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16.2. The Abiding Presence of God

the Shechinah Glory is the visible manifestation of the presence of God. It is the majestic presence or manifestation of God in which He descends to dwell among men. Whenever the invisible God becomes visible, and whenever the omnipresence of God is localized, this is the Shechinah Glory. The usual title found in Scriptures for the Shechinah Glory is the glory of Jehovah, or the glory of the Lord. The Hebrew form is Kvod Adonai, which means ‘the glory of Jehovah’ and describes what the Shechinah Glory is. The Greek title, Doxa Kurion, is translated as ‘the glory of the Lord.’ Doxa means ‘brightness,’ ‘brilliance,’ or ‘splendor,’ and it depicts how the Shechinah Glory appears. Other titles give it the sense of ‘dwelling,’ which portrays what the Shechinah Glory does. The Hebrew word Shechinah, from the root shachan, means ‘to dwell.’ The Greek word skeinei, which is similar in sound as the Hebrew Shechinah (Greek has no ‘sh’ sound), means ‘to tabernacle.’. . . In the Old Testament, most of these visible manifestations took the form of light, fire, or cloud, or a combination of these. A new form appears in the New Testament: the Incarnate Word [John John 1:14].1

2 David J. Macleod, “The Incarnation of the Word: John 1:14,” in Bibliotheca Sacra, vol. 161 no. 641 (Dallas, TX: Dallas Theological Seminary, January-March 2004), 77.

3 The presence of God is essentially that which defines the Temple.

4 Concerning God’s abiding presence in visible form: Gen. Gen. 3:8, Gen. 3:24; Gen. 15:17; Ex. Ex. 3:2; Ex. 13:21-22; Ex. 14:19-20, Ex. 14:24; Ex. 16:10; Ex. 19:18; Ex. 24:15-16; Ex. 33:18-23; Ex. 34:5-6; Ex. 40:34; Lev. Lev. 9:6, Lev. 9:23; Num. Num. 14:10, Num. 14:22; Num. 16:19, Num. 16:42; Num. 20:6; Deu. Deu. 5:25-26; Deu. 33:16; 1K. 1K. 8:10-11; 2Chr. 2Chr. 7:1; Isa. Isa. 4:5; Isa. 35:2; Isa. 40:5; Isa. 58:8; Isa. 60:3; Eze. Eze. 1:28; Eze. 3:23; Eze. 9:3; Eze. 10:18; Eze. 43:2-4; Hag. Hag. 2:7-9; Zec. Zec. 2:5; Mtt. Mat. 16:27; Mat. 17:2; Mat. 24:30; Mark Mark 9:3; Luke Luke 2:8-9; Luke 9:29; John John 1:14; Acts Acts 2:3; Acts 9:3; Acts 22:6; Acts 26:13; Heb. Heb. 1:3; 2Pe. 2Pe. 1:16-17; Rev. Rev. 1:14-16+; Rev. 15:8+; Rev. 21:3+; Rev. 21:23+.

5 We have omitted the indwelling of the believer by God during the Church Age since this differs somewhat from the Shekinah in that there is no obvious outward manifestation of God’s presence upon the believer as there is with the Shekinah.

6 David Baron, Zechariah: A Commentary On His Visions And Prophecies (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 1918), 496.

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