The tombs which appear not (ta mnhneia ta adhla). These hidden graves would give ceremonial defilement for seven days ( Numbers 19:16 ). Hence they were usually whitewashed as a warning. So in Matthew 23:27 the Pharisees are called "whited sepulchres." Men do not know how rotten they are. The word adhlo (a privative and dhlo, apparent or plain) occurs in the N.T. only here and 1 Corinthians 14:8 , though an old and common word. Here men walking around (peripatounte) walk over the tombs without knowing it. These three woes cut to the quick and evidently made the Pharisees wince.