And King Solomon made a navy of ships in
Which was one of the stations of the Israelites, near the wilderness of Sin, or Paran, ( Numbers 33:35 ) , it signifies the backbone of a man; and it is said F23 the ridge of rocks before this port were in that form, covered by the sea at high water, and sticking up with various points in a line when it was low. Josephus says F24 in his time it was called Berenice, which is placed by Mela F25 between the Heroopolitic bay, and the promontory Strobilus, or Pharan. It is thought probable F26 to be the same with that which is called by the Arabs Meenah-el-Dsahab, the port of gold, called Dizahab, ( Deuteronomy 1:1 ) , which stands upon the shore of the Arabic gulf, about two or three days' distance from Mount Sinai; though by others F1 thought to be the same the Arabs call Calzem, where was a great quantity of wood fit for building ships. It is further described,
which is beside Elath, on the shore of the Red sea, in the
and when Edom was subdued by David, this port fell into his hands, and so was in the possession of Solomon; and there being plenty of timber in the parts adjacent, and this being a port in the Red sea, Solomon chose it as proper place to build ships in. Elath, near to which was, is the same the Elanitic bay had its name from; or which (See Gill on Deuteronomy 2:8). Trajan, the Roman emperor, formed a navy in the Red sea F2, that by it he might ravage and waste the borders of India; and here it seems Solomon's navy went; see ( 1 Kings 9:28 ) .
F23 Harris's Voyages, vol. 1. B. 1. ch. 2. sect. 3. p. 377.
F24 Antiqu. l. 8. c. 6. sect. 4.
F25 De Situ Orbis, l. 3. c. 8.
F26 Clayton's Chronology p. 407.
F1 Vossius in Melam ut supra, (Harris's Voyages, vol. 1. B. 1. ch. 2. sect. 3.) p. 386.
F2 Eutrop. Rom. Hist. l. 8. Ruti Fest. Breviar.