The Lord Speaks (38:1–41)
16–18 Here God asks Job if he has ever been to the bottom of the sea or to the abode of the dead. Can he comprehend the vast expanses of the earth? (verse 18). The answer is “No.” These places are all beyond Job's experience.
19–21 Here light and darkness are personified; can Job take them to their places? (verses 19–20). In contending with God earlier, Job had at times talked as if he were equal to God—as if he had been present at the world's creation. Surely Job must know these things! Here God is using irony to show Job how wrong his attitude had been.
22–30 Next God questions Job about the origin of snow, hail,77 lightning, wind and rain. Does Job know where they come from or how to control them?
31–33 Does Job know how to move the stars in their courses?78 Does he know the laws of the heavens? (verse 33). Through all this questioning, Job is being reminded that this is God's universe, and that God's creation is wonderfully diverse and complex, but at the same time orderly and stable.
Notice in verses 25–27 that God does many things that are not directly related to mankind. Though human beings are the highest stage of God's known creation, they are not the center of His universe. God is the “center,” and Job (and we) must always remember it.
34–38 Only God has the wisdom and power to control and maintain His universe. Certainly Job is not able to do it!
39–41 Up until now, God has been speaking of the inanimate universe; now He begins citing the animate creation to show how He cares for the animal world.
In these verses, God mentions lions and the raven. Does Job provide for them? No, God does. Job provide for them? No, God does. God cares not jut for humans, but for every living creature (Matthew 6:26; 10:29).