannica on 92

many paintings in them of late date,. 92
Northcote's estimate of their extent, 92
DeMarchi's estimate of their extent.. 92
Hawlinson's estimate of their extent, 92
bottles of eucharlstic wine found in,. 92
Catechism, Roman, its teaching on the
gift added to original righteousness.
oriQinalis jmtitirv dimum adrftilit, ... 266
Catechism, Westminister Assembly's,

on decrees, 176

on infant baptism, 538

Catullus on deuth, 557

Causality, its law denned, 40

its principle does not require neces-
sarily a first cause, 41

Cawta mi, 41

Causation, free, involvesacting without

means, 62

in man's will, leads him to see more
than mere antecedence and conse-
quence in external phenomena, 273

Cause and effect, their simultaneity,
how reconciled with idea of time,.. 437

their simultaneity, Hazard on, 437

Cause, equivalent to " requisite," 23

an infinite, cannot be Inferred from a

finite universe, 41

efficient, gives place to final, 63

various definitions of, 450

determines the indeterminate, xxix, 450

Causes, Aristotle's four, 23

formal, 23

material, 23

efficient 23

final, 23

Causes, an infinite series of, does not re-
quire a beginning or a cause of it-
self, 41

Celsus on the impossibility of one sys-
tem of religion for different peo-
ples, 93

Ceremonial rites, imply ceremonial

qualifications, 551

Certainty not necessity, 178

Chalcedon symbol on Mary as " mother

of God," 362, 370

its date 362, 363

its formula with a single exception

negative, 363

it condemned Eutychianlsm 362

promulgated orthodox doctrine, 363

Chaldean monarchy, its date, 107

Chalmers, Thomas, 26

his anthropological method in theolo-
gy, 27

on ground of moral obligation, 143

on 2 Peter, 3, 586

Chamler, 24

Chauce, in what sense terra allowable,. 212
in what sense not inconsistent with

providence, 212

as a name for human ignorance, 212

as absence of causal connection, 212

as undestgning cause, 212

Janet on, 212

Chances, not of equal importance 212

Change, orderly, requires intelligent

cause, 42

Channing, on Christ as more than hu-
man, 868

Character, wholesomely affected by

systematic truth, 9

changed, rather than expressed, by

some actions, 177

what it is, 257, 312

how a man can change his, 258

Harris on 260

what a man will grant as to his own,. 297
extent of responsibility for, accord-
ing to Raymond, 317

sinning makes for itself a, 591

sinful, renders certain continuance in

sinful action 591

dependent on habit 596

Charles the Fifth, Illustration of humili-
ation of Christ from his abdication, 383

Charnock on the divine essence, 116

on will, 178

Chastisement distinguished from pun-
ishment, 351, 418

Chemnitz, 24

on human nature in Christ, 377

Cherubim, their significance 224

never found with angels, 224

at the gates of Eden, 806

Child, and two oranges, 18

man, though a, not necessarily a bar-
barian, 271

unborn, has promise and potency of

spiritual manhood, 357

Children, individuality of, how best ex-
plained, 251

of Gehazi and others, visited with sins

of their fathers, 888

Chiliasts in every age since Christ as-
cended, 569

Chillingworth's maxim inaccurate, 12

Chillon, Prisoner of, used as an illustra-
tion, 583

Chinese religion, a survival of the pat-

riarchlcal family worship, 86

their history, its commencement,... 107
perhaps left primitive abodes while

language still monosyllabic, 240

proverb quoted, 297
Chltty, anecdote of 20

Choice, not creation, the office of will,. 259

what? according to New School 283

evil, uniformity of. Implies tendency

or determination, 821

of individuals to salvation. Scriptural

statements of, 428

God's, a matter of grace In eternity

past. Scriptural proofs of, 429

God has reasons for his, 432

Christ, the organ of external revelation, 8
his person and character historical

realities, 89

conception of, no sources open to
evangelists whence they might de-
rive it, 89

conception of, beyond human genius, 89

character of, Bushnell on, 90

descriptions of. their general accept-
ance a proof of actual existence, 90
if his person and character real, Chris-
tianity a revelation from God, 90

Mill on his life and sayings, 90

his testimony to himself, 91

expressly claims equality with God,.. 91

not an intentional deceiver, 91

not self-deceived 91

revealerof God's feelings, 128

the whole, present in each believer,.. 133
his divinity, some passages once re-
lied on as proving, now given up,.. 140
Old Testament descriptions are ap-
plied to him, 146

possesses attributes of God, 147, 367

undelegated works of God are attribu-
ted to, 147

receives honor and worship due only

to God, 148

his name associated with that of God

on footing of equality, 148

equality with God, expressly claimed

for him 149

»l noii Dcus, non tinnim 149

proofs of his divinity in certain

phrases applied to him, 149

his divinity corroborated by Christian

experience, 149, 368

his divinity exhibited In hymns and

prayers of church, 150

his divinity, passages which seem in-
consistent with, how to be regarded, 150

the perfect " image of God," 162

the centrifugal action of Deity, 183

and Spirit, characteristic differences

of their work 164

his Sonship eternal, 164

his Sonship unique, 184

if not God, cannot reveal God, 169

the orders of creation to be united in, 2il

his human soul, Dorner on, 251

his character convicts of sin 277

he is both the ideal and the way to the
ideal, 279

Christ, not law, the "perfect image"
of God, 282

his holiness. In what it consisted, 294

in Gethesemane felt for race, 339

believers not In, as to substance of
their souls, when atonement made,. 840

the life of, which makes us Christians,
the same which died and rose from
the grave 340

buinnn nature in, may have guilt

without depravity, 346

Christ, the person of. doctrine of, .. 360-3N)

historical survey of views respecting, 860

according to Ebinnites, as distinct
from Jesus, a preexisting hyposta-
sis, 361

a "moral person" according to Nesto-
rius, 362

his two natures 364

the reality of his humanity, 864

expressly called "a man," 364

his royal descent proved in genealogy
of Matthew, 864

the son of Abraham In Matthew's
genealogy, 364

a natural descendant of David, proved
in Luke's genealogy 364

the son of Adam in Luke's genealogy, 364

possessed essential elements of human
nature, 364

had the instincts and powers of a
normal and developed humanity, .. 394

subject to laws of human develop-
ment, 364

In twelfth year appears to enter on
consciousness of his divine Sonship, 364

suffered and died, 364

his death, according to Stroud, from a
broken heart, 364

only "seemed " to develop his human-
ity, danger of such an explanation
of the phenomena, 365

said by Justin Martyr to have been an
apprentice to carpentry 865

lived a life of faith and prayer under
the self-chosen limitations of his hu-
miliation 365

dependent as we are on Scripture,
much of which was written for him, 395

"the prince and perfecter of our faith,"
as actually exercising it, 365

the Integrity of his humanity 305

his humanity not merely complete but
perfect, 365

was supernaturally conceived, 365

his birth "a creative act of God break-
ing through the chain of human
generation," 365

his birth, light thrown on it by science
which recognizes many methods of
propagation even in same species,.. 395

free, both from hereditary depravity
and from actual sin, 865

Christ, his freedom from an evil in-
clination on which temptation could
lay hold 385

his immaculate conception, 365

had he been only human nature, would
not have been sinless, 365

his divine life appropriates the human, 365

his incarnation corresponded to be-
liever's regeneration, 365

his assumption of human nature of
such a kind that, without sin, it bore
the consequences of sin 365

if pure from sin and tendency to sin,
how open to temptation? 365

tempted as Adam was, 365

not omniscient in temptation, 365

had keenest susceptibility to innocent
desire 365

and to fear, 366

in and after his scenes of temptation
never prays for forgiveness, 366

possessed ideal human nature, 366

had no perfection of physical form,.. 366

took our average humanity, — 366

sometimes appearing prematurely
aged 366

sometimes revealing an attractive and
awful grace 366

perhaps illustrating at different times
the ideas of the Byzantine and of the
Italian painters, 366

the spirituality of his human nature
perfect, 366

united in himself the excellencies of
every temperament, nationality,and
character, 366

passively innocent yet positively holy, 366

so loveable that "love can never love
too much," 360

his nature the basis of ethics and the-
ology, 366

his nature not a natural but a miracu-
lous product, 368

his human nature impersonal prior to
its union with the divine nature,... 366

finds its personality in union with the
divine nature, 366

had no consciousness or will apart
from personality of the Logos, 366

was not taken into union by the divine
nature as an already developed per-
son, 367

not two persons in, a human person
and a divine, 367

his human nature capable of self-com-
munication, 367

makes him spiritual head of a new
race, 367

makes him a vine-man, 367

this new race propagated after analo-
gy of old, 367

this new relationship to be preferred
to old natural ancestry, 367

Christ, his deity in relation to his earth-
ly ministry, 367

instances in which he possessed a con-
sciousness of deity, 387

instances in which he exercised divine
attributes and prerogatives, 387

there were in him a knowledge and a
power which belong only to God,.. 868

the exhibitions of deity in his human
life have elicited testimonies that he

was more than man 888

his deity recognized by Christian ex-
perience 368

has elevated the conception of obild-
hood and womanhood and of human
life in general 368

his humanity, neglect of the fact of,
has led to the acceptance of such
substitutes as mariolatry, saint-in-
vocation, and the "real-presence" 368
Christ, union of two natures in one
person, 368

possesses a perfect divine and a
perfect human nature 368

the two natures in, united by a bond
unique and inscrutable 388

though possessed of two natures, is a
single undivided personality 368

possessed of a single consciousness
and will, 368

uniformly speaks of himself, and Is
spoken of, as a single person, 368

attributes of both his natures inter-
changably ascribed to one person,.. 389

infinite value of his atonement and
of the union of race with God in
him founded on union of two na-
tures in one personality, 869

his undivided personality recognized
by u niversalChristian consciousness, 369

in him neither contraction of divini-
ty or humanity 370

Lutheran doctrine of a communion
of natures In, 370

modern misrepresentations of the
union of the natures in 370

his humanity not a contracted and
metamorphosed Deity, 370

his humanity, Gess's v iew, 370

his humanity, Hofmann's view, 370

his humanity, Ebrard's view, 370

his humanity, Beecher's view 370

substance of God cannot be in Christ
without correlative attributes, 371

doctrine that his humanity Is a meta-
morphosed Deity leads to panthe-
ism, 371, 372

theory that his humanity is but met-
amorphosed Deity destructive of
Scriptural scheme of salvation, 372

theory that the union between his di-
vine and human natures is not com-
pleted in the incarnating act, 872

Christ, his human consciousness med-
iating between divine and human, 373
Dorner's view of the union of the di-
vine and human in hlru 373

Rolhe's view of the union of the di-
vine and human in him, 373

union between his divine and human
natures gradual, objections to the-
ory that, 373

natures in, theory of the gradual in-
tercommunication of, Ncstorian-

ism, .. 374

union of natures in, Thomasius on

Dorner's view of, 374

natures In, thi'ory of gradual inter-
communication of, a merging of

liersons rather than natures, 374

personality, double, never hinted at

in his language, 374

the real nature of this union, 374

union of natures in his person the

crowning Chrislian mystery, 374

person of, chief problems in regard to, 375
union of natures in him, why mys-
terious? 375

Illustrations of union of natures in

him imperfect, 375

person of, a unique fact 375

union of natures in him, how possi-
ble 375

union of natures set forth typically

in marriage, 376

how both Creator and creature? 376

union of natures in, does not involve

a double personality, 376

consciousness and will both siugle in

him 376

consciousness and will both thean-

thropic in him, 376

divine nature, its attributes imparted

to human nature In him, 377

Spirit mediates communication of di-
vine to human nature in his humil-
iation, 377

Kahnison human nature in, 377

Philippi on human nature in, 377

in his humiliation subject to Spirit, ..378

Servant of Jehovah, 378

"Lord of the Spirit" in his exaltation, 378
divine nature, effect upon it of union

of natures, 378

natures, the, derivatively possessed of

their mutual attributes 378

union of Deity and humanity in, il-
lustrated by union of soul aud body, 378
natures, necessity of union of, in him, 378

union of natures in him eternal 379

Christ, the two states of 380

humiliation, his state of, 380

no co-existence of two souls in, 381

his humiliation consisted in surrender
of independent exercise of divine
attributes, 382

Christ, submission of, to laws which
regulate origin of souls from a pre-
existing sinful stock, 388

reached consciousness of Sonshlp at

twelve years old 888

his subordination to control of Holy

Spirit, 383

omnipresence a key to understanding

of his humiliation 383

whole, present in every believer, 383

would he have liecomc man. had there

been no sin? 384

exaltation, his state of, 384

his body not necessarily subject to

death 385

his resurrection a natural necessity,.. 385
his descent into hell, Calvin's view, .. 385
his presence with his people discussed, 380

his human soul ubiquitous, 387

his offices, 387

Christ, the prophetic office of 388

his teaching as preincarnate Logos,.. 3*8
in his earthly ministry like and unlike

O. T. prophets, 389

his activity prophetic since ascension, 389
his revelation of the Father in glory,

prophetic, 389

Christ, the priestly office of, 390

his sacrificial work, or work of atone-
ment, 390

as a martyr 399

his death set forth both in Baptism

and Lord's Supper 400

the great Penitent, 400

his sufferings propitiatory and penal. 401
his sacrifice propitiates human con-
science, 401

his work and that of the Spirit, 402

his obedience, active and passive,

needed in salvation, 409

his union with humanity involves ob-
ligation to suffer for men, 412

in womb of Virgin purged from de-
pravity 412

by his birth exposed to guilt and pen-
alty 412

his guilt, what? 412

his complicity In sin of race but a sub-
jective ground for laying on him sin

of all. 413

his Identification with humanity,

views of, 413

his humanity not pre-natal, 413

not responsible for sins of men merely
as upholder and life of all and spirit-
ually one with believer, 413

"a sinner in Adam," 413

not constructive, but natural heir of

guilt of the race 413

substance of his being derived by nat-
ural generation from Adam, 418

in Adam Just as we are, 413

has same race-responsibilities as we,. 413

Christ, priestly office of, took not sin,

but its consequences, 413

his obligation to suffer, 413

his sufferings, their justice, imperfect

illustrations of, 413

bore an imparted, as well as an impu-
ted, guilt 414

his longing to suffer, 414

his sufferings, their Inevitableness,... 414
suffered as the only healthy mem-
ber of the race, 414

his whole life propitiatory, 415

inherited penalty, 415

inherited guilt, 415

his circumcision, its import, 415

his ritual purification, its import, 415

his legal redemption, its import, 415

his baptism, its import, 415

till resurrection, under race-guilt,... 416
his atonement, its retroactive influ-
ence on his humanity, 416

his cross, where his guilt was first

purged 416

satisfaction penal not pecuniary, 418

his propitiation real, though judge

and sacrifice are one, 419

his satisfaction not rendered to a part

of the Godhead, 419

responsible because organically one

with humanity 419

his sacrifice does not extend to angels, 419
his sufferings may have included re-
morse, 420

his sufferings though finite in time are

infinite satisfaction 420

his sufferings equivalent but not iden-
tical with those due by sinner, 420

extent of his atonement, 421

Savior of all, in what sense, 421

how specially the Savior of those who

believe, 422

his priesthood continues forever, 422

his priesthood, work of intercession,. 422

his Intercession, nature of, 422

his intercession, objects of, 423

his general intercession, 423

his special Intercession 423

his intercession, its relation to that of

Holy Spirit, 423

his intercession, relation of, to that of

saints, 424

Christ, the kingly office of, 424

his kingship respects the universe,... 424
his kingship respects his militant

church, 424

his kingship respects his church tri-
umphant, 425

must be our king as well as our proph-
et and priest, 425

on throne, an important subject of

meditation, 425

Christ, union with, reasons for neglect
of doctrine, 438

Christ, union with. Scriptural repre-
sentations of, 438

"in him," its meaning, 440

union with, its nature 441

may be banished to remotest room of
believer's soul, but still its inhabit-
ant, 443

his union with race secures objective

reconciliation, 444

his union with believer secures sub-
jective reconciliation 444

ascended, communicates life to

church, 446

may be received by those who have
not heard of his manifestation In

the flesh, 468

his sufferings ground of acquittal

from penalty of law, 476

his obedience, ground of rewords,.. 476
union with, secures his life as domi-
nant principle in believer 478

his life in believer gradually extir-
pates depravity, 478

we in, — justification, 479

in us sonctifleation, 479

his work for us and in us, 483

becomes a new object of attention to

the believer, 486

union with, secures impartation of

Christ's Spirit to believer 487

command of, cannot be modified or

dispensed with by church, 526

submitted to Mosaic rites appointed

for sinners, 529

God's judicial activity exercised

through him 583

hi9 human body confined to place, ... 585
hi8 humun soul not confined to place, 586
Christcudom, its forward-looking spirit

owed to Scriptures, 85

Christian, his experience in Pilgrim's

Progress, 232

abandons self, 294

has broken through race-connection, 351

is chastised, but never punished, 354

makes progressive conquest of sin-
fulness of his nature, 484

Christianity, in what sense a supple-
mentary dispensation, 15

its triumph over paganism the won-
der of history, 91

obstacles to its progress, 92

the natural insufficiency of means

used to secure its progress, 92

influence on civilization, 93

influence on individuals, 93

how it supplements pantheism, 133

circumstances in Roman civilization

favoring its spread, 360

Japanese objection to its doctrine of

brotherhood, 501

Christological method of theology, 27

Chrlstology, 358

Chronicles Incorporates different docu-
ments, 112

Chronology, Hebrew, 106

Septuaglnt, 106

of the fathers, 106

Usher's, 106

Hales's, 106

Chrysostom, on men casting themselves

Into hell 587

Church, Its effectiveness dependent on

correct doctrine, 10

unwritten truth before it, 18

was it before Bible, 18

prefigured, 68

polity and ordinances, their design,... 280

a prophetic institution, 389

of England, its views of relation of

regeneration and baptism, 154

doctrine of the, 494-553

constitution of the, or church polity,


its largest signification 494

and kingdom, distinction between,... 494
visible and invisible, distinction be-
tween, 494

Invisible, distinguished from the,

individual church, 494

the individual, defined, 495

laws of Christ as to, summarized 495

its derivation, 495

the term sometimes applied in a loose

sense, 495

designating a popular assembly, 495

used in a generic or collective sense,. 495
local, always of a number that could

assemble in one place, 496

of New York, the Baptist, in what

sense used, 496

of divine appointment, 49g

its oecumenical-local sense, 49ii

local, a microcosm, 496

a voluntary society, 497

membership in, not hereditary or

compulsory, 497

an outgrowth of regeneration, 497

involuntary, an absurdity, 497

union with, follows soul's spiritual

union with Christ, 497

Dorner on doctrine of, 497

organization of, 497

its informal organization, 497

its formal organization, 497

formally organized in New Testament, 497
progress in its development indicated

by names given to Christians, 498

not an exclusively spiritual body, 498

theory of Friends and Plymouth

Brethren regarding, 498

its organization not a matter of expe-
diency, 499

organization, the, in existence before
close of Canon, binding as an ex-
ample, 499

Church, absurdity of moulding its order
to suit countries in which estab-
lished, 600

nature of its organization, 500

members of the local, must first be

members of the universal, 500

Its members regenerate persons, 500

recognizes Christ as only law-giver,.. 500
Its members on footing of equality,.. 500
no Jurisdiction of one over another,.. 501

independent of civil power, 501

the local, its sole object 501

the local, methods of promoting its

object, 501

the local, united worship a duty of,.. 801
the local, mutual watch-care and ex-
hortation, a duty of! 501

the local, common labours for recla-
mation of impenitent, 501

its law the will of Christ, 601

qualifications for its membership, 501

duties of its members 501

its genesis, 502

existed In germ before Pentecost, 502

provision for offices In, made as exi-
gencies arose, 502

Paul's teaching with regard to, pro-
gressive, 502

how far synagogue was model of 503

a, how constituted, 503

at formation of a, a council import-
ant but not essential 503

its government, 503

its government, as regards source, an

absolute monarchy, 504

its government, as regards interpre-
tation and execution of Christ's will,

an absolute democracy 504

Free, of Scotland, a principle in its

secession from Establishment 504

proof that Its government is demo-
cratic, or congregational, 504

its duty to preserve unity of action,.. 504
to seek to secure unanimity by moral

suasion, * 504

wilful and obstinate opposition to its

decisions, schism, 504

government proceeds upon supposi-
tion that Christ dwells in all be-
lievers 504

responsible as a whole for pure doc-
trine and practice, 505

ordinances committed to whole, to

guard, 505

the whole, elects its officers, 505

the whole, exercises discipline, 506

educational influence of devolving

government on whole 506

pastor's duty to develop its self-gov-
ernment, 606

government, erroneous views of, 507

the Romanist, or world-church theory
of. 507

Church, hierarchical government of,
corrupting to it and dishonoring: to

Christ, 507

Protestant, where before Luther? 508

national-church theory of, 508

national-church theory of, invidious, 508
a spiritual, cannot be confined to geo-
graphical lines, 508

national-church theory of, leads to a

world-church or Romanism, 508

Presbyterian system of, authors on... 508
independence of, not given up till

third or fourth century 508

officers of, two, 509

ordination of officers in, 512

local, highest authority in New Testa-
ment, 513

discipline of the, 516

local, only methods of exit from 516

in case of serious internal disagree-
ments council called to advise,

should not be cx-parte 519

Independence requires Christian co-
operation of churches, 519

listof authoritiesongeneral subjectof, 519

ordinances of the, 520-553

cannot modify or dispense with a

command of Christ, 526

-ocal, not a legislative but executive

body, 526

not above Christ and Scripture, 526

to preserve its existence, must have

control of its membership, 533

either hereditary, or typified by Jew-
ish people, 537

the true, how according to Romanists

one may belong to the soul of, 545

Churches, Baptist, their essential prin-
ciples, 495

theory of provincial or national, 508

of New Testament, held intercourse

as Independent bodies, 508

relation to one another, 617

equal fellowship of, 617

fraternal and cooperative fellowship

of 617

ought to consult on matters affecting

their common interests, 518

should seek advice of one another,... 518
should take advice of one another,... 518
their indeiMindence qualified by inter-
dependence, 518

regulated in their intercourse by same
law which regulates individual be-
lievers, 518

how may fellowship between be brok-
en? 518

Cicero, on what the eye sees, xxxl

on the idea of God as innate, 30

on honextum and utile, 132

on the gods governing the world, 211

on the gods neglecting little things,. 213
on sin, quoted, 297

Cicero, on culpability in trifles, 308

on man's dependence on God, 450

a saying of his applicable to the church

Invisible, 494

could only conjecture as to immor-
tality, 657

Circulatio, 161

Circumcision of Christ, its import, 415

Circumcision, arguments to show that
its law and that of Baptism are not

the same, 537

Clrcumtncauto, 161

City, heaven why represented as a, 685

City of God, earthly adumbrations of,. 585

Civilization, arts of, can be lost, 871

hopefulness of modern, derived from

Hebrew prophecy, 359

Civil law, power of, not the ground of

moral obligation, 141

regards not merely act but motive

or intent, 286

Clan-relationship, an illustration of

Christ's relations to race, 414

Clarke, Samuel, ontological argument

according to, 47

his argument would prove God to be

matter, 48

hisargument,Calderwood'scriticlsmof 48

his argument, weakness of, 132

his view of ground of moral obligation, 142
Clarke, Dorus, on saying the catechism, 10
Claudius Lysias, letter of, not correct

in its statements, 118

Clement of Home quotes from New Tes-
tament writings, 74

his epistle not a letter of the bishop,

but of the church, 518

the ground on which he denied future

punishment, 591

Clementines, pseudo, their views, 361

Closet, Christian's, Trinity presentln,.. 424

Cobbe, Frances Power, quoted, 43

on Schopenhauer, 200

her comparison of nature to a strand-
ed ship, 664

Coccetus 24

founder of the federal theology, 322

Coffin, called by Egyptians "chest of

the living," 561

Cogito, ergn Deus est, 34

Cogito, ergomtm = cogitn,tteiliat mint,... 31
Cognition of flniteness, dependence,
etc., the occasion of direct cognition

of the infinite, absolute, etc., 29

Colby, H. F., on terms of communion,. 551

Coleridge on faith, 3

on first truths, 30

on experience, 63

on children's education, 301

on evil antecedent to personal trans-
gression, 321

on church's power to modify an ordi-
nance, 526

Collections of New Testament writings

date back to first century, 72

Columbus and the pigeons, 213

Comets, an illustration from, 589

Coming, second, of Christ, 566

nature of, 567

objects to be secured at, 507

to be like his departure 567

analogous to his first, 567

Christ, how visible to all at his, 568

hoped for by early Christians iu their

life-time, 568

time of, hidden In God's counsels, 568

prophecies of, expressed in a large

way 568

time of, not known to apostles, 569

time of, hidden from Christ in the

tlesn, 569

time of, presumption of pretending

to know, 569

parallel between first and, 569

patient waiting for, disciplinary, 369

precursors of, 569

a general prevalence of Christianity,

a precursor of, 569

a deep and wide-spread development

of evil, a precursor of, 570

a personal antichrist, a precursor

of, 570

four signs of its near approach, 571

decay of Turkish Empire said to be

sign of, 571

Pope's loss of temporal power said to

be sign of, 571

conversion of Jews and their return

to Holy Land, said to be sign of, ... 571
Holy Spirit and conversion of Gentiles

said to be a sign of, 571

its relation to millcuium 571

millenium prior to 571

immediately connected with a gener-
al resurection and judgment, 572

no thousand years between it and the
resurrection of wicked and general

judgment 572

of two kinds, 574

a possible reconciliation of pre-mil-
lenarian and post-millenarlan the-
ories of 574

is the preaching which is to precede it

to individuals or nations? 574

the destiny of those living at, 575

Comings of Christ, partial and typi-
cal, 566

Command, a slight, best test of obedi-
ence 306

Commenting, its progress, 18

Commercial analogies of atonement in

Scripture, 891

Commercial theory of atonement, 407

Commission, Christ's final, not merely

to eleven 505

Committee on discipline, its function,. 517

Common law of the church, N. T. prece-
dent, 546

Communion of natures in Christ, Luth-
eran view of 370

Communion, terms of, church's duty in

relation to 546

not terms of salvation, 551

H. F. Colby on, 551

a man may be a Christian and yet not

entitled to 551

terms of, open, special objections to, 551
open, the practice of but an Insignifi-
cant fragment of organized Christi-
anity, 551

open, assumes an unscriptural ine-
quality among the ordinances, 561

open, tends to do away with bap-
tism 551

open, tends to do away with all disci-
pline, 551

open, tends to do away with visible

church, 552

open, the unsatisfactoriness of the
only grounds on which it can be

justified, 553

strict, objections to, answered 552

Btrict, a hindrance to Christian

union, 552

strict, its alleged inconsistency, 558

strict, its alleged impolicy, 552

Communion with God, final state of, .. 585

Compact with Satan, 230

Complex action, a part of, often men-
tioned for its whole 531

Complexity marks elevation in the scale

of being, lift

Comte, his theory that all knowledge is

phenomenal 4

his phrase " positive philosophy,"— 4
his worship of universal humanity,.. 4ft

its meaning, 293, 293

his theory of progress, 271

Conant on genealogies. 10ft

on the description of Eden 106

on 0airTt£w, 522

Concept is not a mental image, 6

Conception, Immaculate, of Christ, — 365

of the Virgin, absurd 365

Concepts in theology may be sufficient-
ly defined to distinguish them from

all others, ft

Concessions of opponents to Baptists,.. 553

Concupiscence, what? 266

Romanist doctrine of, 316

Concurrence, divine, theory of, 202,206

with second causes, inscrutable 207

with evil actions, its limitations 207

Condemnation, for depravity, 325

an act of justice 427

Condillnc, a materialist, 52

Conduct, immoral, a ground of exclu-
sion from the Lord's Supper 640

"Confession," meaning, 22

Confession not sufficient to take away

sin, 402

Romanist doctrino of, 488

Confession, Westminister, on results of

man's fall, 844, 346

"Confessions of a Beautiful Soul,"

Goethe's. 280

Conflagration, final, Peter's and John's

descriptions reconciled, 572

in two periods according to Elliott, .. 572

Conflict in believer 484

Confucianism, sketch of, 88

Confucian morality, what? 87

Confucius, his contemporaries, 86

left religion as he found it, 88

Ezra Abbot on, 87

Congenitally cruel disposition not ad-
mitted a plea for murderer, 286

Congregational, government of the
church Is democratic or, proved,... 504
churches, entrance of Unitarianism
into, attributed to infant baptism,. 538

Connate ideas, what? 30

Conscience, what? 48

proves personality in Law-giver 46

speaks not in indicative but Impera-
tive mood, 46

atheist's view of, 46

not a reflection of nature, 46

its witness against pantheism, 56

its thirst in man assuaged by atone-
ment, 141

its nature, 254

not a faculty but a mode, 254

intellectual element In 254

emotional element in, 254

discriminative, 254

impulsive, 254

does not include mornl intuition, 254

does not include accepted law 254

does not include remorse or approval, 255

does not include fear or hope, 255

distinguished from moral reason, 255

distinguished from moral sentiment, 255
Calderwood's inaccurate definition of, 255

Whewell inaccurate regarding, 255

not law-book or sheriff but judge, 255

uniform and infallible, 265

In what sense capable of education,.. 255
this view of, reconciles the intuitional

and empirical theories, 256

"weak," 256

"branded" or "seared," 256

"sprinkled from an evil," 256

when echo of God's voice? 258

its spontaneity and sovereignty 256

the authority of, explained, 256

a witness to a personal, holy God, 256

as primarily cognitive or intuitional,

list of authors on, 256

Hopkins on 256

Peabody on, 257

H. B. Smith on 257

Conscience, sin renders it less sensitive,

but can never Anally silence it, 347

human, needs propitiation of Christ's

sacrifice, 401

absolute liberty of, a distinguishing

tenet of Baptists, 601

Consciousness, Christian, not a norma

normans, 15

Christian, a norma normata 15

defined, 36

in its strict sense cannot be a source

of the idea of God, 85

its mature deliverances to be regarded
rather than blind stirrings of primi-
tive pulp, Bownoon, 35

called forth by presence of non-ego,. 57
the ethico-rellgious, its alleged func-
tion in Biblical interpretation, 100

brutes possess, 121

Consistency among the evangelists, 82

Constantinople, Synod of, condemned
Origen's view of prefxistenee of

soul, 248

Council of, condemned Apolllnarian-

ism 362

Council of, sanctioned view of John

of Damascus, 877

Constructive consent to Adam's sin, ... 323

Consubstantiatlon, 545

not required by Scripture, 545

contradicts Justification by faith, 545

requires a sacerdotal order, 545

logically tends to Komanism, 545

changes the ordinance to one of mys-
tery and fear, 545

Contents of the intuition of God, 37

Continuist, or continuous, interpreta-
tion of Revelation, 68, 570

Continuous creation, 206

objections to 205, 206

list of authors on, 206

Continuous development in God's

revelation, instances of, 60

Contrary choice, Adam possessed the

power of, 264

not essential to will, 312

present power of, its limits, 317

Contrition, Romish doctrine of, 463

Controversies as to person of Christ,

their results to the church, 11

how conveniently classified, 383

Conversion of Roman Empire to Chris-
tianity, 81

Conversion, God's act on the will in,... 438
sudden, Drummond on humanenessof, 459

defined 460

includes repentance, 480

includes faith, 460

human side of regeneration, 460

a voluntary activity, 460

man's powers may be interpenetrated
by the divine so as to make him truly
free, 460

Conversion, divine and human activity
in, not one of chronoloirieal succes-
sion MO

there must lie an unconstrained move-
ment of man's own will in, 400

as really man's own work as if there

were no divine influence upon him, 461
a view of the union of human and

divine in, 461

combination of human and divine in,

illustrations of 461

a subordinate use of the term, 481

subsequent to tlrst, its character, 461

Convicted sinner, in greatest danger,.. 483
in first Instance not to be directed to
performance of external duties,.. 483
Conviction of sin, ascribed to Holy

Spirit, 151

how much of it needed to secure sal-
vation? 464

Conybeare and Howson on "bishop"

and "elder," in N.T., 509

on Rom. 6 : 4, 524

Cook, Joseph, on Trinity, 144

on variability of species, 243

on laws of nature the habits of God,. 275

his comparison of man to sea, 288

Copy, an evidence when original lost,.. "0
Corinthians, Second, 5: 4, exposition of, 415
Corruption, moral, so settled that no
power to do good remains, meets

with deepest disapprobation, 286

Corruption of moral nature, what, 840

Corrupt nature universal among men,. 290

Cosmogonies, unscientific, 106

Biblical and heathen, comparison of,

list of authors on, 193

Cosmological argument, stated, 40

an argument from change in nature, 40

its advocates, 40

its defects, 40

cannot show that the substance of the

universe had a beginning 40

cannot show that cause of universe

may not be within itself 40

proves only force, 40

cannot disprove an infinite series of

dependent causes 41

cannot from a finite universe prove

an infinite cause 41

merely proves existence of cause of

universe indefinitely great, 41

requires intuition of infinite as sup-
plement 41

its value, 41

Couches, immersion of 523

Council of churches, its place in ordi-
nation, 514

has no authority which does not re-
side in the constituent churches,... 626
Council of ordination, should be numer-
ous and impartially constituted, 514

presence of lay-delegates in 514

Councils did not claim authority till

second century, 508

"Counsel," in Eph. 1 :11, its meaning,. 171

Counterfeit miracles, 66

Covenant, condemnation by, theory of, 322

what Cocceius meant by it, 323

with Adam disproved, 324

Covetousness, what? 293

Cranial capacity of man and apes com-
pared 237

Crawford on Abel's sacrifice, 398

on Bushnell's view of atonement, 401

Crairc, its significance in dictator count-
ies nrarit,- 608

Creatianism, its advocates, 250

proof alleged, 250

modified by modern Reformed theol-
ogians, 251

reasons for its untenableness, 250

not required by Scripture, 250

strips man of noblest powers of prop-
agation 250

does not explain children's likeness to

parents, 251

unphyslological 250

makes God the author directly or in-
directly of moral evil, 251

Creatiatii8ts, most Reformed and Rom-
an Catholic theologians, 250

hold ir«0fia to be direct creation of

God 250

trichotomists usually are, 250

Creatlan theory of origin of soul 250

Creation, attributed to Christ, 147

attributed to the Spirit, 157

the decree of, was the decree of its re-
sults 174

doctrine of, 183-203

definition of 183

not a fashioning of pre-existing ma-
terial, 183

not an emanation from substance of

deity, 183

dl the origination of substance, 183
not necessary, but the act of a free

will 183

an act of the triune God, 183

proof of doctrine of, 184

a truth of Scripture 184

Scriptural revelation of, adds the one
fact necessary to unity aud rational-
ity of science, 184

direct Scriptural statements of 184

"created to make" (Gen. 2:3), its

meaning, 185

without preexisting materials, a He-
brew idea, 185

Hebrew can best of all ancient lan-
guages express acts of God in, 185

absolute, perhaps known only to He-
brews 185

Idea of, asserted bs- some to be known
to other religions than the Hebrew, 185
Creation, Rig Veda on, 185

described In a papyrus In British Mu-
seum, 185

in heathen systems, authorities on, .. 185
"out of nothing," its origin asa phrase, 186

indirect Scriptural evidence for, 188

theories which oppose, 186

dualistlc conception of 186

out of nothing, no more inconceivable

than eternity of matter, *..... 187

from eternity, 117,190

not a necessary result of God's om-
nipotence, 190

from eternity a contradiction in terms, 190
eternal, not required by God's immu-
tability, 190

eternal, not required by God's love... 190
eternal, inconsistent with God's free

will 190

infinite as well as eternal, required to

satisfy God 190

continuous, 190

brings forth something capable of

self-development 192

lays foundation for cosmogony, 192

Creation, Mosaic account of, 191-195

unites ideas of creation and develop-
ment, 191

recognizes development, 192

probably describes brute and human
life as acts of absolute origination,. 192

not allegorical or mythical, 193

not a vision granted to Moses, 193

probably a revelation made to first
man and handed down to Moses'

time 193

byper-litoral Interpretation of, 193

hyper-scientific interpretation of, ... 193
in general, not precise, accord with

geological history 194

pictorial-summary interpretation, .. 194

reduced to a tentative scheme, 194

no scheme of reconciling it with geol-
ogy, a finality, 194

Augustine on, 194

Dana on succession in, 195

list of authors on, 195

Creation, God's end in, 195

testimony of Scripture ns to, 195

testimony of reason regarding, 196

God's glory the only end actually at-
tained in 196

does not increase, but reveals the

divine glory 197

God loves preeminently the manifes-
tation of himself in, 197

Creation, its relation to other doctrines, 198

its relation to the holiness of God, 198

its relation to the benevolence of

God 198

how "good," though physical and

moral evil exist, 198

not perfect even at first 199

Creation, its relation to the wisdom and

free-will of God, 190

cannot fully express the perfections

of God, 199

God always had plan of, 199

God has chosen best possible plan in,. 199
In relation to providence and redemp-
tion 200

its logical alternative, pantheism 200

doctrine of, constitutes an antidote
to most of false philosophy of the

time 201

the Sabbath as commemorating, 201

Assyrian accounts of, 201

Creation, continuous, 205

its principal advocates, 205

objections to, 205

contradicts our intuitions of sub-
stance and causality, 205

denies existence and efficiency of sec-
ond causes 205

Involves all the difficulties of idealism, 205
Impugns the divine veracity, love, and

holiness 206

renders personal identity inexplic-
able 206

intended by Edwards as a solution of

problem of original sin, 206, 318

tends to pantheism 206

denies nature, 206

renders everything—that is.nothing—

supernatural 206

Dorner on, 206

Creation, all the orders of, to be united

in Christ, 212

of man, a fact of 8cripture, 234

of man, method of, not disclosed in

Scripture, 234

of man's soul determined by psychol-
ogy to be immediate. 234

of man's body, method of, whether
mediate or immediate, not revealed

In Scripture, 236

of man's body to be preferably regard-
ed as immediate, 236

Agasslz's theory of different centres

of 242

theory of separate centres of, science

adverse to 242

man's, in harmony with his dichoto-

raous nature, 243

of soul, passages adduced to prove di-
rect divine agency in, can be as well
understood on theory of mediate

agency, 250

of man, the lofty conception In the

Protestant and Augustlnian view,. 286
second, a point of distinction from

first, 376

body in, made corruptible, 558

soul in, made incorruptible, 558

Creatura, 192

Credibility of writers of Scripture, .... 82

Credibility of Old Testament follows

from credibility of New, 82

Credo (fuia impivibile cut, 18

"Creed," meaning of, 22

Creeds, how they sprang up, 10

of third and fourth century, their na-
ture, 11

Cremer on <livxi, 246

On orrdAAoYM*, 393

on 0atrTi£«, 523

Cries of animals called by Cartesians

"creaking of the machine," 53

Crime prevented by conviction that it

deserves punishment, 352

Crimen hrwr mnjenlati*, 409

Crimes of passion and deliberation 285

Crippen on Athanasius' view that

Christ's death was due to God 408

Criticism and speculation, period of,... 31
Cromwell restrained from sailing to

America 213

Crosby, Dr. Howurd. his view of Christ's

humiliation 380

his Interpretation of John 1:14, 880

Cross, at it Christ's guilt first purged,.. 416

Culpability in trifles often great, 306

Cumming.John, a continulst interpret-
er of Revelation 570

Cumulative arguments,illustrations of, 39
Cunningham, on man as active and

passive in regeneration, 455 |

his concessions to Baptists, 553

Cur Dcus Homo, abridged, 408

Curry on Irving's views, 406

"Curse," its meaning in Gal. 8:18, 415

Curse on fallen man did not involve

cessation of existence, 559

Curtis on open communion frustrating

purpose of visible church 551

Custom due to commanding will 275

Customs, biutal, many of them result of

corruption, 270

"immemorial," binding, 546

Cuvier, his clue to discovery*, *8

Cyprian on progress to Episcopacy, 508

on a middle state of purification, 565

Cyrenius and his enrollment, 108

Cyril, on generation of the Son, 165

Cyrus, mentioned in prophecy, 68

on the soul living beyond this mortal

body 557

Dabney on Arminianlsin, 815

on soul defiled by Imputation 325

Dale, on fiavTifa, 522

on 0airTw, 522

Dale, R. W„ his illustrations of moral

influence theory, 401

his view of Christ's identification with

humanity 413

Dalgairns on knowing something of the

unknowable 5

Dalton's law of gases to an extent illus-
trative of inspiration, 102

Damascus, John of, on divine nature, . 167
on Trinity as midway between polythe-
ism and abstract monotheism 169

compares death of Christ to felling of

a tree 362

on the person of Christ, 363

on two consciousnesses and two wills

in Christ, 877

Damask, illustration from, 43

Damasfts, Pope 90

"Damn," Its present usual connotation
imposed on it by the Impressions
the Scriptures made on the popular

mind. 564

"Damnation," the word so rendered in

1 Cor. 11: 29, its meaning, 540

Dana on the succession in the Mosaic ac-
count of creation 195

on diminution in number of species

as we rise in scale, 241

Danger, men instinctively cry for help

in 33

Dannhauer, 24

Dante on the impossibility of God
writing his Infinity on universe, ... 123

on the creation and fall of angels, 221

Darkness, outer, final state of wicked

in, 587

Darwin, his doctrine of heredity helpful

to theology 18

on the cause of variation being largely

withln the organism, 237

Darwinism, a partial truth, 237

a reversion to savage and heathen

views, 237

if true, only a method of divine intel-
ligence and supplemented by acts of

creation, 237

Date of Luke, 74

of Matthew and Mark 74

of the Gospels, according to Baur,... 78
Davldis. Francis, denies prayer to Christ

and is perpetually imprisoned, 359

David's sin of pride, all Israel punished

for, 338

Dawson on the innate power of expan-
sion in species, 243

Day, in Gen. 1 18

its meaning. 106, 193, 194

cannot be rendered definitely and In-
definitely in same scheme of pro-
phecy, 572

Day, Prof., on inspiration, quoted, 108

Deacon, a bond of union between pas-
tor and people. 511

Deacons, best elected for a term of

years, 512

their duties, 511

help church and pastor, 512

ordination of 515

ordination of, requires no consulta-
tion with other churches, 513

Deaconess, the office of, 512

Dead, preaching: to, 388

no instance in Scripture of a prayer

for the 892

Dead, Egyptian Book of the, 561

its ideas on future life 561

on resurrection, 580

on judgment, 582

"Deadly sins, seven," in Koman Catho-
lic doctrine, 894

Deaf-mutes, their experience, 103

Death, a consequence of the fall, 806

physical, a consequence to Adam of

the fall, 306

spiritual, a consequence to Adam of

the fall 307

spiritual, in what it consists,..307, 351, 554

physical, its nature, 352, 554

a penalty of sin, proved from Scrip-
ture, 352, 853

proved from reason 353

and suffering-, their universal preva-
lence only explicable as a judicial
infliction on account of common

sinfulness, 353

among- animals before fall on account

of man's sin 358

not a necessary law of organized be-
ing, shown in translation of Enoch
and Elijah and of saints alive at

second coming, 853

to the saint the gatewa}- to full divine

communion 354

spiritual, its nature, 354

the principal part of the penalty of

sin, 354

denounced in the garden, 354

escaped by Christians, 356

eternal, the culmination of spiritual

death, 355

initiated by a peculiar repellent ener-
gy of divine holiness, 856

involves positive retribution of God

on body and soul, 855

second, in Scripture referred to our

personal guilt, 348

second, its nature 554, 555, 574

second, final state of wicked called

the 587

begins here, culminates hereafter, 554

physical, to believer not a penalty, .. 555
physical, Its relation to believer and

to unbeliever, 555

not a cessation of being, 555

maintained on rational grounds, 555

metaphysical argument for, 555

teleological argument for, 556

ethical argument for, 556

historical argument for, 557

theory that it may be a passage into
a new form of consciousness, con-
sidered, 556

continuity of consciousness after, in-
dicated in many Scriptures, 560

Death, not a cessation of being, main-
tained on Scriptural grounds, 558.

a "sleep," what it implies, 560

Jewish belief in conscious state after, 561

of two kinds, 574

Its passionless and statuesque tran-
quility, prophetic, 576

Christian In, thinks more of Christ and

his cross than of heaven, 586

after, God's Spirit withdrawn, 591

Death of Christ, set forth by Baptism

and Lord's Supper, 400

of Christ continuous, on Romanist

view of Justification 481

Decree, to act-, not the act, 172

permissive in case of evil 172

divine, not a cause, 176

of the end and decree of means com-
bined, 178

no divine, to work evil desires or

choices in men, 179

to permit sin,permissive not efficient, 179
to permit sin, no mow difficulty at-
taches to, than to uctual permission

of sin 179

to inltate a system in which evil has
a place, how consistent with God's

holiness 180

Decrees of God. the 171

their definition, 171

are but one plan, 171

have a logical relation, 171

have no chronological relation, 171

not tin' result of deliberation, 171

have origin in a free will, 171

not a necessary divine activity, 171

relate to things outside of God, 171

primarily respect acts of God himself, 172

not addressed to creatures, 172

cover all human acts 172

none of them reads " you shall sin," . 1TZ
sinful acts of men, how related to, ... 172

proof of doctrine of 172

doctrine of, proved from Scripture,.. 172

all things are included in, 172

special things and events included In, 172

proved from reason, 173

proved from divine foreknowledge,. 173

doctrine of, list of authors on, 175

proved from divine wisdom, 175

proved from divine Immutability, .. 175
proved from divine benevolence, — 175

the ground of thanks to God 178

objections to doctrine of, 176

not Inconsistent with man's free agen-
cy, 176

internal to divine nature and there-
fore not inconsistent with free

agency 176

do not decree efficiently to produce

acts of the creature 177

they may be executed by man's free
causation, 177

Decrees of God, consciousness and con-
scious witness that they do not com-
pel the free will 177

do not remove motive for exertion,.. 178
cannot Influence action, since un-
known at time of action, 178

and fate differ in what? 178

as connecting: means and ends.encour-

age exertion 179

harvest, wealth, salvation, etc., de-
creed in use of suitable means 179

do not make God the author of sin, .. 179
make God the author of free beings

who are authors of sin, 179

practical uses of the doctrine 181

the doctrine of, dear to the matured

mind and deep experience, 181

doctrine of, an incentive to effort, ... 181

method of preaching, - 181

execution of, .- 183

supralapsarian order of, 428

order of, according to sublapsarians

who hold limited atonement, 427

true order of 427

Deductive inference, what? 36

Definition of theology, — 1

of science, 1

of reason, 3

of the term God, 29

of holiness, Wnrdlaw's, 128

Defoe, Daniel, on being fed more by

miracle than was Elijah, 214

Degeneration of races often as marked

as their development, 270

Illustrations of, 270

De Ira Del, Lactantius, 1

Deism, 204

an exaggeration of the divine trans-
cendence, 204

rests on a false analogy, 204

a system of anthropomorphism, 205

saves dignity of God at expense of his

infinity, 205

denies all providential interference, . 205

tends to atheism, 205

Deists, principal, 204

Deitj*, indwelling, heathen on, 441

Christ's, considered by Nestorians as

impassible 362

Delitzsch on $vx*i, 245

on personality as the basis of the im-
age of God, 265

on the blush of shame 345

his view of Christ's humiliation, 380

"Delivering to Satan," what Involved

in 229

Delphic oracle, 67

DeMarchl's estimate of the Catacombs, 92

Democrltus, a materialist, 52

Demons, casting out of, attributed to

Holy Spirit, 151

possession by 228

many in number, 228

Demons, Christ's personal intercourse

with, not metaphorical, 22i>

their connection with Idolatry, 229

Denial of God's existence assumes his

existence, 83

Denovan on work of the Spirit, 184

on justification by law, 281

on Christ's three-fold office 387

on Christ's teaching 388

on the natural heart 453

on two-fold aspect of justification,.. 476

on faith as a cheque, 478

Depravity, consequent on a personal
act of self-determination in a time-
less state of being, theory of, objec-
tions to, 249

of nature, experienced by saints, ex-
amples of 286

of nature lying beneath consciousness
a matter of penitence with Chris-
tian, 286

Anninian theory of, 314

theory of voluntarily appropriated, . 314

New School theory of 818

universal, a reason for, 321

Federal theory of 322

Augustinian theory of, 328

Augustinian theory of, its history, . 328
Natural Headship theory of, grounds

of its superior satisfactoriness. 330

includes lack of original righteousness
and corruption of moral nature, ... 340

total, its explanation 341

subjective pollution, 346

of will, requires si>ecial divine influ-
ence, 431

of universal humanity 448

Derivation of aapientla, 3

of "religion," 11

of "experience," 15

of "mystic," 17

of "symbol," 22

Descartes teaches doctrine of Innate

Ideas, 30

his argument for existence of God

both a priori and a posteriori, 48

his argument, in what sense not a
branch of the anthropological argu-
ment, 48

on origin of trtith, 126

his view of ground of moral obliga-
tion, 142

on soul's continuously thinking, 566

Descent, Christ's, into underworld 885

Into Hades, Christ's, Luther's view,.. 385
into Hades, Christ's, Dorner's view,. 385

Desert, moral, cannot be created 265

Design, objections to, whence arise 43

mistakes regarding, 48

not so much known as believed to

be, 214

Design Implies designer, an identical
proposition, 42

"Desire, wrong, the cause of sin in un-
holy beings," 335

Destruction, eternal, final state of

wicked an, 58"

Determinative providence, 210

Determination, brutes have, 122

Determination of Canon, in what sense

work of Church, W

"Detcrminatio est negatlo," 6

Determinism, 178

theory of, 259

a limited, present in ucts, 258

Determinists, their error, 260

"Deus nescit se quid est, quia non est

quid," 116

Deuteronomy, closiug chapter added by

another than Moses, 113

Development of Christ's kingdom not

one of power and violence, 573

Devil, meaning of term 227

but one, 228

DeWette 24

his publication of Luther's letters, .. 78
Dexter on ' bishop,'' elder,'' pastor,'. . 509
on Immersion, a new thing in Eng-
land in 16*1, 625

Dertra Dei ublqttc cut, 886

DUibftliui nullufi, miUuti Retlemptor, 233

Diaconate should be representative, ... 512

Diatessaron, Tatlan's, 75

Diatoms, their beauty inexplicable on

ground of "natural selection," 236

Dichotomous theory of man 243

list of advocates of, 244

Dichotomy, its derivation, 243

of man's nature, testified to by Scrip-
ture and consciousness, 243

of man's nature, supported by the ac-
count of his creation, 243

held by Western church, 247

of man, as defined by Anselm, 247

Dickens, Charles, does not sufficiently

recognize heredity 251

Dick, John -. 26

his definition of holiness 128

Dickson on uap(, 291

Dictation theory, what'! 100

its doctrinal connections, 100

representatives of this view, 100

portion of truth in, 101

rests on a partial induction of facts,.. 101
at variance with human element in

Scripture, 101

is inconsistent with wise economy of

means, 101

sets aside need of eye witnesses 101

contradicts plan of God's working in

the soul, 101

Die* Mr, the, in Goethe's Faust 846

its prayer to Jesus quoted 600

Dignity, plural of 152

Dilemma for those who deny Christ's
resurrection 66

Diman on disproof of God, disproof of

an external world, 4

on a conception of God as the ration-
al explanation of the universe, 39

his inference from "gravitation " ex-
amined, 44

on conscience, 46

his view of the anthropological argu-
ment, 47

on the connection of matter and force 53
on present dynamical theory of na-
ture more in harmony with Scrip-
ture than old mechanical theory, .. 204

on science in history, 218

on sharing. In Christ, the one omnipo-
tent life of the spiritual uni-
verse, 443

Dimmesdale in Hawthorne's Scarlet

Letter, referred to, 346

Dinah, in George Eliot's Adam

Bede, 290

Directive providence, 210

Disciples or Campbellites, their views
of relation of baptism and regener-
ation, 454

their view of faith, 466

their views of baptism, 582

Discipline, of two sorts, 516

private offences, 516

public offences, 516

relation of pastor to, 517

pastor organ and superintendent of

activity of church in, 617

Discrepancies of evangelists only dis-
prove collusion 82

between evangelical narratives, how

they arise, 82

in gospels, compared to diversities in

stereoscopic pictures, 83

Bartlett's illustration of, 108

Disobedience, not excused by forgetf ul-

ness, 289

"Disobedience" often substituted in

H. V. for " unbelief " of A. V 467

Disobedience to Christ's commands, a
ground of exclusion from Lord's

Supper, 549

Dispositions, predominate in lists of
"works of flesh" and "fruits of

Spirit," 286

and states, regarded as virtuous or vi-
cious by mankind 285

evil, the stronger they are, the more

they are condemned, 285

evil, condemned, though not traceable

to conscious acts of individual, 285

not parts of, but effects of, will, 288

Disputed books, the value of the gener-
al testimony to their profitableness, 112
Dissipation of energy, modern views of,

discredit deism, 205

Distinction between "Scripture" and
"Scriptures," 60

Distinctions In the divine nature may
furnish conditions of consciousness

from eternity, 57

Divine will not ground of moral obli-
gation, 144

Divorce permitted by Moses, 108

Docetiv, derivation of name, 861

their doctrines, 361

their fundamental error, the inherent

evil of matter, 361

include Patripassians and Sabelllans, 361

pantheistic, 361

Docetiam, its early appearance owing
to the superhuman impression of
himself communicated by Christ, .. 861

Doctitr (iiiyi'lints, 53

Dnetor subttfto, 23

Doctrinal sermon recommended, once a

month 11

one-third of it should be devoted to

practical application, 11

Doctrine, correct, advantageous to

church, 10

its history a subordinate source of

theology 17

its inexplicable side 18

Documentary evidence, principles of,

as applied to New Testament 69

of greater weight than oral testimony, 70

Doddridge's dream, 227

Doederlein, 24

Dogmatic system implied in revelation, 9
Dogmatic theology, what? 22

Dogmatism, what?

Dbllinger on the Baptists being unas-
sailable from Protestant point of
view, 523

Dumtne qunmt/tiei Calvin's motto, ... 589

Donum tiijKrtiaturalt, what? 266

Dorner on knowledge of God 6

on space and time as earlier than

God 180

his account of Philo's doctrine of Lo-
gos 154

on being power not belonging to Im-
personality, 156

on a Trinity of nature, 159

on divine personality, 160

on intercommunion between persons

Trinity, 161

on «p6s in John 1:1, 163

on impossibility of an Infinite or eter-
nal creation, 191

on creation as opposed to pantheism

and deism, 201

on creation and preservation, 202

on rest of God, 202

on "law of preservation," 203

on the world as dependent, 203

on quietism, 219

his view of creatlanism, 251

is his view of the natures in Christ
pantheistic? 274

Dorner on law not a plastic word, .... 282

his exposition of Pelaglanlsm, 311

on race-responsibility, 313

on Arminianlsm, 316, 442

on August ine's view of men's relation

to Adam, 329

on Ex. 20:5, 387

idea that sin against Holy Ghost is
confined to New Testament times,.. 350

on Arianlsm, 362

on the origin of marlolatry, saint-ln-

vocutlon and transubstantiation, .. 363
on Christ's birth as illustrated by par-
thenogenesis in natural science, 385

on Christ's incarnation corresponding

to believer's regeneration, 365

on Mary, the saints, and transubstan-
tiation, taking place of Christ, 368

on three ideas in Incarnation, 370

on Gess's view of the person of

Christ, 372

his view of the union of the divine

and human in Christ, 373

on marriage as a type of humauity

and divinity in Christ 376

on the Son's will as mediator, 379

on perpetuity of incarnation, 380

on origin of Apolllnarianism, 381

his view of ubiquity of Christ's human

body, 386

on Mat. 20:28, 393

on modified moral influence theory,.. 402

on accept tlatio, 404

on Irving's views, 406

on Christ's entering into our guilt-la-
den life as one belonging to it 415

on men's after-influence (after death*,
as distinguished from Christ's after-
activity, 424

ou In termed lacy of Holy Spirit, 437

on man's causality In regeneration,.. 451

on God's act initiating action, 461

on faith 467

on Romanist doctrine of justification, 481

on the doctrine of the church, 497

on Christ's keeping Supper anew with

us, 542

on Romanist view of Lord's Supper,. 544
on cessation of reproduction in fu-
ture, 554

on future relations of spirit and na-
ture, 554

on art in the future state, 554

on the character of thought in the in-
termediate state, 566

on probation ending at judgment, ... 566
his view of Christ's second coming,.. 574
on the absence of naked spiritualism

in New Testament, 577

his view of identity in the resurrec-
tion, 579

on the idea of judgment as involved
in Christianity, 582

Dorner on soul's freedom In heaven

founded on love-energy,

on character of matter in new crea-

on dissolution of sinful soul Into


on punishment as something more

than a means of amendment,

Dort. Canons of,

Synod of, adopts sublapsarianism,

Douay version, its unwarrantable alter-
ation of tense iu Mat. 28:28,

Double sense of prophecy,

Doxologies supposed by Meyer to be


Draper on comets

"Dropping" of names from church-list


Drummond on the word "supernatur-

on ltomanism

on mystery,

on the visible created from invisible,
on reversion to wild type as an illus-
tration of spiritual degeneration,

on embryology of new life,

on the absence of abiogenesis in the

spiritual world,

on humaneness of sudden conversion,
on natural man passing from life to


on growing when in conditions of


Drunkard, is there a physical miracle

wrought for him in generation?

Drunkard's children presumptively


Dryden's translation of Ovid quoted,..

Dualism, two forms of,

first form, two self-existent principles

objections to this view,

second form, an evil and a good spirit,

refutation of this view,

Gnostic, holding matter to be evil, de-
nied resurrection,

Duality in Godhead, prevented by a

third principle of unity,

Diicit qiiemque voluptas,

Duns Scotus,

on origin of truth

on ground of moral obligation,

Duties, all our, not disclosed in revela-

Dwight, Timothy

on foundation of virtue,

his views on will

his form of the New School theory,..
on every sinner condemned for every
sin,though his sins continue forever,

Dynamical theory of inspiration,

holds inspiration to be supernatural,.
holds written Scriptures to be in-

Dynamical theory of inspiration, holds

a human and a divine element, 102

Earth to be purified by Bre, 686

Ebionisra, Judaism within Christian

church 380

its radical misconception that God and
man are necessarily external to each

other, 361

does away with worship of Christ and

his mediatorship 861

Ebionites, derivation of their name, 300, 381
their views of Christ's relation to Di-
vinity, 360

their origin, 361

their two principal divisions, 361

Ebionitic view of Christ involved in

Pelaglanlsm, 812

Ebony-tree, Illustration from, 294

Ebrard, 25

his definition of God 29

his comparison of trivialities of Scrip-
ture to hairs and nails of body, 10*

on life-movement of Godhead, 163

his " metaphysical generation " of the

soul 251

his view of humanity of Christ, 370

on signification of baptism, 415

his view of baptism, 530

on spirit as master of matter in resur-
rection, 580

Ecclesiastes, its character, 113

Ecclesiology, 494-553

founiied on union with Christ, 446

Eden, its characteristics suitable to in-
fantile and innocent man, 302

Edersheim on congregational govern-
ment in synagogue, 503

on proselyte-baptism in time of Hlltol

and Sharamai, 521

Education, divine, includes impersonal

law and personal dependence, 216

Edwards, Jonathan, 28

tended to idealism, 26, 206

his view of ground of moral obliga-
tion, 142

on Son's being not Inferior to Father, 166
he, Alexander, and Charles Hodge,

wrong in views of will, 178

on the sense in which God is the au-
thor of sin, 180

his views of continuous creation, 205

on personal identity, 206

on " that which truly is the substance

of all bodies," 206

on " the heart" an element in guilt,.. 285
on the infinite wickedness of the hu-
man heart 287

on the affections as modes of exer-
cise of the will, 288

on original sin, 309

his doctrine of man's identity with

Adam, 318

admitted a Placean element, 318
Edwards. Jonathan, not a tradiicianist, 318

his philosophical opinions, 318

a Berkeleyan, 318

his position as to relation between

race and Adam, 323

do certain passages from, favor the

theory of mediate imputation? 327

rather favor the theory of natural

headship of Adam, 338

on the two things which make Christ's
sufferings a satisfaction for human

guilt, 410

does not assert Christ's endurance of

penalty Itself, 410

on justification as entrance into com-
munion with Christ, 445, 479

on union with Christ, 447

on a speculative contemplation of
divine things as inoperative to ex-
cite holy affections, 452

on faith, 486

on witness of Spirit, 461)

on faith justifying-, 480

his style of address in the sermon
"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry

God," examined, 588

Edwards the younger, on succession in

the divine mind, 131

"Effect must have cause " an Identical

proposition, 40

Efficacious call, its nature, 436

Efficient cause 23

Efficient causes preceded by final

causes, 43

"Effulgence," its significance, 162

Ego. the cognition of it logically pre-
cedes that of the non-ego, 57

IfrcoWe before thinkable, 57

Egypt, date of old empire of, 107

Egyptian, old, language, connecting
link l>etween Semitic and Indo-eu-

ropeart, 240

notion of blessedness of future life
dependent on preservation of the

body, 561

idea of permanent union of soul and

body, 580

Egyptians, how they represented God,. 134
had they the idea of absolute crea-
tion? 185

possessed a knowledge of future state, 561
Egyptology, an illustration of revela-
tion 8

\Einziuc, rfcr,' every man is, 171

'Elder' connotes ' rank,' 609

Eldership, plura-, in certain New Testa-
ment churches, 510

In some cases necessary 510

not required in every case, 510

in some cases impossible, 510 1

advocates of, list of, 510

Elect and non-elect to be preached to,. 434
Election, its relation to God's decrees,. 172 i

ctlon, logically subsequent to re-
demption 426;

part icular, regards not atonement but

special Influences of Spirit, 427

doctrine of 427-434

its proof from Scripture 427

its reasons in the sovereign will and

mercy of God, 427

particular, arrangement of proof

texts, 428

refuting the Lutheran view of, 430

refuting the Arminian view of 430

its proof from reason, 430

proceeds, not upon foreseen fuith, but

upon foreseen unbelief, 430

stated in its simplest form, 431

secures for an objective redemption
its result in subjective salvation, 431

objections to doctrine of 431

not unjust to those not Included In it, 431

does not represent God as partial. 432

does not represent God as arbitrary, . 432
founded on reasons, though reasons

unknown to us, 432

does not tend to immorality, 432

held by some whom it does not hold,. 433

does not inspire pride 433

does not discourage the sinner in his

efforts after salvation, 433

does not discourage efforts for the

salvation of the impenitent 433

God's, does not exclude man's, 433

decree of, wherein different from de-
cree of reprobation, 434

general subject of, list of authors on, 434
Elemental law approximately revealed

in special injunctions, 280

Elijah, translation of, a proof of future

state, 561

John the Baptist as, 573

Eliot, George, exaggerates heredity, ... 251

has no heroes 297

on justice being within, as a great

yearning, 417

on reward of one duty being power to

do another, , 485

Elizabeth, Queen, her gift of ring to

Earl of Essex, 475

immersed, 525

Ellicott, a grammatical commentator,. 18

a triehotomist, 245

Elliott, on antichrist, 670

a continuous, orcontinuist, interpret-
er of Revelation, 570

his scheme of the Revelation, 570

on temporal power of Papacy, 571

his four chief signs of Christ's ap-
proach, 571

errors in his scheme of apocalyptic

interpretation, 571

on Christ's investiture with and act-
ual assumption of kingdom, 573^

Elohim, its use In Old Testament, 152:
Elohlm, is it analogous to Baalim? 162

not a collective term, 152

used of the Son, 152

list of Futhers who saw in such plural
forms an allusion to the Trinity, ... 153

Emanation, the doctrine of 189

objections to, , 189

derivation of the word, 18(1

and (feneration, difference between,.. 189
Emancipation, President's proclama-
tion of, feeling of country at, 214

Emerson, G. H„ defence of restoration-
Ism 590

on the notion of moral opportunity

permanently closed, 591

Emerson, R. W., on faith, 3

on impossibility of freeing ourselves

from God, 89

on goodness with an edge, 140, 293

on the fulfilment of God's will, 220

heredity in the case of, 253

his view of stn, 291

his view of Jesus, 291

his view of man's " I can," in reply to

duty's " Thou must," 344

on dying for truth, 399

Emmons, Nathanael, 26

on continuous creation, 205

on annihilation of infants, 320

on our relation to Adam's sin, 323

Emotional element in faith 485

Emotions, Incoming strong become con-
scious 469

Empirical theory of morals, truth in,258

reconciled with intuitional, 256

Encratites deny to women the image of

God, 288

Endor, woman of, 581

"Enemies," in Horn. 5 :10, what? 392

Energy, dissipation of, 184

Enghis skull, the, as large as that of a

modern philosopher, 236

England, New, its settlement by Puri-
tans, 213

Englander, New, on use of second causes
leading to higher conceptions of di-
vine action, 203

Enmity to God in its relation to sin,... 293
Enmity of sinner is against God, not

merely against truth, 452

Enoch, Apocryphal book of, 80

Enoch, translation of, a proof of future

state, 353, 561

"Enthusiasm of humanity," the prob-
lem, how to produce it? 450

Environment and organism correlat-
ed, 596

Environment in future state, suited to

character, 587

Environment, variety of, progress de-
pendent on, 211

Eophyte must in nature of things pre-
cede Eozolin, 194

EozoOu implies previous existence of

Eophyte 194

Epictetus, his view of morality, 88

on the gods' governing the world, .. 211

Epicureanism, 88

Epicurus, his materialism, 52

his view of morality, 8»

maxims, 142

Episcopius, 25. 314

Equivalency and identity, as to Christ's

sufferings 420

Error, modern forms of, and heathen
systems, Indicate a superhuman in-
telligence organizing against God,. 229
Errors, of Scripture, alleged, in science, 105

alleged, in history, 107

alleged, in morality, 108

alleged, of reasoning 10l>

of N. T., alleged, in quoting or inter-
preting theO. T., 110

alleged, in prophecy, Ill

Esehatology, 554

authors on, 554

Esprit geU, Schelling's matter, 189

Essence, its synonyms, 115

Essence of sin, views of Augustine.
Aquinas, Luther, Calvin, Kreiblg

and others, 293

Essencs, the 8!>

Esther, book of, reverenced next to

Pentateuch by the Jews, 112

no mention of divine name in, 147

"Eternal sin, an," 587, 595

Eternity, of matter, held by many ante-
Christian and Christian philosophers, 40

infinity In relation to time, 130

attributed to Christ, 147

attributed to Holy Spirit, 151

Ethica of Spinoza worthless, on morals,

as Euclid's Elements, 66

Ethics, conditioned by a capacity and

love for the moralls- right, 3

Christian, and Christian faith indis-

solubly united, 840

Eucharist, the Koinanist view of tran-

substantlation, 543

the Lutheran and High Church view

of consubstantiatlon, 645

Eugene Aram, Bulwer's, referred to,.. 348

Eutaxlology 42

Eutychians, their views. 363

condemned at Chalcedon 362

called Monophysites, 362

an Alexandrian school 363

denied any real becoming man on

part of Logos 863

and by consequence, atonement-, 363

and the possibility of any real union

of man with God, 363

their terMuili quid, formed by union
of the divine and human In Christ,

illustrated, 363

Evangelists, Independent witnesses, ... 82
Evans on two stagesof tbo humiliation! 384 j

on " tin' penumbra of hell," 564 |

Eve, ami man's original state, 2tls. ^89

what tin* name implies, 365

Event or change, every, has a cause, .. 40
Events, great, arising from tritles, in-
stances of, , 213

not left by divine Being to chance or

human will, 175

Evidence, principles of, as applied to

divine revelation, 09

competent, what? 70

satisfactory, what? 70

Evil, divine agency regarding, merely

permissive, 172

if permitted now, may lie |iermitted

forever 598

Evolution, not inconsistent wttli design, 43 j
of universe, requires matter to lie

moved from without, 52;

implies preceding involution, 191, 193

man not a product of, 2S4-23S

Exaltation of Christ, in what it consists, 384 I

its stages 385

Examination of Liddon, 150 I

Example. Christ did not simply set, 399

Example theory of atonement, 397

objections to, 398

Examples of priority logical yet not

chronological, 437

Exclusion, form of church's resolution

In case of, 617

of members who have failed to com-
municate with the church 517

instant, in what cases required 516

Exegesis bused on trustworthiness of

verbal vehicle of Scripture, 104

Exercise-system of Emmons 26, 319, 456

an outgrowth of Edwards' idealism,.. 206
as applied to regeneration, to be re-
jected 455

Exile, time of, not favorable to the con-
struction of a costly ceremonial,... 81

the, its effect upon the Hebrews, 360

Existence of God, doctrine of, 29, 57

origin of our idea of, 29

a first truth, 29,31

knowledge of, universal, 31

knowledge of, necessary, 32

knowledge of, logically independent

anil prior, 83

presupposed in all other knowledge,. 33
makes mental processes trustworthy, 33

assumed in belief in final cause, 33

incapable of logical demonstration,.. 34
presupposed in logical demonstration, 86

corroborative evidences of 39 i

cosniological argument for, 40

teleoglcal argument for, 42

anthropological argument for, 45

ontologieal argument for, 47

an hypothesis necessary to account
for universe, SO'

Existence of God, erroneous explana-
tions of facts regarding, 61

Ex nihil'> nihil Mi in what sense true?.. 187
Experience, Christian, its relation to

Scripture, 16

Christian, recognizes Christ's God-
head, 368

Experience, derivation of word 16

not a source of the idea of God 34

its meaning, according to Locke, 86

Expiation, and reparation, the demand

of true penitence, 418

representative, recognized among

Greeks, 394

Explanations, erroneous, of facts of

universe, 61

Expositors of spirituality of decalogue,

list of, 280

Extent of the atonement, 421

Exterminating war, in case of Canaan-

ites, a benevolent surgery, 10S

External revelation does not communi-
cate idea of God's existence 84

Externality of spirit and nature to each
other in future giving way to a per-
fect internal existence, Dorner on, 554
Ezra, Old Testament probably collected

in bis time 80

Facing-both-ways, man a Mr.? 243

Fact local, truth universal, 113

Facts not to be set aside lieeause their

relations are obscure, '. 19

Facts of science useful, though beyond

full understanding, 19

Faculties, man's three mental 254

Fairbairn on Koran, 89

Fairchild on nature of virtue, 142

Faith, a pre-requisite in phs'sical science, 2

a higher knowledge, 2,8

unverlflable certitude, 2,3

Christian, defined, 3

synthesis of intellect and will, 3

different from opinion or imagination, 3

"unverified reason," 3

not blind, 3

conditioned by holy affection 3

a work, according to Wesleyanism, .. 317
In a truth, possible in spite of insolu-
ble difficulties 335

does not save, but atonement which

faith accepts, 421

the gift of God, 430

and salvation, analogous to prayer

and its answer, 481

true, involves repentance, 464

and repentance, different aspects of

same act, 464

its constituents, 465

the intellectual element In 465

the emotional element In, 465

the voluntary element In 465

not purely intellectual, 466

constituents in, illustrated, 466
Faith, distinguished from assurance,... 486

phrases descriptive of 466

Koinanist view of 466

Luther on, 466

Edwards on, 466

an act of the affections and will, 466

not destitute of moral quality 466

not chronologically subsequent to re-
generation, 487

saving, its object 467

personal trust in a personal Christ, .. 467

possible to a child, 467

penitent reliance on God as Savior, .. 468

its ground, 468

possible without assurance, 468

distinguishable from feeling or joy, . 4*9

and feeling, illustrated, 469

leads to good works, 469

good works its evidence, 469

not to be confounded with love or

obedience, 469

in what sense a " work," 469

unconscious undeveloped tendency

towards God precedes it, 470

conscious and developed love to God

follows it, 470

instrumental cause of salvation, 470

susceptible of increase, 470

justifies, why rather than other

graces? 480

Wesleyan scheme inclined to make it

a work, 481

its relation to justification, 481

not, with the work of Christ, a joint

cause of justification, 481

Puritan doctrine of, 482

sanctifleation by, 486

Faithfulness, God's attribute of, 137

secures fulfilment of promises, 137

Fall, the, Scriptural account of, 302

not mythical or allegorical, but histo-
rical. 302

the temptation, and the resulting, ... 302

man's, Inward, before outward 303

difficulties connected with, 304

of a holy being, its possibility, 304

recovery from, not in man's power, . 304

Adam's, psychologically unique, 806

H. B. Smith's view of, criticized 305

how could God permit temptation

which led to 305

God's permission of temptation which

led thereto, benevolent, 305

evil objectified therein, an advantage, 305
the greatness of the penalty and the

sllghtnessof the command, 306

the divine command not arbitrary or

insignificant, 808

the act of disobedience the revelation

of a corrupt will, 306

its consequences in respect to Adam, 306
physical death a consequence to Adam

of his sin, 306

Fall, the, its consequent death began in

our first parents at once, 307

man's existence continued, why? 307

spiritual death a consequence to

Adam of his sin, 307

Involved positive and formal exolu-

siou from God's presence, 307

the, of human nature, could take

place only in Adam, 335

has weakened man's faculties 343

has given every faculty a bent away

from God, 343

Fallen condition of man, according to

Romanist view 268

according to Protestant view, 266

Falsehood, what? 293

False religions, caricatures of the true, 13
Farrar denies existence of evil angels,. 229

on entrance of sin, 304

Fatalism 211

contradicts consciousness, 211

exalts divine power at expense of

other attributes, 211

inconsistent with personality and

freedom of God 212

makes necessity the only God 212

list of authors on, 212

Fate and decrees, differ, 178

Father, the, recognized as God, 145

and Son distinct persons, 155

and Son distinct persons from Spirit, 155
officially first, Son second, and Spirit

third, 166

"Father," how employed for whole

Godhead 161

its import in the Trinity, 181

"our," its import, 162

Fatherhood of God, common, texts re-
ferring to 238

special, texts referring to, 238

relation of the common to the spec-
ial 238

list of authors on, 238

Fathers, their chronology, — 106

list of those who saw in plural terms
applied to God in O. T. a reference

to the Trinity, 153

Faust, Goethe's, criticism upon in Lon-
don SiK'ctator, xxvll, 291

Favor, divine, restoration to rests on

righteousness of Christ, 476

Federal theology, 23,24

method of theology, 27

theory of imputation, 322

its rise 323

and Augustinian, compared 323

not "Immemorial doctrine of church

of God," 323

its order, 324

objections to, 324

extra-scriptural, 324

contradicts Scripture, 324

impugns justice of God, 324

Federal theology, men according to It

are created sinners 325

Feelinir. reasons for, required by a re-
fined and reflective aire 10

alone, is valueless 12

has logical priority in reliifion 12

Feelings have the same place In theolo-
gy as in ethics or psychology 8

Felix of Urgella, 405

Fellowship, Christian, distinguished

from church fellowship, 552

Fetich Ism, its nature, 272

Fetich worship 31

never practised by Indo-Gcrmanic or

Semitic stocks, 272

Feuerbach, his view of religion 8

his view of God, 46

a materialist, 51

Fichto, on being born in faith, 8

on our opinion being the history of

our hearts, 21

on learning unbelief 65

on creation 20U

on the birthday of his child, 234

Fiction, the truest, has no heroes, 297

Final cause, 23, 29, 33,34

Intuitive belief in, presupposed in in-
duction and argument, 42

Hicks's criticism upon, 42

Final things, doctrine of, 554

Finality a primitive conviction 42

immanent and unconscious, illustra-
tions of, 44

Finite suggests the Infinite 82

Finney, Charles G., 26

on Song of Solomon, 112

on God in relation to himself and in

relation to finite beings, 131

on nature of virtue 142

on knowledge and foreknowledge,.. 174
on God's foreknowledge of who

would be saved 430

his view of efficient cause in regener-
ation 452

Fire, eternal, final state of wicked in,.. 587
Fire from heaven, Elijah anil Jesus in

relation to 108

Firmilianus mentions 2 Peter, 76

First parents, God's treatment of, be-
nevolent 308

First truths, in general 30

their nature, 30

their criteria, 31

universality of, 81

necessity of, 31

logical Independence of, 81

priority of, 81

simple and irresolvable, 31

denied, 31

the existence of God a, 31

Fish, his analogy of the church's life,.. 502
on Stephen as both elder and dea-
con, 512

Fisher, on the constitution of man's
mind compelling him to believe in

an absolute and infinite being, 32

on self-determination 259

on Augustiuian and Federal theories, 323

on the Federal theory, 325

on Plaeeus' views, 328

Fishes, the first, ganoids of an advanced

type, 236

Fiske, John, views of sin 290

on the illegitimate hypotheses of both

poet and materialist, 556

Fitch on a divine purpose which is not

an efficient purpose 179

Fleming quoted on " innate ideas," 30

on "moral laws," 277

Flesh, Its meaning, 290

the, how a help in the conflict with

gin, 305

as applied to Christ, means " human

nature," 364

Flint, Austin, on spontaneous genera-
tion, 191

Flint, Robert, his inferential method of

reaching idea of God, 36

Foeticide, murder, 253

"Fold." none under new dispensation,. 446

Ftma Trinttati$i the Father is, 165

Force*, if known, then God known 5

the possibility of a force distinguish-
able from the divine, 55

In modern philosophy, God minus

moral attributes, 125

its continuous existence dependent

on sustaining agency of divine will, 203
identification of with will, erroneous, 2U3
identification with divine will, list of

advocates of, 203

super cuticta, subter cuncia, 204

Forces and laws in nature may be

transcended by higher, 62

Forces of universe, deism falls to ac-
count for, 204

Foreknowledge of God, as to free acts,

mediate or immediate? 135

divine, of the future, implies its fixity

by decree, 173

Includes all actions future, 174

of free human actions, denied by

some, 1"4

divine, dots It rest on motives or Is It

intuitive? 135, 175, 178

of individual. Scripture statements of. 428
as distinguished from foreordiuation, 429
Forgery, theory of, cannot account for
internal characteristics of Christian

documents, 81

Forgctfulness no excuse for disobedi-
ence, 289

Forgiveness, view of its impossibility

disputed, 282

cannot be granted unconditionally by
public bodies, 41

Forgiveness, optional with God, since

lie himself makes satisfaction 418

human, accorded without atonement,

may not divine? 463

an element in justification 474

none in nature, 474

not thereestablishmentof health, but

crisis of convalescence 484

Foreordination, its nature, 172

the basis of foreknowledge, 173

distinguished from foreknowledge,.. 429

Foresight, illustrations of, 182

Formal freedom, what? 177

Forms of thought, are facts of nature,. 6

external to the mind, fi

Formula of Concord, Lutheran, on will

in conversion, 4S6

on God himself dwelling in believ-
ers 442

Forrest, Edwin, his repudiation of con-
version, 298

"Forty and two months," 571

Forster.W. E., on annilhilation, 557

Foster, John, on gathering questions

for eternity, 19

on miracles the great bell of the uni-
verse, 65

Fourth gospel, its genuineness, 75

Free acts known to God, 134

Free agency denned, 176

can coexist with certainty 176

Free creatures, their actions immediate-
ly known to God, 134

Freedom, four senses of the word, 177

physical, what? 177

formal, what? 177, 317

moral, what? 177

real, what? 177, 317

its most exaggerated view not incon-
sistent with the doctrine of the de-
crees, 177

of indifference, 178

certain remnants left to man, 258, 342

MOller on formal, 317

of choice within certain limits, not in-
compatible with complete bondage

of will, 344

formal, distinguished from real, 345

Freer on Christ's birth 406

French fleet dispersed by storm in an-
swer to pras'er, 213

Frere, Sir Butte, on the influence of a

gospel in a Decean village, 468

Freuudlm war der yro&ie WeUenmetster, 190
Friends, shall we know our, in heaven? 585

Froude, on history no science 218

his opinion of Carlyle 291

Fuller, Andrew 25

his definition of God, 29

his doubt as to value of arguments

for God's existence, 89

on union with Christ, 447

FUrachunu, an aspect of providence, ... 208

Future action of a man may become

certain, though not necessary, 258

Future condition of men, stages in, 554

Future life, Jewish belief In, 561

knowledge of.possessed by Egyptians, 561
proved by translation of Enoch and

Elijah, 561

by invocations of the dead 561

by allusions to, in Old Testament, 561

Philo and Josephus declare Jewish

faith in ...561

New Testament declarations of Jew-
ish faith in, 561

why probably not made more promi-
nent by Moses, 561

how taught by Christ, 561, 562

resurrection of Christ, chief proof of, 562
Future prefigured in rites and ordinan-
ces, 68

Future retribution, allusions to, in Old

Testament, 561

Futurist, interpretation of Revelation, 68

interpreters of Revelation, 670

Galton's view of piety, 46

Ganoids, the first geologic fishes, 236

Garden of Eden, banishment from, 808

Gassendi, his view of ground of moral

obligation, 141

on God as author of form, not sub-
stance, 183

Gear's analogy of Trinity, 167

Geddie, Dr. John, his epitaph 501

Gehazi, his children visited for his sins, 338

Ocmaclite, das, sin is 292

Genealogies, of Scripture, considered, . 106

of evangelists 108

of Mathew and Luke, how perhaps

differentiated 364

Generation, consistent with equality in

Trinity, 164

as applied to the Son, but an approxi-
mate expression, 165

Generation, spontaneous, 191

unverified, 191

does not require denial of creation, .. 191
Genesis, first chapter of. Its power of

adjusting itself to science 108

incorporates documents of earlier

times, 112

"Genius for religion," useless without

special divine aid, 60

Genius, its inward impulse not inspira-
tion, 98

Gentiles, judged not by gospel but by

law of nature, 590

Genuineness, of the Christian docu-
ments, 72

meaning of the term 72

of New Testament, 72

of Second Peter, 73

only allowed, in early church, after

careful examination, 74

of fourth gospel 75

Genuineness, the only hypothesis which
explains the early reception of New

Testament documents, 70

Oenm ajxitektmatieum, 370

iiliiimnlicum, 870

tapeinoticon 870

majetfttilicum, 370

the last denied by the Reformed

church 370

Geographical position of Lutheran and

Reformed religion, 24

Geologic history arranged to corres-
pond with foreseen fact of human

apostasy, 353

Gerhard, John, his Idea of faith, 3

his position in theology, 24

his view of the Lord's Supper, 545

Oesetz, Its derivation, 273

Gess, inaccurate view of the humanity

of Christ, 370

"Get religion," is the phrase correct ?.. 12
Gethsemane, scene of Satan's appeal to

the fears of our Saviour, 366

its teaching, 399

Oewordene, (las, sin not, 292

Gibbon, his enumeration of secondary
causes favorable to spread of Chris-
tianity, 93

was his impulse inspiration? 98

on transubstantiation 544

Gifford, O. P., on the man who on prop-
er occasion shows no knowledge of

God, being not man but brute, 33

Gift of individuals by Father to Son,

proofs of, 429

Gill, John 25

Gillespie's statement of the ontological

argument, 48

Calderwood's criticism upon, 48

Given, " grace and truth " are simply,

xxv, 50

Glory, final state of righteous one of,.. 585

God's, his end in creation, 196

God's, the only end actually attained

in the universe, IDfi

the end most intrinsically valuable,.. 196
the only end consistent with God's

independence, 197

comprehends and secures every inter-
est of the universe 197

the end proposed to the creature, 198

"Glorify," cannot always be understood

subjectively, 477

Gnostic Ebionism, its doctrines, 360

Gnostics, alluded to 12

Alexandrian, their views of creation, 180
their doctrine, according to Lightfoot, 1ST

Syrian, held to emanation, 189

their view of man's nvtvua, 247

God, theology the science of, 1

though apprehended by faith, a sub-
ject for science, 2

capacity of human mind for knowing, 4

God, though not phenomenal, known,. 4
not all predicates of him are negative, 6
definable by certain positive predi-
cates, 6

in what sense " absolute," 6

in what sense " Infinite," 6

in what sense limited, 6

limited by his unchangableness and

personal distinctions, 6

his Internal limitation is perfection, . 6
self-limited by his self-chosen rela-
tions to universe, 6

his power thus to limit self, essential

to perfection, 6

his self-revelation renders theological

science possible, 7

has revealed himself In nature, 14

"made me," in what sense we say

It? 15

not the soul of the universe, 20

God, the existence of, 29-57

origin of our idea of, 29

definitions of 29

his existence a first truth, or rational

intuition, 29

it conditions all reasoning, and rises
into consciousness on reflection
upon phenomena of nature and

mind, 29

knowledgeof his existence universal,31,33
knowledge of his existence necessary 33,33
knowledge of his existence logically
independent and prior to all other

knowledge, 33

other supposed sources of our idea of, 3+
idea of, not from external revelation, 34

not from tradition, 84

idea of, not from experience 84

not from sense-perception and reflec-
tion, 34, 35

not a race-experience, 34, 35

not a matter of mere feeling, 85

idea of, does not arise from reasoning, 35
faith in lug existence not propor-
tioned to strength of reasoning fac-
ulty, 35

what we know of, not limited to the

conclusions of reasoning 36

idea of, not derived from inference, . 39
unlike idea of existence of our fellow

men, 39

Intuition of, its contents, 37

what he is, men to some extent

know, 87

what is intuitively known of him, ... 37
presentative intuition of, not impos-
sible, 37

only a rational intuition of, here

claimed, 37

intuition of him neither progressive

nor complex, 37

his existence not proved but assumed
and declared in Scripture, 37

God, existence of, evidence inliiid in

very nature of man, 37

knowledge of him, though intuitive,
capable of explication and corrobo-
ration, 89

conception of him most rational ex-
planation of the fact of the universe, 30
Fuller's doubt whether arguments
about his existence had not made

more sceptics than believers, 89

Cosmological Argument for his ex-
istence, 40

its proper statement, 40

its defects, 40, 41

its value, 41

Teleological Argument for his exist-
ence, 43

its nature 42, 43

its defects 44

its value, 44, 45

Anthropological Argument for his

existence, 45

its nature stated in three parts, 45, 46

its defects, 47

its value, 47

not the Brocken-shadow of man's

self, 46

Historical Argument for his exist-
ence, its value 47

Biblical Argument for his existence,

its value, 47

Ontological Argument for his exist-
ence, 47

its three forms, 47, 48

its defects, 48, 49

its value, 50

Clarke's and Gillespie'sarguincnts for

his existence, 48

a i>rkiri arguments for his existence,

what? 48

arguments n jwrtcn'ori, what? 48

Descartes' argument for hisexistence, 48

this an argument a poatf.rittrl 48

Anselm's argument for his exist-
ence, 4S), 50

belief in him not the conclusion of a
demonstration but the solution of a

problem, 50

his love and provision for the sinner
not clearly made known in nature,. 59
God, the nature, decrees, and works of, 115

the attributes of, 115

his acts and words arise from settled

dispositions, 115

his dispositions inhere in a spiritual

substance, 115

his attributes, definition of, 115

relation of his attributes to his es-
sence 116

his attributes have an objective ex-
istence, 116

and are distinguishable from the di-
vine essence and from each other,. 116

God, attributes of; regarded falsely as a

Being of absolute simplicity, 116

he is rather a Being infinitely com-
plex 116

nomlnalistic notion, its error, 116

his attributes inhere in the divine es-
sence .116, 117

he is not a compound of attributes,.. 117

extreme realism, its danger, 117

attributes of, belong to his essence as

such, 117

distinguished from personal distinc-
tions in the Godhead 117

distinguished from his relations to the

world, 117

illustrated from intellect and will in

man, 117

his attributes essential to his being,.. 117
attributes of, manifest the divino es-
sence, 117

in knowing attributes of, we know
the Being to whom attributes be-
long, 117

his ttttribut«s,methodsof determining, 118
rational method of determining, three-
fold, 118

its ground and limitations, 118

its history 118

Biblical method of determining, final

and decisive, 118

his attributes, how classified 118

absolute, or immanent, 118

relative, or transitive, 118

his attributes, the absolute or imma-
nent, a threefold division of, 119

his attributes, the relative or transi-
tive, a threefold division of, 119

his attributes, schedule of, 119

order in which they present them-
selves to the mind, 119

his moral perfection involves relation

of God to himself, 120

his absolute or Immanent attributes, 120

his spirituality, 120

meaning of the term, 120

Is not matter 120

is not dependent upon matter, 120

the material universe not his senso-

rium, 120

his spirituality not contradicted by

anthropomorphic Scriptures, 120

pictures of him, degrading, 120

imagination forms a picture of, 120

desire for an incarnate, finds its satis-
faction in Christ, 120

his spirituality involves life and per-
sonality, 121,122

life, ns an attribute of 121

has a subject 121

is not correspondence with environ-
ment, 121

is the source within himself of move-
ment and activity, 121
God, personality, as an attribute of,— 121

meaning- of personality 121

includes self-consciousness and self-
determination 121, 122

his infinity, meaning of term 122

a positive idea, 122

does not involve identity with "the

all," 122

intensive rather than extensive, 123

hi* infinity enables him infinitely to

love the single Christian, 123

his infinity qualifies his other attrib-
utes, 128

aud constitutes the basis for the rep-
resentations of his majesty and

glory, 123

his infinity involves self-existence,

immutability, and unity, 123-125

his self-existence, what? 123

he is emisa sui, 123

his aseity, what V 123

exists by necessity of his own being,. 121
his existence dependent, not on Ills

volitions, but his nature, 121

his Immutability, what? 121

bis perfection Inconsistent with

change, 121

ascription of Change to, how ex-
plained? 124

anthropomorphic representations of, 124
change in his treatment often de-
scribed as a change in himself 124

his immutability secures his adapta-
tion to the conditions of his child-
ren, 124

his immutability consistent with ex-
ecutions, in time, of his eternal pur-
poses, 124

his Immutability is not immobility, .. 124
but permits activity and freedom, ... 125

his unity, what? 125

notion of more than one, self-contra-
dictory and unphllosophical, 125

his unity not inconsistent with the

doctrine of the Trinity, 125

his unity, its lessons 125

his perfection, explanation of the

term, 125

involves moral attributes, truth, love,

and holiness 125-130

himself a sufficient object for his own

activity 120

his truth, what? 126

his immanent truth to be distin-
guished from veracity and faithful-
ness, 126

he is truth,as the truth that is known, 128
his immanent truth foundation of all

other truth, 126

his truth guarantee of revelation and
ground of an eternal divine self-
contemplation, 128

his love, what? 127

God, his immanent love to be distin-
guished from mercy and goodness,. 127
his immanent love finds a personal

object in his own perfection 127

has Infinite feeling, 127

his immanent love a ground of the

divine blessedness, 127

is he passible / 127

blessedness consistent with emotions

of sorrow, 127, 12s

his holiness, what? 128

holiness is self affirming purity, 128

his holiness is not justice, 128

not the aggregate of divine perfec-
tions, 128

not self-love 128

not the manifestation of love, 129

mercy optional with him, 129

his holiness, its three elements, 129

purity of substance, 129

energy of will, 129

self-affirmation, 180

in his moral nature are both willing

and lieing, 129

his holiness not simply a matter of

will but also of being, 129

in it being logically precedes willing, 129
his unchangeablencss and unchang-

ingness. 129

his will expresses his nature rather

than causes it, 130

his relative or transitive attributes,.. 130
his attributes, which have relation to

time and space 130

his eternity, what? 130

not under law of time, 130

not in time, but time in him, 130

his thoughts, no chronological succes-
sion in, 180

present time has an objective reality

to, 131

his immensity, what? 131

not under law of space, 131

not in space, but space in him, 181

yet space; lias an objective reality to,. 131
his attributes which have relation to

creation, 132

his omnipresence, what? 132

not potential, but essential, 132

dwelling in the heavens, in what sense

ascribed to, 182

his omnipresence, deistic and Socinian

view of 132

the presence of the whole of God in

everyplace 132

tntus in omni jtarte 133

cannot be divided or sundered, 133

his omnipresence not necessary but

free, 133

his omniscience, what? 133

his omniscience deducible from his

omnipresence and self-knowledge,. 133
his omniscience immediate, 134

God, his omnlscence, Egyptian symbol

of 184

his scrutiny, its intensity, 134

knows things as they are, 134

foreknowledge of, covers not merely
motives but the acts themselves of

free creatures, 134

his knowledge of contingent future
events, Aristotle's teaching upon,.. 134

Socinus' teachings upon, 134

his knowledge of future acts of free

agents, 134

method of his foreknowledge, 135

his prescience not causative, 135

his omniscience, does uot embrace
the self-contradictory and impossi-
ble, 135

his omniscience called in Scripture

"wisdom," 138

his omnipotence what? 136

does not extend to that which is self-
contradictory or contradictory to

his own nature . 138

has power over his power, 138

can do all he will, not will do all he can, 138
has a will-power over his nature-
power, 136

his omnipotence Implies power of

self-limitation 138

permits human freedom, _ 137

humbles itself in the incarnation, 137

his attributes which have relation to

ineral beings 137

his veracity and faithfulness, or

transitive truth 137

they secure the consistency of his
revelations with himself and with

each other, 137

the fulfilment of all promises ex-
pressed or implied 137

they afford his people a sure ground

of confidence, 137

his mercy and goodness, or transitive

love 137

Ins mercy, what? 138

his goodness, what? 138

his love, its eternal and perfect ob-
ject, his own nature, 138

his love, how men become subordi-
nate objects of, 138

hi9 justice and righteousness, or

transitive holiness, - 138

his justice, what? 138

his righteousness, what? 138

they are revelations of inmost nnture

of God, 139

do not bestow reward, 139

are devoid of passion and caprice, 139,140
their revulsion against impurity and

selfishness, 140

God, Trinity in, doctrine of, 144-170

his name given to creatures in figura-
tive and secondary sense, 146

God, as "self-willing right," 163

distinctions iu Trinity based on this

view, 163

as source, origin, authority, is Father, 166
as expression, medium, revelation, is

Son, 168

as apprehension, accomplishment,

realization, is Holy Spirit, 160

eternally lonely, a repugnant thought, 168

decrees of, doctrine of, 171-182

sin, how decreed by 179

preservation from sin afforded by,
without violation of moral agen-
cy, 180

God, works of, or execution of the

decrees 183-233

not a demiurge; he antedates matter, 192

his plan cannot be frustrated, 196

his end in creation, 195-198

"his own sake," fundamental reason

of activity iu, 197

his self-expression not selfishness, ... 197
in expression of himself In universe
communicates to his creatures ut-
most possible good, 197

the only being who can rightly live

for himself 198

his end, certainty of its realization

our comfort in affliction, 198

his rest, what? 202

disjoins from himself certain portions

of force,. 204

the perpetual observer, 200

does not work all, but ill all, 206

represented by Hebrew writers as do-
ing what he merely permits, 209

his immutability a ground of his prov-
idence, 210

his benevolence, a ground of his

providence, 210

his justice, a ground of his provi-
dence, 211

his agency, natural and moral distin-
guished, 220

knowledge of, conditioned by love,.. 264
his nature, attributes of, other than

holiness, set forth by gospel, 281

dealings of the sinner are with him

rather than with government, 404

salvation of all, In what sense desired

by, 435

"God prays," — this transcendental

flight of Talmud fulfilled in Christ,. 365
Godet, on Logos us implying 'reason,'.. 162

on Tpo! iu John 1:1, 163

on the existence of angels antecedent-
ly probable 221

on 'spirit' and 'soul,' 247

his "Chinese hermit," 468

on Christ's twofold work, 483

Goethe, a believer in the live senses 3

on the connection between inclination
and opinion, 21

Goethe, on deception Ix'lnir always self-
deception 289

tiIs character, 290

on sin as a man's own shadow 2wl

on the possibility of n man's commit-
ting any fault, 297

on man's dependence on God, 450

Golden age, Luthardt's list of classic

references to, 268

Good deeds of the unregenerate man,
their relation to the general course

of his life illustrated, 449

Goodness, definition of, 138

Goodness involves causality and de-
sign, 48

Goodness of God, witness to among

heathen, referred to in Scripture, 59
Goodwin's experience of the evil dispo-
sitions within blm, 297

Good works, the gift of God 430

Gordon, A. J., on holiness as something
more than dead-white purity, as in-
volving living activity 130

on Christ, creation's sceptre-bearer,.. 424
on church's union with Christ on

throne, 425

on regeneration as a communication

of the divine nature to man, 457

on the terminal lines of Christ's min-
istry, 576

Giischel on <(<iixi 245

on trichotomy as related to cretian-

ism 250

Gospels run counter to Jewish ideas

and expectations, 77

superior in literary character to the

time of their origin, 78

their relations to a historical Christ,.. 78
coincidence of their statements with
collateral tacts and circumstances,. 8.'!
Gospel testimony conformable with ex-
perience, 83

its rapid progress at beginning a proof

of its divine origin 91

makes men moral, 480

Oottcnl)Cicits«ttfeiii, not ' consciousness of

God,'but 4 knowledge of God,' 85

Gough on the change wrought on the

drunkard in regeneration, 446

Government, common, not necessar}'

in church of Christ, 509

Government of the church, 503-517

Governmental theory of atonement,... 403
Grace, supplemental of law, as the ex-
pression of the nature of the law-
giver, 281, 282

saves without merit on the sinner's

part,and without necessity on God's, 282
a revelation of the heart of God be-
yond what could be expressed in
law, and which is only expressed in

Christ, 282

its relation to the law of God, ....281, 410

Grace does not abrogate,but republishes
and enforces the law, 283

secures fxilnlment of law, by remov-
ing obstacles to pardon in the di-
vine mind and by enabling man to
obey, 282

has its law,which transcends, but does
not susi>end or annul, the " law of
sin and death," 282

its place midway between Pelagian-
ism,which admits of no obstacle to
forgiveness of sin. and rationalism,
which admits of no break between
transgression of law and its conse-
quences, 282

a revelation partly of law but chiefly
of love, xxvii, 282

its plastic influence as compared with
law.which is merely an external im-
perative 282

a higher revelation of God, a prophe-
cy of which is found in law, 282

according to Pelagius, a grace of
creation, an endowment of man
with reason and will, 311

universal, according to Wesley, 314, 315

Raymond's inconsistency in use of
the term 315

in Arminian usage the restoration of
man's natural ability to act for him-
self which does not save hiin but
enables him to save himself. 316

may afford a larger chance for salva-
tion than if we had been sinless
Adams, 339

unmerited favor to sinners, 427

God can and does, in sovereignty and
with justice, bestow more of it on
one than on another, 427, 423

its distribution by God regulated by
some other reason than the salva-
tion of as many as possible, 428

God's choice of sinners to salvation a
matter of, 429, 431

as the only ground on which salvation
is extended to any, affords no reason
for complaint if others suffer the

due reward of their deeds 431

"Gracious ability," 315, 316

Greek, church, the. its doctrine and
practice as to baptism, 525

Fathers, the. in their treatment of the
"image of God," Gen. 1:26, empha-
size the clement of personality,... 261

language, the, afforded a literary me-
dium for the gospel, 380

Greeks recognized representative ex-
piation 394

Green on the Puritans, 287

Greg, on God as the only being who
cannot forgive, 282

on the punishment of the innocent
and acquittal of the guilty, 413

Gregory, D. S.. his view of ground of

moral obligation 143

Gregory Nazianzen, called "theologian," 1
on Christ's death as reconciling the

divine attributes, 408

on the indispensableness of a pastor's

teaching by his life, 511

Gregory of Nyssa 33

a traducian, 252

on Christ as at once bait and hook for

Satan, 408

Gregory the Great, his guarded refer-
ence to the doctrine of purgatory,.. 565

Grimm-Wilke on 3airW<io 523

Grotian theory of atonement, 403

Grotius, Hugo, 25

his views of atonement, 403

a pneterlst intepreter of Revelation,. 570
Ground of moral obligation, views re-
garding 141-143

Guericke, on independency of Manich-

teanism, 188

Guidance, the privilege of the Christ-
ian 219

Guilt, Federal view of, 823

doctrine of, 845-350

its nature, 345

only incurred through self-determined

transgression, 345

not mere liability to punishment, 348

constructive, has no place under di-
vine government, 346

an objective result of sin, 346

not to be confounded with deprav-
ity 848

obligation to satisfy the outraged ho-
liness of God, 846

of sin, how set forth in Scripture, 346

explained in New Testament by terms

"debtor" and "debt,"...- 346

how Christ may have, without deprav-
ity, 346

and depravity, reatu* and macula, 316

not to be confounded with subjective

consciousness of guilt, 347

primarily a relation to God, and sec-
ondarily to conscience, 847

Scripture recognizes degrees of, 347

degrees of, set forth by variety of

sacrifices under Mosaic law, 347

variety of awards in judgment ex-
plained by degrees in, 347

measured by men's opportunities and

powers, 348

measured by energy of evil will, 340

measured by unreoeptiveness for

grace, 349

Christ's, not merely an imputed but

an imparted 414

and depravity distinguishable, 416

Is endless, 595

Guyon, Madame, 17

her faith 469

Guyot's objection to the hyperliteral
interpretation of Mosaic account of

creation, 193

Habit begets fixity of character, 506

Hackett, Dr. H. B., on the altar "to an

unkuownGod," 15

on a clerical error in Acts 7:16, 107

on " It is his angel," 226

on the prominence given to the clos-
ing scenes of Christ's life 400

on departing and being with Christ,.. 563
Hartley on the light of nature in rela-
tion to immortality, 558

Hagenbach on the synthetic method of

theology 27

Hales's chronology, 106

Hall, John, on the forbidden tree, 306

Hall, Edwin, on mode of baptism, 526

Hall, ltobert, his argument for existence

of God criticized, 41

on John's baptism not Christian bap-
tism, 521

maxim not accepted by the great

evangelical denominations, 548

his statement as to terms of commun-
ion, 551

would admit to church those who de-
ny perpetuity of baptism In church, 551

anecdote of, 562

Hamilton, Sir William, on the " unpic-
turable notions of the intelligence," 6

on the absolute and Infinite 6

confounds "infinite" and "indefi-
nite," 6

on difficulties in theology, also diffi-
culties in philosophy, 20

on a competent divine necessarily a

scholar 21

on demonstrating the absolute from

the relative 36

his opinion of the anthropological ar-
gument, 47

his refutation of idealism, 63

on sensation proper 53

on non mntimu«, n\*i senMmus aentirc, 283
on its belonging to mental existence

continuously to think, 566

"Hands of the living God," 277

Hanua on 1 Cor. 15:28 379

on account of resurrection in 1 Corin-
thians, 577

Hardening of sinner not due to any

positive divine efficiency 434

Harnack, Prof., on the reading " only

begotten God," in John 1:18 146

on baptfeefn meaning ttnUmehen and

untcrtauchen, 524

on the Teaching of the Twelve Apos-
tles - 525

Harnoch on Manieha-anism, 188

Harold's death by a chance shot, 213

Harris, Samuel, his classification of the
intuitions 29

Harris. Samuel, on the existence of God
a (latum <if scientific knowledge,... 33
on science as that which gives occa-
sion and content to idea of the ab-
solute Being, 89

on science observing the universe and

missing God 51

compares man to a bottle of sea-water

in the sea, 55

his definition of jierson 122, 3T7

on the relation of the absolute to the

finite 123

his definition of language, 236

on man's distinctive characteristic of

personality, 246

on motives and character, 260

on sin 295

on indifference 313

on spiritual body as evolved by will,. 580
Harris, \V. T., on Herbert Spencer's self-
contradiction, 7

on the impossibility of science, if Rea-
son has not made the world, 84

Hartmann, R., on the hypothetical com-
mon ancestor of man and apes, 237

Hartmann, Ed. von, on science petrified

at question of origin 184

Harvest decreed as result of labor, 179

Harvey, his clue to discovery, 43

Hase 26

on the remains of divine likeness in

fallen man, 263

on sin, 289

Hastings, Prof., on the natural being

the ideal, 261

Hatch's inconclusive method of prov-
ing Episcopacy 508

Hatred, what? 293

Haven's view of ground of moral obli-
gation 142

Haven. New,school, on regeneration,.. 457
Havilah, Gen. 10: 111, perhaps stands for

a tribe, 106

Hawthorne, Nathaniel, heredity In the

case of, 253

illustration of guilt, in his Scarlet Let-
ter, 346

Hazard, on Edwards' confusion of

thought as to motive and will, 259

on the simultaneity of cause and

effect 437

his criticism of Mill's view of causa- ,

iion, 450

Headship, Adam's natural, theory of, 328-333

considerations favoring it, 330

it best explains Rom. 5:12-21, 830

combines the truths of the mediate

and Federal theories,.. 830

postulates a real anil fair probation of

our common nature, 330

rests on correct philosophical princi-
ples 331

accepts Scriptural representations,.. 331

Heart, its meaning In Scripture, S

Heathen, vulgar, prejudiced against

early Christianity, 90

their virtues, what? 294

who have not heard the gospel, their
salvation as related to that of in-
fants, 357

their religious systems sources of

deeper corruption, 358

religions of, God had a part In all the

good of them 858

In proportion to their cultivation,

become despairing, 358

they have an external revelation, 359

some among them may have found

the way of life, 468

apparently regenerated, instances of, 468
Heathenism, despair its characteristic,. 358
a negative preparation for Christian-
ity, 358

list of authors on, 359

Heautontimoroumenoi, the lost are, 591

Heavenly state, one of communion with

other orders of intelligences, 586

Heaven, reasons for believing that it is

a place 231.585,580

a place, since it contains Christ's hu-
man body, 231, 585

where It is, not revealed, 231

why represented as a city, 585

of the saints, earth may be the, 58ft

of the saints, wider than limits of

earth, 586

our ruling conception should be that

of a state, 586

final state of the righteous in, 585-58T

rewards in, how they are equal and

how they vary, 585

a rest from what? 585

a rest consistent with service 585

we shall know our friends in, 585

knowledge and love of friends in, not
inconsistent with perfect love of

Christ 585

Hebrews, "genuine," though not writ-
ten by Paul, 72

its genuineness, 75

accepted during first century, 75

its genuineness doubted during sec-
ond and third century, 75

again accepted by Jerome and Augus-
tine, 75

formally recognized at end of fourth

century, 75

its probable author, 75

intended to counteract Ebionism, 361

Hebrews, James, and J ude, regarded by

apostles as inspired, 97

Hegel, his idea of religion, 12

his analogy of the Trinity, 167

on God as the absolute idea, 167

on God as eternally begotten Son,... 167
on creation, 200

Hegel, his views of paradisaic condi-

tion, 269

on original sin 301

Heine on Napoleon, 292

Heir of glory may not know his happy

situation, 482

Hell, essentially a condition, 231

reasons for believing that it is also a

place 231

where it is, not revealed, 231

preferred by its occupants to heaven, 591
its present usual connotation imposed
on it by the impression the Scrip-
tures made on popular mind, 594

force of its Gothic etymon, "a covered

hole," 598

Help from above, need of, felt by great-
est minds, 450

Henderson on Messiah as "the Lord,"- 154
on the chief proof-text of the Federal

theory, 324

Hengstenberg, his method of interpret-
ing Revelation, 570

on the millennium begun in the mid-
dle ages, 574

Henotheism, what? 125

"Henry Esmond," referred to, 75

Henry, Matthew, on woman's being

taken out of man's side, 288

on satisfying an offended conscience, 405

Henry VI II, alluded to 12

Herbert's inferential method of reach-
ing Idea of God 30

Herbert, George, on adoring the broom

while leaving the house foul, 18

Herbert, Lord, of Cherbury 204

Herder 24

Heredity, facts which it cannot explain, 230

modified by environment, 251

illustrations of 253

docs not excuse, 285

principle of, works for theology, 329

the law of, litis given new continua-
tion to old doctrine of original sin,. 339

Heresy, as selected truth, 442

a ground of exclusion from the

Lord's Supper, 549

Herod Antipas, an instance of growing

hardness, 349

Heroes, none in Thackeray and George

Eliot, 297

Herschel on the atoms of the material-
ist 52

Herzogon Manicha-anism, 188

Hcsiod places formless matter in the

beginning, 192

Hicks, his division of the teleologictU

argument, 42

on the badness of the world an argu-
ment for God's goodness 199

Hierarchical spirit, antichrist, 670

Hillel and Shammai, their diversity of
opinion on proselyte-baptism, 521

Hill, Pres. Thos., on the material world
as the shadow of a real and imma-
terial being 51

Hill, Rowland, on the devil making lit-
tle of sin 298

on preaching to the non-elect 434

Hindustan, date of Sanskritic Indians'

entrance into, 107

HingcwanM zu, Corner's translation of

irpw, John 1:1 148

Hipparion, the two-toed horse, 237

Historical theology, what? 21

Historical types are prophecies, 68

History defying our moral sense, 556

History, inspired, record in, does not

imply divine approval, 108

History, nature is linked to, 213

History of doctrine, what? 21

Hitchcock, Dr. R. D., on the silence of
Scripture as to resurrection of flesh

or body, 577

Hobbes on the influence of the passions

on the acceptance of truth, 21

his view of ground of moral obliga-
tion, 141

his definition of society, 232

Hodge, A. A., - 27

on concatenation of all events, 171

on effectual calling, 437

on the orxto talutlt 437

on union with Christ, 437

Hodge, Charles 27

on mind not the only force, 203

on man's power to fall and to recover

himself, 304

on Wesley's Arminianism, 314

a crctianist 325

on man's inability, 345

on governmental theory of atone-
ment, 404

on divine purpose, 431

on God's general call, 435

on the proportion of the lost to the

saved 698

Hofmann, his view of the " image of

God," 264

his view of humanity of Christ 370

his theory of atonement, 393

Holbaeh, a materialist, 52

Holiness of God, defined 128

is not justice 128

Quenstcdt's definition of, 128

is not the aggregate of divine perfec-
tions 128

definitions of Dick, Wardlaw, and

Bcecher, 128

is not God's self-love 128

dctinition of Huddeus, 128

no utilitarian element in, 128

is not love or a manifestation of love, 129
definitions of Hopkins and Bushuell,. 12»

doctrinal results of their error, 129

Scriptural refutation of it, 129
Holiness of God, what It is positively... 129

it is purity of substance 138

belnj? logically precedes willing, 129

It is energy of will 129

the free moral movement of the God-
head, 12!'

not a still and moveless purity, 130

it is self-aftiriiiatlon, 130

not a mere negation of sin, but the af-
firmation of an inward principle of

righteousness, » 130

a "glassy sea mingled with fire," 130

works on, specified, 130

transitive, what? 138

distributive, what? 138

legislative, what? 139

the fundamental attribute in God,... 140

shown from Scripture, 140

presents itself most prominently to

conscience of sinner, 140

insistance upon, also in heaven, 140

shown from our moral constitution,. 140
shown from the actual dealings of

God, 141

conditions and limits exercise of other

attributes, 141

shown from God's eternal purpose of

(salvation, 141
and mercy, antagonism between them
removed by atonement, 141

of God, the ground of moral obliga-
tion, 141

attributed to Christ, 147

attributed to Holy Spirit, 151

in man, creatable, 284

love for, is the essence of virtue, 292

in Christ, what? 294

according to Pelagius, not concreat-

ed 311

immanent, denied by governmental

theory of atonement, 404

the gift of God, 430

an indispensable condition of securing

the favor of God, 449

implies a change in that which consti-
tutes character, 449

not attainable by natural develop-
ment, 449

Is true freedom, 459

a germ whose nature it is to grow, ... 485
final state of the righteous one of, — 585

Hollaz, 24

on truth in God, 120

his definition of sin, 289

his view of man's relation to Adam,.. 325
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, on man an
omnibus in which his ancestors are

seated 253

on the will a drop of water imprisoned

In a solid crystal, 344

Holy, God must be; merciful he may be, 140
Holy Ghost, sin against, how it is
"venial," 848

Holy Ghost, sin against, an externa

symptom 849

not an isolated act 349

the culmination of a long and evil

course, 849

accompanied with profound indiffer-
ence or active hostility against God, 849
cannot be forgiven because the soul
which has l>een guilty of It has
ceased to be receptive of divine In-
fluences, 849

not limited to New Testament times, 350
probably committed by Jews when
after Pentecost they rejected Holy

Spirit's witness, 850

Holy Spirit, organ of internal revela-
tion, 8, 163

recognized as God 150

is a person, 155

his work distinguished from that of

Christ, 184

procession of the, 155, 166

relation to Christ during his state of

humiliation, 377, 3T8, 382

application of redemption through

the work of, 428-498

Homer, one, more probable than many

Homers, 82

on man's wretchedness, 200

Homlleties, what? 22

Honettum and little. Cicero on 142

Houesty of gos|>el writers, evidences of, 82
Honors, divine, ascribed to Holy Spirit, 151

Hooker, Richard 26

his distinction between aptness and

ableness, 263

his famous description of law 276

on the law of grnee, 282

on Son of man " ascending up where

he was before," 370

his views of ecclesiastical polity, 500

Hope, element of, essential to existence

even of a heathen religion, 69

Hopkins, Pres. Mark, on moral reason, 3

on imi>ersonal Intelligence 44

on materialism 58

his illustration of tea-kettle 121

on nothing a in inri against eternity of

matter, 184

on the unwisdom of those who deprive
themselves of " the training which

is under personality," 216

on effects produced by combination.. 217
on the incongruity of Tyndall's pray-
er-test, 218

on conscience 256

on man's original dominion, 268

on man as including woman 269

on absence of cruel treatment of fe-
males among animals 271

on distinction between moral and

physical law 275

his definition of cause 450

Hopkins, Pres. Mark, on nature of vir-
tue 1*2

on faith, 488

Hopkins, Samuel, 26

his definition of holiness, 129

on continuous creation, 205

his views of our relation to Adam's sin, 323
on utterimpoBSibility of sinners obey-
ing the law of God, 345

Horace, on the supremacy of nature,.. 301
Host, its meaning in Romish church, .. 545

adoration of, idolatry, 545

"Host of heaven " phrase examined,... 224
House of Lords, action of, in relation to

copies, 70

Houses accessible to floods, figure from, 586
Hovey, Pres. Alvah, on Quenstedt, — 24

his definition of soul, 246

his objections to mediate Imputation, 327
his objection to Augustlnian view of
race's connection with Adam as not
supported by believer's connection

with Christ, examined, 340

his reply to Bushnell,.'. 401

on Mat. 8:17, 402

on election, 427

on Horn. 8 : 20, 432

on reasons for the divine election, 432

on our having no reason to think that

God treats all moral beings alike,432
his illustration of regeneration from

photography, 450

on John 1:12, 13, 458

on present sufferings of believers and

unbelievers, 555

Howe, John, 26

his definition of God, - 29

Hughes, Roman Catholic Archbishop,

his assertion in relation to Baptists, 538
Human element in Paul's writings and

those of the evangelists, 101

Human mind, can know God, 4

Human nature, essential elements,..243-248

Human soul of Christ, ubiquitous, 387

Humanity, has a capacity for religion,. 32
its full concept, marred In the first

Adam, realized in the second Adam, 366
its exaltation in Christ, to bo the ex-
perience of his people, 385

Justified in Christ's justification, 479

Humanity of Christ, 364

its reality, 364

its Integrity, 365

supernaturally conceived 365

free from hereditary taint and actual

sin 365

ideal in its character, 366

impersonal before union with the di-
vine nature, 366

was germinal and capable of self-com-
munication, 367

how related to the Logos in his exal-
tation, 386

Humanity of Christ, as to his soul, ubi-
quitous, 387

not pre-incarnate, - 413

Humbert, King of Italy, an illustrat-
ion from bis conduct during the

cholera scourge, 417

Humboldt, Alexander von, does not

mention God in his "Cosmos," 1

on Psalm 104, 203

on mankind one single species, 241

Hume, David, on a starry night, anec-
dote of, 32

his " reasonable remark," 40

his idealism, 58

on miracles as "a violation of the

laws of nature," 62

his argument against miracles, 64

his argument against miracles falla-
cious, 64

on prophecy, 67

on the validity of the argument for
honesty derived from the absence

of motive, 84

on prayer, 216

anecdote of, 497

on purgatory as the fulcrum of a lev-
er by which to move the world, 565

Humiliation. Christ's, 380-384

nature of 380

what it is not, 380

theory that it consisted in surrender
of relative divine attributes, objec-
tions to. - 380

consisted in giving up, not divine at-
tributes or nature, but " glory,"— 381
consisted in surrender of independ-
ent exercise of divine attributes,... 382

a continuous self-renunciation, 382

true doctrine of, tabulated with erro-
neous doctrines, 382

Anselm's view, 382

stages of, 382

omnipresence furnishes a key to the

mystery of, 383

not the Logos ptr se, but the G od-man,

endured the, 383

the latency of the divine during, vari-
ous illustrations of, 383

during the, the Spirit only permitted
at intervals the consciousness and

exercise of divine fulness, 383

human nature in, increasingly appro-
priates to conscious use the latent

fulness of the divine nature, 383

truedoctrineamiddleground between

extremes 383

must not be minimized, 888

Its only limit sinlessness, 383

Evans on two stages in 884

Humility, its derivation 462

Humists, the principal modern 54

Hunt, Holman, his picture, "The
Shadow of the Cross," alldued to... 365

Huther, on the prominence to leader-
ship in church (riven in Paul's later

epistles, BOB

Hutter, Leonard, 24

Hutton on the haunting presence of a

righteous Life and Will 37

on the Trinity in relation to the social

nature, 160

on Trinity as setting forth n perfect

filial will 170

on the higher the mind, the more it
glides into the region of Providence, 220

on Goethe, 280

on God's intercourse with men by

faculty and by teaching 426

Huxley, Thomas, his criticism on posi-
tivism 46

calls brutes " conscious automata,". - 53

on matter 53

denies " must," in uniformity of na-
ture, 63

on development from Orohippus to

modern horse, 192

objection of, to creation of birds on

fifth day, 195

on the " gulf " between man and the

highest brute, 285

on t he absence of proof of origination

of species from selection, 237

his supposed discovery of proof of the
development theory in the descent
of the modern horse from Orohip-
pus, 237

on t he needlessness of assuming more

than one stock for mankind, 241

Hydrogen, solidification of, 376

Hylomorphism, 63

Hymns, Christian, full of divinity of

Christ, 150

adduced in favor of Christ's propitia-
tory work, 390

Hy perphysica) communication between

minds, perhaps possible, 579

'lam,' in Ex. 3 : H, implies personal-
ity, 122

mistaken by Matthew Arnold, 122

'I am that I am,' in Ex. 3:14, its signifi-
cation, 123

Idea of God, intuitive, though not de-
veloped apart from observation and

reflection, 30

its universality, 31

its necessity, 32

Its logical independence and priority, 33

other supposed sources of 84

not from external revelation, 84

not from experience, 84

not from reasoning, 35

Idea of the infinite, not an infinite idea, 48

Idealism, its view of revelation, 7

definition of, 53

element of truth in, 58

error in, 53

Idealism, continuous creation involves

difficulties of, 205. 206

Idealistic pantheism, makes <iod both

subject and object of religion, 12

Idealistic philosophy of thirty years

ago, its influence as to body 577

Ideality of Christ's human nature, 366

Ideally possible, the, known to God,... 134

Ideas, have decided fate of world, 211

Ideas of heathen, not measured by

power of expressing them, 81

Identity, man's with Adam, Edwards'

theory of, 318

as applied to material things, 579

bodily, in what it consists, 579

according to Dorner, 580

fttiomalicum, genus, 370

'Idle word,' why condemned, 285

Idolatry, makes God in image of man,. 5

a grosser anthropomorphism 121

its connection with evil spirits, .. 229

distinguished from fetichlsm, 272

transubstantiatlon is virtual. 545

Idol, worship of, contrasted in Talmud

with that of Jehovah, 188

Ignatius, first theological systematizes 23
quotes from New Testament writ-
ings, 74

Ignorance, invincible, Pius IX on, 545

sacrifices for 285

sins of, 348

lunnrantla Icyis neminem accusal, 289

Image, its significance, 162

in Gen. 1:26, 27, its meaning, 262

as applied to Christ, its meaning. 262

Image and likeness, of God, distin-
guished by Romish theologians, 265

why used together, 265

Image of God. in what it consisted, 261

its natural element, 261

its moral element, 261

views of the fireek Fathers, 261

views of the Latin Fathers, 262

Involves proper complement of facul-
ties, 262

involves right moral tendencies 262

consists chiefly in original righteous-
ness, 263

theory that it includes only personal-
ity, 264

its advocates, 264

objections to 264

in man. In it the ethical overshadows

the natural, 264

not mere ability to be like him, but

actual likeness, 284

theory that it consists in man's natu-
ral capacity for religion, 265

objections to this theory of, 265

difference between Romanist and

Protestant doctrine of, 266

results of man's possession of 267

reflected in man's physical form 267

Image of God, not bodily resemblance

to Creator, 287

according to Scholastics, proprle and

Kitniificative 287

presented Immediately by spirit, 267

presented mediately by body, 267

involved subjection of sensuous im-
pulses to control of spirit, 267

exaggerated views of, in the Fathers, 268
Involved dominion over lower crea-
tion, 268

Soeinian view of 268

Limborch's view of 268

denied to women by Encratites and

Peter Martyr 268

Involved communion with God, 268

concomitants of its possession 268

Immanent and unconscious finalit y, ex-
amples of 44

teleological argument proves only,... 44
Immanent, explanation of term as ap-
plied to attributes, 120

Immensity, God's attribute of, 131

infinity in relation to space, 131

Immobility and Fate cannot be wor-
shiped 125

Immoralities in Scripture, seeming, due

to unwarranted interpretations, 106

Immorality, of doctrine of atonement,

charge of, unfounded, 420

of doctrine of election, 432

of doctrine of Justification, 479

Immortality of the soul, . ..655-662

maintained on rational grounds, 555

metaphysical argument for, 555

teleological argument for, 556

only applicable to the righteous, 556

of righteous, proved from God's love, 558

ethical argument for, 556

of wicked, proved from God's Justice, 556

historical argument for, 557

widespread indications of a belief In, 557

this argument for, of what value, 557

a general appetency for, 557

the idea congruous with our nature,. 557

Dorner on its true pledge, 558

authors on the question of, ,558

maintained upon Scriptural grounds, 558
the resurrection of Jesus Christ the

most Impressive proof of, 562

Immortality without holiness, unend-
ing misery, 269

Immutability. God's attribute of, 124

ascribed to Christ, 147

Impassible, is God? 127,128

was God, in sufferings of Christ? 382

Impersonal intelligence may account

for the order of nature, 44

Imprecatory Psalms, 109

Illumination, revelation in widest sense

includes, 8

Holy 8plrit gives, to perceive truth
already revealed, 15

Illumination, without inspiration 95

cannot account for revelation of new

truth, 99

not necessarily connected with proph-
ecy, 100

cannot account for prophecy, 100

alone could not secure Scripture writ-
ers from error, 100

not always dependent on holiness, 100

an inspiration dependent only upon,

possesses no authority, 100

Illumination-theory of inspiration, its

doctrinal relations, 99

it contains several distinctively Chris-
tian elements, 99

its advocates, 99

its defects, 99

makes reason ultimate authority in

religious truth, 100

Imperfection in order of universe, if

granted, explicable 43

Imi-nttatin metaphtfvica, 325

Imputation of Adam's sin to his pos-
terity, 308-340

two questions demanding answer, 308

proper meaning of the phrase. 309

has always a realistic basis in Script-
ure 309

two fundamental principles in 309

difference between Old School and

New School views, 810

no theory of, wholly satisfactory, 310

theories of 310-340

Pelagian theory of, and objections,.. 310
Arminian theory of, and objections,. 314
New School theory of. and objections, 318

Federal theory of, and objections, 322

Mediate theory' of, and objections,... 325
Augustinian theory of, most satisfac-
tory of theories, 310

of Adam's sin to the race, grounded
in the fact of a real union of the

race with Adam, 328

'and in real historical connection of
each member of the race with its

first father and head, 329

theories of, tabular view,... 334

objections to Augustinian doctrine of, 335
Imputation, of sins of immediate ances-
tors, Augustine on, 338

of sin to Christ, grounded on a real

union between Christ and humanity, 413
of Christ's righteousness to us,
grounded in a real union of the be-

liever with Christ, 445, 479

Inability (see Sinner), 258, 342-345

Incarnation, Dorner on three ideas in-
cluded in 370

'In Christ,' the phrase a key to Paul's

epistles and to the whole NT., 440

Inconclusiveness, seeming, of Scriptur-
al arguments, due sometimes to Ig-
norance of divine logic, 109
Incorporation, if uarantees truth, 102

* Indefinite' not equivalent to 'infi-
nite,' 6

Independence Day, referred to, 77

Indeterminateness, moral, man never in

a state of, 170

Indeterminisni, when tenable 260

IndilTr-rence, liberty of,.... 178, 258, 317, 580
Individuals, statements of Hod's pur-
pose to save, 428

foreknowledge and choice of, to sal-
vation, statements of, 428

allot ted as disciples to certain of God's

servants, . 428

given by Father to Sou. proof-passa-
ges, 428

are made recipients of special call of

God 429

bom into God's kingdom by God's

will, 429

Indolence leads to pantheism, 53

Induction, its validity depends on exist-
ence of God, 88

Inductive inference, what? 88

Indwelling of God, its extent and

modes, 376

reaches its highest stages In Christ's
union with believer and in God's

union with Christ, 441

Inertia, 52

Inexistentla, 161

Infant salvation, Watson on, 815

according to New School 320

doctrine of, 355-357

considerations favoring, 355-357

its earliest American advocates, 357

some consequences of, 357

little said of, in Scripture, 887

yet conclude that no human soul is
eternally condemned solely for sin

of nature, 357

Infants, die before personal and con-
scious choice, 300

their death proves sin of nature, 300

are mere animals, theory that, 321

unbaptized, regarded by French peas-
ants as animals, 538

are in a state of sin, 355

are possessessed of a relative inno-
cence, 858

are the object of special divine care,. 356

have a right to salvation, 356

are chosen to eternal life 356

through the grace of Christ are saved, 356
are included in the provisions of a
mercy which is coextensive with

the ruin of the fall, 356

provision is made for their salvation

otherwise than by personal faith,... 357
rule of final judgment cannot apply

to infants 357

their regeneration wrought at first
view of Christ- ill the other world,.. 357

Infanticide might have been encour-
aged by definite assurance of in-
fants' salvation, 857

Inference, deductive, what? 36

inductive, what? 36

Immediate, not reasoning, 36

mediate, what? 88

not a source of the idea of God 36

Infinite, the, expresses a positive idea,. 6
the. is it a negation of the thinka-
ble? 6

the ground of the finite, 6

idea of, MeCosh on, 49

not the indefinite, 6,122

Infinity, Cod's attribute of, what? . 122,123
in one direction not infinity in all,. 6, 597

Infirmity, Bins of, 848

Influence, special divine, required by

depravity of will, 481

In note CHQilatiimeH, 30

Innate or connate ideas, what? 30

Innocence suffering for guilt, not un-
just,. 4M

Innoeency, negative, the Creator of, the

author of sin, 285

Inorganic, the basis of the organic, 52

Inquirers, Scriptural advice to, 482

Insanity, sometimes dependent on sub-
jugation of will to a foreign power, 229

Tn&Ua cogitationes, 30

Inspiration of the Scriptures, 95-114

definition of, 95

defined not by its method but by its

result, 95

may include revelation, 95

without revelation, 95

may include illumination 95

without illumination, 95

list of works on, 95

proof of, 96

presumption in favor of 96

of the O. T. vouched for by Jesus,... 96

promised by Jesus, 96

claimed by the apostles, 96

attested by miracles or prophecy 98

theories of, 97-102

Intuition-theory of, 97

permits the use of natural insight

into truth, 98

in matters religious and moral secures
for man's vitiated insight help

against error, 88

not mere inward impulse of genius,.. 98

logical results of this theory, 96

Illumination-theory of 99

doctrinal connections of this theory,. 99

its principal advocates 98

in some cases may have amounted to

mere illumination, 99

that this was constant method of, de-
nied, 9»

communication of new truth requires
something more 99

Inspiration of the Scriptures, illumina-
tion-theory of, spiritual perception

too imperfect to be trusted,.- 100

this theory of, leaves Scripture with-
out authority, 100

mnkes reason the ultimate standard,. 100

Dictation theory of, 100

doctrinal connections of, 100

principal advocates of, 100

in some cases involved communica-
tion of words, 101

this theory of, rests on partial induc-
tion of Scriptural facts, 101

cannot account for manifestly human

element, 101

Dynamical theory of, 102

distinguished from other theories of, 102
union of divine and human elements

In, 102

analogies of regeneration and person

of Christ, 102

not external impartation and recep-
tion, 102

consisted with highest exercise of

natural powers, 102

illustrated from experience of the

preacher 102

peculiarities of thought and stylo

pressed into its service, 103

only secured infallible transmission

of truth, 103

was not omniscience or complete sane-

tifleation, 103

secured a perfect teacher but not a

perfect man, 103

permitted progress in Christian doc-
trine, 103

did not generally involve a direct

communication of words, 103

new truths of, seemed to its subjects

as discoveries of their own minds,.. 103
vertml as to result, but not as to pro-
cess, 103

sometimes guided even in selection of

words, 104

constitutes Scriptures an organic

whole, 101

two cardinal principles of,. 104

t wo common questions regarding, 104

of Scriptures all pervading, 104

there are no degrees in, - 104

objections to doctrine of, 105-114

principal objections to, drawn from

secular teachings of Scripture, 105

errors in secular matters, if proved,

not necessarily fatal to it, 105

alleged errors in matters of science,.. 105
"germinal modes of expression " used

in, 106

its subjects may not have understood
scientific interpretation of natural

events they described, 106

alleged errors in matters of history,.. 107

Inspiration of the Scriptures, alleged

errors in morality, 108

of reasoning, 109

in quoting or interpreting the O. T.,.. 110

in prophecy, Ill

boots unworthy of a place, Ill

books written by others, 112

permits and regulates compilation, .. 112

sceptical or flcitious narratives, 113

acknowledgment of non-inspiration, 114

Inspired record, an, probability of, 96

writers, experiences of, Illustrated by

that of preacher, 102

documents notexemptfrom mistakes

in transcription, 107

Instltutio Heligionis Christiana', Cal-
vin's 24

Intellect and heart essential to knowl-
edge of divine things, 3

Intellectual element in faith 465

Intellectual views into which will has

entered, man responsible tor, 258

Intention, deliberate, aggravates sin but

is not of its essence 288

Intercession, Christ's work of, 422-424

nature of his, 423

his sacerdotal benedic tion based upon

It, 423

an ac tivity of Christ upon ground of

his sacrifice, 423

objects of Christ's, 423

general, for all men, 423

special, for his saints, 423

of Christ, its relation to that of Holy

Spirit, 423

of Christ, its relation to that of saints, 424

Intercessors, saints are, 424

I nt ercoin muiticatto, 161

Intercommunion between persons of

Trinity 160

Intermediate state, 582-566

of righteous, 563

of wicked, 564

not a sleep, 564

not purgatorial, 565

incomplete, 566

of conscious joy to the righteous, 566

of conscious pain to the wicked, 56G

a state of thought, 566

sin in, because more spiritual, demon-
iacal, 566

exchanged for perfect joy or utter
misery only with the resurrection

and Judgment, 596

Internal characteristics of the Christian
documents unaccountableon theory
of forgery or gradual accretion, ... 81
International law, how far it exists,— 274

a partial metaphor, 274

Interpretations, strained, to be avoided, 116

illustrations of such 116

Intestinal canal and its appendages is
result of fall, theory that, 268
'Into the name,' In baptismal formula,. 534

Intuition, Ita meaning 29

views of, 29

of (tod, knowledge of what It is, pro-
gressive, 37

an obscure, may be explicated into

distinct consciousness, 89

of final cause, beneath expectation of

uniformity 83

moral, what? 254

Intuitions, classification of, 29

prescntative, as self-consciousness

anil sense-perception, - 29

rational, as space, time, substance,
cause, final cause, right, alwolute

Keing 2»

rational, further subdivided, 29

of relations, as space and time, 29

of principles, as substance, cause,

final cause, right 29

of absolute Itcing, as God, 29

how related to experience, 80

may be developed late, 80

do they (five us only abstract ideas?.. 86
Intuitional theory of morals, truth in,. 258

reconciled with empirical, 256

Intuition-theory of inspiration, 97

its doctrinal connections, 97

its representatives, 97

objections to, 97

Intuitive ideas, evolved from soul Itself

on suitable occasions, 248

Plato's view of, 248

Invalidity, seeming, of Scriptural rea-
soning, sometimes arises from its

highly condensed form, 109

Irenieus, refers to gospels, 73

his testimony investigated, 73

'Irresistible,' a better word 'effica-
cious,' 436

Irving, representations of his views, 408

objections to his view, 406

his views, Dorner on, 406

his view of sacrifice, that of sin, 407

his view of the identification of Christ

with the race, 413

Irvingian theory of atonement, 405

'Is,' its meaning in words of institu-
tion of Lord's Supper, 543

Isaiah, a later, 72

prophecy of, its division 113

hie style may have varied in forty

years, 113

Islam 89

its meaning, 212

Isocrates, on Heraclltus, 105

Israelites, postponement in their case of

much teaching, 109

positive preparation in their history

for Christ's redemption, a59

Italy, its unification, 571

* Jack and Jill,' philosophical inter-
pretation of, 78

Jacob, on war' olitoi-, 539

on O'kik, 540

on Lord's Supper implying not real
presence but real alisence of Christ's

body, 544

his concessions to Ilaptists, 553

'Jacob,' the correct reading in Acts

7:16, 107

Jaeobi, F. H., his view of theology, 8

his philosophy marks transition from

rationalism, 24

his saying, "nature conceals God,

man reveals him," 46

Jacobi, Prof. J., on 1 Cor. 7:14 535

Jael's patriotism, not her treachery, ap-
proved, 108

James, Luther's opinion of his epistle,. 112

his position on justification, 472

Janet, his view of finality, 43

his method in his work on Final Causes, 42

his objections to optimism, 199

on effects produced by combination,. 217

Janscn and Jansenism, 26

Janus, man the true 248

Jefferson on a Baptist church being the
truest form of democracy in the

world, 508

'Jehovah,' what it implies, 123

Adonai substituted for, 148

Jewish reverence for the name 147

'Jeremiah,' a clerical error for'Zech-

ariah.'in Mat. 27:9, 107

Jerome, accepts Hebrews, 75

on absurdity of God's knowing how
many gnats there are the world,... 213

a creatianlst 250

on ' bishop ' and 'presbyter,' 509

on teaching power essential in a pas-
tor 510

Jerrold, Douglas, on dogmatism, 22

Jerusalem, its artificial water-supply-
abundant 523

'Jerusalem, the Now,'a symbol, 447

Jessica, on "sweetmusic," 289

Jesus, Ebionitlc view of 881

"master of those who know," 389

not inspired, but inspirer, 389

bowing at name of, 548

Jesus Christ, expressly called God, 145

recognized as God 145

See Christ.
Jew, trust of a pious, implicitly a faith

in Christ, 359

Jewish advantages dependent not on a
"genius for religion," but on divine

revelation, 359

hopefulness derived from prophecy, 359
Jews, the only ancient forward-looking

people, 358

the three great truths in their divine

education 359

the three principal educational agen-
cies in their history 359, 36o

.lews, rendered monothelsts by the

exile, 360

converted by it from an agricultural

to a trading people, 360

imbued by it with spirit of Roman

civilization, 860

their dispersion a monotheistic start-
ing point for gospel 360

Jo1), a historical personage, 113

book of, its speeches perhaps never

lelivered in their present form, 113

John, his gospel, differs from syno|>-

tles, 70

hissecond and third epistles, not re-
ferred to by apostolic fathers, 74

lifs gospel, genuineness of, 75

his second and third epistles, eviden-
ces of their genuineness, 76

difference of his style In Revelation

and in Gospel, 113

his gospel, need we assign it a later
origin on account of its doctrine of

the Logos? 154

his iirst epistle, docs it teach perfec-
tionism, 489

.John of Damascus, 23

a triehotomist, 247

translated by Peter Lombard, 363

Influences western theology in middle

ages 363

on double consciousness and will in

Christ, 377

• John Seotus Erigcna, 23

Johnson, F. H„ on "natural selection

the scavenger of creation," 236

Johnson, Dr. Samuel, Quoted on sin, .. 297
Joseph and Mary, variations in method

of divine communication to, 102

Josaphat, St., another name for Bud-
dha, 468

■Josephus, mentions Jesus, 71

on books of Old Testament, 80

his numbers vary in some instances

from present Hebrew Scriptures,.. 107
on opinions of Pharisees and Saddu-

cees concerning future life, 661

Jouffroy, on ground of moral obliga-
tion, 143

on mental existence requiring con-
tinuous thinking, 566

Jowett, on sacrifice, 397

Judaism, classed with "rudiments of

the world," 358

a positive preparation for Christian-
ity, 359

as a preparation for Christ, list of au-
thors on, 360

modern, its tendency, 168

Judas 292

his experiences under influence of

Christ, 492

statements regardiug him not true on
hypothesis of a final restoration,... 592

I Jude, epistle of, not referred to by apos-
tolic Fathers, 74

evidences of its genuineness, 76

American Revisers' translation of

verse 4, 434

Judex damnatur cum nixem alwjlvitur,. 139
Judge, a, his indignations type of God's

anger 189

purity a sympathetic element in, 583

Judge, Christ the final, because bis hu-
man nature makes intelligible the

grounds of judgment, 583

because his complex person secures

mercy and justice, 583

because this is the reward of his suf-
ferings and the proof that humanity

has been redeemed, 584

Judge, English, who punished not for
stealing sheep but that sheep might

not be stolen, 352

'Judge the world,' how the saints will,. 584
Judging the world, attributed to Christ, 147
Judgment, perfection of, secured by

Christ's promise to apostles, 100

God's, against stu in Christ, faith rat-
ifies, 480

of God as to moral action, connected
with general state of heart and life, 343

Judgment, the last, 580-584

a final and complete, to be expected,. 581

passages describing, 581

its nature, 581

an outward, visible, definitely future

event, 581

evil reserved for, 581

expected in future 581

after death, 581

resurrection a preparation for, 581

Its accompaniments outward aud visi-
ble 581

required by God's justice, 582

Egyptian process of 582

apart from, God's Justice only ap-
proximate, 582

apart from, Christianity only a sort

of dualism, 582

various respects in which God's right-
eousness will be vindicated by, 582

object of, 582

preparations for, in law of memory,
law of conscience, and law of char-
acter, 582

a vision of, 583

a manifestation of the heart, 583

a scene of self-revelation and self-
condemnation, 583

culmination of a process of natural

selection, 583

the Judge in, 583

why its conduct committed to Christ, 583

subjectsof 584

among its subjects are all men, each
possessed of body as well as soul,.. 584

Judgment, the Inst, among its subjects

are till evil angels, 684

groumls of, 684

grounded upon the law of God, 584

grounded upon the grace of Christ,.. 584

list of authors on, 584

Judgments, in history of individuals
and nations, many partial and im-
perfect, 580

spiritual, passages describing, 581

present, temporal, and spiritual, have
inner connection with the judgment

final, outward and complete, 583

educational agencies among Jews,..- 360
Judson, Adoniram, his self-denying la-
bors an argument for Christianity,. 93
on wine essential to Lord's Supper, .. 539
'Just,' may refer to moral character,.. 477

may refer to relation to law, 477

Justice of God, is transitive holiness,.. 138

holiness in its punitive relations, 188

not a manifestation of benevolence, 138

legislative, as imposing law, 189

not a matter of arbitrary will,. 139

does not bestow rewards, 139

devoid of nil passion or caprice, 139

both subjective and objective 418

simply a manifestation of God's holi-
ness, 594

Justification, delivered from charge of
being arbitrary and mechanical by

doctrine of union with Christ, 445

doctrine of 471-483

definition of, 471

a judicious and declarative act, 471

regarded by Arininiansas sovereign,. 471

Scriptural proof of, 471

James and Paul on, 472

elements of, 474

Includes remission of punishment,... 474

includes restoration to favor, 475

special helps included in, 476

its relation to God's lnw and holiness, 477

a forensic term, 477

its difficult feature, 477

declaratory, its proclamation in the

heart helps to make men just, 478

its relation to union with Christ, 478

its relation to the work of the Spirit,. 478

its true ground, 478

its ground is not new righteousness

and love infused into us, 478

its ground is not the essential right-
eousness of Christ's divine nature

become ours by faith, 478

its ground is the satisfaction and obe-
dience of Christ, 478

not external nnd immoral, 479

and sanctltlcation, not different stages

of the same process, 479

gifts and graces its accompaniments,

not its ground, 480

Its relation to faith, 480 I

Justification, why it rests on faith, 480

since its ground Is only Christ, Justi-
fied person has peace, 48i

effect of Romanist making works

with faith a Joint ground of 4U

has no degrees, 4(1

according to Komanlst view, a contin-
uous process, 181

Dorner on Homanist view of, 481

instantaneous, complete, and final,... 483

not eternal in the past, 482

all subsequent acts of pardon impltel

in the first act of, 482

advice to inquirers demanded bv

Scriptural view of, _ 482

general subject of, list of authors on, 483

book of life is book of,.. xxix,584

'Justified,' may refer to character, 477

mny refer to law, 477

'Justify,' its derivation, 477

contrasted with 'condemn,' 474

Justinian, his edict, 571

Justin Martyr, refers to "memoirs of

Jesus Christ," 71

his inaccuracies of quotation, 71

on the youthful Jesus a carpenter,... 3f»
propounds theory of ransom paid to

Satan, 40*

his theory of annihilation, . 584

JustUta cipflis, 842

Justus, its derivation, 477

Jiutf tin el jiift ifica Hs, 411

Kahnis, his definition of God 29

on the divine self-consciousness un-
folding in the divine knowledge, ... 126
on doctrine of pree'xistence of souls,. 249

on creatianism, 251

on the human nature in Christ, 377

on doctrine of the Kenotics 381

Kaleidoscope, the mind not a, 6

Kalpa, 170

Kane, Dr., his lens of ice, 21

Kant, his view of religion, 12

on the sense of duty, 12

on what law owes to gospel, 16

his view of revelation, 24

on nothing in vain, 48

on the weakness of the teleologienl

argument, 44

on faith in duty requiring faith in

God, 4*

on pree'xistence of human soul, 248

on the "categorical Imperative" of

conscience, 256

his mistake as to freedom, 260

on the science of law, 275

on the fundamental law of reason,... 280

on human nature, 301

his "I ought, therefore I can" a
relic of man's original but now lost

consciousness of freedom, 344

his definition of an organism, 442

on the need of a new creation, 449

Kant, hlB argument for Immortality, Its

nature and defects, 557

on mental existence as involving con-
tinuous mental activity, 568

Karen tradition, 80

Keble, quoted, - 69

on entrance of sin, 303

'Keep What Thou Hast,' duty both of

pastor and of every believer, 401

Keil and Delitzsch on Cain's marriage,. 239

Keil's theory of atonement, 394

Kelly, William, a "continuous" inter-

pretater of Revelation, 570

Kempis, Thomas a, mystical tendency

in, 17

on self-depreciation, 287

Kendall, Amos, anecdote of, 497

Kcndrick, Dr. A. C, on spiritual little

children 856

on relation between baptism and the

thing signified in it, 532

on local associations in heaven, 586

Kenosis, theory of, 380

Keri, 147

Kestner's wife, Goethe's treatmont of,. 290

Ki t Tu b, 147

King, Christ must be owned as 425

King. Clarence, on sudden yet natural

modifications of species, 192

Kingdom, Christ's giving up the, illus-
trated, 879

and church, distinction between, 494

Christ not divested of, till millennium, 573
Christ's, a neeessars' decline of, till
his second coming, theory of, not

scriptural nor wholesome, 573

Kingly office of Christ, 424, 425

Kingship of Christ, what? 424

with respect to the universe, 424

with respect, to his militant church,.. 424
with respect to his church triumph-
ant, 425

of Christ, present, Luther on, 425

of Christ, list of authors on 425

Kingsley, Charles, on the Lord harden-
ing the heart, xxvii, 210

Knapp, Jacob, prayer of 214

Knapp, the German theologian, 24

'Know,' its meaning in Scripture, 428

Knowing, its laws not merely arbitrary

or regulative, 6

Knowledge of God, possible to human

mind, 4

Knowledge, faith only a higher sort of, 2

not confined to phenomena, 4

of mind not merely negative, 4

analogy to one's nature or experience

not essential to, 4

Spencer' definition of, 5

forming an adequate mental image

not essential to, 5

not essential to it that we know In
whole, 5

Knowledge, partial, distinguished from

knowledge of a part, 5

may be real and adequate though not

exhaustive, 5

involves limitation or definition, 6

relative to knowing agent, 6

is of a thing as It is, 7

though imperfect may be of value,.. 19

none possessed at birth, 30

'takes them [future events], not

makes them,' Whedon, 135

requires presupposition of the Abso-
lute Keason, 88

does not ensure right action, 231

aggravates but is not essential to sin, 288
God's, direct and without intermedia-
ries 184

divine, intuitive, 135

divine, includes all actions possible,.. 174
distinguished from foreknowledge,.. 174

sins of, 348

final state of righteous one of, 585

Koran, 60, 89

Kreibig on Christ's work reaching even

to nature, 199

on essence of sin, 293

on personal sin, If proceeding from
original, leaving men guilty only of

Adam's sin, 338

on all suffering being punishment,... 354
on solution of problem of atonement, 417

Kronos, time, 130

and Urano8, not before God, 130

Kuno-fw-tse = Confucius, 86

Kurtz on God's holiness maintaining

and restoring order of world, 355

Ladd, on Cogito, ergo Dews est, 34

on entrance of Unitarianism into

Congregational churches, 538

Lamb of God, a sin-offering 892

the lion of the tribe of Judah, 595

Lamb's book of life, those written in,

alone saved, 428, xxlx, 584

Lange, J. P., on derivation of rcligin,.. 11

his theological position, 25

on pagan conceptions which like pa-
limpsests show through Christian-
ity, 188

Language, difficulty of putting spirit-
ual truths Into, 18

resembles the walls which keep open

a tunnel into a sand-bank, 18

dead, only real living, 21

how constructed, 44

not necessary to thought, 103

defined, 235

the effect, not the cause, of mind,— 235
Laodicea, Council of, admits 2 Peter

into Canon, 76

Lao-tse, his trinity, 170

Lateinos, 670>

Laternn, St. John, Luther's experience
at, true, 482

Latin Fathers, tlielr view of the "im-
age of God," 283

Lava, illustration of directive provi-
dence drawn from, 210

stream. Illustration of downward ten-
dency of fallen nature, 836

Law, cause, and force, are alike known, 4

Law, is method, not cause, 43

what it is, 139

reveals God's love and mercy manda-
torily, xxvli, 253

in general, true conception of, 273

its essential idea. 273

lt9 seven characteristics, 273, 274

primary use of the term, 273

even in physical science, implies a su-
preme will, , 273

includes idea of force and cause, 273

In various languages, its derivation, 273

its characteristic, generality 274

implies u power to enforce, .' 274

without penalty, is mere wish or ad-
vice, 274

in case of free rational agents, Im-
plies duty and sanctions, 274

an expression of the nature of the

lawgiver, 274

and of the condition In the subjects

which corresponds thereto, 274

of God, its nature, 275

elemental, 275

physical or natural 275

physical, not necessary, 275

moral, what? 276

its seven characteristics, 276

the ex pression of a personal will 276

sometimes used as agent for princi-
pal, 276

discovered, not made, 276

tested by utility, though not consti-
tuted by it 276

expression of nature of God, 276

its perfect embodiment seen only In

Christ, 276

in nutural and spiritual world the

same 277

a revelation of constitutive principles

of being, 277

a revelation of eternal reality 277

list of references on, 277

of God, a transcript of divine nature,
certain Implications arising thence, 277

not arbitrary 277

not temporary, 277

not merely negative, 277

not partial in its requirements, 277

not outwardly published, 277

not inwardly conscious, 277

not local, 277

not changeable 277

not u sliding-scale of requirements,.. 277
moral, God cannot change it without
ceasing to be God 278

Law, as ideal of human nature, its adap-
tation to man's nature, 278

its characteristics, 278

its all-comprehensiveness, 278

its spirituality, 278

demands right disposition and state,. 278

its solidarity, 279

a method of salvation, only to first

man, 279

to sinners, a means of discovering and

developing sin, 279

awakes despair and drives to Christ,.. 279
as a mirror, reveals derangement, but

does not remove It, 279

prepares for grace, 279

as positive enactment, 279

general moral precepts, 279

special injunctions, 280

written, imperfect, why and how? 280

written, in scope and design morally

perfect, 280

its relation to grace of God, 281

not an exhaustive expression of will

and nature of lawgiver, 281

of God, its general expression does
not exclude special injunctions and

acts 281

In itself only sets forth God's holiness, 281
does not exclude grace, as creation

does not exclude miracle, 281

not abrogated by grace, as natural

law is not susixmdcd by miracle, ... 282
becomes "perfect law of liberty"

only in connection with grace, 282

on condemning oneself for being

greatest sinner one knows, 287

its supreme requirement, 294

Identical with constituent principles

of being, 335

the all-comprehending demand of har-
mony with God, 340

the Mosulc, a factor cooperating with

other human factors, 358

an educational influence to Jews, 359

must precede gospel both in history of

world and individual, 359

according to Grotius, 403

its basis in nature of God, 416

freedom from, what? 487

as a moral rule, unchanging, 487

believer not free from obligation to

observe, 487

as a system of curse and penalty, be-
liever free from, 488

as a method of salvation, believer free

from 188

as an outward compulsion, believer

free from, 488

not a sliding scale graduated to man's

moral condition, 488

God's, as known in conscience and in
Scripture, a ground of final judg-
ment, 584


Lawrence, on penalty paying no debts, 591
Laws, of knowing, correspond to na-
ture of things, 6

of theological thought, laws of God's

thought, 8

of nature, not violated in miracle 62

of nature, not to be conceived of as
only acting singly, but as capable

of combination, 217'g " Serious Call to a Devout and

Holy Life," 287

Laylng-on of hands, its place in ordina-
tion, 513

Lthen. Da*,M tier Q\ltt r hoehxtc* nteht,. 345

Legal analogies of atonement 391

Legge, his criticism on Matheson's view

of Confucianism 88

on date of Chinese history, 107

Leibnitz, on revelation, 18

his")if*( intellect!!* ijwc," 85

on sin 391

Leibnitz-Wolfflan doctrine, 84

Leighton, Archbishop, on seeking God's

glory a means of happiness, 198

on none of God's children born

dumb, 488

Lenormant on Sanskritic Indians 107

Leo the Great, saying of, in regard to

extent of atonement, 409

Leo X and the Reformation, 179

Lepsius, 25

Leasing, on a "revelation that reveals

nothing," 18

his " search for truth," 98

Letter-missive calling a council of ordi-
nation 514

Levitlcal enactments, their design, 280

Lewes, his definition of life and mind

criticized, 121

on " creation out of nothing," 187

on phenomena as subject to super-
natural volition 217

would substitute "method" for "law," 273

Lex, its derivation, 273

Leydecker 24, 27

Licensure, its nature, 512

Liddell and Scott, on fawrii*. 622

Liebner. on Dorner's view of the union

of the natures in Christ, 374

Life, not produced from matter, 52

as it ascends, marked by increasing

differentiation 118

incapable of definition, 121

not a mere process, 121

not mere correspondence with en-
vironment, 121

according to Aristotle, 121

ascribed to Christ, 147

ascribed to Holy Spirit, 151

principle of, apparently a new crea-
tion of God, 193

animal, though propagated, not ma-
terial 253

Life, its "power to draw out from the
putrescent clod materials for its own

living," 365

its various relationships honored by
being taken into union with divini-
ty in Christ 368

an expression of independence and

dependence 441

man's physical, conscious of a life

within not subject to will, 441

man's spiritual, consciousof life with-
in a life 441

man's natural, preserved by God,

much more spiritual, 491

of sin. attains completeness in future, 554
Christian, attains completeness in fu-
ture 564

book of, the book of justification,

xxix, 584

eternal, final state of righteous, 585

Lightfoot, as a commentator, 18

on the Logos, 162

on the Colosslan heresy, 187

on advance of bishop from primvg in-
ter pare*, to vicegerent of Christ,.. 508

on epistle of Clemens Romanus, 518

his date for "Teaching of Twelve

Apostles," 588

Lightwood, on law as custom, 274

Lily, grows in stagnant pool, 251

Limborch, 25,314

his view of Image of God 268

a creatianlst, 314

his departures from tenets of Armin-

ius, 315

Lincoln, Dr. Heman, on the two great
laws which confirm Scripture doc-
trine of retribution 598

Lincoln, William, on heresy as selected

truth, 442

Lindsay, Dr. Philip, on a knowledge of
Greek Testament a preparation for

death 21

Lincamentn extrcma, Augustine on, ... 345

List of theological text-books, 28

Literature, of tin? second century, its

character illustrated, 78

modern, frequently ignores man's de-
pendence on God 484

Livingstone, on universal recognition

of a God 31

'Living Temple,'of John Howe, 28

Loci Commune*,, 24

Locke, refutes doctrine of innate ideas, 30

his idea of experience, 85

on the Impossibility of producing co-
gitable existence out of lncogitable, 45

on Inspiration, 103

on the soul thinking not always 566

LtMTutumc* vcricc, eexl non contraries;

dive.r*tc, sal non adverser, 108

Logos, the whole, how present in man
Christ Jesus, 133

Logo*, John's doctrine of the. radically
different from Alexandrian Lngos-

Idea of Philo 531

John's doctrine of the, Its relation to

Palestinian Ittmra 154

iloctrine of, list of the authorities on, 15*

Its significance, 162

various views on the, 182

the preinearnate, granted to men a
natural light of reason and con-
science, 315

purged of its depravity that portion
of human nature which heassumed,
in and by the very act of taking It,. 365
during earthly life of Jesus, existed

outside his flesh, 383

the whole, present in Christ and yet

present everywhere else, 883

can suffer on earth and reign in

heaven at same time, 883

his surrenderor independent exercise
of divine attributes, how best con-
ceived 383

his preparatory work, 388

Lombard, Peter, 23

on original depravity, 823

on possibility of God's knowing more

than he is aware of, 383

Long, on ".Salisbury use" in baptism.. 525
'Lord of hosts,' meaning of the desig-
nation, 22*

Lord's Day, 201

Lord's Supper, 538-553

Lord's Sup|>er and Baptism, monuments

of historical facts 77

Lost. their number small compared with

t hat of the saved, 598

Lot of nations and of individuals, not

wholly in their own hands 211

Louis XIV, saying of LTC

XV and XVI. their fates contrasted,. 556

XVI, a"sacriflcial lamb," 419

Love, necessary to right use of reason

with regard to God, 3, 16

Its loss obscures rational intuition of

God 37

of God, nature cannot prove it, 47

of God, Immanent, what? 127

not to be confounded with mercy and

goodness, 127

finds a ]>ersonal object within the

Trinity, 127

constitutes a ground of divine bless-
edness, 127

of God, transitive, what? 137

denominated mercy and goodness, ... 137

distinct from holiness 138

attributed to Christ, 147

attributed to Holy Spirit, 151

to God, the prerequisite of knowledge

of him, 264

revealed in grace rather than in law,. 282
defined, 292

Love, to God, all embracing require-
ment of law, 29*

eternity of, its effectiveness as an ap-
peal, 433

fixed on sinners of whom he knows

the worst, 433

unchanging, 433

has dignity, 887

for holiness, involves hatred of un-

hollness, 587

brotherly, in heaven implies knowl-

know ledge, 685

Lovelace quoted 293

Lowndes' view of intuition, 29

Lubbock, Sir John, on the anthropoid

aiH' and the ant, 238

takes every brutal custom as sample

of man's first state 270

Lucretius, his materialism, 51

on impossibility of creation out of

nothing, 187

Luke, gospel of, written before end of

Paul's first imprisonment, 74

declaredly a compilation, 112

his relation to Paul, 97

'Lunar politics,' 2

Lust i»Ta\ not sin according to Roman-
ist doctrine, 481

Luthardt, his view of nature, 47

on extreme realistic conceptions of

God, 117

on dualism as an alternative to crea-
tion, 201

on Mclnncthon's views of regenera-
tion, 451

on the foundation of the universal

belief in immortality, 658

Luther, preacher rather than theologian 24
bis comparison of Trinity to a flower, 167

his prayer for Melancthon 218

his mediieval opinions of Satan, 230

a trichotomist, according to Delitzsch, 247
a dichotomlst, according to Thoma-

sius 247

on reproduction of mankind, 252

his experience of depravity of nature, 286

ou essence of sin 293

on God's " two rods," 351

on the need of " new tongues" to set

forth mystery of incarnation 375

on Christ as the ichneumon within

the crocodile, Satan, 408

on Christ's care of his church, 425

on Christ's present reign, 425

on union with Christ, 447

his comparison of preachers to "liv-

ingbooks." 45»

what he means by being passive in

conversion, 461

on faith 466

on the validity of a company of pious
laymen choosing one of their num-
ber to administer sacraments, 503

Luther, on what baptism means and

the mystery signifies, 528

his view of infants l>eing justified by

personal faith, 536

how he differed from Calvin on Lord's

Supper, 546

on the end of the world, 569

Lutheran theology, 23.24

and Reformed theology, their geo-
graphical positions, 24

is traducian, 252

its doctrine of a communion of na-
tures in Christ, 370

its view of Christ's quickening and

resurrection, 885

its view of relation of regeneration

and baptism, 454

its view of Lord's Supper, 645

Lutheran rcdivivus, 24

Lyall, on will's sovereign obedience to

motive, 259

Lyell, Sir Charles, on earth's autobiog-
raphy not going back to begin-
ning, 184

Lynch, Archbp., of Toronto, on belong-
ing to the body and not to the soul

of the church, 545

Maat, the Egyptian goddess, 582

Macaulay. his Jest, truth in, 486

on the remedy for evils of liberty be-
ing liberty, 600

Maccabees, First, no direct designation

of God in 147

Macintosh, C. H. (C. H. M.), on taber-
nacle, 110

on the Lord's Day, 201

on God more than law, 282

on Adam's knowledge of a good he
could not do and of an evil he could

not avoid 302

on Adam's temptation, 303

on Cain's and Abel's sacrifices, 398

on God's putting himself between

bis people and the accuser, 475

on God testifying of Abel's gifts, 479

MaQiater wntenttantm, 23

Magnetism, personal, what? 464

Maimonides, on the immersion of

couches, 523

Maine, on custom becoming law, 274

Maistre, Count de, his experience 298

Maitland, a Futurist, 470

Mnjcstalicum, yeiius 870

Malice, what? 293

Mammals, eminent above other verte-
brates, 195

Mammoth Cave, its blind Ash as an

illustration, 849

Man, in what sense supernatural 14

furnishes highest type of intelligence

and will in nature, 44

at least as to intellect and freedom,
not eternal a parte ante, 45

Man, his intellectual and moral nature
implies an intellectual and moral

author 46

his moral nature proves existence of

a holy Lawgiver and Judge, 46

recognizes in God not his like but his

opposite, 46

his emotional and voluntary nature
proves existence of a Being who is
a satisfying object of human affec-
tion and end for human activ-
ity 46

mistakes as to bis own nature lead
to mistakes as to great first Cause, 47

his consciousness, Koyce's view, 55

his will above nature, 62

can objectify self, 121

is self-determining, 122

his nature a concave glass, 122

inexplicable from nature 202

a spiritual, reproductive agent, yet

God begets 207

a creation of God 234

a child of God, 234

his soul not a product of unreasoning

forces, 234

and brute, distinctions between, 235

in his personality, supernatural, 235

and brute, differences between, list of

authors on, 235

his body not developed from brute,.. 236
does not degenerate as we travel back

In time, 23H

unity of the race 238-243

according to Agassiz, one species in

various races, 242

objections to this view, 242

essential elements of his nature,.. 243-248

dichotomous theory of, 243

constituted of body and soul or spirit,

passages in which 244

nature, trichotomous theory of 244

his immaterial part, in different as-
pects, is $vxv or »rv«i»*ia, 246

not a three-storied but a two-storied

house, 246

different in kind from the brute, 246

origin of his soul, 248-254

theory of prefix Istence, 248

creatian theory, 250

traducian theory, 252

his moral nature, 254

his conscience, 254

his will 257

he and bis motives, one, 2ii0

his original state, 261-272

his original Btate, described only In

Scripture, 261

his original state, general subject of,

list of authors, 2«t

his original state, essentials of, —261-2(17
created not merely innocentbut right-
eous, 282

Man, his original righteousness not the
substance of human nature 268

In no sense the author of his own
holiness, 264

his fallen state, Komnnlst view of 263

his loss by first sin not a forfeiture of
special gift of grace, 265

since fall not able to obey God and
cooperate with him In salvation, .285

his unfallen state, Augustine's teach-
ins regarding, 268

his original state, incidents of, 267-272

his possession of the divine image,
results of, 267

his present state felt not to be his nat-
ural one, 289

his original state. Scriptural account
of, said to be contradicted by pre-
historic facts, 269

his primitive savagery, theory of,
based on an insufficient Induction,. 270

his tendency to fall unless elevated
and sustained from without, 270

his original state, Scriptural account
of, opposed by religious history of
mankind? 271

a law unto himself,.. 277

as a finite being, needs law, 278

as a free being, needs moral law, 278

as a progressive being, needs ideal
and infinite law, 278

according to Scripture, responsible for
more than his merely personal
acts. 838

not wholly a spontaneous develop-
ment of inborn tendencies, 348

the ideal, realized only in Christ, 366

his reconciliation to God, 428-493

his perfection reached only in the

world to come, 554

Mannsseh, the impious son of pious

Hezeklah 637

Manfred, Uyron's, his words quoted, 583
Manhood, ideal, of Christ, 366

list of authors on 366

Manl, 188

Manichseans, dualists, 188

denied reality of Christ's human body, 361
Manichieanism, _ - 188

the culmination of Gnosticism, 188

list of authorities on, 188

Manifestations, divine, to our first pa-
rents in visible form, 268

not the perfect vision to be enjoyed
by beings of confirmed holiness,... 268
Mankind, common origin of, not dis-
proved by diversities in the species, 242

diversities among, owing to environ-
ment, 242

'Man of sin,' meaning of epithet, 227

his conduct, 295

Mansel, his view of intuition, 29

on the idea of space, 80

Mansel, on the freedom of the will a

poet ulate of philosophy, USt

on impossibility of demonstrating
that the soul Is compound and

therefore destructible, SSJ

Manuscripts of New Testament, in ex-
istence in third century, 72

Man's original righteousness, see Orig-
inal righteousness, 283

Maran atha, 588

Marclon 73

Canon of, 73

an emanatlonist, 189

Marck, on our union with Adam 334

Marcus Antoninus, on the gods' govern-
ing the world, 211

Marcus Aurelius, 88

Marguerite, in Goethe's Faust, referred

to, 346

Marlolatry, invocation of saints, and
transubstantiation, Dorner on ori-
gin of, 363

arose from a neglect of the humanity

of Christ, 368

Mark, his gospel. Its character and

date, 74

his arrangement of material, 74

"theinterpreter of Peter," 94,97

7 :4, critical observation on, 523

16: 9-20, critical note on 857, 520

Marriage, a type of the union of human-
ity and divinity in Christ, 876

Marshall's Life of Washington, Illustra-
tion from 11?

Martensen, Bishop, on Romanism, 18

on God as "the simply One,". 116

on divine passlbleness, 128

on God as the perfect unity of the
ethically necessary and the ethically

free, 130

on contingent events being beyond

divine foreknowledge, 134

on love and grace, 138

on the " nothing " out of which God

creates, 187

his views on creation, 190

his mistake as to Jewish representa-
tions of the world, 192

on thinking in the Intermediate state,

as a " self-brooding," 566

Martlneau, James, on divine agency,.. 5

on non-progressive religion 19

holds the eternity of matter, 40, 168

on the Inorganic part of the world, -. 51
on duty relative to an objective right-
eousness, 256

on supposed death of God, 295

on cause, as determining the indeter-
minate, x x i x. 450

'Mary, mother of God,' disliked by
Nestorius, ratified by Cbalcedon

statement, 862

in what sense correct? 370

Mason, S. R., on the greater probability
of a Christian falling; away than

Adam, 492

Maspero's answer to Pierret, 185

Material, force, as little observable as

divine agency, 5

cause, one of Aristotle's four causes,. 23
organism, not necessarily a hindrance

to free activity of spirit, 560

Materialism, idealism, and pantheism,
results of a desire for scientific uni-
ty, 51

Materialism, what? 51

element of truth in 51

old, in which force was a property of

matter, 62

objection to, from intuitions, 51

objection to, from mind's attributes,. 52
cannot explain the psychical from the

physical 52

furnishes no sufficient cause for high-
est phenomena of universe, 58

furnishes no evidence of conscious-
ness in others, 53

Sadduecan, denies resurrection of

body, 677

recent, its service to proper views of

body, 577

Materialistic idealism, 52

a new materialism in which matter is

a manifestation of force, 62

its elements of truth and error, 53

its definition of matter objected to, .. 5*
its definition of mind objected to, ... 51
involve8thedtfflcultiesofmaterialism, 54

or the difficulties of pantheism, 54,55

Mathematics, a disclosure of the divine

nature, 128

Matheson, on Confucianism, 86

Matter, not self-moving-, 52

materialistic definition of, unsatisfac-
tory 54

eternity of, Martineau on, 188,184

eternity of, not disproved by science, 184
according- to Schelling-, is "esprit

geli," 189

has not cause of being- in itself, 203 I

not inherently evil 290

its powers and capacities, when In
completesubjection tospirlt.cannot

be estimated 580

its character, according- to Dorner, in

new creation, 588

Matthew, gospel of, objection to its

genuineness, 74

its probable date, 74

in Hebrew, among the Nazarenes, ... 361

Maurice, on sacrifice 397

on atonement, 400

McCabe, on divine nescience of future

contingencies, 134, 174

on godlike human will thwarting the
great I AM, 175

McCheyne, R. M., the character of his

preaching, 600

McCosh, on characteristics of sub-
stance, 4

on intuitions 30,36

on source of the idea of God 36

on works of the Spirit, 164

on faith, 466

on the essential thing about the

resurrection, 580

Mcllvaine, on the Edenic trees, 802

on the symbol of spiritual shame, 345

Meal, three measures of, were they

symbolic f 110

Mediate imputation, theory of 825

its modern advocates, 326

objections to, 327

Mediator, the, unites in himself the hu-
man and the divine, 360

Meehan, denies sterility of hybrid vege-
tables, 241

Melancthon, Philip, 23

his analogue to Trinity, 167

his illustration of deism by the ship-
builder, 204

his definition of sin 289

on imputation of the first sin, 323

on 1 Cor. 15:28, 379

on Christ as chargeable with guilt {ct

reafua), 415

on "old Adam," 433

his views on agencies in regenera-
tion, 451

on being drawn willingly in conver-
sion, 461

on fides non o*t goto, 480

his apothegm on faith only, but not

faith alone, 487

on end of the world, 569

Mellto, Bishop of Sardls, his investiga-
tions into Canon 74

excludes Apocrypha, 74

'Memoirs of Jesus Christ,' 73

in Justin Martyr, means'gospels,' ... "3
Memory, its Impeccability, secured by

Christ's promise to apostles, 100

a preparation for the final Judg-
ment, 582

of an evil deed, becomes keener with

lapse of time, 596

Memra, Palestinian use of, relation to

John's Logos, 154

Men, as well as animals, automata to

materialist, 53

their essential unity revealed by

Christianity 340

"free among the dead," 344

as sinners, not irrespective of their

sins, objects of saving grace, 426

Mencius, a disciple of Confucius, 86

Mem humana capax divinit, the im-
portance of the maxim, 102

Mens rea, essential to crime 285.

Mental ami moral characteristic* com-
mon to men, best explained by sup-
position of common origin, 240

Mental phenomena, known, 4

Mercy of (Sod, indicated in his delay to

punish transgressors, SO

optional, 129, 140, HI

denned more at large, 188

divine, matter of revelation alone,... 141

election a matter of, 427

'Mercy, the quality of, not strained,'

the phrase annotated, 140

Merits of Christ, apart from ours, se-
cure us eternal life, 488

Messiah, O. T. descriptions of, 154

descrilted as one with Jehovah, 154

in some sense distinct from Jehovah, 154
called "the Lord" or "the Sover-
eign," a title peculiar to Jehovah, . 154
prophecy of, growingclearer through-
out O. T. bistoryt 350

* Metaphysical generation,' of the soul, 251

Method of theology, 20

Methodist doctrine and discipline, arti-
cles of religion, 318

Methodists 314

Meyer, on 1 Cor. 7:10, 114

his supposition that dozologies are

post-apostolio, 148

on the Logos, 162

on Tfxit in John 1:1, 183

on guardian angels, 228

on heathenism, the reign of the devil, 229

not a trlchotomist, 247

on aap(, 291

his interpretation of Eph. 2:3, 299

on spiritual Infants, 358

on Eph. 5 :31 384

on "enemies," in Rom. 6:10, 392

on air*, 393

on Rom. 5 :25,26, 411

on n-t cms, 465

on "righteousness," 478

on a subjective dying and reviving

with Christ, 474

on Acts 13:2, 8, 505

on Mark 7:14, 523

on if, in Mat. 3 :11 524

on alamos in Mat. 25:46 594

Michael Angelo's Last Judgment, al-
luded to, 868

Michael, the archangel, his function,... 223
Miley, on suspending choice and fixing
attention, as Initial step in regenera-
tion, 452

Military theory of atonement, 408

Mill, J. S., on probability in favor of

causation by intelligence, 45

his autobiography, a criticism, 46

on sensation, matter, and mind, 53

his denial of the all-comprehensive

character of Christian morality, 86

on life and sayings of Jesus, 90

Mill, J. B., on man's supreme end 142

not a Manichiran 187

on law of nature, 273

his idea of cause 450

on the absence of a feeling of interest

in others, 450

on sentimentality, 552

his reply to teleological argument

for man's immortality, 556

Millennium, followed by a conflict be-
tween righteousness and evil, ac-
companied by political and natural

troubles, 570

relation of Christ's second coming to, 571

prior to Christ's second coming 571

and day of judgment, theory of their

contemporaneousness, 672

Miller, Edward, on the miraculous con-
ception, 408

Miller, John, his view of Christ's identl-

j flcation with race, 413

Milton, John, his seeming denial of
God's foreknowledge of free acts,-- 134

on "spiritual creatures," 227

on the folly of men's accusing their

Maker, their making, or their fate,. 290
on the growth of communicated

good, 486

on the mind making a hell of heaven,

a heaven of hell, 586

Mind, has no parts, yet is known, 6

its organizing instinct 9

gives both final and efficient cause,. . 42
reoognizes itself us different from and
higher than the material organiza-
tion which it uses, 51

and matter, distinct substances, 52

not transformed physical force, 52

its highest activities independent of

physical conditions, 52

continues to grow after growth of

body, 52

has direct knowledge of a spiritual
substance underlying mental phe-
nomena, 54

materialistic definition of, unsatis-
factory, 54

the theory which regards it as obverse
side of matter, as difficult as that of

pure materialism, 54

the absolute, not conditioned as the

finite, 57

of man, divine energy therein not in-
compatible with its highest intelli-
gence, 104

has not cause of being in itself, 203

'Mind of flesh,' its meaning, 290

Minds, the finest, of the leaning type,.. 46
Minister, Christian, his chief qualifica-
tion rightly to conceivo and ex press

the truth, 10

his relation to church work, 500

forfeiture of standing as, 516

Minister, Christian, who has power to

discipline? 516

Ministry, Christian, temptations to am-
bition obviated by absence of gra-
dations in, 510

not a close corporation 511

Ministry of Christ, the earthly, pro-
phetic 389

the earthly. Its likeness and unlikeness |

to that of O. T. prophets 389

since ascension, prophetic. 38!)

in glory, prophetic, 389

Minos, generally believed in, 557

Miracle, definition of, 61

erroneous conceptions of 61

not a suspension or violation of natu-
ral law, 61

not a sudden product of natural agen-
cies - 61

not an event without a cause, 61

not irrational or capricious, 61

not contrary to experience, 61

palpable to the senses 61

does it belong to a higher order of

nature? 61

endless, not God's method 253

Miracles, as attesting a divine revela-
tion, 61-67

how designated in the N. T., 61

providential, what?-. 61,215

and special providences, compared,.. 61

possibility of, 62

rendered possible by existence of a

divine will above nature, 63

probability of miracles 63

presumption against, 63

presumption against, turned by fact
of moral disorder Into presumption

in favor of 63

do not require greater power than or-
dinary processes of nature, 64

imply self-restraint and self-limita-
tion on part of him who works them, 64
accompanied by sacrifice of feeling on

part of Christ, 64

amount of testimony necessary to

to prove 64

Hume's argument against, stated and

refuted,... 64

evidential force of, 65

accompany new communications from

God,.. 65

the epochs of, 65

cessation of, 65

certify to the commission, and author-
ity of a teacher, 65

do not stand alone on evidences, 65

do not lose their value, 66

true starting-point in arguing about, 66
resurrection of Christ the most cen-
tral and decisive of 66

counterfeit, argue belief in true, 66

■counterfeit, marks of, 66

Miracles, do they still remain in the

church? 66

Missionaries, home and foreign, are the

true N. T. evangelists 515

are they required to take letters of

dismission? 515

Mlvort, on God's contemplation of the

universe, 134

on idea of absolute creation, from our

own free volitions, 187

on " natural selection " as a " puerile

hypothesis," 237

on development of body depending

on Informing soul 287

on the savage-theory, 270

Modern idealism, traceable from Locke,

through Berkeley and Hume, 53

Modern spiritualism, 131

Moehler, his statement "God cannot
give a man actions," commented

on, 263

his criticism on Luther's use of term

"nature," 263

on the "image" and "likeness" of
God, and on the ((union gupernatit-

rale 286

on bad popes 507

Moffat's testimony, corrected by Li ving-

stono, 31

Mohammed, founder of Islam, 89

his belief as to origin of his bodily and

mental states, 91

Mohammedanism, Its nature 89

character of its later Arabic philoso-
phy 168

Is fatalism essential to? 212

and Christianity, 212

Molecular movement and thought, not
cause and effect but concomitants,. 52

Molecules, manufactured articles, 43

Molina, the Jesuit, and aetentid medto... 174
Molluscs, their beauty inexplicable by

"natural selection," 236

Monad, of Leibnitz, 52

Monarchians, derivation of the name,. 158

their views, 158

Monism, what? 5

Idealistic, 5

materialistic, 5

contradicts consciousness, 56

Monod, Adolphc, on saving law first,

then himself, 278

Monogenlsm, modern science In favor

Of, 241

Monophysites, another name for Euty-

chians 363

Monotheism, an original, facts point to,


Hebrew, preeedes polytheistic systems

of antiquity, 272

Montanists, first formulated doctrine of

Trinity 144

first defined personality of Spirit, .... 144
Montanus, 389 j

Montesquieu, on relations antecedent to

positive law, 276

Montholon, Count, Napoleon's remark

to him concerning Christ, 388

Moody, D. L.., his conversion, 160

is therea physical miracle wrought for

the drunkard in regeneration? 446

Moral argument for existence of God,

the title criticized, 46

faculty, its deliverances, though re-
sults of raoe-experienoe, yet afford
evidence of an Intelligent cause, ... 45
disorder, creates presumption in fa-
vor of miracles, 64

freedom, what? 177

nature of man, 254-280

decisions, vary not through conscience

but through moral reason, 255

likeness to himself, how God restores, 283

law, what, 276

law, man's relations to, extend beyond

consciousness 308

government, God's, recognizes race-
responsibilities, 300

union, ol human and divine in Christ, 382

analogies of atonement, 391

Moral evil, see Sin.

Moral obligation, its ground, 141

not grounded in power, 141

not grounded in divine will, 141

not grounded in utility, 142

not grounded in nature of tilings, 142

not grounded in abstract right, 142

its ground, Scriptural view of 143

its ground in moral perfection of di-
vine nature, 143

'Moral reason,' 3

Moral things, Judgment on. involves act

of will, 487

Morality, Christian, a fruit of doctrine, 10
of New Testament, its characteristics, 88
of New Testament, of divine origin,. 86
Christian, its all-comprehensive char-
acter denied by Mill, 86

heathen systems of 86

heathen, does not recognize man's de-
pravity and dependence on divine

grace, 86

of Bible, progressive 108

mere insistence on, cannot make men

moral, 480

Morals, intuitional and empirical theo-
ries of, reconciled, 256

More, Sir Thomas, his saying regarding

end of punishment untrue 351

Morell, his definition of a revelation,... 7
on the practical conviction of the ex-
istence of a God, 60

on man a free agent, 260

Morgan, L. H., his periods of human

progess 270

Mormonism, its anthropomorphism,... 121

'Morning stars,' its meaning, 222"

'Mortal,' all unpardoned sin 848-

Morton, on the number of human races, 241
Mosaic account of creation, Its two-fold

nature, 191

its proper interpretation, 183

Mosaic sacrifices, their theocratieal

office, 394

their spiritual office, 394

Moses, conscience an ideal, 46

theory of one, more probable than

theory of several 82"

Moslem, its meaning 212

* Mother of God,' how applicable to

Mary 870

Motion, an argument to prove its im-
possibility 20

involving the idea of time, Hazard on

the difficulty of, 437

Motive, not a cause but an occasion,... 176-
man never acts without or contrary

to, 176

a ground of prediction, 176

a source of influence without infring-
ing on free agency, 177

the previously dominant, not always

the impulsive, 177

Motives, man can choose between, 176

persuade but never compel, 178

and dispositions, constitute the

strength of 257

not came*, but influence*, 258

do not determine but persuade the

will 34*

not wholly external to the mind in-
fluenced by them, 452

consist of external presentations and

internal dispositions,. 452

lower as well as higher, appealed to

by the Spirit, 458

Movements at first sight seemingly in-
consistent, may be parts of one

whole. ITS

Moxoin, P. 8., on God the Immediate

author of each new individual, 253

on preeminence of Christ, 424

Mozley, on relation of supernatural

fact and supernatural doctrine 65

his extension of the term ' miracle,'.. 215
on Augustine's views of original sin,. 329

on Kzekiel 18, 337

on Scriptural passages which descrilic
the phenomena rather than the re-
ality of death 560

on possession of God evidence of im-
mortality to Jews, 562

Muir, on Lord's Supper 77

on Mohammedanism, 89

Mttller, Julius, 16

on "a cause which is not an effect,".. 41
his idea of God as will, and of God's

essence as God's act, criticized, 124

on God the object of his own love,... 127

Mtlller, Julius, on "all self-conscious-
ness a victory overtime," 181

on God's relation to time, 131

on creation implying beginning, 181

on pree'xistenee of human Boui 248

on the extra-temporal fall of nvtvua,. 249
his view that only the *t>x>i fell in the

sin of our first parents, 249

on freedom and accountability, 259

his view of the image of God, 264

on "will" and " ego " Identical, 288

on ffapf, 1 291

on Hegel's view of sin as denying ho-
liness to Christ, xxvil, 292

on freedom, 317

on depravity either as sin or an excuse

for sin, 322

on mediate imputation, 327

on original sin 329

on the dangers of the merely "organ-
ic theory of sin," 338

on the reason why the sin against the

Holy Ghost is unpardonable, 349,350

on Christ's birth a creative act of God
breaking through the chain of hu-
man generation 365

denies the rcgnum natunc of Christ, . 424

on spiritual and second death, .. 555

Mtlller, Max, on invisible objects of

worship, 81

on date of the Vedas, 107

on the three stages of language, 240

on Buddha as original of the St. Josa-
phat of the Greek and Roman

churches, 468

Muratorian Canon, 73

Murder, differs from homicide only in

motive, 285

Murderer, why worthy of death? 262

Murphy, J. J., on faith, 3

on " the different but converging lines

of proof " of a God 39

his view of mind, matter, force, and

will, 55

on eternity as a circle, 131

on God as contrasted with impersonal

taw, 281

Music, echoes longing for some posses-
sion lost, 268

Mystic, its derivation, 17

every true believer a, 17

Mysticism, true, 17

false, 17

Its errors, 17

Mytitik and MysAicUsmws, 17

Myth, its nature, 76

Myths, how they grow, 77

Myth-tbeory of Strauss, 76

its animating principle, denial of mir-
acle, 77

objections to 77

does not give time for growth of
myths, 77

Myth-theory of Strauss, such growth of
myths impossible in first century,.. 77
gospels no outgrowth of Jewish ideas, 77
theory inconsistent with characters

and lives of apostles, 77

cannot account for acceptance of gos-
pels by Gentiles, 77

cannot explain Christianity, 77

Xaihwlrkung and Fortwirkung,.. 424

'Name, In my,' its meaning and cor-
relates, 446

Names given to Christians in New Tes-
tament, progress in, 498

Names of God, five, Ewald on, 152

Napoleon, his despatches omit mention

of Trafalgar, 71

his variety of plans before a battle,.. 175

his Russian campaign, 213

his character 2S0

on Jesus Christ more than man, 368

his military genius grew with experi-
ence, 589

Narcissus, Goethe a, according to Hut-
ton, 290

National-church theory, or theory of

provincial or national churches, ... 508
National Council of Congregational
churches, its decision as to discipline

of a minister, 516

Nations, each represents an idea, 60

Naturahut nana in ChrlstocapaxdivhncB, 376

Natura naturaiut, of Spinoza, 186

'Natural '= psychical, 244

Natural insight, as only source of relig-
ious knowledge, renders religious

truth merely subjective 98

leads to gross self-contradiction, 98

involves denial of a truth-revealing

God, 198

Natural law not suspended or violated

by miracle, 60

its general uniformity, advantages of, 63
effects aside from, to be expected

when moral ends require, 63

Natural life, God's impartation of, a
foreshadowing of a desire to bestow

higher blessings, 188

Natural realism, and location of mind

In body, 182

Natural revelation, supplemented by

Scripture, 15

Natural selection, artificial after all,... 52
an important feature inGod'smethod, 236
not a sufficient explanation of the his-
tory of life 236

gives no account of the origin of sub-
stance or of variations, 236

the mere scavenger of creation, 236

falls to explain certain geological, ana-
tomical, and entomological facts,.. 236
fails to explain the beauty of lower
forms which can be of no advantage
to possessors, 236

Natural selec tion, unproved by the in-
stance of a single species having
been produced either by artificial or

natural selection, 337

the worst doctrine of election, 431

Natural theology, what? 14

Nature, its usual sense, 14

its strict sense, 14

In its usual sense includes spiritual

facts, 14

In its proper sense does not include

man us immaterial. 14

its on! ward witness to God 14

its inward witness to God, 14

God has revealed himself in, 14

argument for God's existence from

change in, 40

argument for God's existence from

order and useful collocation in, 42

indictment of, by Mill 43

apart from man, cannot be inter-
preted, 44

does not assure us of God's love and

provision for the sinner, 69

its definition 62

by itself furnishes a presumption

against miracles 63

as synonym of essence, substance,

being, 115

according to Scbleiermacher the full

expression of divine causality 138

its forces dependent and independent, 204

the brute submerged in 235

human, why It should bo reverenced, 282

in what sense sin a, 283

as something inborn, 299

every member of race possesses a cor-
rupted, 299

a corrupt, sinful acts and dispositions

referred to and explained by 299

a corrupt, beltings to man from first

moment of his being, 29!)

a corrupt, underlies man's conscious-
ness 299

a corrupt, cannot be changed by man's

own power, 299

a corrupt, first constitutes man a sin-
ner before God, 299

a corrupt, is the common heritage of

the race 299

designates, not substance, but corrup-
tion of substance, 299

a depraved, which one did not person-
ally and consciously originate, how

responsible for, 308

human, Pelagian view, 311

human, semi-Pelagian view, 311

human, Augustinlan view, 311

human, organic view of, 313

human, atomistic view of, 313

the whole human, once existed as a

personality in Adam 385

human, can apostatize but once, 336 I

Nature, human, totally depraved, 341

man may to a limited extent act down

U]miu and modify his, 344

sin of, and personal transgression.... 348

impersonal human, 376

Dr. K. G. Robinson's definition of, ... 377
human, its development into new

forms, theory considered, 556

'Nature of things, ill the,' phrase ex-
amined 174

Naville. Ernest, on liberty, 259

on seminal existence in Adam, 330

Nazarenos (Khionites), their view re-
specting Christ 361

Neander, motto of 21

on Logos 162

not a trichotomlst, 247

on sin, 304

on Pelagianlsm, 312

on James's position as to faith anti

works, 473

on John's seizing on radical points of

difference, omitting gradations, 489

his view of church development, 499

on personal inde|>endence in church, 500

on the form of baptism, 525

his view of baptism 535

on Acts 16:15.83, 535

Nebular hypothesis, substantially true, 194
Necessitarian philosophy, suitable for

the brute, 235

Necessity of theology, 9

Negation, involves affirmation 6

Nero, an illustration of power of consci-
ence, 46

his persecutions, 91

shows that sin Is not mere weakness,. 292

'.Y« nnt Kni«tir,' - 570

Nescience, divine, opposed to our fun-
damental convictions and to repre-
sentations of Scripture, 135

Nestorians, their views on person of

Christ, 362

were philosophical nominalist*. 362

Nestorius, 362

his dislike to phrase 'Mary, mother

of God,' 362

regarded Christ as a peculiar temple
of divinity, as God and man, not

God-man, 361

a philosophical nominalist, 362

Neutrality, between good and evil.

never created by God, 264

between good and evil, a sin 285

New England theology, 26

New Haven theology, 26

substantially Arminian, 430

Newman, A. H., Prof., on Ignatius the

first systematizer, 23

on the connection between infant
baptism and an ecclesiastical estab-
lishment 636

Newman, F. W., on revelation, 7

Newman, F. W., his Phases of Faith =

phases of unbelief, 98

Newman, J. H., on Eve's conduct, 803

New School, theology, 28

theologians, their definitions of holi-
ness, 129

its definition of sin, references upon, 285

its watchword as to sin, 310

theory of imputation, 318-322

history of its development,. 318,319

modifications of views within, 319

objections to , 319

contradicts Scripture, 319

rests on false philosophical principles, 320

impugns justice of God, 320

inconsistent with facts, 321

an alternative presented 322

New Testament, earliest manuscripts,.. 70

genuineness of books of, 72-80

moral system of 86

Newton, John, his experience, 298

Newton, Sir Isaac, on prophecy not in-
tended to gratify curiosity, 69

a continuous, or continuist, interpret-
er of Revelation, 570

Nice, council of, 159, 361

Nicene Fathers, theirerroras to Sonship, 165
Nicoll, on the invincible last enemy, ... 354

on Christ's perfect holiness, 407

on the resurrection, 576

Nihil e*t in Intellect!* nUi quod ante

fucrit in sewm, 35

Nineveh, winged creatures of, 224

Nirvana-, doctrine of, what? 87

perversion of an earlier and purer

idea, 87

Nitzsch, on mysticism, 17

his System a sort of Hiblical theology, 21

his theological position 24,25

his view of the image of God, 264

Nobl&<xe oblige, its highest form in God, 143
Noel, Baptist W., one of his reasons for

being baptized, ^ 548

Noetus of Smyrna, his view of Trinity, 158
Nominalism incompatible with revela-
tion, 116

Nominalisti<: notion of God's absolute

simplicity, its error, 116

Non-apostolic writings recommended

to church by Apostolic sanction, .. 97
Non-conformity in disposition or state

to God's law is sin, 283

Non-inspiration, supposed, of certain

portions of Scripture, 114

Xon pleni nascimur, 311

Nordell, on holiness and love, 138

Northrup, G. W., on order of Federal

theory, 324

'Nothing,'in the phrase 'creation out

of nothing,' criticized, 183

Notitia, an element in faith,. 465

Noumcnon,in external and internal phe-
nomena 4

Novels, some, contain more truth than

some histories, 113

Nuiiuk in ntferocoemo npiriius, jiullug in

macroemmo Dew, U

Number cannot be infinite 41

Nurture, as well as nature, a factor in

formation of character, 251

Obduracy, sins of incomplete, 849

sins of final, 349

Obedience, Christ's active and passive,

both needed in salvation, 409

Christ's active and passive insepara-
ble, 420

Christ's active and passive, secure

more than pardon, 420

'Obey,' not the imperative of religion, 12

Object of saving faith, 467

Object of worship common to all men, 31
Objective, the perfect, to a perfect in-
telligence 168

Obligation to obey law, based on man's

original ability, 278

Occam, on divine nature and attributes, 116
his view of ground of moral obliga-
tion, 142

CEdipus, his view of his sins, 292

Offences, among men, cannot always be

passed over, 418

private, in church discipline, how to

be dealt with, 516

public, in church discipline, how to be

dealt with, 516

Offer of salvation, no Insincerity in, ... 435
(iffering of great day of atonement, ... 396

Officers of the church 509-516

Offices of Christ, 387

Old Testament, its genuineness, 80

Jesus vouches for its inspiration, 96

Intimations of the Trinity in, 152

Olshausen, on John 1:1, 116

his analogue to Trinity 167

his view of baptism 530

his view of Immortality as inseparable

from body, 577

Omission, sins of, trespass-offering for, 285

sin of. an act of commission, 348

Otnne pi cum e vivo, or ex ore, 191

Omnin mea mecum porta 586

Omnipotence of God, defined, 136

not power to do what is not an object

of power, 136

does not imply exercise of all God's

power -- 136

not Instinctive or necessary force, ... 136

implies power of self-limitation 136

attributed to Christ, 147

attributed to Holy Spirit 151

Omnipresence of God, defined, 132

not potential but essential, -. 132

illustrated by presence of soul every-
where in body or brain, 132

not presence of a part but of whole of
God in every place, 132

Omnipresence of God, fofiuc in omul

parte, 133.419

not necessary but free, 133

attributed to Christ 147

attributed to Holy Spirit, 151

a key to understanding of Christ's hu-
miliation 383

Omnipresent, how God might cease to

be, 133

Omniscience of God, defined, 133

argued from his omnipresence and

self-knowledge, 133

its technical sense, 133

its characteristics 134

implies that God knows things as they

are, 134

implies foreknowledge, not only me-
diate but immediate 134, l&j

attributed to Christ, 14T

attributed fo Holy Spirit, 151

becomes foreknowledge, through de-
crees, 174

independent exercise of, how surren-
dered by Christ, 383

4 One eternal now,' how to be under-
stood, 131

Ontological argument, three forms of, 47-50

that of Clarke and Gillespie 47,48

that of Descartes, 48

that of Anselm ..48,48

compared to an algebraical formula, 49

Dorner's statement of 4i<

conclusion from, 49

Oosterzce.Van, on human nature, 301

on impossibility of hardened lava re-
turning to crater, 349

on univei-sal atonement, 422

Opbir, Gen. 10:10, perhaps stands for a

tribe, 106

Optimism, the true form of, 199

a false, considered, 199

a false, list of aut hors on, 199

in any form, denied by some 200

Oracles, ancient, 67

Ordain, has a technical sense not found

in New Testament 513

Ordain, who are to? 513

Order, and useful collocation, imply a

cause, 42

unpurposed, illustmtions of, 4,1

without inecjuality, illustrated by re-
lation between man and woman, ... 166
moral, of the world, an argument for

divine providence, 211

physical, has only a relative con-
stancy, 275

of regeneration, conversion, and Jus-
tification, 446

Orders, sacred, indelibility of, erro-
neous, 516

Ordinances of the church, 520-553

their nature, 520

Protestant view of, 520

Ordinances of the church, Romanist

view of, 520

of Papal church, 520

Ordination, of church officers, its na-
ture, 512

a recognition and authorization, 512

should be accompanied by a special
service of admonition, prayer, and

laying on of hands, 512

of a pastor, three stages in, 513

of deacons, requires no consultation

with other churches, 513

certain accompaniments of, which are

appropriate and obligatory, 513

laying on of hands, it-s place in 513

an act of the church, 513

candidate for, should be member of

the ordaining church, 513

power of, rests with the church, 514

council of churches, its place in. 514

council of, its constituents. 514

letter-missive calling a council of, 514

order of procedure in a council of,... 515

programme of public services, 515

who, besides pastors, should receive? 515
of ministers, referred to as " imposi-
tion of hands." 532

Dnln mitttlH, according to A. A. Hodge, 437.
Organic, and organized, substances, ... 52

Organic view of human nature, 313

Origen of Alexandria, on systematiz-
ing, 9

conceived plan of expounding doc-
trines in order, 23

on innate notions of morality. 30

on genuineness of 2 Peter, 76

his views on creation 190

on preCxistence of the soul, 348

his interpretation of Mat. 20:3, 248

his idea of the atonement, 400

on the doctrine of a literal resurrec-
tion 578

the ground on which he denied future

punishment, 591

Origin of tho gospels, ratlonalistictheo-

ries of, 78

Origin, unity of. proved by unity of

species. 241

Original "image of God," in man,

what it implied, 262, 263

theory that it consisted simply in per-
sonality 264

theory that it was simply man's natu-
ral capacity for religion, 285

Original knowledge of God, man's, im-
plies a direction of affections and

will toward Cod. 284

Original moral likeness to God, man's,

or holiness, 262

Original natural likeness to God, man's,

or personality, 262

Original righteousness, what? 263

not the substance of human nature,.. 263

•Original righteousness, not a gift added

after man's creation, 263

a tendency of affections and will,

with power of evil choice, 263

how it differed from perfected holi-
ness of saints 283

a propogable moral disposition, 263

though lost, left man possessed of

natural likeness to God, 263

•Original sin, realistic conception of,.. 27

what is meant by the phrase? 309

its problem 309;

actual sin more guilty than 310

no one condemned merely on account

of, 310

substance of Scripture doctrine con-
cerning 331

a misnomer on any other theory than

that of its coiner, 540

no soul finally condemned simply on

account of, 367

Original state of man, essentials of, 261

difficulties in understanding it, 261

Romanist and Protestant views of,
lead to divergencies as to sin and

regeneration 266

incidents of, 267

Orohippus, the four-toed horse, 237

Osiris, identification of dead with, by

Egyptians 441

the heart weighed in presence of, 582

Ok sublime, manifestation of internal

endowments, 267

Overbeek's picture of the child Jesus,

Its fantastic character, 365

Ovid, on "man looking aloft," 267

on sinful tendency 297

on representative expiation, 394

Owen, John, 25

on offices of Persons in Trinity 186

an Augustinian us well as a Federal-
ist, 323

on limited atonement, 422

Owen, Richard, on matter and mind,... 54

held to spontaneous generation, 191

on man from the beginning ideally

present on the earth, 195

on a primitive pair in human race,... 241

Page-Roberts, on heredity, 253

Pain, and imperfection, before the fall, 198
in brutes, the purpose it subserves, .. 190

Paine. Thomas, on natural religion, 58

eulogized by R. W. Emerson, 291

Pajon, Claude, his views of Baptism,... 532
Pahctlological sciences, point to, but do

not lead, to a first Cause, 41

Palestine, "a fifth gospel," 83

prepared In God's providence, 208

fPaley, on "the original propagators of

the gospel," 83,84

his view of ground of moral obliga-
tion, 142

his definition of virtue, 142

Paley, on law presupposing an agent... 274
Pnnangllcan Councils, contain world-
church Idea, 509

Panpresbyterian Council, its action in
relation to otiservance of Lord's

Supper, 548

its action In relation to Cumberland

Presbyterians, 549

contains world-church Idea, 509

Pantheism, denned, 55

elements of truth in, 55

its errors, 55

in it the worshiper is the worshiped, . 55
the fruit of Hindu want of energy

and longing for rest, 55

its idea of God self-contradictory, 58

its unity of substance without proof, 56

opposed by our intuition of God, 56

and mysticism, Scripture recognizes

elements of truth in them, 58

gives no explanation of personality,. 56
its effects on public morals disastrous, 56

fatalistic, 56

refuted by fact of sin, Bushncll on...


places the supreme cause below our-
selves, 57

answer to its chief objection to per-
sonality in God, 67

assumes that law is an exhaustive ex-
pression of God 281

should worship Satan, 292

requires denial of miracle, 63

requires denial of inspiration, 98

anti-trinltarianisin leads to 168

Involved in doctrine of emanation, .. 189

continuous creation tends to 206

at the basis of some Docetism 361

not involved In doctrine of union with

Christ, 442

Papal church. Its ordinances, 520

Papias refers to Matthew and Mark, ... 74

his testimony defended, 74

Parables, not necessarily historical, 113

in Luke IB, relation of, 431

Paradise, when world will become, 199

the abode of God and the blessed 663

Paradoxim minimum ccnntidtcuin, the, . 411
Pardon limited by atonement, inconsis-
tent with divine omnipotence, an-
swered 418

limited by atonement, Inconsistent

with divine love, answered, 418

justice to Christ, mercy to recipient,. 419
its conditions can be rightly assigned

by God, 419

what it is, 474

through Christ, honors God's justice

as well as his mercy, xxlx, 478

Parisian sculptor, and his several photo-
graphs, 78

Park, E. A., his definition of inspiration, 95
Park, E. A., on doctrine of Trinity 144

l on God's love to Satan, 188

on decree*, 1T2

bis view that evil is a part of the best

moral system, 180

on God as above subordination, 198

on Anninianism, 317

his views of sin, 3111

on governmental theory of atone-
ment, 403

on instantaneous regeneration 459

on evils of Presbyterianism, 509

on Congregationalism and Indepen-
dency, 519

Parker, Theodore, on verbal revelation, 7

on forging a Jesus, 89

Parseeism, 88,89

Parsimony, law of, 41

its application to the various argu-
ments for existence of God, 49

Pascal, on pure intellect leading to

scepticism 20

on knowing truth not by reason but

by the heart, 21

his theological position 25

on miracles, 85

on virtue bought cheaply by pain, ... 199

on birth in sin, 301

Passion, the, necessitated by Christ's

incarnation 414

Passover, the, 396

referred to 77

festal in Its nature, 540

Pastor, his duty to d-velop independent

Christian activity, 606

his ruling to lie done through others, 506

an officer of the church, 509

identical with bishop or presbyter, .. 509

his duties, 610

a spiritual teacher 510

his private intercourse as important

as his public work, 511

administrator of ordinances, 511

not a priest exclusively to administer

ordinances, 511

a superintendent of discipline, 511

a presiding officer, 511

his extreme authority in old Congre-
gationalism of New England, 511

his functions, executive, 511

ordination of, three stages in, 513

'Pastors and teachers,' in Eph. 4:11,

refer to one office, 510

Pastors should cultivate friendly rela-
tions with other pastors and other

churches, 519

Path blazed, an illustration, 16

Patriarchs, age of, in Old Testament,.. 108
Pntripassiuns, derivation of the name,. 158

their views, 158

Patristic theory of atonement 408

Pattison, S. K., on age of world, 107

Patton. F. L., on the varying hypothe-
ses of unbelievers, 44

Patton, F. L., on "metaphysics of

oughtness," referred to, xxv, 142

on the idea of penalty, 352

on John 7:17, 467

on eternal punishment consistent with

Justice, 595-

Paul, the human element in his writ-
ings, 101

bis hope of Christ's speedy coming, .. Ill

and James, on justification, 472

on consciousness in the intermediate

state, 563

Peabody, on Christianity 13

on conscience, 257

on will, - 258

Peace, unattainable on Romish view of

justification, 481

ft fruit of justification, 481

Pearson, John 28-

on Christ's preaching to the dead, 386

Ptccatum alUmtm, imputed according

to Federal theory, 325

Pedobaptlsts, as holding and propagat-
ing false doctrine, not admissible to

Lord's Supper 549-

their errors, Arnold on, 549

guilty of schism, 550

think themselves baptized, statement

replied to, 552

Pelagianism denies doctrines of grace
as rationalism refuses to accept pri-
mitive truths, xxv, 50

accepts nothing as "given," but must
work out a salvation for itself, .xxv, 50

its theory of imputation, 310-313

its view of Rom. 5:12, 311

on human nature, 811

Dorner's view of 311

unformulated and sporadic 311

contradicts Scripture, 312

what it denies, 312

Schaff on, 312

involves an Ebionitic view of Christ,. 312

tends to rationalism, 312

rests on false philosophical principles, 312

Neander on, 312

ignores law by which acts produce

states, 312

denies existence of character, 312

Thorn well on, - 313

Pelagius, a creatianlst, 250'

his view of sin, 310

on Rom. 5:12, 311

on grace, simply grace of creation,... 311
Penalties, divine, not vindictive but

vindicative, 139

Penalty, what? 189

a consequence of sin, 860-865

the idea of, 350

not essentially reformatory, 351

not essentially deterrent and prevent-
ive, 351

the actual, of sin, 352

Penalty, immanent demand for, in

God's holiness, 380

a substitute for, distinguished from a

substituted penalty, 403

cannot be inflicted for seeurits* of

government, 403

its object the vindication of justice,.. 416
Penitence, recognizes need of repara-
tion and expiation 418

Penitent, Christ the great, 400

Penruddock, Nigel, In "Endymion," on

Satan's personality, 233

Pentateuch, authorship of, 81

Wellhausen on, 81

Kuenen on, 81

W, Robertson Smith on, 81

its Mosaic authorship defended, 81, 82

if Moses is chief author, its inspiration

not invalidated, 118

Pepper, Pres., on contingent knowl-
edge, 135

on a divine plan, 171

on divine volition, 174

on the union of God's will and man's

will 210

on moral law, 275

Percept, what? 5

'Perfect,' as applied to godly men, 298

Perfection, in God, i>ower of self-limi-
tation essential to it, 6

and attributes therein involved, 125

Involves truth, love, and holiness,— 126
of individual and church, reached in

world to come, 554

Perfectionism, 488

list of writers on, 488

objections to 488

rests on wrong views of law, 488

rests on wrong views of sin, 489

rests on wrong views of will 489

contradicted by Scripture, 489

some of its greatest advocates have
not claimed perfection for them-
selves, 490

how best met, 490

Permanent states, each faculty has, 257

our comparative unconsciousness of, 283
Permissive providence, its character,.. 209

Perowne, on Psalm 96:10, 199

on Psalm 104 203

Persecutions, set on foot by govern-
ment against early Christians, 90

Perseverance, human side of sanctifl-

cation, 488

detlnitlon of 491

doctrine of, proved from Scripture,.. 491

doctrine of, proved from reason, 491

a necessary inference from other doc-
trines 491

accords with analogy, 491

implied in assurance of salvation 491

rests on divine determination to keep
saints, 491

Perseverance, Christian trusts God's

purpose for, 492

objections to doctrine of, 492

not inconsistent with human free-
dom 492

does not tend to immorality, 492

is in holiness, 492

does not lead to indolenoe, 492

doctrine of, a strong incentive to be-
liever, 492

doctrine of, not opposed by Scripture

commands and warnings, 492

of righteous, secured by Scripture

commands and warnings, 493

general doctrine of, list of authors

on, 493

Persevere, believers freely, 492

Persians, ancient, repudiated images... 120
Perslus, on impossibility of creation

out of nothing, 187

Person, what? 45, 122, 376, 377

'Person,' in doctrine of Trinity, only

approximately accurate, 159

Person, how he can be given in differ-
ent measures? 156

Person and character of Christ, as proof

of revelation, 89-91

Person of Christ, the natures In, illus-
trative of Inspiration, 102

the doctrine of, 360-380

historical survey of views respecting, 360
the two natures in, their reulity and

integrity 364

the union of two natures in the one,. 368
Personal, identity, dependent on mem-
ory 52

intelligences, their existence cannot

be explained by pantheism, 56

Identity, inexplicable on theory of

continuous creation, 206

wrongs, rule as to their forgiveness

among men does not apply to God,. 418
influence, often distinct from word

spoken, 454

Personality, defined 45, 122, 376. 377

of God, not proved by teleological

argument 44

of God, the conclusion of the anthro-
pological argument, 45-47

of God, denied by pantheism, 56

the highest, dependent on lnflnite-

ness, 57

its nature, 121

various definitions of, 122

self-conscious and self-determining,. 122
in Godhead, consistent with essential

unity, 160

what is meant by 262

various definitions of, 282

inalienable, 262

only obscured by Insanity, 262

involves boundless possibilities, 262

the foundation for love between men, 262

Personality, constitutes a capacity for

redemption, 262

Satan possesses, 264

definitions of, 377

In Christ, Illustrations of, 377

"Personifying;,' substituted by Mill for

Comtc's term 'theological,' 272

Persons of Godhead, have a numerical

unity of nature or essence, 160

Peshito Version 73

Pessimism 200

remedy for, 200

Petavius, 28

Peter, how he differed from Paul, 103

Romanist claims with respect to, 507

Christ (rave no supreme authority to,. 507
if he had supreme power, could not

transmit it, 507

his being at Rome not conclusively

proved, 507

no evidence that he appointed bishops

as his successors, 507

was he founder of Roman church? .. 507

Peter, First, 3:18-20, discussion of, 886

Peter, Second, genuineness of 73

not referred to by Apostolic Fathers, 74

probable history of 76

evidences of Its genuineness, 76

Peter Lombard, first (Treat systematizer

of Western Church, 23

on the cross as a mouse-trap for Sa-
tan, 408

Peter Martyr, 24

denied imaire of God to women, 268

Peter the Hermit, 213

Peyrerlus, on Adam as descended from

a black race, 238

Pharaoh's heart, how hardened, 210

judicially forsaken by God, 210

he hardened his own heart, 210

Phenomena, definition of, 4

can we know only? 4

Philemon and OnesimjiB, as an illustra-
tion of pardon, 419

Philippi, his idea of faith 3

his illustrations of God's providential

dealings with evil, 220

on the relations of the doctrine of

Satan to sin, 233

on man's original state, 281

on Adam's moral state at creation,... 264
on Dorner's view of the union of the

natures In Christ, 274

on the fall 303

on human nature in Christ, 377

on objections to a religious doctrine,. 418
Phlllpplans 2:6-8, a detailed examina-
tion of 384

Pbilo, and the Apocrypha, 80

his Logos-idea not foundation of

John's doctrine of the Logos, 153

on proflxlstenee of soul, 248

declares faith in immortality, 561

Philosophy, defined, 22

Phlnehas, how he " made propitiation," 402
Phrases indicating common authorship
of Revelation and gospel of John,.. 75

Physical, science, rests on faith, 2

freedom, what? 177

death 308,307, 852-354, 554-563

Physician's prescription, illustration

from, 10

Physlco-theological argument, 42

Physiological change due to new con-
ditions. Instances of, 242,243

Physiology, comparatl ve, does not show
man's body to be developed from

lower animals, 235

argument from, In favor of unity of

human race, 241

Pickering, on eleven human species or

one, 841

Plctet 24

Pictures of Christ, Luther on, 121

objections to, 121

Pilgrims, landing of, referred to, 107

'Pillours of eternity,' Spenser 124

Placeus of Saumur, 24

his theory of mediate imputation, . . 325

objections to his theory 327

Plasticity of species, originally greater, 243

Plato, his cave, an illustration, 15

on man's duty to bo good or to kill

himself, 58

his reference to a "divine communi-
cation," 58

and Xenophon, their accounts of

Socrates, 70

his view of morality, 88

on truth in God, 126

on fountain of efficiency, law, and vir-
tue, 143

his view of intuitive ideas 248

his argument for the immortality of

the soul from its pree'xistenoe, 248

on the prefixistenee of soul, 248

on the body the " tomb of the soul,". 280

on sin 301

on derivation of sin, 301

his argument for Immortality, Cicero

on, 557

Pliny, his letter to Trajan 91

on the Christian religion, 92

on Christian hymns chanted to Christ
as God 150

Plumptre, On eirepwTrjM*, 465

Plural form, common with Hebrews,.. 153
Plural number, never used by Christ In

referring to himself, 369

Plurali* majtstaticus, 152

Plurality in Godhead, passages in Old

Testament which teach, 152

Plurality of elders, in certain New Tes-
tament churches, 510

Plutarch, his personification of law, ... 876
on heathen worshipers, 297

Plutarch, on God, the brave man's

hope, 433

Pocket baptismal and communion ser-
vices, without warrant, 505

Poesy and poem, contrasted, 473

Poetry, a forward or backward-looking

prophecy, - 269

echoes longing for some possession

lost, 269

Polanus, on God's method of creating

souls, 250

Polity, church, 494-519

Baptist, " best for good people," 504

Polycarp, his evidence, 73, T4

Polytheism, what? 125

held to one supreme Fate, 125

the element of truth in 168

Pomeroy, on law, 275

Pompadour, Madame, and Marie Antoi-
nette, their fates contrasted 556

Pools of modern Jerusalem, their di-
mensions, 623

Pope, Alexander, his ridicule of the
doctrine that all things were made

for man's use, 43

on the hidden perfection of nature,.. 214

Pope, W. B., on cripf 291

on universal depravity, 299

Porter, his view of Intuition, 29

on existence of God the basis of

induction, 83

on original perception, 63

his definition of personality, 122

calls space and time correlates to be-
ings and events, 130

on Maine de ltiran'8 theory of causa-
tion, 203

on the possibility of the spirit of man

possessing lower powers, 246

on volition, 259

his definition of personality, 377

Positive, philosophy, what Implied in?. 4

predicates of God, possible, 6

testimony, outweighs negative, 71

proofs, that the Scriptures are a divine

revelation 72-94

law, Just and lasting when a republica-
tion of law of nature, 274

enactment, in form of general moral

precepts, 279

enactment, as ceremonial or special

injunctions, 280

enactment, to be supplemented by

law of being, 280

Positivism, its errors regarding theo-
logical, metaphysical, and positive

phases of thought, 273

Possession, by demons, 228

not bodily or mental disease, 228

may be physical, 228

may be spiritual! 228

Possibility of miracles, rests on the ex-
istence and personality of God, 68

Possibility of theology, 2-9

Postulates, required by a correct expla-
nation of universe, 51

Pott, opposes MUller's theory of lan-
guage, .' 240

Potwtn, on atonement, 401

on governmental theorj* of atone-
ment, 404

Power, God's, its impress on the uni-
verse, Dante on 128

'Power to the contrary,' what it was

In Edward's view 817

Prteterist Interpretation of revela-
tion, 68, 670

Praxeas of Home, his view of Trinity,. 158
Prayer, relation of providence to,.. 215-219
can God answer, consistently with

fixity of natural law? 215

Tyndall's assertion about, 215

its effect, more than reflex influence

on petitioner, 216

not a mere spiritual gymnastics, 216

answers to, not confined to spiritual

region, 216

not answered by the suspension or

violation of order of nature, 216

not linked by physical relation to its

answer, 216

may be answered by to us unknown

combinations of natural forces, 216

moves God, 217

answers to, may be the result of pre-

arrangement, 217

answers to, Ust of authors on, 217

is its relation to its answer capable

of scientific test? 218

may be tested as a father's love may

be tested 218

answers to, attested by history and

experience, 218

connected with its answer by God's
will, which can have no physical

test, 218

'guage,' Tyndall's, 218

impulse to, evidence of Christ's inter-
cession for us in heaven,. 424

Prayer-book, English, Arminian, 34

on Infant baptism, 538

Prayer-book of Edward VI, Immersion

in 525

Prayers, Christian, full of divinity of

Christ, 150

Preaching, doctrinal sermons, 11

may, with Scripture, assume exist-
ence of God 37

doctrine of decrees, proper method of, 181
of organic unity of race, does not

neutralize appeals to conscience,... 338
should first treat individual trans-
gressions, 348

regards elect and non-elect, 434

must press duty of immediate sub-
mission to Christ, 461

Preaching, of everlast Ing punishment,
not a hindrance to success of gos-
pel,. 609

Precedent, New Testament, the ' com-
mon law' of the church, 54(1

Preconfonnlty to future event, 42

Precursors of Christ's second coining..


Predestinated, not pro-newssitaU-d, ... 178 |

Predestination, its nature, 172, 42k, 429

f*ro</ir<if<i, distinguished from attributes 117
Predicate, when without and when with

the article, 146

Predicates of God, certain are positive, «
Prediction, only a part of prophecy, 67, 388

not essential to science 218

Prel:stalilished harmony, of Leibnitz,.. 52
Pree"xistenee of Christ, remembered by

him, 249

Prefxistence of human soul, theory of, 248

ancient and modern advocates of, 248

Talmudist view of, 248

idea of, in modern poetry, 248

element of truth at basis of theory,.. 248

objections to the theory 248

contradicts Mosaic account of crea-
tion 249

no memory of act done in, 249

sheds no light on origin of sin, but

increases difficulties, 249

sinful act done in, does not explain

Inherited sensual sin, 249

MUller's view of the extra-temporal
act committed by individual therein, 249

Kuhnis on, 25(1

Preference, immanent, what? 257

'elective,' of New School, 288

Premises, finite, cannot yield an infinite

conclusion, 86

Preparation, historical, for redemp-
tion, 358-360

negative, in history of heathen world, 358

positive, in history of Israel, 359

Preparatives, to the completeness of

the kingdom of God, 554

Prerequisites, to participation in Lord's

Supper, 546-553

Presbyter, deposed for publishing a

pretended work of Paul, 74

identical with pastor or bishop 509

Presbyterianisin, its practical evils, 609

Prescience, divine, not pre-determlna-

tion 183

not causative, 133

Presence, of Christ with his people,

what? 887

of God, a hell to the sinner, 452

Presentativc intuition, what? 27

of God, not impossible, 87

the normal condition of humanity,... 37
enjoyed by unfallcn man, occasion-
ally by the saints, and to be the
blessing of heaven 37

Preservation, definition of, 202

distinguished from creation, 203

a positive agency, 208

upholds proiiertles and powers of

matter and mind in actual exercise, 202
doctrine of, its proof from Scripture, 202
doctrine of, its proof from reason,... 203

required by God's sovereignty, 204

a mean between two extremes, 204

theories which virtually deny, 204

midway between deism, and continu-
ous creation or pantheism, 206

Pretermission of sin, limited in dura-
tion, 422

Justiaed by the cross 422

Preventive providence, 209

Pride, what? 283

essence of sin, according to Augus-
tine and Aquinas, 283

• Priest,' and 'minister,' how distin-
guished 544

Priest, High, breast-plate of 424-

Priest, pastor is, only as every Christian

la, 610

'Priesthood, the, a chronic disorder of

the human race,' 489

Priestley, his idea of inspiration, 95

on nature of virtue, 142

Priestly office of Christ, 390-424

continues forever, 422

Primitive rules not applicable now,

this statement replied to, 552

Principles, intuitions of, 29

Principles of evidence applicable to

proof of divine revelation, 69-71

Priority, logical, of the idea of God, .. 83

not necessarily superiority 166

Prison at Philippi, probably provided

with a tank, 523

Probability, a guide of life, 89

of miracles, rests upon belief in God
as moral and benevolent being, — 64
Probation after death, Dorner on,. 385, 566

theory of. refuted, 590-592

theory of, a result of denying proba-
tion of race in Adam, 582

Probation in Adam, 835

Procession of the Holy Spirit, views of

Greek and Latin churches on, 166

consistent with equality in Trinity,.. 164
as applied to Spirit, an approxi-
mate term, 165

Prodigal, an illustration of essential

principle of sin, 285

'Produces," more than 'precedes," 460

Progress, of early Christianity, effected

by insufficient means, 90

supposed, from stone to bronze and
iron implements, not sup]K>rted by

later investigations, 271

Prolegomena, 1-28

idea of theology, 1-M

material of theology, 14-191
Prolegomena, method of theology,... 20-28
Prometheus, legend of, a prediction of

the time Redeemer, 39*

Promise of tempter, its nature, 295

Promises, faithfulness and goodness in

relation to, 138

Proof of divine revelation, principles

of evidence applicable to, 69—71

Prophecies useful in time of persecu-
tion, 112

Prophecy, as attesting a divine revela-
tion 67

Prophecies uttered by Christ, 88

definition of, - - 67

relation of, to miracles 67

requirements in, 67

general features of 67

different kinds of, 68

Its double sense, 68

like Japanese pictures, 68

unfulfilled, its purpose, 69

fulfilled, its evidential force, 69

supposed errors in, as an objection to

inspiration, Ill

errors in lnterpreting.arlsefrom con-
founding drapery with substance,

or from misapplication, Ill

modern, in what sense true, 389

new, self-condemned, 389

Prophet, not always aware of meaning

of his own prophecies, 68

his later utterances, may elucidate

earlier, Ill

is his soul rapt into God's timeless ex-
istence? 131

meaning of the word, 388

any organ of divine revelation, or me-
dium of divine communication, 388

Prophetic prioren, why so called? 388

Prophetic office of Christ, 388

its nature, 388

its stages, 388

three methodsof fulfilling, 888

work of Christ, fourstages of, 3*8

his preparatory work as Logos, 388

his earthly ministry, as incarnate, 389

his guidance and teaching of the

church since his ascension, 389

his final revelation to his saints in

glory, 389

Prophets, personal surmises of, not nec-
essarily correct, Ill

In what sense Christians are 389

Proprietatw, distinguished from attri-
butes 117

Proselyte-baptism, its existence among

the Jews, 521

silence of some ancient authors re-
garding, 521

Protcvangellum, contained germlnally

the whole truth of Scripture, 84

Providence, doctrine of 207-220

definition of 207

Providence, is a for-seeing, as well as

a fore-seeing, 207

distinguished from preservation, 207

all-comprehending, 207

embraces all natural influences which
prepare for operation of word and

Spirit, 207

its character in respect to evil acts, . - 208

list of authors on, 208

Scriptural proof of 208

involves control over universe, 20s

over physical world, 208

over brutes, 208

over nations, 208

over man's birth and life, 208

over seeming accidents, 208

over seeming trifles, 208

protects the righteous 208

answers prayer, 208

exposes and punishes wicked, 20s

in volvcsa government of free actions, 209

preventive, 209

permissive, 209

directive, 210

determinative, 210

rational proof of, 210

proof a priori of, 210

from Immutability of God, 210

from benevolence of God 210

from Justice of God, 211

heathen ideas of, 211

heathen believed in a general rather

than In a particular 211

proof a imttrriori of, 211

from outward lot of individuals, 211

from moral order of world, 211

theories which oppose the doctrine of, 211

fatalism substitutes fate for, 211

casualism substitutes chance for, 212

Its existence proved as that of a God

is proved, 213

merely general, theory of a, 213

particular, denial of, Is a form of

deism, 213

Cicero and Jerome on, 213

merely general, arguments against

the theory of, 213

general, involves particular, 213

particular, historical instances of, 213

prepares way for conversion, 214

particular, prompted by love, 21*

particular, essential to religion, 214

particular, believed in on emergen-
cies 214

particular, belief In, grounded on in-
tuition 214

particular, confirmed by Christian

experience, 2H

particular, confirmed by answers to

prayer, 214

in life of Luther, 214

in life of Judson 214

prepares way for conversion, 214

Providence, doctrine of, its relation to

miracles und works of grace, 215

particular, God makes use of natural

laws in 218

special, what? 215

special, and miracles, not to be con-
founded, 215

special, naturalistic view of, 215

doctrine of, opposed to naturalism,.. 219

made personal by Holy Spirit. 219

doctrine of, its relation to prayer and

its answer, see Prayer, 215-21U

doctrine of, its relation to Christian

activity, 219

doctrine of, is not quietism, 219

doctrine of, is not naturalism, 219

doctrine of, its relation to evil acts of

free agents 220

permissive, distinguished from acts of

efficient causation, , 220

regulates evil decision which man

has himself made, 220

compels persistent iniquity to glorify

God, 220

Providential government, a general,

Scriptural proof of, 208

Providential interferences, divine, mat-
ters of fact, 205

'Providential miracles,' 61,215

Prudential committee, its function, ... 517

Psalm 8, its fulfilment, 385

Psychical change, accompanied by phy-
sical change, 62

Psychology, determines the creation of

the soul to be immediate, 234

Punishment, conscience predicts, - 48

does not proceed from love, 129

proceeds from justice, 139

idea of it, 350

a vindication of justice 350

not essentially reformatory, 351

not essentially deterrent and pre-
ventive, 361

does not remain for the Christian, 354

its nature 410

an ethical need of the divine nature,. 410

an ethical need of human nature, 410

of guilty, Christ's penal sufferings

substituted for, 410

Christ can justly bear, because he in-
herited guilt, 412

omission of, by God, would be virtual

approval of sin, 418

justification is remission of, 474

upon the ground that Christ boreour, 476

future, doctrine of, 588-600

future, is not annihilation, 588

future, excludes new probation and

ultimate restoration of the wicked, 590
future, declared by Scripture everlast-
ing 592

everlasting, not inconsistent with
God's Justice, 594

Punishment, reaction of divine holi-
ness against its moral opposite, 564

just and right in itself 595

future, never spoken of in Scripture
as chastisement, 595

future, has its reason not in divine
benevolence but divine holiness, 595

endless, since its reason endless, 595

endless, since ill-desert is endless, 595

inflicted by men, not endless, localise
they do not take account of God,... 695

capital, the human penalty which
approaches nearest the divine, 565

eternal, founded on eternal sin 595

endless, since sin is endless, 595

of sin, if just at all, may continue as
long as sin exists, 595

final, not for acts but for character,.. 596

future, even apart from outward tor-
ment, has its source in conscience,. 596

future, of wicked, approved by their
consciences, 596

increasing and unending in a future
state, explicable on principles ob-
servable even now, 596

future, infinite In duration yet admits
of degrees, 596

future, not at each instant infinite
pain 597

and sin, idea of disproportion between,
grows out of belittling of sin, 59T

everlasting, not inconsistent with di-
vine benevolence 597

not necessarily a means of attaining
some higher good, 507

vindication of holiness. Its primary
and sufficient object, 567

in this life, not always remedial, 597

of one incorrigibly impenitent person,
wrong, if punishment of a number
is wrong, 568

inflicted by law, its execution required
by general good of universe, 588

everlasting, an everlasting proof of
sin as moral Buicide 568

and sin, if their temporary existence
not inconsistent with God's benevo-
lence, their eternal not, 698

eternal, its infliction causes God
sorrow, 598

eternal, preaching of, not a hlnder-
ance to success of gospel, 696

eternal, if true, should be preached, . 599

eternal, evil results of ignoring it in
preaching, 566

eternal, fear of, though not the high-
est, yet a proper, motive, 600

eternal, not less but greater than the
physical pains used to symbolize it, 600
Punitive purposes of God, men made

their foretellers and executioners,. 109
'Purchase,' its Scriptural meaning as
applied to Christ's work, 426

Purgatory, doctrine of, connected with
idea that punishment yet remains

for the Christian 354

arises from Romish view of justifica-
tion, 481

growth of the doctrine of, 565

Hume's simile regarding, 555

Purification, ritual, of Christ, 415, 529

Puritans, their mistake in redacting

Mosaic code, 280

their sense of the divine purity, 287

Purpose of God, includes many decrees, 171

in election, what? 172

in reprobation, what? 172

to save individuals, passages which

prove, 428

to do what he does, eternal, 430

to save, not conditioned upon merit or

faith, 430

Pythagoras, on the importance of a di-
vine authority in teaching duties,.. 58

his conception of morality, 88

believed himself charged with a divine

mission, 91

Qualifications, for baptism, 530

for church membership,. 600

for communion, 546

of a presbyter or pastor, 509

of a deacon, 509

Qualities, necessarily imply substance,. 4
only in substance have a ground of

unity, 4

Quantitative plural, a Hebrew usage

signifying unlimited greatness, 152

iiumi carcere, Christ not thus in heaven, 386
Quatrefages, on the monogenistle doc-
trine, 241

Quenstedt, bis theological position, 24

Hovey's estimate of him, 24

his definition of holiness, 128

criticism thereupon, 128

his classification of the works of God, 183
held the antecedent probability of the

existence of angels, 221

on the ground that nature never pro-
ceeds per milium, 221

his interpretation of Christ's giving
up the kingdom to the Father as
merely an exchange of outward ad-
ministration for inward, 379

on union with Christ 438

on justification producing no intrinsic
change in its object, since it is out-
side of man in God, 480

Questioning of God's word, followed by

contradiction of it, 100

Quia voluU, of Calvin, not the final

answer as to God's operations, 199

Quickening, Christ's, 385

distinguished from his resurrection,. 385

Quietism, defined, 219

the errors into which its advocates
have often run, 219

Quietism, its misunderstanding of 2

Chron. 16:12, 219

Quintus Curtlus, 419

Quit-rent, illustration from, 306

Qu« rum ateendaml not the motto of

Christ, 417

Quoting the O. T., supposed errors

in, an objection to inspiration, 110

Race, Scriptures trace its descent from

a single pair, 238

Its descent from a single pair, at the

foundation of Pauline doctrine, 238

its descent from a single pair, the

ground of natural brotherhood,.... 238
its descent from a single pair, corrob-
orated by history, 239

human, descended from a source in
Central Asia, list of authorities

on, 239

its common origin supported by phil-
ology, 240

its unity proved from psychology 240

its unity proved from physiology, 241

Race-experience, of Spencer, not a

source of t he idea of God 34,35

Race-responsibility, recognized in God's

moral government, 309

based upon an original and conscious

act of free-will, 310

in which the race as an organic whole

revolted from God, 810

Race-sin, what? 310

Rabab's faith, not her duplicity, ap-
proved, 108

Raising the dead, attributed to Christ,.. 147

Ramus, Petrus. 24

Ransom, Its meaning as applied to

Christ's work 420

Rational intuition, what? 29

enumeration of, 29

of God, possessed by men, 37

of God, obscured by loss of love, 37

Rationalism, and Scripture, 16

its teachings, 16

its errors, 18

is it an "over-use of reason"? 16

refuses to accept primitive truths, Just
as Pcluglanisin refuses to accept

doctrines of grace, xxv, 50

the form in which Pelagianistn be-
comes complete, 312

Rationalistic, theologies, 24

theory of the origin of the gospels,

unscientific, 76

Rationalists, accept nothing as "given,"
but seek to work out all knowledge

by reasoning, xxv, 50

Rationality, acting for a reason 176

Rawlinson, on the Catacombs, 90

on absence of negroes in Egyptian

monuments before 1500 B. C, 243

on failure to find traces of savage life
in cradle of the race, 271

Raymond, Ills objection to government

by plan, 178

on the Image of God as consisting In

mero personality, 284

his views on Justice and (trace, 315

Inconsistent in his application of the

term "(rrace," 315

on possibility of a child (trowing up

into regeneration 318

Headings, various, their number, value,

and origin, considered, 11)7

Real freedom, what? 177

Realism, its extreme teachings in rela-
tion to God to be avoided, 117

extreme, tends to Idealism, 117

Realist, In what sense the author is one, 328
Realistic conception of original sin, 37

Reality, of Christ's humanity 384,305

Reason, definition of, 8

is not reasoning 10

in its large sense, its office towards

religion, 16

moral, depraved by sin, 250

says srto, Judgment says tornado, 256

knows, never con-knows, 256

Reasoning, distinguished from reason,. 18

not a source of the idea of God, 85

supposed errors in, an objection to

inspiration, 109,110

Jewish methods of, sometimes sanc-
tioned in Scripture, 110

Rebellion, feeling in the country at

breaking out of the, 214

Reception of Christ, involved In faith,. 465
Reflection, apparent, of things not

before seen, explained, 248

memory greater than, 883

Reconciliation, the removal of God's

V wrath towards man, 892

of man to God, through the work of

the Holy Spirit, 426-493

'objective, secured by Christ's union

with race, 444

I subjective, secured by Christ's union

with believer, 444

as restoration to favor, 475

Redemption, "settled in heaven," 141

and resurrection, what Is secured by

them, 269

wrought by Christ, 358-425

its meaning, 391

legal, of Christ, its import, 415

its application, 426-493

application of, Its throe stages 428

application of, in its preparation 426

application of, in its actual beginning, 436
application of, in its continuation,... 483

from Sheol, 560

Hidi's maxim, 101

Reformed theology, 23, 24

Reformers, Augustinians, 828

Refutation of Idealism, by Sir William
Hamilton, 53

Regenerate, some who are apparently,

will fall away, 492

and those seemingly so. not cer-
tainly distinguishable In this life, 492
their fate, if they should not perse-
vere, set forth in Scripture 493

their iK'rseverance may be secured by

these very warnings, 408

Regeneration, illustrative of inspira-
tion 102

ascribed to Holy Spirit, 151

its nature according to the Roman-
ist, 287

possibility of education Into, accor-
ding to Raymond, 318

conversion, and justification, their

order 436

and conversion, their relations,...437-447
oomlng through participation in

Christ, Calvin on, 438

doctrine of, 447-460

its nat ure, 447

Scripture representations of, 448

indis|>ensable to salvation 448

a change in inmost principle of life,.. 448
a change in heart or governing dis-
position, 448

a change In moral relations of soul. . 448
a change -connected with truth as a

means, 448

an instantaneous change 448

secret, and known only by results, 448

a change wrought by God, 449

a change accomplished through union

of the soul with Christ, 449

necessity of, shown from rational

considerations, 449

Cicero's use of term, 450

its efficient cause, 450

three views of Its efficient cause 45(1

human will as efficient cause of, 450

is solely the act of man, objection to

the view that .450

the act of man cooperating with dl-
rinelnfluenceappliod through truth,

objections to view that, 451

truth is its efficient cause, objections

to view that, 452

Immediate agency of Holy Spirit its

efficient cause, 453

Spirit's agency in, accompanied by in-
strumentality, 458

any change wrought in, must be on

soul, not on truth, 453

Spirit comes in contact with soul, 453

inward unsuseeptibility must be re-
moved, 453

God's power in, acts not upon the

truth but upon the sinner, 453

no change in intensity of the truth
will secure a recognition of its
beauty, apart from a change in the
moral disposition 453

Regeneration, Influence of the Spirit in,
operates directly on heart, in con-
junction with presentation of truth

to intellect, 453

differs from 'moral suasion,' in being:

an immediate act of God, 453

its primary and secondary features,.- 454
the Initial exercise of the new disposi-
tion in, secured by truth as means, 454
truth In,' brings forth,' rather than

'begets,' 454

a result of truth 'energized' or 'in-
tensified,' view that, list of authori-
ties on, - 454

view that Spirit operates directly on

soul in, list of authorities on, 464

instrumentality In 454

instrumentality in, not baptism, 454

baptism a sign of 454

and baptism, different aspects of same

fact, 454

the spiritual change in, incongruous-
ly connected with physical means,. 454
as an activity accomplished through

truth, 455

Holy Spirit illuminates mind in, 455

man passive in, only as to change of

his ruling disposition 455

man active in, as to exercise of new

disposition, 455

man not a machine In, 455

man's activity in, an activity in view

of truth, 455

change of disposition and its initial

exercise, strictly synchronous, 455

Cunningham on man's activity and

passivity in 455

illustrated from photography, 456

instrumentality of truth In, denied by

some, 456

of infants, probably somehow con-
nected with truth 456

nature of change wrought in, 456

not a change in substance of body or

soul, 458

a change in the governing disposition,

or in the direction of the affections, 467
not impartation or infusion of a new

substance 457

the enlightroent of the understanding
and rectification of the volitions not

primary facte in, 457

a restoration of tendencies lost in the

fall, 458

an instantaneous change, 458

not a gradual work, 458

Its preparation may be gradual 468

its recognition may be gradual, 468

its ordinary antecedent, conviction of

sin, 458

must not be confounded with sanctl-

fication, 459

immediate, its enjoyment progressive, 459

Regeneration, its Immedlateness, illus-
trations of, 469

not a matter of training, 459

takes place in a region of soul below

consciousness, 469

work of God in, never directly per-
ceived 469

contravenes no law of man's being,.. 459
spiritual existence communicated in,

known only by phenomena, 459

conversion and sanctiflcation ita evi-
dences, 469

recognized indirectly in its results, .. 459
at the moment of, soul only conscious
of its exercises with regard to truth, 459

its human side, conversion, 459

sanctiflcation the development of

principle received in, 459

an efficient?act of God, 479

relation to sanctiflcation, 484

baptismal, rule of Interpretation to be
applied to passages which seem to

teach, 531

credible evidence of, its nature, 533

Regent's Park Church, London, some of
its deacons unbaptized in any form, 548

Rtgnum, tilorim, 424

gratia, 424

untune, of Christ, denied by Julius

MMler, 424

Regularity, the general order of inor-
ganic nature 43

Reid, Thomas, on duration, 131

on space, 132

Reid, William, on Plymouth Brethren-
ism, 499

'Reign,' of sin, its import, 284

Relnhard, his theological position, 24

Rejection of Christ, by those who have
enjoyed special divine influences,

fearful consequences of, 493

Relations, of God to universe, subjects

for science, 2

of natural and Scriptural theology,.. 15

intuitions of, 29

Relative, explanation of term as applied

to attributes, 120

Relative justice of certain acts and

deeds, 108

Relative or transitive attributes, ...118-120,


Relativity, doctrine of, originates with

Kant, 6

Religion, its relation to theology, 11

Its definition, 11

its derivation, 11

false conceptions of, 11

views of Hegel, Schleiermaoher, and

Kant, 12

Its essential idea, 12

there is but one, 13

Its content greater than that of the-
ology, 13

Religion, inferences from definition of, 13
distinguished from formal worship,.. 13
capacity for, possessed by humanity. 32
in China, a survival of the worship of

the patriarchal family, 86

Indian systems of, 87

Greek systems of, 87

systems of Western Asia, 88

beginning of, an acceptance of God's

end as ours, 198

the theory of its progress from
fetich Ism to polytheism and mono-
theism 271

true, what it is, 445

true. Alls heart and life with God 448

human systems of, make salvation

effect of human work, 481

Religions of the world, t>ook-rellgions, BO
heathen, purer from polytheism,as we

go back, 272

Religious l)ooks, of Hindus, Persians,

and Chinese, inconsistent 84

Religious feeling, in contact with super-
sensible reality, not the original

source of idea of God, 84

Religious truths, are too emotional for

science, statement that, 8

are incomprehensible, and therefore
incapable of scientific arrangement,

statement that, 8

are unsystematic, and therefore in-
capable of scientific arrangement,

statement that, 8

Remission of punishment, an element

of Justification, 474

comes after repentance, 482

Remorse, perhaps an element in Christ's

sufferings, 420

Renan, his faith 32

his theory of the gospels, 78

animus of his theory, disbelief in the

supernatural, 79

his theory examined, 70

Renouf, on pantheism, 56

on a papyrus relating to creation, ... 185
on the Egyptian approaching the

European type, 243

Reparative goodness, of God in nature,

a hint of his mercifulness, 49

Repentance, more for sin than sins, 286

the gift of God 430

its three constituents, 482

an intellectual element in, 462

includes a recognition of sin, 462

a recognition of facts, 462

an emotional element in, 462

Includes sorrow for sin, 462

a voluntary element in 462

includes an inward turning from sin

and disposition to seek pardon, 462

Romanist view of, 463

Romanist view of, remits nifpo, but
retains to an extent jurna,... 463

Repentance, wholly an inward act, 463

manifested by confession of sin 4f-3

manifested by re|>aration for Injury. 463
to tie distinguished from its fruits. .. 463

a negative condition of salvation 463

furnishes no offset to claims of law, . 463

felt by penitent to have no merit, 463

the gift of God, 463

only exists in conjunction with faith, 4<>4

learned at the cross, 464

preaching of, a preaching of faith,... 464

true, involves faith, 464

and faith, connected in conversion as
sensation and perception in con-

sciousncsss, 464

the general subject of, list of authors

on 464

Reprobation, its relation to decrees In

general 172

decree of. its nature, 434

Reproduction, its cessation in the fu-
ture, 5T4

Requirements in prophecy, 67

Requisites to the study of theology, ... 20
R«u)i(T, aitpicr, prmincr, of Bernard, ap-
plied to prophet's work, 888

Responsibility, for inherited evil affec-
tions and state of will, its ground,.. 258

for whatever springs from will, 28i

for a depraved nature which one did
not personally or consciously origi-
nate, 308

is special gift of Spirit essential to?. 315
what essential to, according to Ray-
mond, 317

for a sinful nature which one did not

personally originate, a fact, 335

none, for tendencies from immediate

ancestors, Slid

for beliefs, authors on 467

Restoration to favor, an element in Jus-
tification, 475

Restoration, ultimate, of all human

beings, theory of, 590

Restoratlonist, Church of Rome prac-
tically,: 565

Results, historical, of propagation of

Scripture doctrine 91-94

Resurrection, not an event within the

realm of nature, 62

of Christ, the central and sufficient

evidence of Christianity, 66

ofChrlst.dllemmaforthosewhodeny, 66
of Christ, Strauss cannot expain

belief in, 77

of Christ, attested by Epistles which

llaur regards as genuine 79

of Christ, Renan counts it a pious

fraud 79

Christ's argument for, in Mat. 22: 32,


a divine work attributed to Christ, .. 147
attributed to the Holy Spirit, 150,151

Resurrection, of Christ, angels present

at, 227

of Christ, trave proof that the penalty

of sin was exhausted, 888

a stage in Christ's exultation, 385

proclaimed Christ as perfected and

glorified man, 388

of Christ, the time of his Justification, 416
secured to the believer by union with

Christ, 446, 446, 482

its relation to regeneration, 457

sanctifieation completed at the, 489

of Christ and of the believer, baptism

a symbol of 527-530

implied in the symbolism of the Lord's

Supper, 542

Christ's body an object of worship

after the, 545

an event preparing for the kingdom

of God, 554

allusions in the O.T., to *61

of Christ, the best and only certain

proof of immortality, 562

perfect joy or misery come only with

the, 566

doctrine of the, 575-580

of the just, and of the unjust, 575

passages describing a spiritual, 575

passages describing a literal and phy-
sical, 575

its relations to sanctification 576

the exegetical objection to, 576

is a physical, not a spiritual, change,- 576
of body, included in Christ's redemp-
tion, 576

of body, determined by nature of

Christ's resurrection, 577

of body, shown by accompanying

events, 577

the scientific objection to, 578

not a resurrection of all particles of

the old body 678

does not require a single particle of

the old to be in the new, 578

Paul's illustration of, 578

other illustrations of, 579

what constitutes identity in, 579

same formative principle in, 579

same physical connection in, 579

recognition of the body in 579

Porter and Dorner on identity in, 579

powers and capacities of matter in, .. 5S0
development of an organ for the

spiritual life, Mt-Cosh on, 580

spirit master of matter in the, Kbrard

on, 580

influence of, upon Joy or suffering,.. 588

Retaliation, permitted by Moses 108

Return of Jews, predicted, 68

Reuben, his sin visited on his children,. 338
Revealed truths, because unsystematic,
not incapable of scientitlc arrange-
ment, 8

Revelation, idealistic notion of, 7

Morell's definition of, 7

induces a new mode of intelligence,.. 7

an external, possible, 7

furnishes objective facts for science, 7

illustrated from Egyptology, 8

in nature, not enough for sinner 15

in Scripture, supplemental to that in

nature, 16

the objective truth made known in

Scripture, 15

God submits to its conditions, 18

Kant's view of 24

from God, reasons a priori for ex-
pecting, 58

man needs it, 58

needed, psychological proof 58

needed, to throw light on certain
truths which are not given in reason

or intuition, 58

gives confirmation and authority to

natural truths, 58

presents the merciful and helpful as-
pects of the divine nature, 58

needed, historical proof, 58

needed on account of increasingly
imperfect knowledge of religious

truths, 58

need of, proved by man's condition,.. 58
need of, proved by conviction of

helplessness in some nobler natures, 58
presumption that it will be supplied, 59
God's wisdom affords a presumption

that it will lie given 59

a fuller, expectation of, Justified by

imperfect revelation in nature, 59

a presumption in favor of Its provis-
ion from the general connection of

want and supply, 59

hope of, Justified by analogies of na-
ture and history 59

n lirinri reasons forexpecting, induce
a hope rather than an assurance,... 59

man may expect, marks of, 60

the inter will confirm and enlarge the
knowledge of God derived from

nature, 60

will follow divine procedure in other

communications, 80

in nature, analogous to revelation in

grace, GO

likely to follow method of continu-
ous historical development, 60

likely to be delivered In first place to
one nation and to individuals there-
in, 60

likely to be preserved in written and

accessible documents, 60

likely to present evidence that its

author is the God of nature, 60

requires divine attestation to assure
original recipient, and to give It au-
thority in eyes of others, 60

Revelation, a divine, miracles as attest-
ing, 61

In Scripture, consistent but progress-
ive, 84

distinguished from inspiration and

illumination, 96

sometimes exeluded illumination, 100

Revenge, what? 293

'Reversion to type,' man never experi-
ences, 236

Review, Catholic, on infant baptism,... 538
Review, Mcrcersburg, on infant baptism 5:18
Reville, on the best book for a lifelong

imprisonment, 85

Revulsion, the, of the divine nature

against sin, its intensity, 140

Rewards, earthly, «p|ieal to in Old Tes-
tament, 108

proceed from goodness of God, 138

not bestowed by Justice or righteous-
ness, 139

goodness to creatures, righteousness

to Christ 139

are motives, not sanctions, 274

Rhudauianthus, generally believed in,. 557

Rhys Davids, on Xtrvana, 87

Richards, on Calvin as a teacher of uni-
versal atonement, 428

Riehter, Jean Paul, on beam of light
entering dark and dusty chamber, . 284

Ridgeley, Thomas, 28

Right, abstract, not the ground of

moral obligation 142

self-willing, God is, 163

based on arbitrary will, is not right, . 1IS1
based on passive nature, Is not right, 163

as being. Is Father, 1»>3

as willing, is Son, 163

Righteous, ilnal state of the, 685-587

Righteousness of God, what? 138

holiness in its mandatory aspect, 138

its meaning In 2 Cor. 5 :21, 415

an attribute which demands that sin

should be punished, 416

Rig Veda, on creation, 185

Kites and ordinances, prefigure the fu-
ture, 68

Kitsehl, on atonement, 400

Robertson, F. W„ alluded to, 18

his methods of study, 20

his definition of personality, 122, 377

his analogy of Trinity 187

on Trinity under figure of personal-
ized intellect, affection, and will,... 168

on chaos before creation, 187

on irrevocableness of deeds, 282

on atonement, 400

on truth of fact, and ideal truth 478

on faith alone justifying, hut not faith

that is alone, 487

his view of baptismal regeneration,.. 5)2

Robinson, Dr. E. G., on sin, 295

his definition of nature, 377

I Robinson. John, his saying, 18

his farewell address to Pilgrim Fa-
thers, 105

Komaine, on "a year famous for be-
lieving." 218

Romance-theory, of Kenan 79

objections to 79

Romanism, and Scripture 17

a mystical element in, 17

Romanist, view of the linage of God In

man, 265

definition of sin, 289

view of Christ's quickening and res-
urrection, 385

view of faith, 486

view of Lord's Supper 543

Romans, first chapter, Brahmin's view

of, 86

9:5, a description, not a doxology, . 145

I 5 :12, Pelagian view of, 811

5:12. Armtnian interpretation of 314

I 5:12, Wliedon's view of, contreverted, 316
5:12, New School interpretation of... 318

5 :13, Federal interpretation of, 323

5:12, interpretation of according to

Mediate theory, 326

5:12, its Interpretation according to

theory of Natural Headship 828

5 :12-19, detailed exposition of, 331

3:25, 2H, exposition of 411

8:28-30, exegesis of, 428

Its subject, righteousness by faith, or

I salvation by faith, 460

j treats of both Justification by faith

and sanetiflcatlon by faith, 460

Roscelln, his theological position, £3

Rothe, on the divine attributes 116

on God's knowledge increasing, .134, 135

on God's power, 136

his view of creatianism, 251

his view of sin, 289

ids view of the union of the divine

and human in Christ, 873

Rousseau, on his sins, 298

Rowland Hill, anecdote of, 434

Royce, and Hegel, difference of their

views, 55

RUckert, quoted, 39

Ruskiu, John, on condemnation for the

"undones," xxix. 348

Sabbath, its importance, 201

of perpetual obligation 201

In Assyrian accounts of creation, 201

antedates decalogue, 201

indications of, long before Mosaic

legislation 201

rule, applies to man as man 201

what abrogated In relation to, 201

its change from seventh day to first,. 201

Jewish and Christian, contrasted, 201

list of authors on, 201

seventh-day view, authors on, 202

BabeUlan doctrine of Trinity, 158

Sabellian doctrine of Trinity, Bush-

nell's view resembles, 158

unscriptural, 158

Sabellianism, list of authors on, 15(1

Sabellius, 158

Sacrifice, its institution, 308, 393

not the presentation of a gift, 393

not a symbol of renewed fellowship,. 394
not offering of life and being of wor-
shiper, 394

its true import is satisfaction by sub-
stitution 394

theocratical and spiritual offices of,.. 394
though without formal inculcation,

may possess divine sanction, 896

how it may have originated 386

doctrine of, assumed In N. T., . 397

James's silence on, argument from,.. 397

Maurice's view of, 397

Jowett's opinion on, 397

Sacrifices, Jewish, a tentative scheme

of, 398

for the individual, 396

for the family, 396

for the people, 396

Sacrifices of Old Testament, what in-
volved in, 395

patriarchal, were sin-offerings, 395

Sacrificial, work of Christ, 390-423

analogies of atonement, 392

language of N. T., not an accommoda-
tion to Jewish methods of thought, 397

Sadduceeism, of first century 77

Saints, prayer to, a misconception and

blasphemy, 424

how intercessors? 424

as applied to believers, its meaning,.. 490

new bodies of, confined to place, 58tS

Saisset, on the pantheist's God, 56

Sakya Muni,= Buddha, 87

Sales, Francis de, 17

Salisbury use, as to baptism, 525

Salvation, decreed to faith, 179

not through violation of law 278

by grace-, without merit on our part,

without necessity on God's, 282 I

Arminian order of 316 i

possible, apart from visible church and

means of grace 357

how a matter of debt to believer, 405

no impropriety in offering it to all

who are willing to receive it, 435

dependent not on quantity but on

quality of faith 482

not bought, but token, 482

is the health of the soul, 484

Samarium Pentateuch, its testimony to

Old Testament, 80

Samaritans, received Pentateuch only,

why? 80

Sameness, of a river, in what it consists, 579
of the living body, in what it con-
sists, 579

Sanctlflcatlon, an efficient act of God,. 479

doctrine of, 483-490

divine side of perseverance, 483

definition of, 483

a work of God, 484

a continuous process, 485

distinguished from regeneration as

growth from birth, 485

accompanied by mortification of sin

and increasing obedience to Christ,. 485
effected by indwelling Spirit of Christ, 485

not by believer's efforts, 486

its Instrumental cause, faith 488

the object of this faith is Christ 486

depends on strength and persistence

of faith, 486

progress of. irregular 486

never completed in this life, 486

of soul, completed at death, 486

of body, completed at resurrection,.. 486
complete, never asserted of saint. In

Scripture, 489

complete, apostolic admonitions in-
consistent with, 489

complete, doctrine of, not warranted

by use of TeA«ioi, 489

complete, denied of any man by Scrip-
ture, 489

complete, disproved by Christian ex-
perience, 490

complete, doctrine of, list of authors

on, 490

'Sanctified,' as applied to believers, its

meaning, 490

'Sanctified intellect,' what? 16

'Sanctify,' its twofold meaning, 480

'Sanctify,' sometimes cannot be under-
stood subjectively, 477

Sanctifying faith, its object, Christ,.... 486

the reception of Christ himself, 486

Sartorius, his illustration of the one

personality in Christ 377

his illustration of unchanged divinity

in God-man 383

Satan, his personality, 223

not a collective term for all evil be-
ings 223

various literary conceptions of, 223

his place in Biblical and in oriental

systems, 224

meaning of term, 227

opposed by Holy Spirit, the advocate, 228

his temptations, negative, 228

his temptations, positive, 228

his access to human mind, its mode

not known, 228

perhaps influences mind through phy-
sical organism, 228

delivering to, what involved in, 229

a special period of activity allowed
him during the Savior's personal

ministry, 230

his power, limitations of 230

Satan, could he change his nature by a

single act? 281

would his wisdom have prevented his

entering on a hopeless rebellion? .. 231
hts sin essentially sin against the Holy

Ghost, 232

doctrine of, its relations to the doc-
trine of sin, 233

his fall, 301

his fall, its nature 306

must God bestow on him a " gracious
ability," before he can be responsi-
ble? 815

would escape punishment, on reform-
theory of penalty, 851

grows in cunning and daring, 580

Satisfaction, required by God's holiness

in atonement, 890

by substitution, import of sacrifice,.. 394
and forgiveness, that they are mutu-
ally exclusive, answered, 418

penal and pecuniary, how distin-
guished, 418

Romanist doctrine of, 4IS3

Saturninus, of Antioeh, 189

Savagery, was this man's original con-
dition? 269-271

Saving grace, regards men as sinners,

not as irrespect ive of their sins, 436

Sayoe, A. H., on a district In neighbor-
hood of Baltic, as cradle of Aryan

race, 240

Scarlet thread of liahab, was it sym-
bolic? 110

Scarlet thread, through every rope and
cord of British navy, Illustration

from, 530

Sceptical or fictitious narratives in
Scripture, a supposed objection to

inspiration, 113, 114

Schuff, on the Pelagian controversy,... 812
Schiller, on "the very curse of evil

deed," 836

on "guilt the greatest of ills," 345

on the "seeming" being fulfilled in

heaven,. 554

Schism a ground of exclusion from

Lord's Supper, 550

Schleiermaeher, his view of theology,.. 8

his view of religion, 12

his position in German theology,... 12, 24

on the divine attributes, 116

on nature as the full expression of

the divine causality 136

on Sabelllanlsm, 158

his view of the image of God, 264

his view of sin, 289

on esuhatologyas unfulfilled prophecy 554

Scholasticism, period of, 23

Scholastics, their questions about angels 221
their opinion that the "image of
God" in man consists simply in his
natural capacity for religion, 265

Scholastics, their views of man's origi-
nal state, 268

'School, New,' what? 26

its theory of Imputation 318-322

'School, Old,'what? 28

Its tenet, the guilt of Inborn deprav-
ity, 810

what theories arc, 310

Schools, Old and New, their views of

"choice," and "state," 283

their views of sin 283

Schopenhauer, his views, 43

his pessimism 200

Science, definition of, 1

its aim, 1

when possible, 2

requires a knowledge of more than

phenomena, 4

of God, our knowledge of, never ex-
haustive, 19

none complete, 19

Its necessary datum, the existence of

a personal God, 83

supposed errors In matters of, an ob-
jection to inspiration, 105-107

physical, knows nothing of origins,.. 184

Scientia media, 174, 225

does not belong to God, 174

Scientia minplicu intelligentiit 174

Scientia vinUmiD, 174

Scientific unity, desire for, has led to
erroneous explanations of facts of

universe, 51

Scio, and conxcio, 256

Scott, Sir Walter, anecdote of, 85

Scott, Thomas, 18

Scotus Erlgena, on the divine nature,.. 116

on ascxuality of the first pair, 268

Scrlbner, on life on earth originating at

North Pole, 240

Scripture, and nature, 14

and rationalism, 16

appeals to reason, in its large sense,.. 18
contains nothing repugnant to a ]>rop-
erly conditioned and enlightened

reason, 16

and mysticism, 17

and Romanism, 17

knowledge of, incomplete, 18

topics on which silent 19

teaching, supernatural character of,. 84
unity of subjects, spirit, and aim

In, 84

Its moral and religious utterances un-
contradicted and unsuperseded, 84

its moral and religious ideas, ever in

advance of age; in which proclaimed, 85
Its unity accounted for only by sup-
position of supernatural suggestion

and control, 85

teaching of, its supernatural char-
acter proved by the testimony of
Christ to himself, 91

Scripture, doctrine of, historical results

of its propagation, 91

doctrine of, its beneficent influence a

proof of divine origin, 93

each part must be interpreted in con-
nection with the whole, 104

its authors differ, the divine mind

is one, 104

in connection with the person and
words of Christ, an infallible and
perfect rule of faith and practice,.. 104
no fairly interpreted passage of,

shown to be scientifically untrue,.. 106
sets before us the original or resur-
rection body, 280

not a complete code of practical ac-
tion, 280

an enunciation of principles, 280

much of it written not merely about,

but for, Christ, 885

^icriptures, the, a revelation from God,


the work of one God, and so organic-
ally articulated 104

why so many interpretations of, 106

obscure and figurative to be inter-
preted by plainer, 572

'Sealing,' a view of, 462

Scaling, of the document, affords an
evidence plainer than the writing,.. 486

Seal of the Spirit, what? 460

Seals, in book of Revelation, Alford'a

view of,' 571

Ellintt's view of, 571

"Season,' in Luke 4:13, the interval be-
tween the wilderness and Gethsem-

ane 868

Second causes, denial of, is idealism

and leads to pantheism, 65

Second coming of Christ, see Coming,

second 566-574

Secretan, on collective life in Adam,... 330

Seed, natural and spiritual, 207

Seelye, J. H., on civilization as depend-
ent on Christian influence, 270

Selection, implies intelligence and will,
and cannot be merely " natural," .. 237

natural, theory of, 236

the final judgment, the culmination

of a process of, 583

Selenology, an Illustration, 2

Self, abandoned in Christian, 294

^elf-consciousness, in man, argues self-
consciousness in man's maker, 46

pantheism cannot explain, 56

does God need a non-ego to call forth

his? 57

distinguished from consciousness, ... 121
Self-contradictory things, not objects

of knowledge, 135

not objects of power, 136

.Self-determination, an element in per-
sonality,.. 54

Self-determination, a God without,
pantheistic idea of, self-contradic-
tory, 56

distinguished from determination,... 121

Self-exaltation, a character of sin, 290

Self-existence, of God, implies that God

is caiimeui, . 123

implies that God exists by necessity

of his own being, 124

attributed to Christ 147

Self-existent person, a less mystery

than a self-existent thing, 123

Self-limitation, all external limitation

upon God is, 6

perfection implies the power of, — 6

divine, involved in miracles, 64

the perfection and glory of God, 64

power of, involved in God's infinity,. 123
not excluded, but implied, in omnipo-
tence, 138

its culmination, in the humiliation of

Christ, 882, 383

Self-love, holiness is not God's, 128

is primary cause of all moral action,

according to N. W. Taylor, 293

rather is sin, and the essence of sin,.. 293

can never cast out self-love 461

Self-sacrifice, possible to God, 6

Self-substitution, divine, as in prayer,

so in atonement, 411

Selfishness, the essence of sin, 293

connot be resolved into simpler ele-
ments, 293

forms in which it manifests itself, ... 293
of unregenerate, the substitution of a

lower for a higher end, 293

Semi-parasitism, of Romanism, 18

Semi-pelagian, view of nvtvixa as free

from original sin, 247

view of human nature, 311

Semitic race, uninspired productions of,

contrasted with inspired, 60

Seneca, 88

praises death, 200

on depravity, 297

on man's dependence on God 450

his time most immoral, - 480

Sensation, materialistic idealism defines

matter and mind in terms of, 53, 54

Sensation and perception, relation of,
illustrates relation of repentance

and faith, 464

Sense and reason, not concreatedly

opposed, 265

Sense-perception and reflection, will not

furnished us idea of God 34, 35

Sensibility, included in reason, 3

and will, distinct, 178

Sensibilities, not states of will, 288

how may be regarded as voluntary,.. 288
'Sensitizing ' the photographic plate,
analogous to Spirit's influence in
regeneration 456
• Sensual,' = psychical 244

Sensuousness, theory of sin as, 289-281

'Sentences. The," of Peter Lombard,... 23

Sentimentality, Its nature, 552

Separation, of the soul from the body,

= physical death, 308

of the soul from God, = spiritual

death, 807

Septuagint, and the Apocrypha, 80

apparently false translations from,

explained, 110

Seraphim, their signification, 224

Seraplon, on the care given to the for-
mation of the Canon 75

Sermon on the mount, do Matthew and

Luke differ as to its scene? 107

Serpent, the, in Asiatic myths, 3ft!

Servant of righteousness, what? 258

Service, final state of righteous, one of, 685
Session, at right hand of God, Christ's,. 386
Seventh-day theory, Its geographical

difficulties, 301

Sexuality, the first sin, according to

some Scholastics 268

Shakespeare, on the "divinity that

shapes our ends," 211

Shasters. Hindu, unscientific 105

Shedd, William G. T., on God's two

revelations, 14

bis theological position 28

on divine attributes, 117

on God's compassion to the non-
elect, 138

his analogue to Trinity, 167

on difference between emanation and

generation, 189

on the Tridentine account of man's

creation, 286

on 'nature,' 299

on man's responsibility for his In-
ability, 307

on imputation of sins of Immediate

ancestors, 336

on losing the talents, no release from
obligation to return them with in-
terest 345

on provision madeentirely by offend-
ed party, 417

on 'foreknew,' in Rom. 8: 28 428

on 'brimstone and tire,' 596

Shelley, on an "intellectual spirit per-
vading the universe," 32

his drowning 214

Shintos, Japanese, repudiate images, .. 120
Ship, God's purpose its anchor, repent-
ance and faith, its engines, 433

Sick, the, who desire to communicate,

orderly action in relation to 551

'Slgnallty,' an importantelement In the

miracle, 62

Silence, of Scripture, disciplinary and

probationary, 19

Simeon, a type, 569

Simon, on God's self-substitution in

atonement 411

Sin, its permission, a difficulty of all
theistic systems, 180*

its permission, how not to be explain-
ed, 180

deliverance from, possible without
violation of moral agency, 180

permitted, because an incident in a
system adapted to the divine self-
revelation, ISO

not preventable, doctrine that, list
of authors who advocate 180-

permitted at a great cost to God 187

Its permission, list of authors on, 181

man's, that It was suggested from
without, its mitigating circum-
stance, 232'

a nature, in what sense? 263

effect of first, not a weakening but
a i»erverslon of human nature. 265

the first, did not merely despoil man
of a special gift of grace, 265

doctrine of, 273-357

its nature, 2*3-295

definition of 283-289

Old and New School views of, main
difference between 283

Old and New School views of, not far
apart, 283

brings body Into non-conformity to
God's law, 283

non-conformity to God's law in dis-
position or state, 283

words for. do not limit it to act, 284

New Testament descriptions of, refer
principally to states or dispositions, 284

of 'not doing,' sin of state 284

ascribed to heart, 284

applied to state of soul which gives
rise to wrong desires 284

represented as existing In soul prior
to consciousness, 284

alluded to as a reigning principle, 284

proved by Mosaic sacrifices to be more
than act, 285-

a state, according to common judg-
ment of mankind, 285-

a state, according to the experience of
the Christian, 286

voluntary, as proceeding directly or
Indirectly from will 288-

the definition of it as "a volunta-
ry t ransgression of known law," dis-
cussed, 28ft

not all, a distinct and conscious voli-
tion 288

the first, did not spring from a de-
praved state of the will, 288

Intention aggravates, but is not essen-
tial to 288

knowledge aggravates, but is not es-
sential to, 288
Sill, ability to fulfil law not essential to, 288

various definitions of 289

*ts essential principle 289

as sensuousness, the theory refuted,.. 289

Schleiermaclier on, 289

Is self-exaltation, 290

sense-theory explains, by denying Its

existence, 291

as finltoness, the theory refuted, 291

Leibnitz on, 291

as good in the making, 291

rests upon a pantheistic basis 291

confounds sin with consciousness of

sin, 291

if in origin necessary, Is no longer sin, 291

positive as well as negative, 292

not always weakness, 292

not (Ittf Gf wiirdt:)n: but fin* (JemarMe,. 292
referred, in Scripture, not to man's

limitations but to his free-will, 292

Hegel's view of, denies holiness to

Christ, xxvii, 292

as selfishness, theory of, accords with

Scripture, 294

a principle in course of development, 295

not yet " full grown," 295

universality of, 295

committed by every human being
who has arrived at moral conscious-
ness, 296

universality of, passages which seem
to ascribe goodness to men, not in-
consistent with, 296

its universality demonstrated by cer-
tain common maxims, . 297

absence of consciousness of, a proof

of blindness, 298

unconsciousness of, accounted for,.. 298
all men have a corrupted nature

which is, 290

its universality proved from reason,. 300
testimony of great thinkers regarding, 301
its origin in the personal act of Adam. 302
as to its origin reason affords no light, 302

Scriptural account of its origin, 303

Adam's, its essential nature, 304

originated in an act of man's free will, 304

inexplicable, because unreason, 304

occasioned, however, by temptation

from without 305

self-originated, Satanic, 305

consequences of, as respects Adam,.. 300
Adam's, its imputation to his posteri-
ty, 308

imputation of, see Imputation, ...308-^40
consists in sinning, this view exam-
ined, 310

personal, consints in sinning 310

there is a race-sin as well as a person-
al, 810

evusive theories 810

no theory wholly satisfactory, 810

theories of imputation 310-334

Sin, Pelagian theory of, and objections,


Arminian theory of, and objections,..


New School theory of, and objections,


not all sin is personal, 322

there is also a sin of nature, of race,. 322
Federal theory of, and objections, 322-335
Plaeean theory of, and objections, 325-328
Augustinlan theory of, and considera-
tions favoring, 328-333

tabular view of theories of Imputa-
tion, 334

objections to Augustinlan theory of,

considered, 335-340

may exist apart from and prior to

consciousness, 835

can we repent of Adam's? 335

how it can properly be the punish-
ment of sin 837

is reproductive, each reproduction
Increasing guilt and punishment, .. 337

self-perpetuating, 338

self-isolating, 338

Adam's, ruins, as Christ's obedience

saves, 339

consequences of, to Adam's posterity,


depravity, a consequenco of, 340

guilt, a consequence of 345

penalty, a consequence of, 350

the unpardonable, 349,350

against Holy Ghost, 349, aw

Christ free, both from hereditary de-
pravity and from actual 365

Christ "made to be, on our behalf,"

its meaning, 415

its pretermission Justified in the cross, 422
its pretermission limited In duration, 422
docs not condemn, but failure to ask

pardon for sin, 475

Judged and condemned on Calvary...

xxix, 475

future, the virtual pardon of, 482

future, Edwards on Justification from, 482

"dwelling," and "reigning," 484

expelled, by bringing Christ in, 486

cannot most sympathize with sin, 583

shuts us out from communion with

otherintelligenees and other worlds, 587
eternal, final state of wicked a condi-
tion of 587

compelled in a future world to display

God's glory, 589

chosen in spite of infinite motives to

contrary, 590

'Sinful, yet not sin," 318

Sinful acts of men,attributed in Scrip-
ture to a corrupt nature 299

Sinfulness, does not depend on distinct

and conscious volition, 288

nor on deliberate intention to sin, 288

Sinfulness, dots not depend on knowl-
edge of sinful act or feeling 388

nor on ability to obey 289

Sinfulness, general, burnt-offering: for, 285

Slnli'ss men, according-to Pelngius, 811

Sinner, the incorrigible, glorifies God in
his destruction, 220

not destitute of conscience, 341

not devoid of qualities pleasing- and
useful to men, 841

each, not prone to every form of sin, 341

not as selfish and opposed to God as
he can be 341

totally destitute of love to God, 341

chargeable with elevating-some lower
affection above God and his law, 341

supremely determined by a prefer-
ence of self to God 341

possessed of an aversion to God, both
latent and active, 841

disordered in every faculty, 312

possessed of nothing which divine
holiness can fully approve, 342

subject to a law of constant progress
in depravity, 342

seeks to secure his own interests,
rather than God's 342

disobeys fundamental law of love, ... 342

his religious acts performed with no
reference to God's glory, 342

his Inability total 842

unable of himself to turn to God 342

unable to do that which is truly good, 342

cannot, by a single volition, secure
complete conformity to God's law, 342

cannot change his fundamental pre-
ference, 342

cannot do anything which will meet
God's approval, 842

his inability 'natural,' as being con-
genital, 848

his inability, In what sense not 'natur-
al. 343

his inability results from sin, and is
sin 348

his inability is both natural and moral, 343

is responsible for his inability, 343

his inability shuts him up to sole de-
pendence on (iod, 344

under conviction, more of a sinner
than before, 458

has no right to do anything before

accepting Christ, 483

Sin-offering, its character, 896

Sins and sinfulness, Mosaic sacrifices
for, list of authors on, 285

of ignorance, omission, and general

sinfulness, Mosaic sacrifices for, 283

Sins, repented of, which were commit-
ted without a thought of their sin-
fulness, 288

sense of their evil increased, when
recognized as rooted in sin, 339

Sins, their awfulness perceived when
regarded as but symptoms of a deep-
seated apostasy, 389

venial and mortal, a classification un-
recognized in Scripture, 347

all are 'venial,' since Christ died for

all, 347

all unpardoned, are ' mortal,' 347

Scriptural distinctions among, 348

of omission and commission, an

Invalid distinction, 348

of believers, Judged and condemned

on Calvary, xxix, 478

of believers, buried in grave with

Christ, 482

'Six hundred and sixty-six,' the mystic
number in Kevelation, its various

interpretations, 570

Skulls, of man and gorilla, the immense
and absolutely vacant space which

divides them, 236

Slaveholders, inexcusable, even if negro

was cursed in Canaan, 179

Sleep, body rests in, rather than mind,.. 283

'Sleep,' how applied to death 564

'Slope, The,' Aristotle's doctrine of,.-. 301

Smaller, his views on sin, 819

Smith, Adam, his view of ground of

moral obligation, 142

Smith, Goldwln, on prediction the

crown of science 218

his denial of scientific method in

history 218

Smith, H. B., on Sir William Hamilton, 6

on speculative theology, 22

on the Cartesian formula, 31

his criticism on Brougham's state-
ment of Clarke's argument, 48

on conscience, 257

on Eph. 8: 3, 300

on the essential nature of Adam's sin, 304

his view of the fall, criticised, 305

on race-responsibility, 309

his review of Whedon, 316

on original sin, 336

was he a Placean? 320

on Ezekiel 18, 337

on the large part played by 'an or-
ganic relation of men,' in the history

of the race, 339

on 'total depravity,' 342

on union with Christ, as preceding re-
generation and justification, 437

on regeneration, as involving union

with Christ, 449

on regeneration of infants, 456

bases hope for heathen on sacrifice, .. 468
on justification, as more than pardon, 476
on union, the ground of imputation,. 479
on an internal change, the sine qua

nnn of Justification, 481

Smith, John, of Amsterdam, saying of, 105
Smith, Joseph, 17

Smyth, Egbert C, on doctrine of Trin.

ity, 144

on thinkableness of ontological rela-
tions of Trinity 162

Smyth, Newman, on idea of God as

presupposed in revelation, 84

on intuitive Ideas, 86

on natural selection, an election with-
out pity, 481

on matter belonging In succession to

several bodies, 578

Society, according to Hobbes, helium

omnium contra nmncx, 232

Society, final state of righteous, one of, 585

Soclnlan, view of the image of God, 288

view of sin, 289

theory of atonement 307

theory of atonement, objections to,. 398

Socinianism 810

Socinus, Faustus, 25, 397

Lselius, 25, 397

their views, 159

Socrates, on men's doing right when

they know what is right, 68

on the desire to know with certainty
how we ought to behave toward

God and man, 59

accounts of, by Plato and Xenophon, 70

not mentioned by Thueydldes, 71

his conception of virtue and morality, 88

what he claimed,' 91

on thought, as the soul's conversation

with itself, 168

the doubting character of his final
words in relation to immortality,... 557
■Sola fide* jyxtiflcat, eedfldet mm e*t tula, 487

Solly, on God and time 131

on positive precepts, only applica-
tions of law of nature, 279

Solomon, temple of, illustration from,. 2

Song of, its interpretation, 109

Song of, esteemed by many distin-
guished Christians, 112

* Son.' its import in Trinity, 161

Son, the, to God, a perfect object of will,

knowledge, and love, 130

his eternal generation, its nature, — 165

uncreated, 165

his essence, not derived from essence

of Father 165

his existence eternal, 185

exists by an internal necessity of di-
vine nature 165

eternal generation of, not analogous
to physical derivation, but a life-
movement of the divine nature, 166

in person, subordinate to person of

Father, 166

yet in essence equal with Futher 166

an object of love to Father superior

to any possible creation 190

'Son of man,' connotes among other
things a veritable humanity, 364

Song of Solomon, its interpretation,... 109

attestations to Its religious value, 112

'Sons of God,'Gen. 6:2, its meaning,.. 222

Sonship of Christ, eternal, 164

metaphysical, 165

list of authorities on doctrine of, 166

Sophocles, earliest manuscript of, 70

Sophocles. E. A., on Sa*ri£«i, 622

Sorrow for sin, an element in repent-
ance, 482

implies some confidence In God's

mercy, 464

Soterlology, or the doctrine of salva-
tion, 368-492

Soul, the unorganized, immutable part

of brain!' 52

dichotomous view of, 243

trlehotomous view of, 244

distinguished from spirit, 241!

Hovey's definition of, 24(1

origin of the 248

theory of its pret'xistence, 248

ancient and modern advocates of lis

pretixistence 248

pree'xistence of, element of truth in,. 248

ideally existent before birth, 248

idea of its prcl'xlstence pervades

modern poetry, 248

objections to prei'.xistence of, 248

crentian theory of its origin, 259

ancient and modern advocates of, 250

objections to Croatian theory of 250

according to new physiology, not

something added from without, 260

Introduced Into body, nicut vtmtm in

vatc acctoto, 251

'metaphyseal generation 'of, 251

traducian theory of Its origin, 252

ancient and modern advocates of 252

considerations favoring traducian

theory of, 252

by Scholastics, called Image of God

proprie, 287

always active though not always con-
scious, 283

may reach soul apart from use of

physical Intermediaries 454

not inaccessible to God's direct ope-
ration, 454

as uncompounded, cannot die, 555

is It essential to, that it should con-
tinuously think? 566

Immortal by virtue of Its original

creation, 588

'Soul' and 'spirit.' used interchange-
ably, passages in which 244

Souls, human, organically connected

with each other, 313

sinful, grow In their powers, 589

Sources, of theology 14

supposed, of the idea of God, 81

South, on Aristotle being but the rub-
bish of an Adam, 268

South, his Illustration of Christ's hu-
miliation, by a full fountain and

little pipe, 3831

'Sovereign, the,' a title given to Mes-
siah, 164

Space, n creation of God 131

a reality objective to God 131

a relation, 182

Space and time, their nature 48

relations of Unite existence, 180

'Space, in God,' the phrase explained,.. 132
exists, whether mind perceives it or

not, 132

an a prinri cognition of the reason,.. 132

not a divine attribute, 132

Spear, on atonement as a mere appeal,. 401

Sjn'cial legislation, baneful, 274

S|Kck-8. modification of 192

Huxley on modification of, 102

majority of, probably the result of

modification 192

man constitutes but a single, 241

Wagner's definition of 241

human, if not one, how many? 241

unity of human, presumptive evi-
dence of unity of origin, 241

law of originally greater plasticity

of 243 j

human, propagated through secon-
dary agencies, 252

created in Adam, 252

Spectator, London, on the divine man-
ifestation as intended for the sake

of the creature, 197

on Goethe's Mephistopheles as a con-
ception philosophically false, xxvii, 291
Spencer, Herbert, his definition of

knowledge, 5

on underlying reality inconceivable.. 5
on infinite and absolute Force and

Cause 5 1

on absolute Being, 32 |

how he differs from Comte, 32

on Inscrutable relation between mind

and nervous action 52

on relation of mind and matter, 54

his idea of God 116

his definition of life criticised 121

on retrogression being as frequent as

progression, 270

Spencer, John, his theory of atone-
ment, 398

Spenser, his Canto of Immutability

quoted, 124

on angelic ministry, 233

Spider, hatred of, not removed by mag-
nifying it in a powerful light, 452

Spider's web, saves Mohammed, 213

Spinoza, on tletermincUo est tieoaf io, 6

his view of God, 48

his doctrine of natura nuturam and

natura naluratu 136

on sin, 291 ,

Spirit, the Holy, his teaching needed to

understand truths of Scripture, 15

his teaching, what it is, 15

works through the word, 17

he hides himself, 103

recognized as God 150

spoken of as God, 151

attributes of God ascribed to, 151

works of God ascribed to 151

honor due to God ascribed to, 151

associated with God, 151

of God, must be God, 151

his divinity supported by Christian

experience, 151

deity of, doctrine of church 151

deity of, not disproved by limita-
tions under Old Testament dispen-
sation 151

deity of, list of authors on 151

Is a person, 155

designations of personality given to

him 155

'the mother-principle' in the God-
head, 165

so mentioned in connection with other
persons as to imply his own person-
ality 156

perforins acts proper to personal-
ity 156

affected by acts of others, 156

possesses an emotional nature, 156

manifests himself in visible form as
distinct from, yet connected with,

Father and Son 157

ascription to him of personal subsist-
ence cannot be explained as person-
ification 157

its import in Trinity, 161

the centripetal action of Deity, 163

and Christ, characteristic differences

of their work, 164

his nature and work, list of authori-
ties on, 164

Scriptures intimate an eternal prooes-

slon of, 165

procession of, list of authorities on

doctrine of, 155,166

if not G od, God cannot be appropriat-
ed, 169

work of completing belongs to, 183

a large part of his work an applica-
tion of Scriptural truth to present

circumstances, 218

directs God-man in his humiliation,.. 377

his intercession, 423

his intercession illustrated, 424

Doner, on its intermediacy, 437

witness of, what? 468

seal of, its nature, 469

doctrine of, distinguished from mys-
ticism, 469

in believer, takes place of old sources
of excitement, 485

•Spirit," and 'soul,' often used as con-
trasted terms, 244

distinguished from body, passages in

which, 244

passages in which distinguished from

each other, 244

'Spirit,' how applied to Christ, 161

Spirit, human, distinguished from

God's, passages in which, 244

Spirits, evil, tempt, 228

control natural phenomena, 228

yet execute God's plans, 329

their power not Independent of the

human will, 230

their power limited by permissive will

of God, 230

now exist and act on sufferance 230

their existence said to be Inconsistent

with benevolence of God, 231

organization among them said to be

impossible 232

doctrine of, said to be immoral, 232

doctrine of, said to be degrading, 232

* Spirits In prison,' who? 886

Lutheran view, 385

Romanist view, 385

sinners to whom the prelnearnate
Logos preached before the flood,..

.' 385, 886

Bartlett's exposition, 380

Spirits, pure, their modes of existence

unknown to us, 230

Spiritual being or beings, existence of,

generally recognized, 31

'Spiritual body," its meaning, 576 i

Spiritual powers, belief in their exist-
ence indirectly manifested, 82

Spiritualism, 17,66

connection of demons with, 229

Spiritualization of Scripture, undue,... 110 ]
Spontaneity, an absurdity to Huxley, . 53

Spontaneous generation, 1911

Spurgeon, on preachers, 10

the position of his church with refer-
ence to baptism and communion, .. 550

Squier, his view of regeneration, 454

on the deadening influence on the
pulpit of an Antinomian depend-
ence on the Spirit, 456

Stahl, on Adam as the original matter

of humanity, 840

on Christ as God's idea of humanity,. 340

on atonement, 394

Stanley, A. P., as a commentator, 18

on the spirit of human society over-
riding the most sacred ordinan-
ces, 526

on baptism, 531

Stapfer, alluded to, 12

State, what, according to Old School?.. 283

a right, required by law 335

State, of humiliation, Christ's, 380-384

of exaltation, Christ's, 384-387

State, final, of righteous, eternal life,.. 585
of righteous, degrees of blessedness

and honor in, 585

of wicked, 587

controlling element in, not the out-
ward, but the Inward, 587

State, future, even saved souls suffer

loss in, through sin, 589

future, probation and restoration In,
passages on which theory founded,. 590

intermediate, 554, 562

ultimate, of men, 554

States, permanent, of depravity. Scrip-
ture references to, 2Sfi

the two, of Christ 380-387

Stearns, on the precise connection lie-
tween the first sin and after sins, .. 339
on our ignorance of the method of

atonement, 421

Stefiens, on thought In intermediate

state an "Involution," 566

Stephens, on law providing legitimate
satisfaction of the passions of re-
venge 852

Sterility, of hybrid vegetables, denied

by Meehan, 241

Stevens, Prof. W. A., on "holily and

righteously," in 1 Thess. 2:10, 140

on Tinaprov, in Rom. 5:12, 331

on ".Enon near to Sallm," 524

Stevens, Thaddeus, alluded to, 269

Stewart, Dugald, on a train of contin-
gent events beyond divine fore-
knowledge, 184

Sting, insects who die when they plant,

Illustration from, 488

Stoicism, 88

Stokes, the trial of 107

Storr, 24

Stourdza, De, on fiairn^u, 525

Strato of Lampsacus, his notion of the

world, 44

Strauss, 25

his view of prophecy 67

his theory of origin of gospels, 76

a change in his views, 76

his theory examined, 77

on creation, 201

on the " image of God," 267

on nature as self-realization of divine

essence 281

on Christianity as not universal, 385

Streams, necessary to an oriental gar-
den 268

'Street Arabs,' Tylor on, 271

Stroud, on the physical cause of Christ's

death, 399

Stuart, Moses, ou an immanent Trin-
ity, 159

on ArminiU8 not an Arminian 314

a pi-.cterist interpreter of Revelation, 570

Study of truth, urged by Scripture, 11

Style, Herbert Spencer's principle of,.. 106

Style, of Now Testament, proves it to

belong to Apostolic ago, 74

of Apocalypse, differs from that of

gospel of John, why? 75

Suasion, moral, view that Spirit exer-
cises that alone in regeneration,... 4.">2

Sublapsarianism, what? 428

adopted by synod of I tort, 438

Subordinationisin, a true and a false, . 108

Substance, known 4

its characteristics 4

a direct knowledge possessed of it as

underlying phenomena, 54

with which God works, is evil and

intractable, theory that, 188

an intractable, in hands of God, ex-
planation according- to Mill of im-
perfections of universe 188

Substances, theory of two eternal, 188

maxim on which it rests, 187

unphilosophical 187

contradicts our fundamental notion

of God's soveriegnty 187

does not account for moral evil, 188

'Substantia unaet unica,* 48

Substitution, unknown to mere law 410

satisfaction by, the requisite in atone-
ment 890

satisfaction by, the meaning- of sacri-
fice. 894

Suffering-, in itself no reforming power. 591
Sufferings of believers, fatherly chas-
tisements, 555

Sufferings of Christ, their intensity not
to be explained as merely histrionic, 404

Sumter. Fort, shot flred at, 213

Sun and sunlight, Illustrative of relation

between Father and Son, 1«5,16H

'Sunday.' used by Justin Martyr for

•Sabbath,' 73

Sun-dial, Illustration from, 34

Supererogation, works of, 287

Superior power, universal recognition

of, 82

Supernatural Religion, 64

Supper, Lord's, a historical monument, 77
an adaptation of certain portions of

Passover, 521

symbolizes sanctifying power of

Jesus' death 529

referred to as "breaking of bread,".. 532

doctrine of the, 538-553

an ordinance, instituted by Christ, 538

could completely fulfil its purpose

only after Christ's death 539

to be celebrated until Christ's second

coming, 539

uniform practice of N. T.,churches,.. 539

mode of administering, 539

its elements are bread and wine, 539

Romanist wafer, unnecessary in, 539

unferniented juice of grape may be
employed in, 539

Supper, Lord's, wine not essential to,.. 539-

bread not essential to 539

communion to be in both kinds, 540

wine withheld from laity in Roman

Catholic Church, 540

Calvin, on "all drink," 540

Beng-el, on withholding wine from

laity in, 540

of a festal nature, 540

a festival of commemoration, 540

celebrated by assembled church, 540

not observed in each family by itself, 540
infant communion, forbidden in

Western church, 540

evening communion, forbidden by

Roman church 540

solitary communion, forbidden by

English church, 540

death-l>ed communion, forbidden by

Scottish church, 540

responsibility of its proper adminis-
tration, rests with church, 541

may, in certain circumstances, lie ad-
ministered by one who is not the

pastor 541

varieties in frequency of its adminis-
tration, permitted by N. T., 541

Carlstadt, his opinion as to its ad-
ministration, 541

symbolism of, 541-543

symbolizes Christ's death, 541

symbolizes our personal appropria-
tion of benefits of Christ's death,.. 541

symbolizes union with Christ 541

symbolizes believer's continuous de-
pendence on Savior for spiritual

life 541

symbolizes reproduction in believer

of death and resurrection of Christ, 542
symbolizes union of Christians in

Christ, 542

symbolizes coining Joy of the king-
dom of God 542

both retrospective and anticipatory,. 542
and baptism, connected, as symbols of

Christ's death, ... 548

to be often repeated 542

symbol of a previous state of grace,.. 542
in what itsspecialhelpfulnessconsists, 543
blessing In, dependent on faith of

communicant, 543

expresses primarily fellowship of be-
liever with Christ, 543

offences of brethren should not pre-
vent observance of, 543

erroneous views of, 543^546

Romanist view of, and objections

thereto, 543

terms which are unscriptural in con-
nection with, 544

not a sacrifice, 544

Lutheran and High Church view of,
and objections thereto 545

Supper, Lord's, Christ's body not ubi-
quitous in 548

prerequisites to participation in,. 548-553

there are pererquisites to, 546

enjoined only upon Christ's disciples, 546
limited to a narrower body than pro-
fessed believers, 548

analogy of baptism, implies its limita-
tion, 546

prerequisites to, are laid down by

Christ and his apostles, 546

regeneration a prerequisite to, 546

an old method of its administration

in Greek church, 547

baptism a prerequisite to, 547

baptism instituted long before it, 547

apostles who first celebrated it were

probably baptized, 547

Christ's command fixes baptism be-
fore it 547

in all New Testament cases, baptism

precedes, 547

symbolism of the ordinances re-
quires that baptism should precede, 547
baptism placed before, in the stand-
ards of almost all evangelical de-
nominations, 548

Presbyterians deny it to Friends, 548

Wesley excluded dissenters from, be-
cause unbaptlzed 548

that baptism should precede it, proved
by practical results of opposite

view 548

preceded by church-membership, 548

a church ordinance, 548

a symbol of church fellowship 548

only believers organized into a body

were present at its first celebration, 549
action of Panpresbyterian Council in

regard to its observance, 549

action of Old School General Assembly

in relation to observance of, 549

an orderly walk precedes, 549

grounds of exclusion from, 549

local church is to judge whether pre-
requisites are fulfilled, 550

command to observe it given to a

• company, 550

observance of, the joint act of many, 550
its regular observance requires action

of some distinct orgunized body, 550

the local church the only N. T. body

competent to care for, 550

only observed at regular appointed

meetings of local churches, 550

analogy of the ordinances teaches
that scrutiny of qualifications for,

rests with local church, 550

how administered in an orderly man-
ner to the sick, 551

Supralapsarianism, what? 426

is hypercalvini8tic, 420

Surrender of the soul, involved in faith, 4(15

Swedenborg, Emmanuel, 17,389

his treatment of Scripture, 100

his anthropomorphism, 121

held to emanation, 189

on the brutish man enjoying the hell
to which he has confined himself, 591

'Symbol,' derivation and meaning, 21

Symbol is less, not greater, than thing

symbolized, 688

Symbolism, of baptism, 527-53U

of Lord's Supper, 541-543

Symbolism, period of 23

SymMum Qnicumque 159

excellence of its definition of Trinity, 160-

Synagogue, its relation to church, 603

Synoptic gospels, written before de-
struction of Jerusalem, 74

'Synthetic idealization of our exist-
ence,' Comte's definition of religion, 293

Synthetic method of theology, 27

Syracuse, N. Y., conduct of a murderer

during trial at, 347

System of theology, a dissected map,
some pieces of which are already

put together, 9*

Systematic theologian, first, John of

Damascus, 23

Systematic truth, influences character, 9

Tabernacle, a type of Christ, 110

with its three divisions, according to
Luther, a symbol of tripartite man, 247
Table of topics, in our treatment of

theology, 28-

TtHnda rasa, theory of Locke, ... 35

Tabular view, of theories of imputation

of Adam's sin, 834

Tacitus, his reference to the Christians, 91

on the Christian religion, 92

on hating those whom we have injur-
ed, 293

his uncertainty as to the future state, 55T
Talbot, on metaphysics dealing with re-
alities, 20-

on the nature of will, 259

Talmud, shows what unaided Hebrew
geirius for religion could produce,. 60
boldest transcendental flight in the,.. 365
on appointment of a ruler in syna-
gogue, 503

Tapelnutieon, penus, 870

Tatian, of Assyria, 189

his evidence on genuineness of John's

gospel, 75

Taylor, Henry, Sir, his words replied

to, 199-

Taylor, Isaac, on not quiescence, but

acquiescence, 219

Taylor, Jeremy, on the way of "best
understanding the doctrine of the

Trinity," xxvii, 1G9

Taylor, John, his views of continuous

creation, 205

Pelagian, rather than Arminlan, 314
Taylor, N. W., on value of metaphysics, 20

Ilia tlii-ologleal position 26

on man's supreme end, 142

on existence of moral evil, 180

on self-love, 293

on infants as related to moral govern-

mentof God 800

on Ephesians 2:3 300

his views on Imputation of Adam's

sin, 319

liis views examined, 819

his views on regeneration, 431

Taylor, Win. M., his illustration of the
attitudes of Paul and James in their

writings 472,473

Teaching and ruling, gifts of, belonged

to same Individual, 510

•Teaching of the Twelve Apostles,' 79

on mode of baptism 525

its date, 538

contains no reference to infant bap-
tism, 536

Tea-kettle, according to Spencer's defi-
nition, might be called alive, 121

Teleological argument, what? 42

limited to nature, '. 48

called by Kant, physlco-theologieal,. 42
its major premise a primitive convic-
tion, 42

its minor premise a working princi-
ple of all science, 43

its defects, 44

cannot prove a personal God, 44

cannot prove righteousness in God,-- 44
requires anthropological argument as

supplement, 44

cannot prove uuity, eternity, or infin-
ity of God 44

its value 44

proves intelligence, 44

a step in advance of the cosmological

argument, 45

Teleology, Its etymology, 42

Temporal judgments, passages describ-
ing 581

Temporal power of Pope, its abolition
an alleged sign of Christ's com-
ing 571

Temptation, providential deliverance

from, 209

may only confirm in virtue 305

has in itself no tendency to pervert,.. 308

Adam's, its course and result, 302

Adam's, Scriptural account of, 302

Adam's, contrasted with thatof Christ, 306
in wilderness and Gethsemane, their

specitlc difference, 368

Temptation of Christ, 365, 366

as possible as that of Adam, 385

aided by the human limitations of his

knowledge, 365

Christ recognizes Satan only at its
close 365

Temptation of Christ, aided by his sus-
ceptibility to all forms of Innocent

desire, 385

in wilderness, addressed to desire. 366

aided by his capacity of feeling fear,. 366

in garden, addressed to fear, 366

'L'elirrulaulte, Abctylaulx, Unglautie,

appealed to, 368

alw ays ' without sin,' 366

in or after the severest temptation,

never prays for forgiveness, 366

Temptations of Satan, 228

Tein pter's promise, its nature? 295

Tendencies, from immediate ancestors,

no responsibility for, 336

Tendency-theory, of Baur, 77

its presupposition, 78

objections to, 78

Tendency, undeveloped, illustrated,... 470
Tennyson, on the divine complexity,... 116

on the first paradise, 268

on ' baseness in the blood,' 80

on 'a crime of sense, avenged by

sense,' 337

on human systems of thought 389

on love never losing its own, 562

Terminology, invention of, a condition

of scientific progress, 18

Terms of Old Testament, to be inter-
preted In New Testament meaning, 559
Terrien fie (rt Couprrie, finds the key to

the 17i-King of China, 240

TertulUan, his credo quin imixmibile ctt, 18
references of, to New Testament

books, 73

his boast of progress of Christianity,. 91

a traducian 252

on a delay of resurrection in faulty

Christians, 586

Testament, Old, genuineness of, 80

its value in relation to New, 104

alleged errors, in quotation or inter-
pretation, 110

sources of such allegations, 110

its intimations of Trinity, 152

its teachings, as to immortality 561

Testament, New, genuineness of, 72-80

its moral system 86

its morality of divine origin 86

its writers claim and show inspira-
tion, 96, 97

an unerring and sufficient rule of

faith and practice, 502 presupposes faith in, 2
amount of. necessary to prove mir-
acle, 84

principles of 70

positive, outweighs negative, 71

of witnesses, credit due to, 71

of New Testament to Old, 80

of Jews, to Old Testament, 80

Testimonies, of Fathers, not to be re-
garded merely as single testimonies, 74

Testimonies, conflicting, not necessar-
ily false, 107

Tests, God sometimes submits to, 218

Imposed by curiosity or scepticism,

God may not accept, 218

there can be moral, 218

Text-books in theology 28

Thackeray, his anachronisms, 75

has no heroes, 297

Theolngia Chiigtiana, of Abelard, 1

Theologia irreyenttDrum, is there? 3

■•Theologian,' as applied to John the

Evangelist, 1

as applied to Gregory Nozianzen,.. 1
Theologian, an intuitional habit of

mind requisite to the, 20

needs an acquaintance with mental,

moral and physical science, 20

requires knowledge of the original

languages of Scripture 20

a holy affection towards God, indis-
pensable to the 21

requires influence of Holy Spirit 21

Theological, Encyclopaedia, what? 22

thought, not a transient stage of

mental evolution 272

Theology, definition of, 1

the larger and the more restricted

sense of, 1

its aim as a science 1,2

why not the science of religion? 2

possibility of 2

the three conditions which render it

possible, 2

possible because God exists, 2

possible, because human mind has

capacity to know God, 4

possible, because God has revealed

himself 7

is not a mere account of devout feel-
ings, 9

parts of a system of, wrought out in

N. T., 9

necessity of, its grounds, 9

necessitated by organizing Instinct of

human mind 9

whence hostility to it proceeds, 9

necessary to development of char-
acter, 9

some, necessary to conversion, 10

necessary, in order to definite and

Just views of doctrine, 10

necessary to safety and aggressive

power of church 10

required by injunctions of Scripture, 11

how related to religion,..' 11

sources of, 14

rests on God's self-revelation, 14

natural, what? 14

natural, supplemented, 15

of Scripture, not unnatural, 15

natural and Scriptural, how related?. 15

Its limitations, 18




Theology, not exhaustive,

limited by flniteness of human mind,
limited by imperfect state of science,
limited by inadequacy of language...
limited by progress of hermeneutics,
limited by silence of written revela-

limited by lack of discernment caused

by sin,

most progress made in, during times

of spiritual life, 19

aperfectsystemof.nottobeexpected. 19

In what sense progressive, 19

in what sense non-progressive,

conditions of success in constructing,

method of

requisites for Its study,

its divisions, 21

biblical 21

biblical, a questionable use of the

term, 21

historical, 21

systematic 22

systematic, distinguished from dog-
matic 22

practical, 22

pastoral 22

moral, 22

speculative 22

history of systematic, 23-27

Lutheran 23, 24

Reformed, 23, 24

Federal 23. 24

Analytic, 23,24

Rationalistic 24

Transitional 24

Evangelical, 24

Roman Catholic, 25

Armlnian, 25

Soclnlan, 25

British, 25

Baptist, 25

Puritan, 25

Scotch Presbyterian, 28

Methodist, 20

English Church, 20

American 28

Old School, 28

New School, 28

New England, 28

New Haven, 26

two divisions of Old School, 27

order of treatment in, 27

Analytic method of, 27

Trinitarian method of 27

Federal method of, 27

Anthropologcal method, 27

Chrlstological method of, 27

Historical method of, 27

Allegorical method of, 27

Synthetic method of, 27

text-books in 28

Theophany, Christ not a mere, 370

Thessalonians, relation of the two

epistles, Ill

Thibetan language, midway between
Indo-European and monosyllabic

languages, 840

Thieving, permitted by Vedas, 98

Tholuck, bis theological position, 24, 25

on God's holiness, 130

on recognising inspiration in every

daily circumstance, 220

grateful to God for the conviction of

sin 298

Thomas, hi6 doubting, 77

Thomas, J. B., kingdom of heaven not

a can of nitro-glyceriue 573

Thomasius, his theological position, 23

on the divine love, 127

on the divine holiness, 130

on God not all 137

not a triehotomist, 247

on Dorner's view of the union of

natures in Christ, 274

on the depth of sin, felt chiefly by

regenerate, 287

his view of Christ's humiliation, 380

on imputation of sin to Christ, im-
plying real relationship, 415

Thompson, Chief Justice, on depravity

of human heart, 301

Thompson, Dr. J. P., on the unpardon-
able sin, 850

Thompson,Sir Wm., denies man's evolu-
tion from inferior animals, 287

Thornwell, on Pelaglanism, 818

on mediate Imputation 327

on sinning In Adam, 330

on the Augustinian theory of the

race's connection with Adam, 837

Thought, does not go on in brain, H!

possible without language, 103

perpetual, 566

'Thousand years,' of Revelation 20, 571

Three, recognized in Scripture as God,. 145
Three thousand, baptized on one day in

time of Chrysostom, 523

Throue, Christ on the, an important

subject of meditation, 425

Thueydides, never mentions Socrates,. 71

'Time, and times, and half a time,' 671

Time, its definition, 131

in God, not God in time, 131

present, has an objective reality to

God 131

presents distinctions to God, 131

is its conception purely physical? 131

Time, space, and cause, known, 4

Timeless existence, is the human spirit

capable of? 131

Titles, in Trinity, respectively designate
personal distinctions which are
the eternal basis of particular self-
revelations 161

Todd, a futurist 670

TOllner, his experience, 298

Toplady, his hymn on the substitution-
ary death of Christ, 482

Torment, final state of wicked, one of,. 587
Torments, outward, of wicked, subor-
dinate accompaniments of inward

state of soul, 587

Touareg language, Semitic in vocabu-
lary and Aryan in grammar, 240

Tower, on sin displaying God's holiness, 589
Toy, on John's baptism as borrowed

from Jewish 521

Tradition, cannot originate idea of God, 34
only perpetuates what has already

been originated, 34

speedily becomes corrupt, 70

concerning a 'golden age,' supports
Scriptural view of creation of man, 271

Traditions, widely prevalent 241

some, perhaps handed down from a
time when families of the race had

not separated, 241

of 'gardens,' and a 'golden age,' the
world's recollections of an historical

fact, 289

Traditive theory of religion, 34

Traducian theory, of origin of soul, 252

its advocates, 252

best accords with Scripture, 252

Traducianism, favored by analogy of

vegetable and animal life, 252

not necessarily materialistic, 253

does not imply material separation of

soul, 253

favored by transmission of mental and
spiritual peculiarities in families

and races, 253

allows of divine concurrence and

special improvements in type 253

Tradueinns, Fathers who were S29

Trafalgar, omitted in Napoleon's dis-
patches, 71

Transcendence, divine, denied by pan-
theism, 55

taught in Scripture, 88

deism, an exaggeration of, 204

Transcription of words, imperfections

in, 101

Transfer, of punishment and merit, not

impossible, 419

'Transfusion of blood,' union with

Christ the true 445

Transgression, its universality set forth

in Scripture, 298

of law, a stab at heart of God 278

not proper translation of 1 John, 8:4, 284
its universality consistent with pas-
sages which ascribe goodness to

certain men 296

its universality proved from history

and observation, 297

its universality, proof from Christian
experience, 297

Transgression, uniformity ofva demon-
stration of practical impotence of

wlU 322

all moral con8e«jiience8 flowing from,
to be regarded as sanctions of law, 340
'Transitive,' explanation of term asap-

plled to divine attributes 137

Transitive, truth of God, what? 137

love of God, what? 137,138

holiness of God, what? 138

Translation of Enoch, of Elijah, and of
saints who are alive at second com-
ing, its purpose, 35*

a proof of Jewish belief in Immor-
tality, 581

Transmigration of souls, not recognized

by Egyptians, 501

Transubstantiatlon, the doctrine of, ... 543
rests on a false interpretation of

Scripture, 543

contradicts evidonco of senses and

leads to scepticism, 544

involves denial of completeness of

Christ's past sacrifice, 544

destroys Christianity by externaliz-
ing It, 544

Treasures, of two kinds, laid up, 554

Treatment, method of, adopted in this

work, 308

'Tree of knowledge of good and evil,'

probationary, 289

'Tree of life,' probably a means of

maintaining bodily youth, 280

symbolic of divine communion, 280

Trees of life and of knowledge, symbol-
ical, 302

Tronch, on "providential miracles,"... 215

on Satanic possession, 229

on Aoiiw, 524

on second death, 655

Trent, Council of, on man's original

state, 286

on Impossibility of knowing forgive-
ness of sins, 481

on sacraments in general, 545

on sacraments necessary to salvation, 545
on baptism administered by heretics, 545

Trespass-offering, Its character, 398

Tribunals, earthly, no acquittal allowed

there. 474

Trichotomous theory of man's nature,

stated, 244

list of advocates of, 245

reasons for regarding it untenable,... 245

Trichotomy, Its derivation 245

element of truth in, 246

endangers unity and immateriality of

our higher nature. 245

passages which apparently favor,

capable of a better explanation, 245

errors based upon it, 247

held by Eastern Church, 247

often allied to materialism, 247

Trichotomy, of ten allied to pantheism,. 247

Trimurti, or Hrnhman trinity, 170

Trinitarian method of theology, 27

Trinitarians, accused by Jews and Mo-
hammedans of polytheism 154

TWnfffit ftllflHfatrm mf unttntcm ralucit, 183
Trinitatem, lad Jorilaiicm el vitielm, ... 157

Trinities, heathen, 170

what they suggest, 170

Trinity, God's truth to be understood

only in the light of, 126

God's lovo to be understood only in

the light of, 127

God's holiness to be understood only

in the light of, 180

in relation to the immanent attri-
butes, 130,163

doctrine of the, . 144-170

exclusively a truth of revelation 144

intimated in O.T., made known in N.T., 144

six main statements concerning, 144

the term Invented by Tcrtullian, 144

not a metaphysical term, 144

Park on doctrine of, 144

Smyth on doctrine of, 144

doctrine of, list of authors on, 144

in Scripture there are three who are

recognized as God, 145

order of office and operation in, con-
sistent with essential oneness, 150

doctrine of, how its construction

started, 150

intimations of, In Old Testament, .... 152
doctrine of, had no foreign sources,.. 154
no doctrine of, set forth before Christ's

coming, 154

yet O. T. intimations contain germ of

doctrine of, 154

why a clear revelation of, was de-
layed, 155

the three who are recognized as God

are described as distinct persons,... 155
the distinctions of personality in, ore

eternal, 157

Sabellian doctrine of, 158

Bushncll's views on, 158

'modal,' 158

'instrumental,' 168

Arian doctrine of. 159

tripersonallty in, is not trithelsm,— 159

but one essence in, 159

the term 'person' in, only approxi-
mately represents the truth, 159

plurality in, not one of essence but of
hypostatlcal or personal distinc-
tions, 180

not simply a partnership, 160

the organism of the Deity, 160

work of any person of, can with a single
limitation bo ascribed to either of

the others, 160

intercommunion between persons of,
involves no separation, 16^
Trinity, three pei-sons in, arc equal, 161

the titles in, belong to the |M'rsons, .. 161

(juallned sense of tlie titles in, 162

relation of, to immanent attributes,.. 163
the life-movement of the Godhead, . 163

internal relations between first and
second persons in, set forth by prep-
ositions of direction and movement, 163

internal relations of, according to

Dorner, 163

it* physical internal relationship, 163

its logical internal relationship 163

its ethical Internal relationship 163

Son therein, exhibits the principle of

freedom, 163

second person In, organ of external

revelation, 163

third person in, organ of internal

revelation, 163

(feneration consistent with equality

in, 164

procession consistent with equality in, 166

doctrine of, inscrutable, 166

analogies of inanimate things, inade-
quate to represent it, 167

no adequate analogy to. In constitu-
tion or processes of human mind,.. 167

illustrations of, their only use, 167

doctrine of, not self-contradictory, .. 167
faculty and function at highest differ-
entiation In, 168

its relations to other doctrines, 168

essential to any proper theism, 168

denial of, logically leads to panthe-
ism, 168

essential to any proper revelation,... 169

evidence of, in prayer, 168

doctrine of, how best understood, ac-
cording to Jeremy Taylor, .. xxvii, 169
essential to any proper redemption,.. 169
effects of its denial on the religious

life, 169

essential to any proper model for hu-
man life 169

sets law of love before us as eternal,. 18(1
shows divine pattern of receptive life, 170
on the doctrine in general, list of au-
thors 170

Tripersonality, of divine nature, imma-
nent and eternal, 157

Trisagion, the, 15a

Trithelsm, inconsistent with the Idea of

God 160

Trivialities, seeming, in Scripture, their

use, 104

Trumpets of Revelation, Elliott's view

of, 671

Hengstenberg's and Alford's view of, 671
Truth, comprehension of, a defence
against heresy and immorality,... 10

is nourishment, 10

not written on soul prior to conscious-
ness, 80

Truth, immanent, distinguished from

truth transitive, 126

a sutistantial thing, a matter of being, 126

defined by Kahilis, 126

foundation of all truth among men,. 126
the principle and guarantee of all

revelation, 1S6

not of God's will, but of his being,... 127
transitive, of God, see Veracity and

Faithfulness, 187

attributed to Christ, 147

ascribed to the Hob" Spirit, 151

hated by the sinner, 452

neither known nor obeyed without a

change of the affections, 452

even God cannot make it more true,. 453
without God, an abstraction not a

power, 463

sanctlflcatlon through appropriation

of and conformity to, 485, 488

its utterance in organizations, 495

Christian, an organism, 530

Tunneling Into a sandbank, illustration

from, 18

Turkish Empire, decay of, a sign of

Christ's coming, 671

Turner, on essence of soul being poten-
tiality for activity, 668

Turretin, his theological position, 24

his views on Adam's relation to race, 323
on the possible vicariousness of pun-
ishment, 3o0

his statement remarked upon, 350

'Twelve hundred and sixty days,' 571

Twestcn, on Trinity in revelation of God

to himself, 159

on Pelagianism leading to Unitarian-
ism 109

Two thousand, two hundred and twen-
ty-two Telugus, baptized on one oc-
casion, 523

'Two witnesses,' of Revelation, 571

Tyler, on denial of decrees, what in-
volved in, 176

on the possible propriety of permit-
ting a forbidden treason, 180

on permission of sin not submission

to sin, 180

on death of infants, 800

his controversy with Dr. N.W. Taylor, 451
on the light of the last day inopera-
tive to change the siuner's heart,... 452
Tylor, on connection of the peoples of

Java and Sumatra with Hindus 239

his view of the development of so-
ciety, 270

Tyndall, on relation between physics of

brain and facts of consciousness,... 62
Type, parable a, not every detail of

which Is significant, 110

Types, of Christ, 68

are Intended resemblances, designed
preflguratlons, 68

Types, disappear when Christ comes,

as blossoms when fruit, 359

Tyrolese, though rude, moral; though

simple, intelligent, 271

C77>f carltas, ibi elaritas, 264

Ubiquity of Christ's human body, main-
tained by Lutherans, 888

Dorner's view, 386

relation to Lord's Supper, 515

relation to views of heaven, 585, 586

Vbl Spiritus, ibi Christus, 161

Ubi tie* mcdici, ibi duo athd, 20

Uebcrglaube, Aberglaubc, Unglaubc, the
three chief avenues of temptation,

according to Kurtz, 366

Uhlhorn, on the " ifs" of Tacitus 557

TJllmann, on derivation of mpkntia,... 3

Una navte e«t jam bonorum omnium, 494

Unbelief, in its relation to sin, 293

Uncaused cause, idea of, not from log-
ical Inference, but intuitive belief,. 41
Unconditioned being, the presupposi-
tion of our knowing, 82

Unconscious mental action, list of au-
thorities o'n, 288

Unconscious substance producing self-
conscious and free beings, an im-
possibility, 56

Unconsciousness of sin, accounted f or,. 298
Understanding, the servant of the will, 231
'Undones, the,' according to Buskin

expose to condemnation, xxlx, 348

Unictu, as applied to the divine nature, 125
Unification, of the work of the denom-
ination, not inconsistent with Scrip-
tural independence, 519

Uniformity of nature, a presumption

against miracles, 63

not absolute and universal 83

not a truth of reason without excep-
tions, 63

could only be asserted on the ground
of absolute and universal knowl-
edge, 68

disproved by geology, 63

breaks in, illustrated, 63

final cause is beneath 63

moral disorder leads us to expect

breaks in, 68

Uniformity, of volitional action, rests

on character, 260

of evil choice, implies tendency or

determination,.. 321

of transgression, a demonstration of

impotence of will, 322

"L'nio personal!*," 873, 374

Union of natures, in the one person of

Christ, 868

proof of this union, .• 368

Union, moral, between different souls, 441
Union with God, brute life incapable of, 376
Union,believer's, with Christ, and man's
union with Adam, compared, 833

Union, believer's, with Christ, wholly

due to God, proof that, 429

its relation to regeneration and con-
version, 436

doctrine of, 438-447

reasons for neglect of the doctrine,.. 438

Scripture representations of, 438-441

represented by union of building and

its foundation, 438

represented by union of husband and

wife, 489

represented by union of vine and

branches, 439

consistent with individuality, 439

represented by union between head

and members, 439

represented by union of race with

Adam, 439

believer is in Christ, 440

Christ is in believer 440

Father and Son dwell in believer 440

believer has life by Christ, as Christ

has life by union with Father, 440

believers one through 440

believer made partaker of divine

nature through, 441

by it believer made one spirit with

the Lord, 441

nature of, 441-444

not a merely natural u nion, 441

not a merely moral union 441

not a union of essence, as held by

mystics, 442

in it believer most conscious of his

own personality and power, 442

not conditioned by sacraments, 442

organic, 442

vital 442

spiritual, 443

originated and sustained by the Holy

Spirit, 443

indissoluble, 443

by virtue of omnipresence, the whole
Christ with each believer,.... 133,383,443

inscrutable 443

in what sense mystical, 443

list of authors on, 443

consequences of, to believer, 444-447

not ground of Christ's bearing human

sin 4«

with race, secures objective recon-
ciliation, 444

with believer, secures subjective re-
conciliation 444

involves the believer's regeneration,. 444

the true transfusion of blood, 445

involves the believer's conversion,... 445
involves the believer's justification,.. 445
delivers Justification from being me-
chanical and arbitrary 445

involves the believer's sanctiflca-

tion, 445

Involves the believer's perseverance, 445

Union, believer's, with Christ, the
source of fellowship among believers

on earth, ecclesiology 448

the basis of eternal communion in

heaven, eschatology 446

Justifies believer in applying to him-
self prophecies and promises pri-
marily referring to Christ 448

ground of promises to prayer 446

consciousness of, gives assurance of

salvation, 447

statements regarding 44T

authorities on, 44"

its legal fruit, Justification, 480

Its moral fruit, sanctlflcatioti, 480

Unique, the, cannot be known, 110

no science of the, 116

Unltarianism, its modern leaders,...\.. 25
Arians. its ancient representatives,--- 158

tends to pantheism, 168

holds to Pelagian views of sin 310

holds to Socinian views of atonement, 397

Unitarians, later, their views, 159

best method of arguing with. 169

Unity of the Bible, in its diversity, 84

wonder of, Increases with variety of

authorship and date 84

Unity, God's attribute of 125

taught by reason, 125,144

consistent with doctrine of Trinity,

125, 159, 160, 167. 19S

Unity of human race, taught in Scrip-
ture, 238

lies at foundation of Pauline doctrines

of sin and salvation, 238

ground of man's obligation of natural

brotherhood, 239

argument from history for, 239

argument from language for 240

argument from psychology for, 240

argument from physiology for, 241

a common judgment of comparative

physiologists 241

presumptive evidence of unity of

origin, 241

opposed on ground of different cen-
tres of creation, 242

opposed on ground of diversities of

size, color, etc., 242

MUUer's view of the r«ii»a, Inconsis-
tent with, 249

Universalism, its fundamental error,.. 594
Universality, among men, of n corrupt

nature 299

Universality of sin, proved from Scrip-
ture, 296

proved from history and observation, 297
proved from prevalence of priesthood

and sacrifice, 297

expressed in common maxims 297

proof from Christian experience, 297

shown from the existence, in all men,
of a corrupted nature, 299

Universality of sin, thinkers of the

world certify to it, 301

Universals, in what sense they have ex-
istence, 329

Universe, regard ed asa thought,requires
postulate of an absolute thinker. .. 33
its substance cannot be shown to have

had a beginning 40

its present form not eternal, 40

is its cause within Itself? 40

I if eternal, yet, as contingent and rela-
tive, requires an eternal creator?.. 41

its infinity cannot lie proved, 41

mind in it leads us to infer mind in

maker 41

its order and useful collocations may
be phenomena of au Impersonal in-
telligence 44

Its present harmony proves a will and
intelligence adequate to its contri-
vance 45

facts of, erroneous explanations of,.. 51
not necessary to divine blessedness,.. 127

exists for moral ends, 217

serves spiritual ends, ." 217

a harp In which one string, our world.

is out of tune, 225, 587

so far as we know, finite, 231

'Unpicturable notions," 5

Urni*, as applied to divine nature, 125

Upham, Thomas, his tendency to mys-
ticism, 17

his definition of quietism 219

Upholding, attributed to Christ 147

'Upright.' transferred from physical to

mural condition, 287

as applied to godly men, 296

I'rauos, space, not earlier than God, ... 230
Ussher, Archbishop, his chronology,... 106
Utilitarian theory of virtue, criticized,. 142
Utility, not the ground of moral obliga-
tion, 142

Utopia, Sir Thomas More's, an adum-
bration of St. John's City of God,.. 585
Vnlentinus, quotes from John's gospel, 75
an Alexandrian Gnostic and dualist, . 187
on the seeming birth of Christ, the

JEou 881

Valley of dry bones, Ezekiel's vision of,

its import 574

Vanity, what? 293

Variation, law of, impressed on species

at beginning, 251

Variations, are in the divine operation,

not In the divine plan, 125

Variations of the gospels, find explana-
tion in a historical Christ 78

Vedas, on One Being 31

permit thieving, 98

their scientific and religious credibili-
ty connected, 105

earliest date of, 107

Vedder.on thedeclineof infant baptism, 573

Vegetation of earliest ages, such as

alga, easily disappears, 194

'Venial,' all sins so, since Christ has died

for all 848

Veracity of God, his transitive truth,
secures the consistency of his reve-
lations, 137

what it guarantees, 137

Verbal inspiration, nowhere declared to

be universal in Scripture, 101

is to be maintained, as to result, not

as to method, 103,104

Via causalitatiB, in determining the di-
vine attributes, 118

Via eminentitv, la determining the di-
vine attributes, 118

Via negation^ in determining the di-
vine attributes 118

Vials, in Revelation, Elliott's view of,. 571
Hengstenberg's and Alford's view of, 571
'Vicarious,' Bushnell's unfair use of

the word, 401

Vice, can it be created? 265

Vinet, on feeling good to be good, its

best evidence 20

Vlrchow, Professor, on Darwinism, 236

Virgil, his reference to representative

expiation, 394

Virgin, immaculate conception of, ab-
surd, 365

Virtue, views of its nature, 141,142

not obedience to civil law or divine

will, 141,142

utilitarian theory of, criticized, 142

theories of Paley and Edwards, 142

utility often its test, never its founda-
tion 142

not grounded in nature of things,... 142
its essence, conformity to holiness of

God 143

it« nature, list of authors on 143

can it be created? 265

requires love to God. in his holiness,. 292

Vishnu, incarnations of, 170

'Vision, prophetic,' theory of, authors

on, 193

Vitiosity, uncondemnable, theory of,.. 818
Vltringa, a "continuous" interpreter

of Revelation 570

Volition, ordinarily the shadow of the

affections, 450

executive, what? 257

Volitions, subordinate, not always de-
termined by fundamental choice,..

258, 484

Voltaire, on noses made for spectacles. 43
saw devil everywhere, even where he

was not, 282

* Voluntary,' and ' volitional,' contrast-
ed, 288

Voluntary element, in faith, 465

Voluntas, as distinguished from arMtri-
um, 288

Von Baader, on the impossibility of

knowing God, without God, 14

Von Hartmann, his views, 44

Vnnteliung, an aspect of providence, 208

Vulgate, its variations from present He-
brew text, 107

its reading of 1 Samuel, 18:1 441

Walk, disorderly, what included under, 549
Wallace, A. R., on the cranial capacity

of man and of apes 237

on a superior intelligence guiding the

development of man £37

opposed to " natural selection," as ap-
plied to man 237

Wallace, Henry, on sacrifice, 896

Wardlaw, his definition of holiness 128

on creation out of nothing, an idea

foreign to human mind, 184

on election on ground of works fore-
seen, 431

Warren, J. P., on "coming" being

"manifestation," 568

a prreterist interpreter of Revelation, 570

Water at Jerusalem, abundant, 523

'Waters,' best term in Hebrew to ex-
press a fluid mass, 194

Watson, his theological position 26

on original sin, 314

his Wesleyanism, 315

Watts. Isaac, his theory of a preSxistent

humanity, 372

his view of Christ's identification with

humanity 413

Wayland, his view of ground of moral

obligation, - 142

his definition of law, defective, 273

on the universal church before par-
ticular churches, 496

on the complete Independence of each

member of a Christian church, 504

his question, as student, to Prof.

Moses Stuart, 537

Wealth, decreed to him who works and

saves, 179

Weber, on wrath the Jealousy of love,. 140

Wegscheider. the rationalist, 24

Weiss, on the apocryphal gospels, 83

on human greatness consisting In per-
fect receptivity for God's greatest

gift, 441

Wellhausen, on structure of the Penta-
teuch 81

Welsh minister, illustration from 484

IFeltoesehfc/itc, (lie, fat dan WdtgericM... 582
Wer Gott nicht flllilt, RUckert's verge,. 39
Werther, Sorrows of, Goethe's, re-
ferred to 290

Wesley, John, his theological position,. 26
his modifications of Anninian doc-
trine, 314

his perfectionism, ".. 488

on involuntary transgression not be-
ing sin 489
Wesley. John practised Immersion 618

excluded dissenters from Holy Com-
munion because unbaptlzed, 548

believed in Immortality of brutes,... 555

Wcstcott, on Memra, 154

on the necessity of the passion, 414

on relation to one Lord, bond of fel-
lowship, 448

Westminister, Catechism, definition of

God In It, 29

Confession, statement of doctrine of

decrees, 176

Confession, Augustinian, as well as

Federal, in doctrine, 323

Whately, Archbishop, on the Impossi-
bility of apostolic succession, 508

on changing an atom of lead to sliver
ns difficult as changing a mountain, 598

Whedon, his theological position, 26

on source of wisdom and holiness,... 128
on God's wisdom and holiness, criti-
cised, 129

on God's knowledge of future

events, 135

on the divine plan, 172

his denial of created moral desert,... 265

represents original Arminianlsni, 315

on New School view of sin 289

on "passive, prevolitional" condi-
tions, 31"

on x«ra>n<i'oi, In Acts 13:48, 428

Wheel, does Its bottom move? 20

Whewell, his inaccurate definition of

conscience, 255

Whitby, a Pelagian rather than an Ar-

minian, 314

his interpretation of first resurrection, 574
White, Blanco, an illustration of a re-
fined selfishness 294

not made a believer by a life of pain,. 589
White, Edward, his theory of annihila-
tion, 589

Whitefleld, a Calvlnist 181

on the imperfection of human re-
pentance, 464

Whitman, Walt, his egoism, 298

Whitney, on language as a proof of

unity of race, 240

Whiton, on the punishment of sin in its

wider spread and stronger hold, 337

Whittier, on God's voice respecting the

sanctity of will, 591

Wicked, intermediate state of 564

their souls, after death, in prison, 564

their souls, after death, in conscious

suffering, 564

their souls, ufter death, under punish-
ment 504

their final state, 587-600

their consciences justify their doom,. oiXi
Wickedness, spontaneous and uncon-
trollable, the worst, 286

Wieland, his patriotism 290

Wiggers, his statement of the seven

I>olnt8 of Pelagian doctrine, 811

Wilderness, temptation of Christ in the, 366
the scene of Satan's appeal to the

Innoce nt desires of our Savior, 366

Wllhelm Meister, Goethe's, referred

to 2M>

Wilkinson, W. C., on head and heart,... 21

his definition of Inspiration, 95

Will, not under physical causation, 14

the human, acts on nature without

suspending its laws, 82

human, acts initially without means, 62

its power over body, 66

approximation of Calvlnistic and Ar-

nilnlan views of 17T

views of Whedon, Tappan, Hazard,

and Calderwood, 176

Christianity gives us more, than ever, 219

definition of the, 257

and the other faculties, 257

and permanent states, 257

and motives, 257

influenced by permanent states, 257

chooses between motives, 258

and contrary choice, 258

and responsibility 258

man responsible for effects of, 258

inferences from view of, 258

relation to doctrine of original sin,... 258
relation to doctrine of regeneration,. 25&
its power to put forth transient voli-
tions externally conformed to di-
vine law 258-

a single act of, cannot reverse moral

state 258

Its inability to control sinful bent of

the affections, 258-

obeylng sovereignly. Its possibility an

ultimate phenomenon 259'

list of authorities on, 260

evil, however originated, is man him-
self, and is condemned, 285

not simply faculty of volitions, 312

such decision of, as will Justify God

in condemning men, where found?. 322
its impotence proved by uniformity

of transgression 822

determination of the, prior to indi-
vidual consciousness, Its character

as an hypothesis, 831

'the cause of sin in holy beings,' 335-

man's, not absolutely as his character, 338
not bound, by motives or character, . 338
character its surest but not its infalli-
ble index, 338

man's personal, does more than ex-
press, it may curb, his nature, 338

has permanent states as well as tran-
sient acts, 416

God's act on, In conversion - 436

the depraved, has inconceivable
power to resist God, 595.

Will, God's, not sole force in universe,. 202
God's "revealed," among old theolo-
gians, 486

God's "secret," among old theologi-
ans, 435

'Will,' and 'shall,' as to men's actions,

distinguished 172

Wille and WUlkUr, 288

William of Occam 23

Wilson, his view of 1 Tim. 5:17 510

Winchell, on Adam a descendant of an

older human stock, 238

his theory a plausible explanation of

certain Biblical facts, 239

objections to his theory, 23»

Winer, on irri 391

Wines of Bible, fermented or unfer-

mented? 539

Wisdom, its nature 188

Olmstead's definition of, 186

divine, in O. T., distinct from, and

eternally existing with, God, 153

Apocryphal description of, 153

Witchcraft, connection of demons with, 229

Witness of the Spirit, what? 468

Witnesses, presumed credible till con-
trary shown, 70

Witsius, his theological position, 24

Wollaston, his view of ground of moral

obligation, 148

Woman, C. H. M. on her creation, 440

'Woman in the wilderness,' 671

■Woman taken in adultery," opinions

regarding its authenticity, 113

Women, image of God denied to them

by Encratites, 288

their hair, dress, and speech, N. T. on, 280
in 1 Tim. 3:11, deaconesses, or dea-
cons' wives? 512

Woods, Leonard, his theological posi-
tion 26

his views of sin 319

Woolman, John, quotation from his
Journal, illustrative of sufferings

due to kinship, 414

Woolsey, President, on Christ's suffer-
ings, 403

bis views of nature of baptism, 629

on aiuKioc as not denoting a world-
period, 593

Word, divine, the medium and test of

spiritual communications, 17

divine, in O. T., distinct from and

eternally existing with God, 163

In what sense was Christ the, 162

a, its meaning determined by prevail-
ing usage, 526

Wordsworth, Bishop, on God's foresee-
ing but not forcing evil deeds, 220

Works of God, Qucnstedt's classifica-
tion of, 183

World-church theory, or Romanist
view of the church, 507, 508

World, typified, 68

age of, according to Rawllnson 107

end of, Luther on 569

its rehabilitation after final conflagra-
tion, 575

Worship, defined, 13

its relation to religion, 13

depends on God's glory, 123

final state of righteous, one of 585

Wrath of God, the final state of wicked

under the 587

Wright, G. F., on Christ's preaching to

the dead, 386

on divine limitation in the method of

human salvation 592

on eternity expressed by reduplica-
tion of the longest time-words avail-
able, 593

Writers, of Gospels, were competent

witnesses, 82

were honest witnesses, 82

of Scripture, their credibility, 82

Wrong, must be punished whether good

comes of it or not, 352

Wuttke, on an echo from within, kin-
dred to outer revelation 34

on Epicureanism and Stoicism, 88

his view of ground of moral obliga-
tion 143

on God's law, 277

on Aristotle's view of sin, 301

Wycliffe's ashes, treatment of, 578

Xenophon, his account of Socrates dif-
fers from that given by Plato, 70

his use of the term "Memoirs," in re-
lation to Socrates, followed by Jus-
tin Martyr in relation to Christ, 73

his use of theword (tv^utos, in describ-
ing the centaur, throws light on

Pauline use of the word 439

'Yea, the,' 2 Cor. 1; 20, = objective oer-

tanity, 8

Yearning, after a tangible, incarnate
God, meets its satisfaction in Christ, 120
after Justice, man's, George Eliot on, 536
Yh-King, oldest monumental language

In China, 240

'Your goodness must have edge, else it

is none,' 293

Youth of Jesus, 365

'Zechariah," proper reading for 'Jere-
miah,- in Mat. 27: 9 107

probable explanation of variations

in style of book of 113

Zeno, founder of Stoic philosophy, 88

his idea of virtue, 88

ZUckler, on oldest languages being the

most Inflected, 240

on the law or plasticity as affecting

species, 243

Zoroaster, founder of the Parsees, 88

his probable date 88

his duallstlc theology 88,188

Zoroaster, Ms system n better basis for
morality than the Indlnn systems,.. 89
the defects and errors of his system,. 89
believed himself charged with a di-
vine mission, 91

did not make claims such Jesus made, 91
regarded matter as pure and the

creation of the good Being, 188

Ahura Mazda according to blm the

Creator 188!

his idea of twins in the divine nature, 188
Maniebteus adopted some of his views

with modifications 188

a reformer raised up in God's provi-
dence 358

Zoroastrianism, a reformation 185

did it teach absolute creation'! .' 185

Zwlngle, the reformer 24

his differences with Luther, 24

a systematic theologian and founder

of the Reformed theology 24

poured forth the Hood that flowed in

channels dug by Calvin, 24

alone among the Reformers did not
hold the Augustinian theory of

Adam's Natural Headship, 328

held that native vitioslty though a
uniform occasion of sin was not

itself sin 329

regarded the words in the institution
of the Lord's Supper, not as a man-
datory "become," but as an expla-
nation of the sign, 543