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1 Timothy 1

SUMMARY.--Greetings. Why Timothy was Left at Ephesus. The True Object of the Commandment. Whom the Law Affects. Paul's Call to the Apostleship. Hymenæus and Alexander.

      12-14. Who hath enabled me. Hath given me power to preach this glorious gospel, by counting me faithful, and appointing me to his service. 13. Who was before a blasphemer. Paul never could forget his old life, before he was converted. But I obtained mercy. The reason is that he was honest, sincere in his opposition, being an unbeliever, and acting ignorantly. Had he been a willful sinner, he would never have been chosen. 14. And the grace of our Lord abounded. In the mercy shown to him, for his eyes were opened, he became a believer and was filled with love of Christ.

      15, 16. This is a faithful saying. That Christ came to save sinners. He, a sinner saved, was a proof that the saying was faithful. Of whom I am chief. Because he had sinned so grievously in persecuting Christ. He was a great sinner saved. 16. Howbeit. One cause of his obtaining mercy was that in him Christ might show how long-suffering he is. He forgave, saved and blessed the bitter enemy. A pattern. An example for all believers to follow.

      17. Now unto the King. The remembrance of the great mercy to him causes him to break forth in praise. Compare Romans 16:25-27 Romans 16:1 and 1 Tim. 6:16 . Eternal. King of the ages.

      18-20. This charge I commit unto thee. The charge referred to in 1 Timothy 1:3 1 Timothy 1:5 . According to the prophecies. Timothy was selected for the ministry by divine direction. One so chosen was chosen according to prophecy, the ordinary meaning being simply a declaration of the divine will. See notes on /Commentaries/PeoplesNewTestament/pnt.cgi?book=&chapter=000#_" That thou by them mightest war, etc. For this purpose the prophetic will chose him. 19. Holding faith. Essential to every saint, and especially to a minister. Some, however, had swerved from the faith, and made shipwreck. Faith is an "anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast." 20. Of whom is Hymenæus. He is mentioned as a heretical teacher in 2 Tim. 2:17 . Of Alexander nothing is known. Delivered unto Satan. Excommunicated. Compare 1 Cor. 5:5 .

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