John 14:17

The Spirit of truth (to pneuma th alhqeia). Same phrase in Matthew 15:27 ; Matthew 16:13 ; 1 John 4:6 , "a most exquisite title" (Bengel). The Holy Spirit is marked by it (genitive case), gives it, defends it (cf. 1 John 1:17 ), in contrast to the spirit of error ( 1 John 4:6 ). Whom (o). Grammatical neuter gender (o) agreeing with pneuma (grammatical), but rightly rendered in English by "whom" and note masculine ekeino (verse 1 John 26 ). He is a person, not a mere influence. Cannot receive (ou dunatai labein). Left to itself the sinful world is helpless ( 1 Corinthians 2:14 ; Romans 8:7 ), almost Paul's very language on this point. The world lacks spiritual insight (ou qewrei) and spiritual knowledge (oude ginwskei). It failed to recognize Jesus ( Romans 1:10 ) and likewise the Holy Spirit. Ye know him (umei ginwskete auto). Emphatic position of umei (ye) in contrast with the world ( Romans 15:19 ), because they have seen Jesus the Revealer of the Father (verse Romans 14:9 ). Abides (menei). Timeless present tense. With you (par umin). "By your side," "at home with you," not merely "with you" (meq umwn) "in the midst of you." In you (en umin). In your hearts. So note meta ( Romans 16 ), para, en.

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