Psalms 127:1-5 . The theme of this Psalm, that human enterprises only succeed by the divine blessing, was probably associated with the building of the temple by Solomon, its author. It may have been adopted in this view, as suited to this series especially, as appropriately expressing the sentiments of God's worshippers in relation to the erection of the second temple.
3-5. Posterity is often represented as a blessing from God ( Genesis 30:2 Genesis 30:18 , 1 Samuel 1:19 1 Samuel 1:20 ). Children are represented as the defenders (arrows) of their parents in war, and in litigation.