Luke 3:19

Reproved (elegcomeno). Present passive participle of elegcw, an old verb meaning in Homer to treat with contempt, then to convict ( Matthew 18:15 ), to expose ( Ephesians 5:11 ), to reprove as here. The substantive elegco means proof ( Hebrews 11:1 ) and elegmo, censure ( 2 Timothy 3:16 ). Josephus (Ant. XVIII. V.4) shows how repulsive this marriage was to Jewish feeling. Evil things (ponhrwn). Incorporated into the relative sentence. The word is from pono, ponew, toil, work, and gives the active side of evil, possibly with the notion of work itself as evil or at least an annoyance. The "evil eye" (opqalmo ponhro in Mark 7:22 ) was a "mischief working eye" (Vincent). In Matthew 6:23 it is a diseased eye. So Satan is "the evil one" ( Matthew 5:37 ; Matthew 6:13 , etc.). It is a very common adjective in the N.T. as in the older Greek. Had done (epoihsen). Aorist active indicative, not past perfect, merely a summary constative aorist, he did.