In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king
Into the land of Israel; he is called by a Jewish chronologer F3, Pul-Asir; so Phul-Assar by Metasthenes F4, who says he reigned twenty five years; he very probably was the son of Pul the Assyrian king, mentioned ( 2 Kings 15:19 ) , and is thought to be the same that Aelianus F5 calls Tilgamos; some think he had the first part of his name from Diglath, or Diglito, by which the river Tigris is called in Pliny F6, with which Assyria was washed; and that Pil, or Pul, is Baal, Bel, Jupiter, and Azar is Mars F7; of all which his name is composed:
and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah;
of which see ( 1 Kings 15:20 ) ,
a city in the tribe of Ephraim, ( Joshua 16:6 )
a country beyond Jordan, which belonged to the Reubenites, Gadites, and half tribe of Manasseh:
and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali;
that is, upper Galilee, which lay in Naphtali:
and carried them captive to Assyria;
which was the first captivity of Israel in which half their tribes were carried away.
F3 David Ganz. Ut supra. (Tzemach David, par. 2. fol. 3. 2.)
F4 Ut supra. (De Judicio Temp. & Annal. Pers. fol. 221. 2.)
F5 De Animal. l. 12. c. 21.
F6 Nat. Hist. l. 6. c. 27.
F7 Hyde Hist. Relig. Pers. p. 65, 66.