Revelation 7:9

Which no man could number (on ariqmhsai auton oudei edunato). Redundant repetition of the pronoun auton after the relative on as in 1 Chronicles 7:5 ; 1 Chronicles 3:8 . Edunato imperfect indicative and ariqmhsai first aorist active infinitive of ariqmew, old verb, in N.T. only here, Matthew 10:30 ; Luke 12:7 . See Revelation 5:9 (also Revelation 11:9 ; Revelation 13:7 ; Revelation 14:10 ; Revelation 17:15 ) for the list of words after ek (the spiritual Israel carried on all over the world), "a polyglott cosmopolitan crowd" (Swete). Standing (estwte). Same form in Revelation 7:1 , only nominative masculine plural referring to oclo (masculine singular), construction according to sense like the plural legontwn with oclou in Revelation 19:1 . Arrayed (peribeblhmenou). Perfect passive participle of periballw, but in the accusative plural (not nominative like estwte), a common variation in this book when preceded by eidon and idou as in Revelation 4:4 (qronoi, presbuterou). Charles regards this as a mere slip which would have been changed to peribeblhmenoi if John had read the MS. over. In white robes (stola leuka). Predicate accusative retained with this passive verb of clothing as in Revelation 7:13 ; Revelation 10:1 ; Revelation 11:3 ; Revelation 12:1 ; Revelation 17:4 ; Revelation 18:16 ; Revelation 19:13 . Palms (poinike). Nominative again, back to construction with idou, not eidon. Old word, in N.T. only here for palm branches and John 12:13 for palm trees. Both these and the white robes are signs of victory and joy.