PLUS Resource: 6 Prayers for When You Are Fighting Anxiety

Hosea 3


3. abide for me--separate from intercourse with any other man, and remaining for me who have redeemed thee (compare Deuteronomy 21:13 ).
so will I also be for thee--remain for thee, not taking any other consort. As Israel should long remain without serving other gods, yet separate from Jehovah; so Jehovah on His part, in this long period of estrangement, would form no marriage covenant with any other people (compare Hosea 3:4 ). He would not immediately receive her to marriage privileges, but would test her repentance and discipline her by the long probation; still the marriage covenant would hold good, she was to be kept separated for but a time, not divorced ( Isaiah 50:1 ); in God's good time she shall be restored.

4. The long period here foretold was to be one in which Israel should have no civil polity, king, or prince, no sacrifice to Jehovah, and yet no idol, or false god, no ephod, or teraphim. Exactly describing their state for the last nineteen centuries, separate from idols, yet without any legal sacrifice to Jehovah, whom they profess to worship, and without being acknowledged by Him as His Church. So KIMCHI, a Jew, explains it. The ephod was worn by the high priest above the tunic and robe. It consisted of two finely wrought pieces which hung down, the one in front over the breast, the other on the back, to the middle of the thigh; joined on the shoulders by golden clasps set in onyx stones with the names of the twelve tribes, and fastened round the waist by a girdle ( Exodus 28:6-12 ). The common ephod worn by the lower priests, Levites, and any person performing sacred rites, was of linen ( 2 Samuel 6:14 , 1 Chronicles 15:27 ). In the breast were the Urim and Thummim by which God gave responses to the Hebrews. The latter was one of the five things which the second temple lacked, and which the first had. It, as representing the divinely constituted priesthood, is opposed to the idolatrous "teraphim," as "sacrifice" (to Jehovah) is to "an (idolatrous) image." "Abide" answers to "thou shalt abide for me" ( Hosea 3:3 ). Abide in solitary isolation, as a separated wife. The teraphim were tutelary household gods, in the shape of human busts, cut off at the waist (as the root of the Hebrew word implies) [MAURER], ( Genesis 31:19 Genesis 31:30-35 ). They were supposed to give responses to consulters ( 2 Kings 23:24 , Ezekiel 21:21 , Margin; Zechariah 10:2 ). Saul's daughter, Michal, putting one in a bed, as if it were David, proves the shape to have been that of a man.

5. Afterward--after the long period ("many days," Hosea 3:4 ) has elapsed.
return--from their idols to "their God," from whom they had wandered.
David their king--Israel had forsaken the worship of Jehovah at the same time that they forsook their allegiance to David's line. Their repentance towards God is therefore to be accompanied by their return to the latter. So Judah and Israel shall be one, and under "one head," as is also foretold ( Hosea 1:11 ). That representative and antitype of David is Messiah. "David" means "the beloved." Compare as to Messiah, Matthew 3:17 , Ephesians 1:6 . Messiah is called David ( Isaiah 55:3 Isaiah 55:4 , Jeremiah 30:9 , Ezekiel 34:23 Ezekiel 34:24 , Ezekiel 37:24 Ezekiel 37:25 ).
fear the Lord and his goodness--that is, tremblingly flee to the Lord, to escape from the wrath to come; and to His goodness," as manifested in Messiah, which attracts them to Him ( Jeremiah 31:12 ). The "fear" is not that which "hath torment" ( 1 John 4:18 ), but reverence inspired by His goodness realized in the soul ( Psalms 130:4 ).
the latter days--those of Messiah [KIMCHI].

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