1 Chronicles 26

1 Chronicles 26:1-12 . DIVISIONS OF THE PORTERS.

15. the house of Asuppim--or, "collections," probably a storehouse, where were kept the grain, wine, and other offerings for the sustenance of the priests.

16. the gate Shallecheth--probably the rubbish gate, through which all the accumulated filth and sweepings of the temple and its courts were poured out.
by the causeway of the going up--probably the ascending road which was cast up or raised from the deep valley between Mount Zion and Moriah, for the royal egress to the place of worship ( 2 Chronicles 9:4 ).
ward against ward--Some refer these words to Shuppim and Hosah, whose duty it was to watch both the western gate and the gate Shallecheth, which was opposite, while others take it as a general statement applicable to all the guards, and intended to intimate that they were posted at regular distances from each other, or that they all mounted and relieved guard at the same time in uniform order.

17-19. Eastward were six Levites--because the gate there was the most frequented. There were four at the north gate; four at the south, at the storehouse which was adjoining the south, and which had two entrance gates, one leading in a southwesterly direction to the city, and the other direct west, two porters each. At the Parbar towards the west, there were six men posted--four at the causeway or ascent ( 1 Chronicles 26:16 ), and two at Parbar, amounting to twenty-four in all, who were kept daily on guard.

18. Parbar--is, perhaps, the same as Parvar ("suburbs," 2 Kings 23:11 ), and if so, this gate might be so called as leading to the suburbs [CALMET].


20. of the Levites, Ahijah--The heading of this section is altogether strange as it stands, for it looks as if the sacred historian were going to commence a new subject different from the preceding. Besides, "Ahijah, whose name occurs after" the Levites, is not mentioned in the previous lists. It is totally unknown and is introduced abruptly without further information; and lastly, Ahijah must have united in his own person those very offices of which the occupants are named in the verses that follow. The reading is incorrect. The Septuagint has this very suitable heading, "And their Levitical brethren over the treasures," &c. [BERTHEAU]. The names of those who had charge of the treasure chambers at their respective wards are given, with a general description of the precious things committed to their trust. Those treasures were immense, consisting of the accumulated spoils of Israelitish victories, as well as of voluntary contributions made by David and the representatives of the people.

1 Chronicles 26:29-32 . OFFICERS AND JUDGES.

29. officers and judges--The word rendered "officers" is the term which signifies scribes or secretaries, so that the Levitical class here described were magistrates, who, attended by their clerks, exercised judicial functions; there were six thousand of them ( 1 Chronicles 23:4 ), who probably acted like their brethren on the principle of rotation, and these were divided into three classes--one ( 1 Chronicles 26:29 ) for the outward business over Israel; one ( 1 Chronicles 26:30 ), consisting of seventeen hundred, for the west of Jordan "in all business of the Lord, and in the service of the king"; and the third ( 1 Chronicles 26:31 1 Chronicles 26:32 ), consisting of twenty-seven hundred, "rulers for every matter pertaining to God, and affairs of the king."

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