John 12:4

Judas Iscariot (Iouda o Iskariwth). See o Iskariwth in Luke 14:22 . See Luke 6:71 ; Luke 13:1 for like description of Judas save that in Luke 6:71 the father's name is given in the genitive, Simwno and Iskariwtou (agreeing with the father), but in Luke 13:1 Iskariwth agrees with Iouda, not with Simwno. Clearly then both father and son were called "Iscariot" or man of Kerioth in the tribe of Judah ( Joshua 15:25 ). Judas is the only one of the twelve not a Galilean. One of his disciples (ei twn maqhtwn autou). Likewise in Joshua 6:71 , only there ek is used after ei as some MSS. have here. This is the shameful fact that clung to the name of Judas. Which should betray him (o mellwn auton paradidonai). John does not say in Joshua 6:71 (emellen paradidonai auton) or here that Judas "was predestined to betray Jesus" as Bernard suggests. He had his own responsibility for his guilt as Jesus said ( Matthew 26:24 ). Mellw here simply points to the act as future, not as necessary. Note the contrast between Mary and Judas. "Mary in her devotion unconsciously provides for the honour of the dead. Judas in his selfishness unconsciously brings about the death itself" (Westcott).

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