14:1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of a Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of b nations;
(a) That is, of Babylon: by kings here, meaning, them that were governors of cities. 14:3 All these were c joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the d salt sea.
(b) Of a people gathered from various countries.
(c) Ambition is the chief cause of wars among princes. 14:10 And the e vale of Siddim [was full of] slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.
(d) Called also the dead sea, or the lake Asphaltite, near Sodom and Gomorrah.
(e) And afterward was overwhelmed with water, and so was called the salt sea. 14:12 And they f took Lot, Abrams brothers son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.
(f) The godly are plagued many times with the wicked: therefore their company is dangerous. 14:13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these [were] g confederate with Abram.
(g) God removed them to join Abram, and preserves him from their idolatry and superstitions. 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem h brought forth bread and wine: and he [was] the priest of the most high God.
(h) For Abram and his soldiers refreshment, not to offer sacrifice. 14:19 And he i blessed him, and said, Blessed [be] Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
(i) Melchizedek fed Abram, declared himself to represent a king, and he blessed him as the high priest. 14:24 k Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.
(k) He did not want his liberality to be hurtful to others.