SUMMARY.--Teaching the Disciples to Pray. Parable of the Three Loaves. Earnestness in Prayer. The Charge That Jesus Cast Out Demons by the Aid of Beelzebub. The Sign of Jonas. Dining with a Pharisee. The Pharisees and Lawyers Denounced.
29-32. They seek a sign. See notes on Matt. 12:38-42, where we have the same language reported.
33-36. When he hath lighted a lamp. See notes on Matt. 5:15 and 6:22, 23. If thy whole body be full of light. If it were thus the whole body would be luminous, and if our souls be full of light, of the light of Christ, then our light shall shine as that of a lamp.
37, 38. A certain Pharisee besought him. Jesus did not refuse invitations of Pharisees, or of publicans and sinners. Marvelled that he had not first washed. Dipped his hands. The tradition of the elders required those who came in from without to immerse their hands before eating. See Matt. 15:2 and Mark 7:2-5, for notes.
39-52. The Lord said unto him. The denunciation of the Pharisees and lawyers contained in these verses is found in similar language in Matthew, chapter 23 . That address was spoken in the temple. There is no improbability about the Lord speaking the same discourse twice to the same class of opposers. See the notes on Matt. 23:1-36. Verse 41 is peculiar to Luke. Give for alms, etc. The Pharisees were careful for the outside; careless for what was within; but the Lord says: "Give for alms the within;" i. e., let your hearts and lives be full of compassion, and it will make you clean. Ye tithe mint. See note on Matt. 23:23. Ye love the uppermost seats. See note on Matt. 23:6. Ye build the sepulchres. See notes on Matt. 23:29, 30. Taken away the key of knowledge. Matt. 23:13 , in different words, gives the thought. See note there.